Kechchimalai Mosque, Beruwala (one of the oldest mosques in Sri Lanka)
|• Type||Urban Council|
|• Chairman||Masahim Mohamed|
|Time zone||Sri Lanka Time (UTC+5:30)|
Beruwala (Sinhala:බේරුවල Tamil: பேருவளை ) is a town in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. Beruwala with a total area of approximately 15 square kilometres and is located on the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, 60 km (37 mi) south of Colombo.
Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.
Kalutara District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Kalutara.
The Western Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The province is the most densely populated province in the country and is home to the legislative capital Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte as well to Colombo, the nation's administrative and business center.
The name Beruwala is derived from the Sinhalese word for the place where the sail is lowered. It marks the spot for the first Muslim settlement on the island, established by the Somali Sheikh Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, who converted the people into Islam. The town was originally named Berbereen in honour and respect of the Somali Shaikh.The Chinese also traded here and Beruwala was known to them as Piehlo-li.
Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn, popularly known as Aw Barkhadle, Yusuf Al Kownayn, Yusuf Al Bagdhadi, and Shaykh Abu Barakat al Barbari, was a Muslim scholar and traveler. Based on reference to Yusuf Al Kawneyn in the Harar manuscripts, Dr. Enrico Cerulli has suggested that Al-Kawneyn was the founder and ancestor of the Walashma dynasty that governed both Sultanate of Ifat and Adal Sultanate during the middle ages. Another genealogical tradition according to C.J Cruttenden is that Aw Barkhadle was a descendant of Ismail Sheikh Isaaq ibn Ahmed. However, many accounts indicate Shaykh Yusuf al Kownayn and Shaykh Isaaq were known to be contemporaries and in contact at the same time.
Beruwala has the first recorded Muslim settlement in Sri Lanka, with records establishing the settlement by Arab traders around the 8th century AD.
A large population of Sri Lankan Moors, many of them are gem merchants, still live in the town, particularly in the China Fort and Maradana areas.
Sri Lankan Moors are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.3% of the country's total population. They are mainly native speakers of the Tamil language with influence of Sinhalese and Arabic words. They are predominantly followers of Islam.
The Beruwala railway station, is located on the Coastal Line, connecting Colombo to Matara.
Fort railway station is a major rail hub in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The station is served by Sri Lanka Railways, with many inter-city and commuter trains entering each day. Fort Station is the main rail gateway to central Colombo; it is the terminus of most intercity trains in the country.
Matara railway station is a station in Matara, Sri Lanka. It is owned and operated by Sri Lanka Railways. Matara railway station opened on 17 December 1895 as the terminus of the Coastal Line.
Beruwala is served by the A2 highway, which runs past the town.
The A 2 is an A-Grade road in Sri Lanka. It connects Colombo and Wellawaya via Kalutara, Galle, Matara and Hambantota.
Beruwala is home to Al-Fasiyatul Nasriya Muslim Balika Navodaya School Maradana, which is the first and oldest Islamic girls school in Sri Lanka.[ citation needed ] It was damaged by the tsunami on Boxing Day 2004.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra. It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to IX in certain areas. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the Indian Plate.
Beruwala is twinned with:
Islam is a minority religion in Sri Lanka. 9.66% of the Sri Lankan population practice Islam. 1,997,361 persons adhere to Islam as per the census of 2012.
Zahira College is an Islamic school at Colombo in Maradana, Sri Lanka and was founded in 1892 as Al Madrasathul Zahira by notable Islamic lawyer and educationalist, Muhammad Cassim Siddi Lebbe, with the active patronage of Ahmed Orabi Pasha of Egypt. The college also has one of the oldest mosques in the country in its premises.
Wattala is a large suburb of Colombo city, in Western Province, Sri Lanka, situated around 9km from Colombo city centre. This suburb is situated on A3 highway from Colombo to Negombo. Around Wattala, there are many villages and towns.
Deshamanya Marhoom Al Haj Mohammed Abdul Bakeer Markar was a Sri Lankan politician. He was the Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and Governor of the Southern Province.
Balangoda is a large town in Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an urban council located 143 kilometres (89 mi) away from Colombo and 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Ratnapura on Colombo - Batticaloa Highway(A4). It is one of the largest towns of the Sabaragamuwa Province. According to the 2001 census, Balangoda has a population of 16,875 and area of 16.2 km2.
Dematagoda is a suburb in Colombo, Sri Lanka represented by divisional code 9. It is surrounded by the Borella, the Maradana and the Kolonnawa. The Baseline Road passes through the Dematagoda.
Kahatowita is one of a village in Attanagalla electorate, Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Hameed Al Husseinie College is a Islamic national school in Colombo, Sri Lanka, founded in 1884.
Zahira College, Mawanella is a Muslim selective entry co - educational school in Mawanella, Sri Lanka. College started as a result of the educational reform that was brought along with the 1920 political reforms. The school was started as a religious school in a cadjan shed which belonged to the Hinguloya Masjidul Huda. It is currently the one of the largest Muslim educational institution in Sri Lanka with more than 4000 students studying there. The college is situated at the heart of Mawanella situated next to Masjidul Huda. Zahira means Excellence in Arabic.
Bodu Bala Sena, is a Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist organisation based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Key persons in the organisation are Venerable Galagoda Aththe Gnanasara and Dilanthe Withanage. The BBS is a break-away organisation from the right-wing nationalist Jathika Hela Urumaya organisation.
Sheikh Mustafa, known as Sheikh Mustafa Waliullah was an Islamic scholar from Sri Lanka. He was also a poet and Sufi. Mustafa was a leader of the Qadiriyyathun Nabaviyyah Sufi order.
Sheikh Abdullah Ibn Umar Badheeb Al Yamani was an eminent Islamic scholar and Sufi from Hadramout, Yemen. He arrived in Sri Lanka in 1858, and until his death he did many works for Sri Lankan Muslims. Sheikh Umar Badheeb was one of the significant figures among Sri Lankan Muslim leaders and reformers in the 19th century. He contributed significantly to Sri Lankan Muslim education along with M.C. Siddi Lebbe and Orabi Pasha. Sheikh Umar Badheeb also provided spiritual guidance, was the Sufi sheikh and founder of Qadiriyatul Badheebiyya Sufi Order.
Dharga Town is a town located in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. Dharga Town is close to Aluthgama and the tourist town Bentota.
The Grand Mosque of Colombo is a mosque located in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The 2014 anti-Muslim riots in Sri Lanka were religious and ethnic riots in June 2014 in south-western Sri Lanka. Muslims and their property were attacked by Sinhalese Buddhists in the towns of Aluthgama, Beruwala and Dharga Town in Kalutara District. At least four people were killed and 80 injured. Hundreds were made homeless following attacks on homes, shops, factories, mosques and a nursery. 10,000 people were displaced by the riots. The riots followed rallies by Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), a hard line Buddhist group. The BBS was widely blamed for inciting the riots but it has denied responsibility. The mainstream media in Sri Lanka censored news about the riots following orders from the Sri Lankan government.
The Pathans of Sri Lanka were a Muslim community in Sri Lanka of Pashtun ancestry.