Besse, Dordogne

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Besse
Besse -1.JPG
The town hall in Besse
Location of Besse
Besse, Dordogne
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Besse
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Besse
Coordinates: 44°40′11″N1°06′25″E / 44.6697°N 1.1069°E / 44.6697; 1.1069 Coordinates: 44°40′11″N1°06′25″E / 44.6697°N 1.1069°E / 44.6697; 1.1069
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Sarlat-la-Canéda
Canton Vallée Dordogne
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Francis Malvy
Area
1
16.2 km2 (6.3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
157
  Density9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24039 /24550
Elevation170–345 m (558–1,132 ft)
(avg. 270 m or 890 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Besse (French pronunciation:  [bɛs] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Beça) is a commune in the Dordogne department in southwestern France.

Contents

Church

The church of St Martin, Besse, dates from the late 11thc. It was part of a Benedictine priory, replaced by Augustines in the 13thc, and was constructed by the old château of Besse.

What remains now is the part of the nave closest to the transept, and the West façade with the porch. The rest of the nave was built during the 12thc with a guard room above. The walls are pierced with loopholes for the archers and other defensive measures during the Hundred Years' War. The English were repulsed but by 1454 church and village were in a state of abandon. The lord of the village, Raymond-Bernard de Gauléjac brought new tenants in from Quercy and Rouergue.

The church became the parish church in the 14thc. The transept and the choir date from the 15thc. In the following century, the church depended on the canonical chapter of Biron. In 1648, the church was restored with materials from the old château.

In 1961, paintings were discovered in the South transept.

The West façade and the porch

Porch

This is the most remarkable part of the church. The porch comprises two decorated Romanesque voussures ornées below an archivolt, resting on colonnettes and framed by lateral dosserets which mount to the height of the imposts. These colonnettes continue below the l'archivolt to a corniche supported by corbels forming the base of a triangular fronton decorated with lozenges.

The themes of the porch sculpture, expressing the messianic Redemption, are read from left to right:

In the centre, two angels raise a small seated man. An inscription says: (A)NGELUS DOMIN(I)...AN...S...N...EL...(P)ETRUS O...E. This refers to Saint Peter the Exorcist, os Saint Peter in Chains, of whom the Golden Legends says that when he suffered martyrdom one of the executioners saw his souls ascending to Heaven borne by two angels.

The murals in the South transept

These late 16thc paintings, discovered in 1961, were restored without the authorisation of the Department of Historic Monuments. They were probably not done with sufficient attention to the necessary minutiae, and are not all visible.

On the West wall, Christ mocked by four soldiers, a scene of martyrdom.

On the South wall, right of the window, the Arrest of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane with the Kiss of Judas. To the right, the dead Christ.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1864622    
1962211−66.1%
1968191−9.5%
1975207+8.4%
1982183−11.6%
1990171−6.6%
1999163−4.7%
2008150−8.0%

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.

This is a translation from the French article on Wikipedia.

Bibliography