Kechchimalai Mosque, Beruwala (one of the oldest mosques in Sri Lanka)
|Divisional Secretariat||Beruwala Division|
|• Type||Urban Council|
|• Chairman||Mazahim Mohamed|
|• Urban||33,053 (Urban Area)|
|• Metro||113,364 (Beruwala Division Area)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Time)|
Beruwala (Sinhala:බේරුවල Tamil: பேருவளை ) is a town in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. Beruwala with a total area of approximately 15 square kilometres and is located on the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, 60 km (37 mi) south of Colombo.
The name Beruwala is derived from the Sinhalese word for the place where the sail is lowered. It marks the spot for the first Muslim settlement on the island, established by the Somali Sheikh Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, who converted the people into Islam. The town was originally named Berbereen in honour and respect of the Somali Shaikh.The Chinese also traded here and Beruwala was known to them as Piehlo-li.
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn is also credited with establishing the first Sri Lankan Muslim settlement. Which marks the spot for the first Muslim settlement on the island, established by the Somali Sheikh Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, .
Beruwala is a Muslim majority town. Sinhalese are sizable minority.There is also small numbers of Tamils.
The Beruwala railway station, is located on the Coastal Line, connecting Colombo to Matara.
Beruwala is served by the A2 highway, which runs past the town.
Beruwala is home to Al-Fasiyatul Nasriya Muslim Balika Navodaya School Maradana, which is the first and oldest Islamic girls school in Sri Lanka.[ citation needed ] It was damaged by the tsunami on Boxing Day 2004. As well as the First Islamic University of Sri Lanka "Jamiah Naleemiah" was established in Beruwela on 1974 by Great Donor Al-Haj Neleem for the betterment of Islamic Education in Muslim Society. It Consists of 7 years Islamic Syllabus as well as the Government curriculum. The library of Jamiah Naleemiah premises is known as The Largest Islamic Library of South Asia. Graduates of Naleemiah serve the country in various aspects such as in Public & Private sectors.
Beruwala is twinned with:
The history of the Maldives is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of South Asia and Indian Ocean; and the modern nation consisting of 26 natural atolls, comprising 1194 islands. Historically, the Maldives had a strategic importance because of its location on the major marine routes of the Indian Ocean. The Maldives' nearest neighbours are Sri Lanka and India, both of which have had cultural and economic ties with Maldives for centuries. The Maldives provided the main source of cowrie shells, then used as a currency throughout Asia and parts of the East African coast. Most probably Maldives were influenced by Kalingas of ancient India who were earliest sea traders to Sri Lanka and Maldives from India and were responsible for the spread of Buddhism. Hence ancient Hindu culture has an indelible impact on Maldives' local culture.
The new constitution "Fehi Ganoon" instated in 2008, composed by a 8 year term of the Maldivian Parliamentarian Special Majilis, clearly states the significance of the Islamic Law in the country. Special Majilis MP Hon. Ibrahim Khaleel proposed the changes to the constitution, requiring the citizenship status change based on the state religion. The clause was supported by the Full Majority of the People's Majilis and people's Special Majilis. Islam is the state religion of the Maldives.
Islam in Sri Lanka existed in communities along the Arab coastal trade routes in Ceylon as soon as the religion originated and had gained early acceptance in the Arabian Peninsula. In the 16th century, descendants of Arab traders' were the main traders in spice, with networks extending to the Middle East, are now called the Sri Lankan Moors. About 1,967,227 persons adhere to Islam as per the census of 2012. Islam is a minority religion in Sri Lanka with 9.7% of the Sri Lankan population practice Islam.
Zahira College is an Islamic school at Colombo in Maradana, Sri Lanka and was founded in 1892 as Al Madrasathul Zahira by notable Islamic lawyer and educationalist, Muhammad Cassim Siddi Lebbe, with the active patronage of Ahmed Orabi Pasha of Egypt. The college also has one of the oldest mosques in the country in its premises.
Yusuf is a male Arabic, Aramaic, Turkish and Persian name, meaning "God increases" in Hebrew. It is widely used by Arabs of all abrahamic religions, including Middle Eastern Jews, Arab Christians and Muslims, in many parts of the world.
Wadaad writing, also known as Wadaad Arabic, is the traditional Somali adaptation of written Arabic, as well as the Arabic script as historically used to transcribe the Somali language. Originally, it referred to an ungrammatical Arabic featuring some words in Somali, with the proportion of Somali vocabulary terms varying depending on the context. Alongside standard Arabic, wadaad writing was used by Somali religious men (wadaado) to record xeer petitions and to write qasidas. It was also used by merchants for business and letter writing. Over the years, various Somali scholars improved and altered the use of the Arabic script for conveying Somali. This culminated in the 1950s with the Galal alphabet, which substantially modified letter values and introduced new letters for vowels.
Deshamanya Marhoom Al Haj Mohammed Abdul Bakeer Markar was a Sri Lankan politician. He was the Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and Governor of the Southern Province.
The Malé Friday Mosque or the Malé Hukuru Miskiy also known as the Old Friday Mosque is one of the oldest and most ornate mosques in the city of Malé, Kaafu Atoll, Maldives. Coral boulders of the genus Porites, found throughout the archipelago, are the basic materials used for construction of this and other mosques in the country because of its suitability. Although the coral is soft and easily cut to size when wet, it makes sturdy building blocks when dry. The mosque was added to the tentative UNESCO World Heritage cultural list in 2008 as unique examples of sea-culture architecture.
Hameed Al Husseinie College is an Islamic national school in Colombo, Sri Lanka, founded in 1884.
Zahira College, Mawanella is a Muslim selective entry co - educational school in Mawanella, Sri Lanka. College started as a result of the educational reform that was brought along with the 1920 political reforms. The school was started as a religious school in a cadjan shed which belonged to the Hinguloya Masjidul Huda. It is currently the one of the largest Muslim educational institution in Sri Lanka with more than 4000 students studying there. The college is situated at the heart of Mawanella situated next to Masjidul Huda. Zahira means Excellence in Arabic.
Sheikh Mustafa, known as Sheikh Mustafa Waliullah was an Islamic scholar from Sri Lanka. He was also a poet and Sufi. Sheikh Mustafa was founder of the Qadiriyyathun Nabaviyyah Sufi order.
For the Marxist politician and theorist, see Abdullah Badheeb.
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, popularly known as Aw Barkhadle, Yusuf Al Kownayn, Yusuf Al Bagdhadi, and Shaykh Abu Barakat al Barbari, was a Somali Muslim scholar and traveler. Based on reference to Yusuf Al Kawneyn in the Harar manuscripts, Dr. Enrico Cerulli has suggested that Al-Kawneyn was the founder and ancestor of the Walashma dynasty that governed both Sultanate of Ifat and Adal Sultanate during the middle ages. Another genealogical tradition according to C.J Cruttenden is that Aw Barkhadle was a descendant of Ismail Sheikh Isaaq ibn Ahmed. Several accounts indicate Shaykh Yusuf al Kownayn and Shaykh Isaaq were known to be contemporaries and in contact at the same time.
The Mawanella riots was a series of planned attacks on the Sri Lankan Muslim minority by the majority Sinhalese in the town of Mawanella, that resulted in the deaths of two people and left more than 15 injured in the clashes and also leading to destruction of millions of rupees worth property in the region.
Masjid al-Haram, also known as the Great Mosque of Mecca, is the world's largest mosque, located surrounding the Kaaba in the city of Mecca, in the Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia. It is the important site of pilgrimage in the Hajj, which every Muslim must do at least once in their lives if able, and is also the main phase for the ʿUmrah, the lesser pilgrimage that can be undertaken any time of the year. The rites of both pilgrimages include circumambulating the Kaaba within the mosque. The Great Mosque includes other important significant sites, including the Black Stone, the Zamzam Well, Maqam Ibrahim, and the hills of Safa and Marwa.
Muslim Nesan was an Arabic Tamil (Arwi) and English-language weekly newspaper, published from Colombo, Ceylon between 1882 and 1889. Mukammatu Kacim Cittilevvai was the publisher, owner and editor of Muslim Nesan. Cittilevvai founded Muslim Nesan in Kandy in December 1882. The name of the publication was possibly inspired by the journal Ilankai Nesan of Arumuka Navalar. In setting up the newspaper Cittilevvai was inspired by the Aligarh Movement, Navalar and Colonel Henry Steel Olcott. The first issue appeared on 21 December 1882.
Dharga Town is a town located in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. Dharga Town is close to Aluthgama and the tourist town Bentota.
The 2014 anti-Muslim riots in Sri Lanka were religious and ethnic riots in June 2014 in south-western Sri Lanka. Muslims and their property were attacked by Sinhalese Buddhists in the towns of Aluthgama, Beruwala and Dharga Town in Kalutara District. At least four people were killed and 80 injured. Hundreds were made homeless following attacks on homes, shops, factories, mosques and a nursery. 10,000 people were displaced by the riots. The riots followed rallies by Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), a hard line Buddhist group. The BBS was widely blamed for inciting the riots but it has denied responsibility. The mainstream media in Sri Lanka censored news about the riots following orders from the Sri Lankan government.
Masjid Al Abrar, or Masjidul Abrar Jumma Mosque, is a mosque in Beruwala, Sri Lanka, which is claimed to be the first and the oldest mosque in the country.
Translated from French to English: Now this holy man - this is the new point (Al Kownayn) – seems to be the same as that which the people of the Maldive Islands, near India, called Barakath Al-Barbari who spread Islam in this region as he did in the Horn of Africa. We only know in which of these two regions he lived first and this prompted him to change sectors of business.The tomb of Sheik Barkhadle (Yusuf Al Kownayn) is in a ruined city called Dhogor, near Hargeisa, in the north of the Democratic Republic of Somalia.[ verification needed ]
In reference to Ibn Batuta's Moroccan theory of this figure, citation 8 of this text mentions, that other accounts identify Yusuf Al Barbari as East African or Persian. But as a fellow Maghribi, Ibn Battuta likely felt partial to the Moroccan version.[ verification needed ]