|Full name||Elizabeth May Nuthall Shoemaker|
|Born||23 May 1911|
|Died||8 November 1983 72) (aged|
New York City, USA
|Int. Tennis HoF||1977 (member page)|
|Highest ranking||No. 4 (1929)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||F (1931)|
|Wimbledon||4R (1933, 1937, 1938, 1946)|
|US Open||W (1930)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||W (1931)|
|US Open||W (1930, 1931, 1933)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|French Open||W (1931, 1932)|
|US Open||W (1929, 1931)|
Betty May Nuthall Shoemaker (née Nuthall; 23 May 1911 – 8 November 1983) was an English tennis player. Known for her powerful forehand, according to Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail , Nuthall was ranked in the world top ten in 1927, 1929 through 1931, and 1933, reaching a career high in those rankings of World No. 4 in 1929.She won the mixed doubles championships at the French Open in 1931 with Pat Spence.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
The Daily Telegraph, known online as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally. It was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in 1855 as Daily Telegraph & Courier.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market newspaper published in London in a tabloid format. Founded in 1896, it is the United Kingdom's third-highest-circulation daily newspaper, after Metro and The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982, while Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. Content from the paper appears on the MailOnline website, although the website is managed separately and has its own editor.
Nuthall's father taught her tennis. She won the junior championships of Great Britain in 1924 (aged 13), 1925 and 1926.
In 1927 at the age of 16, Nuthall tied Elisabeth Moore as the then-youngest women's singles finalist ever at the U. S. National Championships. Nuthall lost the final to Helen Wills in straight sets while serving under-handed.
Elisabeth 'Bessie' Holmes Moore was an American tennis champion who was active at the beginning of the 20th century. Moore won the singles title at the U.S. Championships on four occasions. She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1971.
Helen Newington Wills, also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player. She became famous around the world for holding the top position in women's tennis for a total of nine years: 1927–33, 1935 and 1938. She won 31 Grand Slam tournament titles during her career, including 19 singles titles.
Also in 1927, Nuthall played on the British Wightman Cup team and defeated Helen Jacobs in her debut. In her mixed doubles matches, the final of the Nottingham Championships, she won with her partner Pat Spence.She also represented Great Britain in the 1929 and 1931–34 Wightman Cup competitions.
The Wightman Cup was an annual team tennis competition for women contested from 1923 through 1989 between teams from the United States and Great Britain.
Helen Hull Jacobs was an American tennis player who won nine Grand Slam titles. She was born in Globe, Arizona, United States.
Patrick Spence was a South African tennis player. He was born in Queenstown, South Africa. He competed mainly in Great Britain and found his form in hard court tournaments. He notably won the mixed doubles championships at Wimbledon in 1928 with Elizabeth Ryan and at the French Open in 1931 with Betty Nuthall.
In 1930, Nuthall became the first non-American since 1892 to win a women's singles title at the U. S. National Championships, defeating Anna McCune Harper in straight sets.She was the last British female player to win the title until Virginia Wade won in 1968. In 1931, she reached the singles final of the French International Championships but lost in two sets to first-seeded Cilly Aussem. Also in 1930, she won the mixed doubles with her recurring partner Spence. Nuthall and he went for the British Hard Court Championships in April and were only eliminated in the final, while in May they won the mixed title at the French International Championships.
Anna McCune Harper was an American female tennis player. She won the mixed doubles title at Wimbledon in 1931 partnering George Lott. She was the runner-up in singles at the 1930 U.S. Championships, losing to Betty Nuthall. She also was the runner-up in women's doubles at the 1928, 1930, and 1932 U.S. Championships and in mixed doubles at the 1931 edition of those championships.
Sarah Virginia Wade, is a former professional tennis player from Great Britain. She won three Grand Slam singles championships and four Grand Slam doubles championships, and is the only British woman in history to have won titles at all four Grand Slam tournaments. She was ranked as high as No. 2 in the world in singles, and No. 1 in the world in doubles.
The French Open, officially Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May. The venue is named after the French aviator Roland Garros. It is the premier clay court tennis championship event in the world and the second of four annual Grand Slam tournaments, the other three being the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. The French Open is currently the only Grand Slam event held on clay, and it is the zenith of the spring clay court season. Because of the seven rounds needed for a championship, the slow-playing surface and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the event is widely considered to be the most physically demanding tennis tournament in the world.
At the U.S. Championships in 1933, Nuthall won a quarterfinal versus Alice Marble 6–8, 6–0, 7–5 after being down two breaks of serve at 1–5 in the final set. In the semifinal versus Moody, Nuthall won the first set 6–2 in just 12 minutes, which was the first set Wills had lost at this tournament since 1926. Moody, however, turned around the match and won the last two sets 6–3, 6–2 despite losing her serve twice in the second set. Nuthall never again reached the quarterfinals of a Grand Slam singles tournament.
Alice Marble was an American tennis player who won 18 Grand Slam championships (1936–40): five in singles, six in women's doubles, and seven in mixed doubles.
Nuthall won women's doubles titles at the 1930, 1931, and 1933 U.S. Championships and at the 1931 French Championships. She won mixed doubles championships at the 1929 and 1931 U.S. Championships and at the 1931 and 1932 French Championships.
Nuthall was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1977.
The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It honors both players and other contributors to the sport of tennis. The complex, the former Newport Casino, includes a museum, grass tennis courts, an indoor tennis facility, and a court tennis facility.
She formed a real-life couple with her doubles partner Pat Spence,with whom she went on to win the French Open mixed doubles tournament in 1931. In 1954 she married Franklin Shoemaker, who died in 1982. On 8 November 1983 Nuthall died in New York of a coronary arrest.
|Loss||1927||U.S. Championships||Grass||1–6, 4–6|
|Win||1930||U.S. Championships||Grass||6–1, 6–4|
|Loss||1931||French Championships||Clay||6–8, 1–6|
|Loss||1927||U.S. National Championships||Grass||1–6, 6–4, 4–6|
|Win||1930||U.S. National Championships||Grass||3–6, 6–3, 7–5|
|Win||1931||French Championships||Clay||9–7, 6–2|
|Win||1931||U.S. National Championships||Grass||6–2, 6–4|
|Loss||1932||French Championships||Clay||1–6, 3–6|
|Win||1933||U.S. National Championships||Grass||default|
|Win||1929||U.S. National Championships||Grass||6–3, 6–3|
|Win||1931||French Championships||Clay||6–3, 5–7, 6–3|
|Win||1931||U.S. National Championships||Grass||6–3, 6–3|
|Win||1932||French Championships||Clay||6–4, 6–2|
|Loss||1933||French Championships||Grass||2–6, 3–6|
|Tournament||1926||1927||1928||1929||1930||1931||1932||1933||1934||1935||1936||1937||1938||1939||1940||1941 – 1944||1945||19461||Career SR|
|Australian Championships||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||NH||NH||A||0 / 0|
|French Championships||A||A||2R||A||A||F||SF||SF||3R||A||A||A||A||A||NH||R||A||A||0 / 5|
|Wimbledon||2R||QF||1R||3R||QF||QF||QF||4R||1R||A||2R||4R||4R||1R||NH||NH||NH||4R||0 / 14|
|U.S. Championships||A||F||A||QF||W||SF||A||SF||2R||A||A||A||A||3R||A||A||A||A||1 / 7|
|SR||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 2||0 / 3||0 / 2||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 0||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 0||0 / 0||0 / 0||0 / 1||1 / 26|
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.
Henri Jean Cochet was a French tennis player. He was a world No. 1 ranked player, and a member of the famous "Four Musketeers" from France who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Hendrik ("Henk") Timmer was a Dutch sportsman, who primarily played tennis. Born in Utrecht, Timmer also won golf tournaments, became Dutch squash champion, played badminton and hockey. He died aged 94 in Bilthoven, four days before his former doubles partner Kea Bouman. Apart from being a Dutch tennis champion, he was Swiss, Welsh and Scottish indoors champion as well.
George Martin Lott was an American tennis player and tennis coach who was born in Springfield, Illinois, United States. Lott is mostly remembered as being one of the greatest doubles players of all time. He won the U.S. title five times with three different partners: John Hennessey in 1928; John Doeg in 1929 and 1930; and Les Stoefen in 1933 and 1934. At the U. S. championships singles in 1928, Lott beat Christian Boussus and John Doeg before losing to Frank Hunter in the semi finals. In 1931 Lott beat defending champion Doeg in the semi finals before losing to Ellsworth Vines in the final. In 1934 Lott became a touring professional, thereby giving up his amateur status and the ability to play in Grand Slam tournaments. In 1929 and 1930 he was ranked World No. 6 and No. 7 by A Wallis Myers; No. 6 by Pierre Gillon in 1930; and in 1931 was ranked No. 4 by Züricher Sport.
Jiro Sato was a Japanese tennis player. He was ranked World No. 3 in 1933, but committed suicide in the Strait of Malacca during his trip to the Davis Cup in 1934.
Daniel Prenn was a Russian-born German, Polish, and British tennis player who was Jewish. He was ranked the World No. 6 for 1932 by A. Wallis Myers, and the European No. 1 by "American Lawn Tennis" magazine. He was ranked world # 8 in 1929, world # 7 in 1934, and was ranked # 1 in Germany for the four years from 1928 to 1932. He was a runner-up for the mixed doubles title of Wimbledon in 1930. When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, they barred him from playing because he was Jewish. He emigrated from Germany to England, and later became a successful businessman.
Béla von Kehrling was a Hungarian tennis, table tennis, and football player but eventually a winter sportsman familiar with ice-hockey and occasionally competing in bobsleigh. He competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics and the 1924 Summer Olympics.
The year 1931 in tennis was a complex mixture of mainly amateur tournaments composed of international, invitational, national, exhibition, team events and joined by an up-and-coming Pro Tour both on competitive and exhibitional levels.
Vernon Gordon 'Bob' Kirby was a South African tennis player.
Harry Ramberg was a Swedish tennis player. A two-time Swedish singles national champion in 1931 and 1933, Ramberg was also a seven times doubles champion with Curt Östberg between 1927–33 and also national covered court champion between 1929–33 and one-time mixed doubles indoors champion with Eyvor Aquilon in 1933. He won the Swedish King's Cup in 1930, 1931 and 1932
George Lyttleton-Rogers was an Irish tennis player, promoter and coach. He won the Irish Championships title three times,. He was the Canadian and Argentine champion as well. He was a three times runner-up for the Monte Carlo Cup. In 1931 he was the eleventh on the French rankings.
Vladimir Maximilianovich Landau was a Russian-born Monegasque tennis player. In 1931 he was the 14th on the French rankings, which included players of all nationality provided that they played in and represented a French sports club.
Erik Jean-Louis Worm or simply Louis was a Danish tennis player. He was a three-time Danish national singles and mixed doubles champion and a two times doubles champion Apart from being a Danish champion he was the Austrian champion as well. In club level competitions he represented the Boldklubben af 1893. He was a runner-up for the Monaco tournament in both singles and doubles.
The year 1930 in tennis was a complex mixture of mainly amateur tournaments composed of international, invitational, national, exhibition, team events and joined by a marginal Pro Tour encompassing only British, German, French and American Pro events.
Count Ludwig "Ludi" von Salm-Hoogstraeten was an Austrian tennis player. He competed in the men's outdoor singles event at the 1912 Summer Olympics. He reached the quarterfinal in which he lost to South African Harold Kitson in straight sets.
Ernest Douglas Black was a British tennis player active in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Iván Balás was a Yugoslav tennis player of Hungarian ethnicity. He was the one of the first to play for the Yugoslavian team at the International Lawn Tennis Challenge, and later the Davis Cup in 1927. Technically his match was the second rubber of the tie. Apart from team competitions, he clinched international championships for Yugoslavia, Hungary, Austria, Romania and Slovakia in various events.
Ivan Radović was a Yugoslav tennis player and painter of Serbian ethnicity.
Ida Adamoff was a French tennis player active in the 1930s.
Lucia Valerio was an Italian female tennis player who was active during the late 1920s and the 1930s.