Bernard Dowiyogo

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Bernard Dowiyogo
Bernard Dowiyogo.jpg
2nd President of Nauru
In office
December 22, 1976 April 19, 1978
Deputy Kinza Clodumar
Preceded by Hammer DeRoburt
Succeeded by Lagumot Harris
In office
December 12, 1989 November 22, 1995
Deputy Vinson Detenamo
Preceded by Kenos Aroi
Succeeded by Lagumot Harris
In office
November 11, 1996 November 25, 1996
Deputy Vinson Detenamo
Preceded by Lagumot Harris
Succeeded by Kennan Adeang
In office
June 18, 1998 April 27, 1999
Deputy Vinson Detenamo
Preceded by Kinza Clodumar
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
April 20, 2000 March 30, 2001
Deputy Derog Gioura
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
January 9, 2003 January 17, 2003
Deputy Derog Gioura
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
January 18, 2003 March 9, 2003
Deputy Derog Gioura
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by Derog Gioura
Personal details
BornFebruary 14, 1946
DiedMarch 9, 2003 (aged 57)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Christina Dowiyogo
Children Valdon Dowiyogo
Bernard Dowiyogo
Member of the Nauruan Parliament
for Ubenide
In office
December 17, 1973 March 9, 2003
Preceded by Victor Eoaeo
Succeeded by Russell Kun

Bernard Annen Auwen Dowiyogo (14 February 1946 – 9 March 2003) was a Nauruan politician who served as President of Nauru on seven separate occasions. During this time, he also served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Ubenide.

Nauru Republic in Oceania

Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, 1300 km northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands. With only a 21-square-kilometre (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the third-smallest country in the world behind Vatican City, and Monaco, making it the smallest state in the South Pacific Ocean, the smallest state outside Europe, the smallest island state, and the smallest republic. Additionally, its population of 11,347 is the world's third smallest, after the Vatican and Tuvalu.

President of Nauru head of state and government in Nauru

The President of Nauru is elected by Parliament from among its members, and is both the head of state and the head of government of Nauru. Nauru's unicameral Parliament has 19 members, with an electoral term of 3 years. Political parties only play a minor role in Nauru politics, and there have often been periods of instability in the Presidential office. Shifting allegiances among a small number of individuals can lead to frequent changes in the makeup of the government of the day, including the presidential position itself.

Parliament of Nauru

The Parliament of Nauru has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies. The President of Nauru is elected by the members of the Parliament. The number of seats was increased to 19 following elections in 2013.


Background and early career

Dowiyogo was born in Nauru on 14 February 1946, the son of a Japanese war officer and a woman from the Gilbert Islands. He first became an elected member of Nauru's 18-seat parliament in 1973. Particularly in his earlier years in the Parliament of Nauru Dowiyogo was seen as an opponent of Nauru's first post-independence President, Hammer DeRoburt. Dowiyogo founded the Nauru Institute of Media and Communications which operated between 1984 and 1996 but due to financial difficulties was closed in 1997.

Gilbert Islands chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean

The Gilbert Islands are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean about halfway between Papua New Guinea and Hawaii. They form the main part of Kiribati.

Hammer DeRoburt President of Nauru

Hammer DeRoburt was the founding President of the Republic of Nauru, and ruled the country for most of its first twenty years of independence.

President of Nauru

He served his first term as President from 1976 to 1978 after ousting Hammer DeRoburt. Over the next 25 years, Dowiyogo served as President several times, for periods as long as six years (19891995) and as short as 8 days (in January 2003). He was the youngest president in Nauru. During the 1980s, he sharply criticized France and the United States for atomic weapons testing in Nauru.

France Republic in Europe with several non-European regions

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

In 1990, Dowiyogo was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal. [1]

The New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal was a commemorative medal awarded in New Zealand in 1990 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, and was awarded to approximately 3000 people.


He died in office in March 2003 (having been president on this occasion since January 2003) at George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C. from heart complications brought on by his struggle with diabetes, a common ailment on Nauru. At the time of the deterioration of his final illness, he had been engaged in protracted negotiations with the United States Government.

George Washington University Hospital Hospital in D.C., United States

The George Washington University Hospital is located in Washington, D.C. in the United States. It is affiliated with the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. The current facility opened on August 23, 2002, with 371 beds in a 400,000 sq ft building, housing more than $45 million of medical equipment and costing over $96 million to construct. The hospital is licensed by the District of Columbia Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs and accredited by the U.S. Joint Commission.

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, D.C., or the district, is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city, located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

Diabetes a disease characterized by long-term high blood sugar

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.


Dowiyogo had eight children with his wife, Christina Dowiyogo (died March 2008): Clara Augusta Alefaio (née Dowiyogo) who served at the Nauru education Department but now resides in New Zealand, Valdon Kape Dowiyogo, who served as speaker of the parliament of Nauru, Jesaulenko Dowiyogo, who served as diplomat and later chairman of the board of directors of the Nauru Fisheries and Marine Resources Authority, Junior Dowiyogo who served as commissioner for Police in the Nauru Police Force, Peter Jason Dowiyogo who worked at the Nauru Post Office, David Dowiyogo who is employed at the Republic of Nauru Hospital, Jeff Dowiyogo who currently resides in Australia and Zita Dowiyogo who now Serves at the Nauru Immigration Office. [2]

Valdon Kape Dowiyogo was a political figure and cabinet minister from the Pacific nation of the Republic of Nauru.

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Early parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 12 November 1977, after Parliament had been dissolved by President Bernard Dowiyogo due to a sustained campaign against the government led by former President Hammer DeRoburt, who had been voted out of office the previous year. Particular controversy had been caused by the Supply Act passed in June, and Dowiyogo stated that elections would be held to give him a mandate.

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  1. Taylor, Alister; Coddington, Deborah (1994). Honoured by the Queen – New Zealand. Auckland: New Zealand Who's Who Aotearoa. p. 125. ISBN   0-908578-34-2.
  2. "New speaker for Nauru parliament". ABC News . 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-05.[ dead link ]
Preceded by
Hammer DeRoburt
Kenos Aroi
Lagumot Harris
Kinza Clodumar
René Harris
René Harris
René Harris
President of Nauru
22 December 1976 – 19 April 1978
12 December 1989 – 22 November 1995
11 November 1996 – 26 November 1996
18 June 1998 – 27 April 1999
20 April 2000 – 30 March 2001
9 January 2003 – 17 January 2003
18 January 2003 – 10 March 2003
Succeeded by
Lagumot Harris
Lagumot Harris
Kennan Adeang
René Harris
René Harris
René Harris
Derog Gioura