Bertioga

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Município da Estância Balneária de Bertioga
Vista da Riviera.jpg
Bandeira Bertioga.jpg
Flag
Brasao-Bertioga.png
Coat of arms
SaoPaulo Municip Bertioga.svg
Location of Bertioga
Coordinates: 23°51′17″S46°08′20″W / 23.85472°S 46.13889°W / -23.85472; -46.13889 Coordinates: 23°51′17″S46°08′20″W / 23.85472°S 46.13889°W / -23.85472; -46.13889
Country Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Region Southeast
State São Paulo
Metropolitan Region Baixada Santista
Government
   Mayor José Mauro Dedemo Orlandini
Area
  Total 490.15 km2 (189.25 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2015) [1]
  Total 56,555
  Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
  Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
HDI (2010) 0.730 high
Website Bertioga City Hall

Bertioga is a Brazilian municipality of the state of São Paulo in the Baixada Santista. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista. [2]

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Municipalities of Brazil administrative division of the states in Brazil

The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361. The average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853.

São Paulo (state) State of Brazil

São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus. As the richest Brazilian state and a major industrial complex, often dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo also has the second highest Human Development Index (HDI) and GDP per capita, the fourth lowest infant mortality rate, the third highest life expectancy, and the third lowest rate of illiteracy among the federative units of Brazil, being by far, the safest state in the country. The homicide rate is 3.8 per 100 thousand as of 2018, almost 1/4 of the Brazilian rate. São Paulo alone is richer than Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia combined. If São Paulo were an independent country, its nominal GDP would be ranked among the top 20 in the world. The economy of São Paulo State is the most developed in Brazil.

The population is 56,555 (2015 est.) in an area of 490.15 km². [1] Because it neighbors resort towns, its population fluctuates greatly with the seasons. The more northern parts are dense forests and are virtually unpopulated. The municipality was created in 1995. Prior to that it was a part of Santos.

Santos, São Paulo Municipality in São Paulo, Brazil

Santos is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas. It is partially located on the island of São Vicente, which harbors both the city of Santos and the city of São Vicente, and partially on the mainland. It is the main city in the metropolitan region of Baixada Santista. The population is 433,966 in an area of 280.67 km2 (108.37 sq mi). The city is also home to the Coffee Museum, where world coffee prices were once negotiated. There is also an association football memorial, dedicated to the city's greatest players, which includes Pelé, who played for the Santos Futebol Clube. Its beachfront garden, 5,335 m (5,834 yd) in length, figures in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest beachfront garden in the world.

The municipality contains the 9,312 hectares (23,010 acres) Restinga de Bertioga State Park, created in 2010 to protect an area of mangroves, restinga and dense rainforest. [3] Its limits are Mogi das Cruzes, Biritiba-Mirim and Salesópolis in the north, São Sebastião in the east, Atlantic Ocean to the south with Ilha de Santo Amaro (opposite to the city) and Santos in the west.

Restinga de Bertioga State Park

The Restinga de Bertioga State Park is a state park in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It protects an area of restinga, mangroves and dense rainforest on the coast of São Paulo. The park provides an important ecological corridor from the coastal restinga to the Serra do Mar State Park further inland.

Mangrove A shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water

A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water. The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. Mangroves occur worldwide in the tropics and subtropics, mainly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S. The total mangrove forest area of the world in 2000 was 137,800 square kilometres (53,200 sq mi), spanning 118 countries and territories.

Mogi das Cruzes Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Mogi das Cruzes is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, located within the metropolitan region of the state capital of the city of São Paulo. The population is 424,633 in an area of 713 km². It is located 40 km to the east of the city of São Paulo. It was founded in 1560 by the bandeirantes.

In 1979 Bertioga was the site of the death of Dr. Josef Mengele, a Nazi doctor at Auschwitz. [4]

Josef Mengele Nazi SS officer who experimented on twins at Auschwitz

Josef Mengele was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. He performed deadly human experiments on prisoners and was a member of the team of doctors who selected victims to be killed in the gas chambers. Arrivals that were judged able to work were admitted into the camp, while those deemed unsuitable for labor were sent to the gas chambers to be killed. With Red Army troops sweeping through Poland, Mengele was transferred 280 kilometers (170 mi) from Auschwitz to the Gross-Rosen concentration camp on 17 January 1945, just ten days before the arrival of the Soviet forces at Auschwitz. After the war, he fled to South America where he evaded capture for the rest of his life.

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References

  1. 1 2 Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística [ permanent dead link ]
  2. Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 815
  3. Parque Estadual Restinga de Bertioga (in Portuguese), Fundação Florestal - Governo do Estado de São Paulo, retrieved 2017-01-17
  4. Gibson, Kenneth (31 March 2012). Killer Doctors: The Ultimate Betrayal of Trust. Neil Wilson Publishing. p. 132. ISBN   978-1-906476-59-5.