Berwick-upon-Tweed (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Berwick-upon-Tweed
County constituency
for the House of Commons
BerwickUponTweed2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Berwick-upon-Tweed in Northumberland
EnglandNorthumberland.svg
Location of Northumberland within England
County Northumberland
Population75,718 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 55,785 (December 2010) [2]
Major settlements Alnwick, Berwick-upon-Tweed
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Anne-Marie Trevelyan (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from North Northumberland
1512–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Berwick-upon-Tweed ( /ˌbɛrɪk-/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a parliamentary constituency [n 1] in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Anne-Marie Trevelyan, a Conservative. [n 2]

Contents

It was a parliamentary borough in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England from 1512 to 1706, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

It has been a county constituency since 1885, electing one MP under the first-past-the-post system.

Profile

The constituency of Berwick-upon-Tweed is in the county of Northumberland. It includes as its northernmost point the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed and stretches south to include the towns of Alnwick and Amble — the Northumberland coast forms its long eastern boundary. Its length is roughly 50 miles (80 km) and its area is 2,310 square kilometres.

Predominantly rural in character, this constituency is the most northerly in England and is relatively sparsely populated.

History

Berwick had been intermittently represented in Scottish Parliaments but it is thought that it was first enfranchised as an English borough between 1491 and 1512. [3]

It was unaffected by the Reform Act 1832 and continued to elect two MPs until it was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The 1885 Act re-constituted the constituency as one of four divisions of Northumberland, each electing one MP.

Boundaries

1832-1885

The contents of the parliamentary borough, as defined by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, were:

The Parish of Berwick, and the Respective Townships of Tweedmouth and Spittal. [4] [5]

1885-1918

The contents of the county division, as defined by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, were:

The Sessional Divisions of Bamburgh, Coquetdale East (part), Coquetdale North, Glendale, and Norhamshire and Islandshire; and the Municipal Borough of Berwick-upon-Tweed. [6]

1918-1950

Gained small areas to south from Wansbeck (Amble) and Hexham (Rothbury).

1950-1983

No change (the Urban District of Rothbury had been absorbed into the Rural District).

1983-present

Berwick-upon-Tweed (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries

Contents changed following reorganisation of local authorities in 1974. The seat was expanded southwards, adding the (rural) wards in Castle Morpeth Borough, previously part of the abolished constituency of Morpeth.

2007 boundary review

In the fifth periodic boundary review of parliamentary representation in Northumberland, which came into effect for the 2010 general election, the contents of the existing Berwick constituency were unchanged and the Boundary Commission for England made only minor changes to take account of ward boundary changes. A proposal to rename the historic seat "Berwick-upon-Tweed and Mid Northumberland" was rejected: whilst it is geographically accurate, it was thought unwieldy. [12] [n 3]

In 2009, a further government reorganisation resulted in the abolition of all local government boroughs and districts in Northumberland and the establishment of the county as a unitary authority. [13] However, this has not affected the current constituency boundaries.

Political history

Rural in nature, sparse of population and with agriculture as a major source of employment, Berwick-upon-Tweed has never elected a Labour candidate, one of two constituencies in the north east of England not to have done so. The closest Labour have ever come to winning the seat was at the 1966 general election, where they finished just 4,373 votes behind incumbent Conservative MP Antony Lambton.

The area has been notable for its Liberal politicians – both Sir William Beveridge (influential in the formation of the National Health Service) and Edward Grey (Foreign Secretary at the beginning of World War I, best remembered for the "lamps are going out all over Europe...." remark) have served this constituency.

It was represented by Liberal Democrat Sir Alan Beith from 1973 (formerly Liberal) until his retirement in 2015, when it was gained by the Conservative candidate Anne-Marie Trevelyan. Beith was first elected at a by-election, required as a result of the resignation of the then incumbent MP Antony Lambton (Conservative), who had been caught up in a scandal involving call girls, marijuana and a tabloid newspaper.

In 1923, Mabel Philipson, a former music hall actress, took over the seat as a Conservative, when her husband was forced to resign. In doing so she became only the third female MP to sit in the House of Commons since female members became legal five years previously.

Members of Parliament

The seat has sent members to Parliament since its enfranchisement by Henry VIII. It initially sent two members; this was reduced to one in 1885.

MPs before 1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1510–1523No names known [14]
1529 John Martin John Cooper, died
and replaced after 1532 by
 ?John Uvedale [14]
1536 ?
1539 Odinel Selby  ? [14]
1542 ?
1545 ?
1547 Odinel Selby John Watson [14]
1553 (Mar) ?
1553 (Oct) ?
1554 (Apr) George Browne Odinel Selby [14]
1554 (Nov) ?
1555 Thomas Bradford Charles Wharton [14]
1558 ?
1562–3 Anthony Temple Thomas Norton [15]
1571 Sir Valentine Browne Henry Carey [15]
1572 Martin Garnett Robert Newdigate [15]
1584 William Morton Thomas Parkinson [15]
1586 (Oct) Sir Valentine Browne [15]
1589 (Jan) William Morton William Selby [15]
1593 William Morton William Selby [15]
1597 (Oct) William Selby Thomas Parkinson [15]
1601 William Selby David Waterhouse [15]
1604 Sir William Selby Christopher Parkinson
1614 Sir John Selby Meredith Morgan
1621 Sir John Selby Sir Robert Jackson
1624 Sir Robert Jackson Edward Lively
1625 Sir Robert Jackson Sir John Selby
1626 Sir Robert Jackson Richard Lowther
1628 Sir Edmund Sawyer Edward Liveley
1629–1640No Parliaments convened
1640 (Apr)Sir Thomas Widdrington Hugh Potter
1640 (Nov)Sir Thomas Widdrington Robert Scawen
1645Sir Thomas Widdrington Robert Scawen
1648Sir Thomas Widdrington Robert Scawen
1653Berwick not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 George Fenwick Only one representative in 1st Protectorate Parliament
1656 George Fenwick, died 1657
and replaced by
John Rushworth
Only one representative in 2nd Protectorate Parliament
1659 John Rushworth George Payler

MPs 1660–1885

Year1st member [16] 1st party2nd member [16] 2nd party
April 1660 Sir Thomas Widdrington John Rushworth
June 1660 Edward Grey
1661 Sir Thomas Widdrington
1665 Daniel Collingwood
1677 Viscount Osborne
1679 Ralph Grey John Rushworth
1685 Philip Bickerstaffe Ralph Widdrington
1689 Francis Blake Philip Babington
1690 Samuel Ogle
1695 Ralph Grey
1698 Sir Francis Blake
January 1701 Ralph Grey
December 1701 Sir Francis Blake
1702 Jonathan Hutchinson
1710 William Kerr
1711 Richard Hampden
1713 William Orde
1715 Grey Neville Whig John Barrington [17]
March 1723 Henry Grey Whig
May 1723 William Kerr
1727 George Liddell Joseph Sabine
1734 Viscount Polwarth
March 1740 The Viscount Barrington
November 1740 Thomas Watson Tory [18]
1754 John Delaval Tory [18]
1761 Col. John Craufurd
January 1765 Sir John Delaval, Bt [19]
December 1765 Wilmot Vaughan [20]
1768 Robert Paris Taylor
1774 Jacob Wilkinson Tory [18] John Vaughan [21] Tory [18]
1780 Sir John Delaval, Bt Tory [18]
1787 Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bt Whig [18]
1790 Charles Carpenter Tory
1795 John Callender Tory [18]
1796 The Earl of Tyrconnel Tory [18]
1802 [22] Thomas Hall Tory [18] John Fordyce Tory [18]
1803 Francis Sitwell Tory [18] Alexander Allan Tory [18]
1806 Sir John Callender, Bt Tory [18] Alexander Tower Whig [18]
1807 Alexander Allan Tory [18] Sir Alexander Lockhart, Bt Tory [18]
1812 Henry St Paul Tory [18]
March 1820 Viscount Ossulston Whig [18] Sir David Milne Tory [18]
July 1820 Henry St Paul Tory [18]
December 1820 Sir Francis Blake, Bt Whig [18] [23] [24]
1823 Sir John Beresford, Bt Tory [18]
1826 Marcus Beresford Tory [18] John Gladstone Tory [18]
1827 Sir Francis Blake, Bt Whig [18] [23] [24]
1832 Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin Whig [18] [25]
1835 James Bradshaw Conservative [18]
1837 Richard Hodgson Conservative [18] William Holmes Conservative [18]
1841 Matthew Forster Whig [26] [18]
1847 John Campbell Renton Conservative
1852 John Stapleton Radical [27]
1853 Dudley Marjoribanks Whig [27] [28] John Forster Whig [27]
1857 John Stapleton Radical
May 1859 Charles William Gordon Conservative Ralph Earle Conservative
August 1859 Dudley Marjoribanks Liberal
1863 William Cargill Conservative
1865 Alexander Mitchell Liberal
1868 Viscount Bury Liberal John Stapleton Liberal
1874 Dudley Marjoribanks Liberal David Milne Home Conservative
1880 Henry Strutt Liberal
1880 by-election David Milne Home Conservative
1881 by-election Hubert Jerningham Liberal
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: membership reduced to one

MPs since 1885

ElectionMember [16] Party
1885 Edward Grey Liberal
1916 by-election Francis Blake Liberal
1922 Hilton Philipson National Liberal
1923 by-election Mabel Philipson Conservative
1929 Alfred Todd Conservative
1935 Hugh Seely Liberal
1941 by-election George Grey Liberal
1944 by-election William Beveridge Liberal
1945 Robert Thorp Conservative
1951 Antony Lambton Conservative
1973 by-election Sir Alan Beith Liberal
1988 Liberal Democrats
2015 Anne-Marie Trevelyan Conservative

Elections

2010s2000s1990s1980s1970s1960s1950s1940s1930s1920s1910s1900s1890s1880s1832 to 1880

Berwick election results Berwick election results.png
Berwick election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Berwick-upon-Tweed [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Anne-Marie Trevelyan 23,947 56.9 +4.4
Labour Trish Williams9,11221.6-3.0
Liberal Democrats Tom Hancock7,65618.2-2.9
Green Thomas Stewart1,3943.3+1.4
Majority14,83535.2+7.3
Turnout 42,10970.3-1.5
Conservative hold Swing +3.7
General election 2017: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Anne-Marie Trevelyan 22,145 52.5 +11.4
Labour Scott Dickinson10,36424.6+9.7
Liberal Democrats Julie Pörksen8,91621.1-7.8
Green Thomas Stewart7871.9-1.8
Majority11,78127.9+15.7
Turnout 42,21271.8+0.8
Conservative hold Swing +0.9
General election 2015: Berwick-upon-Tweed [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Anne-Marie Trevelyan 16,603 41.1 +4.4
Liberal Democrats Julie Pörksen11,68928.9-14.8
Labour Scott Dickinson6,04214.9+1.7
UKIP Nigel Coghill-Marshall4,51311.2+8.0
Green Rachael Roberts1,4883.7New
English Democrat Neil Humphrey880.2New
Majority4,91412.2N/A
Turnout 40,42371.0+4.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats Swing +9.6
General election 2010: Berwick-upon-Tweed [32] [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Alan Beith 16,806 43.7 -8.9
Conservative Anne-Marie Trevelyan 14,11636.7+7.7
Labour Alan Strickland5,06113.2-5.2
UKIP Mick Weatheritt1,2433.2New
BNP Peter Mailer1,2133.2New
Majority2,6907.0-16.3
Turnout 38,43967.0+3.7
Liberal Democrats hold Swing -8.3

Back to elections

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Berwick-upon-Tweed [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Alan Beith 19,052 52.8 +1.4
Conservative Mike Elliott10,42028.9+0.8
Labour Glen Reynolds6,61818.3+0.6
Majority8,63223.9+0.6
Turnout 36,09063.4-0.4
Liberal Democrats hold Swing +0.3
General election 2001: Berwick-upon-Tweed [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Alan Beith 18,651 51.4 +5.9
Conservative Glen Sanderson10,19328.1+4.0
Labour Martin Walker6,43517.7-8.5
UKIP John Pearson1,0292.8+2.0
Majority8,45823.3+4.0
Turnout 36,30863.8-9.7
Liberal Democrats hold Swing +1.0

Back to elections

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Berwick-upon-Tweed [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Alan Beith 19,007 45.5 +1.1
Labour Paul Brannen 10,96526.2+3.4
Conservative Nick Herbert 10,05824.1-8.7
Referendum Ned Lambton 1,4233.4New
UKIP Ian Dodds3520.8New
Majority8,04219.3+8.7
Turnout 41,80573.5-5.6
Liberal Democrats hold Swing -2.3
General election 1992: Berwick-upon-Tweed [36] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Democrats Alan Beith 19,283 44.4 -7.7
Conservative Anthony Henfrey14,24032.8+3.3
Labour Gordon Adam 9,93322.8+5.3
Majority5,04311.6-11.0
Turnout 43,45679.1+1.8
Liberal Democrats hold Swing -5.5

Back to elections

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Berwick-upon-Tweed [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 21,903 52.1 -0.6
Conservative John Middleton12,40029.5-3.5
Labour Stephen Lambert7,36017.5+3.2
Green Nigel Pamphilion3790.9New
Majority9,50322.6+2.9
Turnout 42,04277.3-0.5
Liberal hold Swing +1.4
General election 1983: Berwick-upon-Tweed [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 21,958 52.7 -1.6
Conservative Julian Brazier 13,74333.0-5.4
Labour Vera Baird 5,97514.3+7.0
Majority8,21519.7+3.7
Turnout 41,67677.8-6.0
Liberal hold Swing +1.9

Back to elections

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 19,351 54.34 +11.23
Conservative Charles Baker-Cresswell13,66338.36-4.53
Labour G. M. Elliott2,6027.31-6.69
Majority5,68815.98+15.76
Turnout 35,61683.82-1.32
Liberal hold Swing +7.88
General election October 1974: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 14,684 43.11 -1.40
Conservative Charles Baker-Cresswell14,61142.89-0.36
Labour G. Spain4,76814.00+1.76
Majority730.22-1.04
Turnout 34,06381.37-3.8
Liberal hold Swing -0.52
General election February 1974: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 15,732 44.51 +22.56
Conservative John Donald Morrison Hardie15,28943.25-7.41
Labour Gordon Adam 4,32612.24-15.15
Majority4431.26N/A
Turnout 35,34785.14+10.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
1973 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Alan Beith 12,489 39.9 +18.0
Conservative John Donald Morrison Hardie12,43239.7-11.0
Labour Gordon Adam 6,17819.8-7.6
Independent T. G. Symonds1260.4New
Independent Robert Goodall720.2New
Majority570.2N/A
Turnout 31,29775.00+1.4
Registered electors 41,721
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.5
General election 1970: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 41,731
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 15,558 50.66 +3.1
Labour Co-op Bob Wareing 8,41327.39-5.7
Liberal Alan Beith 6,74121.95+2.6
Majority7,14523.27+8.7
Turnout 30,71273.60-2.98
Conservative hold Swing +4.6

Back to elections

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 39,155
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 14,281 47.63 -2.29
Labour James W. Conway9,90833.04+7.16
Liberal Aubrey Herbert5,79619.33-4.86
Majority4,37314.59-9.45
Turnout 31,75076.58-2.96
Conservative hold Swing -2.43
General election 1964: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 39,915
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 15,851 49.92 -13.19
Labour R. Christopher Jelley8,21825.88-11.01
Liberal Nicholas B. Madison7,68124.19N/A
Majority7,63324.04-2.18
Turnout 31,75079.54+2.52
Conservative hold Swing -1.09

Back to elections

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 40,951
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 19,904 63.11 +2.76
Labour R. Christopher Jelley11,63736.89-2.76
Majority8,26726.22+5.52
Turnout 31,54177.02+4.24
Conservative hold Swing +2.76
General election 1955: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 41,664
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 18,301 60.35 +7.65
Labour John Frater12,02439.65+6.57
Majority6,27720.70+1.08
Turnout 30,32572.78-6.06
Conservative hold Swing +0.54
General election 1951: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate : 42,438
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Antony Lambton 17,632 52.70 +8.79
Labour Co-op Thomas H. Jones11,06933.08+7.42
Liberal John Beeching Frankenburg 4,75914.22-16.19
Majority6,56319.62+6.14
Turnout 33,46078.84-1.29
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 42,075
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Robert Thorp 14,804 43.91 +0.62
Liberal Arthur Comyns Carr 10,26030.43-5.96
Labour John Davis8,65125.66+5.34
Majority4,54413.48+6.58
Turnout 33,71580.13+12.36
Conservative hold Swing +3.29

Back to elections

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Robert Thorp 12,315 43.29 N/A
Liberal William Beveridge 10,35336.39N/A
Labour John Davis5,78220.32New
Majority1,9626.90N/A
Turnout 28,45067.77-8.23
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
1944 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Beveridge 8,792 87.4 +36.4
Independent W. D. Clark1,26912.6New
Majority7,52374.80+72.8
Turnout 10,06124.5-51.5
Registered electors 41,068
Liberal hold Swing
1941 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Charles Grey Unopposed N/AN/A
Liberal hold Swing

Back to elections

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Hugh Seely 15,779 51.0 New
Conservative Alfred Todd 15,14549.0N/A
Majority6342.0N/A
Turnout 30,92476.00N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1931: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Alfred Todd Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold Swing

Back to elections

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Alfred Todd 12,526 42.8 -8.1
Liberal Penry Williams 11,37238.8+4.5
Labour Henry Kegie5,40218.4+3.6
Majority1,1544.0-12.6
Turnout 29,30076.1-1.6
Unionist hold Swing -6.3
General election 1924: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Mabel Philipson 12,130 50.9 +2.9
Liberal Harold Burge Robson 8,16534.3-5.2
Labour J. Adams3,52114.8+2.3
Majority3,96516.6+8.1
Turnout 23,81677.7+4.3
Unionist hold Swing +4.0
General election 1923: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Mabel Philipson 10,636 48.0 -7.0
Liberal Harold Burge Robson 8,76739.5+12.7
Labour Edna Martha Penny2,78412.5-5.7
Majority1,8698.5-19.7
Turnout 22,18773.4-1.5
Unionist hold Swing -9.9
1923 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Mabel Philipson 12,000 55.0 New
Liberal Harold Burge Robson 5,85826.8-11.3
Labour Gilbert Oliver3,96618.2New
Majority6,14228.2+4.4
Turnout 21,82474.9+8.7
Unionist gain from National Liberal Swing N/A
General election 1922: Berwick-upon-Tweed (void)
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Liberal Hilton Philipson 11,933 61.9 N/A
Liberal Walter Runciman 7,35438.1N/A
Majority4,57923.8N/A
Turnout 19,28766.2
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing

Back to elections

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Francis Blake 6,721 60.5 0.7
Independent William Watson-Armstrong 4,39739.5New
Majority2,32421.01.4
Turnout 11,118
Liberal hold Swing N/A
1916 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election [40] Electorate 9,454
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Francis Blake 3,794 85.9 +24.7
Independent Arthur Turnbull62114.1New
Majority3,17371.8+49.4
Turnout 4,41546.733.1
Registered electors 9,454
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election December 1910: Berwick-upon-Tweed Electorate 9,420
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 4,612 61.2 +1.1
Conservative Charles Henry Hoare2,92638.81.1
Majority1,68622.4+2.2
Turnout 7,53879.88.5
Registered electors 9,445
Liberal hold Swing +1.1
General election January 1910: Berwick-upon-Tweed
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 5,010 60.1 4.0
Conservative Thomas Inskip 3,32739.9+4.0
Majority1,68320.28.0
Turnout 8,33788.3+2.8
Registered electors 9,445
Liberal hold Swing 4.0

Back to elections

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 5,102 64.1 N/A
Conservative Thomas Inskip 2,86235.9New
Majority2,24028.2N/A
Turnout 7,96485.5N/A
Registered electors 9,316
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing {{{swing}}}

Back to elections

Elections in the 1890s

Sir Edward Grey Sir Edward Grey.jpg
Sir Edward Grey
General election 1895: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 4,37854.9+2.0
Conservative Henry Percy 3,59345.12.0
Majority7859.8+4.0
Turnout 7,97185.9+3.2
Registered electors 9,277
Liberal hold Swing +2.0
General election 1892: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 4,002 52.9 1.9
Conservative Watson Askew-Robertson [42] 3,56047.1+1.9
Majority4425.83.8
Turnout 7,56282.7+4.9
Registered electors 9,141
Liberal hold Swing 1.9

Back to elections

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 4,131 54.8 2.9
Liberal Unionist Frederick Lambton 3,40745.2+2.9
Majority7249.65.8
Turnout 7,53877.810.3
Registered electors 9,691
Liberal hold Swing 2.9
General election 1885: Berwick-upon-Tweed [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edward Grey 4,929 57.7 +1.4
Conservative Henry Percy 3,61342.31.4
Majority1,31615.4+12.7
Turnout 8,54288.1+8.1 (est)
Registered electors 9,691
Liberal hold Swing +1.4

[43]

By-election, 26 Oct 1881: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Hubert Jerningham 1,046 66.4 +10.1
Conservative Henry John Trotter 52933.610.1
Majority51732.8+30.1
Turnout 1,57579.20.8 (est)
Registered electors 1,989
Liberal hold Swing +10.1
By-election, 21 Jul 1880: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative David Milne Home 584 50.1 +6.4
Liberal John McLaren 58249.96.4
Majority20.2N/A
Turnout 1,16680.8+0.8 (est)
Registered electors 1,443
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.4
General election 1880: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 687 29.7 2.8
Liberal Green check.svgY Henry Strutt 614 26.6 +4.6
Conservative William Macdonald Macdonald [45] 55223.9N/A
Conservative David Milne Home 45719.88.3
Majority622.71.7
Turnout 1,155 (est)80.0 (est)12.6
Registered electors 1,443
Liberal hold Swing +0.7
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.4

Back to elections

Elections from 1832 to 1880

General election 1874: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 617 32.5 N/A
Conservative Green check.svgY David Milne Home 533 28.1 14.1
Liberal John Stapleton 41822.05.6
Liberal William Keppel 33017.412.9
Turnout 1,216 (est)92.6 (est)+14.5
Registered electors 1,313
Majority844.40.2
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority1156.1N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing 2.1
General election 1868: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Green check.svgY William Keppel 669 30.3 +0.4
Liberal Green check.svgY John Stapleton 609 27.6 0.1
Conservative George Wallace Carpenter [46] [47] 50823.0+0.8
Conservative Richard Hodgson [48] 42419.21.0
Majority1014.60.9
Turnout 1,105 (est)78.1 (est)12.6
Registered electors 1,415
Liberal hold Swing 0.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.5
General election 1865: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 396 29.9 +4.5
Liberal Green check.svgY Alexander Mitchell 367 27.7 +7.9
Conservative William Cargill 29522.25.9
Conservative Joseph Hubback [49] 26820.26.5
Majority725.5N/A
Turnout 663 (est)90.7 (est)+8.4
Registered electors 731
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.1
By-election, 29 Jun 1863: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Green check.svgY William Cargill 328 51.4 3.4
Liberal Alexander Mitchell 31048.6+3.4
Majority182.8+1.4
Turnout 63879.82.5
Registered electors 799
Conservative hold Swing 3.4
By-election, 20 August 1859: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 305 50.1 +4.9
Conservative Richard Hodgson [28] 304 49.9 4.9
Majority10.2N/A
Turnout 60977.15.2
Registered electors 790
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.9
General election 1859: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Green check.svgY Charles William Gordon 366 28.1 +16.2
Conservative Green check.svgY Ralph Earle 348 26.7 +14.8
Liberal Dudley Marjoribanks 33025.4+1.4
Liberal John Stapleton 25719.810.2
Majority181.4N/A
Turnout 651 (est)82.3 (est)+12.2
Registered electors 790
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.3
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +9.6
General election 1857: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical Green check.svgY John Stapleton 339 30.0 +2.3
Whig Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 271 24.0 -15.1
Conservative Charles William Gordon 26923.814.4
Whig Matthew Forster 25022.110.1
Turnout 565 (est)70.1 (est)7.2
Registered electors 805
Majority686.01.0
Radical hold Swing +4.8
Majority20.26.2
Whig hold Swing N/A
By-election, 14 May 1853: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Dudley Marjoribanks 473 39.1 +5.0
Whig Green check.svgY John Forster 385 31.8 +4.1
Conservative John Campbell Renton 19616.24.6
Conservative Richard Hodgson 15713.04.4
Majority18915.6+9.2
Turnout 606 (est)71.0 (est)6.3
Registered electors 853
Whig hold Swing +4.8
Whig gain from Radical Swing +4.3
General election 1852: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Matthew Forster 412 34.1 10.0
Radical Green check.svgY John Stapleton 335 27.7 N/A
Conservative John Campbell Renton 25120.821.4
Conservative Richard Hodgson 21017.4+3.6
Turnout 604 (est)77.3 (est)+15.5
Registered electors 805
Majority776.4+4.5
Whig hold Swing 0.6
Majority846.9N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1847: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Matthew Forster 484 44.1 +7.3
Conservative Green check.svgY John Campbell Renton 463 42.2 +10.2
Conservative William Henry Miller 15113.817.5
Majority211.92.9
Turnout 549 (est)61.8 (est)28.5
Registered electors 888
Whig hold Swing +7.3
Conservative hold Swing +3.3
General election 1841: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Matthew Forster 394 36.8 +5.2
Conservative Green check.svgY Richard Hodgson 343 32.0 2.4
Conservative Thomas Weeding33531.32.8
Majority514.8N/A
Turnout 64590.3+1.8
Registered electors 714
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +5.2
Conservative hold Swing 2.5
General election 1837: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Green check.svgY Richard Hodgson 357 34.4 +15.7
Conservative Green check.svgY William Holmes 354 34.1 +15.4
Whig Rufane Shaw Donkin 32831.631.0
Majority262.53.0
Turnout 62588.52.6
Registered electors 706
Conservative hold Swing +15.6
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +15.5
By-election, 27 April 1835: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Rufane Shaw Donkin Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1835: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Green check.svgY James Bradshaw 410 37.4 +5.2
Whig Green check.svgY Rufane Shaw Donkin 350 31.9 2.7
Whig Francis Blake 33730.72.6
Majority605.5N/A
Turnout 62791.11.5
Registered electors 688
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +5.3
Whig hold Swing 2.7
General election 1832: Berwick-upon-Tweed [44] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Rufane Shaw Donkin 371 34.6 +9.9
Whig Green check.svgY Francis Blake 357 33.3 +8.5
Tory Marcus Beresford 34532.218.2
Majority121.1+0.6
Turnout 65392.6
Registered electors 705
Whig hold Swing +9.4
Whig gain from Tory Swing +8.8

Elections before 1832

General election 1831: Berwick-upon-Tweed [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Whig Green check.svgY Francis Blake 299 49.7 +14.9
Tory Green check.svgY Marcus Beresford 296 49.2 +1.9
Tory Samuel Swinton71.216.7
Majority30.516.4
Turnout 366
Whig hold Swing +14.9
Tory hold Swing 2.8
General election 1830: Berwick-upon-Tweed [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Tory Green check.svgY Marcus Beresford 387 47.3
Whig Green check.svgY Francis Blake 285 34.8
Tory Frederick Gye14717.9
Turnout 427
Majority10212.5
Tory hold Swing
Majority13816.9N/A
Whig gain from Tory Swing

Back to elections

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the first past the post system of election is used with elections at least every five years.
  3. MPs references to each other at least in writing, are entered by a full constituency name in Hansard

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hexham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Hexham is a constituency in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Guy Opperman, a Conservative. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salisbury (UK Parliament constituency)</span>

Salisbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Glen of the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caernarfon (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1801–2010

Caernarfon was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Caernarfon in Wales. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ashton-under-Lyne (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1832 onwards

Ashton-under-Lyne is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It has been represented since 2015 by Angela Rayner, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Macclesfield (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Macclesfield is a constituency currently represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Rutley, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stockport (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Stockport is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Navendu Mishra of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Tynemouth is a constituency in Tyne and Wear represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wansbeck (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Wansbeck is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Ian Lavery, a member of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Middlesbrough (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Middlesbrough is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, recreated in 1974, and represented since 2012 in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Andy McDonald from the Labour Party. An earlier version of the seat existed between 1868 and 1918.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Durham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency since 1678

City of Durham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Mary Foy of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Durham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

North Durham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2001 by Kevan Jones of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newark (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Newark is a constituency in Nottinghamshire, England. It is currently represented by Robert Jenrick of the Conservative Party who won the seat in a by-election on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer in April 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bedford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency in England

Bedford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Mohammad Yasin of the Labour Party.

Morpeth was a constituency centred on the town of Morpeth in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1553 to 1707, the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and then the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1800 to 1983.

Wallsend was a parliamentary constituency centred on Wallsend, a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North Tyneside.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1832–1885

North Northumberland was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Northumberland (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1832–1885

South Northumberland was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a parliamentary borough in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England from 1283 to 1706, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

References

  1. "Berwick-upon-Tweed: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  2. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. "Berwick-upon-Tweed | History of Parliament Online". www.histparl.ac.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  4. Britain, Great (1832). The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Passed in the ... [1807-69]. His Majesty's statute and law Printers. p. 353.
  5. "HMSO Boundary Commission Report 1832, Berwick-upon-Tweed".
  6. Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884. p. 167.
  7. Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. p. 25. ISBN   0-900178-09-4. OCLC   539011.
  8. Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. pp. 81, 139. ISBN   0-900178-09-4. OCLC   539011.
  9. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983" (PDF). p. 62.
  10. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". In the County of Northumberland.
  11. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". In Northumberland.
  12. "Boundary Commission for England. Fifth Periodical Report" (PDF). p. 408.
  13. "Northumberland | History, Facts, & Points of Interest | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "History of Parliament". Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "History of Parliament". Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  16. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 2)
  17. Created The Viscount Barrington (in the Peerage of Ireland), 1720
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp.  240–242. ISBN   0-900178-13-2.
  19. Created The Lord Delaval (in the Peerage of Ireland), 1783
  20. Succeeded as The 4th Viscount Lisburne (in the Peerage of Ireland), January 1766
  21. Major-General 1776, Lieutenant-General 1782, knighted (KB) 1792
  22. On petition, Fordyce and Hall were adjudged not to have been duly elected and the election result was reversed
  23. 1 2 Escott, Margaret (2009). "BLAKE, Sir Francis, 3rd bt. (1774–1860), of Tilmouth Park, co. Dur.; Knowle Green, Staines, and 15 Sloane Street, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  24. 1 2 Foot, M. R. D., ed. (1968). The Gladstone Diaries: Volume One: 1825–1832. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 55. ISBN   0-19-821370-0. Archived from the original on 14 February 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2019 via Google Books.
  25. "Saunders's News-Letter" . 1 February 1839. p. 1. Retrieved 30 November 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. Sherwood, Marika (2007). After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 171. ISBN   9781845113650. Archived from the original on 14 February 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2020 via Google Books.
  27. 1 2 3 Wickham, Michael John (2002). "Electoral Politics in Berwick-Upon-Tweed, 1832–1885" (PDF). Durham E-Theses Online. Durham University. p. 44. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  28. 1 2 "Berwick" . Bedfordshire Times and Independent. 23 August 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 8 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  29. "Berwick-upon-Tweed Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  30. "General Elections Online 2015". Digiminster. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  31. L Carrol (8 May 2015). "ELECTION OF A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FOR THE BERWICK UPON TWEED CONSTITUENCY. DECLARATION OF RESULT OF POLL" (PDF). Northumberland County Council . Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  32. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  33. "BBC News – Election 2010 – Berwick-Upon-Tweed". BBC News. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  34. 1 2 "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  35. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  36. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  37. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  38. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  39. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  40. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 by FWS Craig
  41. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   9781349022984.
  42. Kingsley, Nick (11 April 2016). "(213) Askew of Redheugh, Pallinsburn and Ladykirk". Landed families of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original on 2 November 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  43. "Wednesdays Telegrams". The Cornishman. No. 172. 27 October 1881. p. 5.
  44. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  45. "Election Intelligence: Berwick". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 30 August 1881. p. 5. Archived from the original on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  46. "Berwick" . Newcastle Journal . 17 November 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  47. "Election News" . Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer . 14 August 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  48. "Berwick Election" . The Scotsman . 30 October 1868. p. 6. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  49. "The General Election" . Illustrated Berwick Journal. 30 June 1865. p. 3. Retrieved 28 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  50. "The Berwick Election and Mr. Richard Hodgson" . Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 30 April 1853. p. 5. Retrieved 8 April 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.

Sources

Coordinates: 55°33′N1°55′W / 55.550°N 1.917°W / 55.550; -1.917