Bevil Rudd

Last updated

Bevil Gordon D'Urban Rudd
Bevil Rudd 1920.jpg
Personal information
Born(1894-10-05)5 October 1894
Kimberley, Northern Cape
Died2 February 1948(1948-02-02) (aged 53)
South Africa
Updated on 3 February 2016.
Olympic medal record
Men's athletics
Representing South Africa Flag 1910-1912.svg  South Africa
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1920 Antwerp 400 metres
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 1920 Antwerp 4x400 m relay
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1920 Antwerp 800 metres

Bevil Gordon D'Urban Rudd (5 October 1894 – 2 February 1948) was a South African athlete, the 1920 Olympic Champion in the 400 m.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of Whites, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

1920 Summer Olympics games of the VII Olympiad, celebrated in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1920

The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.

Rudd was born in Kimberley. He was the son of Henry Percy Rudd and Mable Mina Blyth; paternal grandson of Charles Rudd, who co-founded the De Beers diamond mining company, and Frances Chiappini and maternal grandson of Captain Matthew Smith Blyth CMG, chief magistrate of the Transkei, and Elizabeth Cornelia Philpott.

Charles Rudd main business associate of Cecil John Rhodes

Charles Dunell Rudd was the main business associate of Cecil Rhodes.

De Beers Group is an international corporation that specialises in diamond exploration, diamond mining, diamond retail, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors. The company is currently active in open-pit, large-scale alluvial, coastal and deep sea mining. It operates in 35 countries and mining takes place in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Canada. Until the start of the 21st century, De Beers effectively had total control over the diamond market as a monopoly. Competition has since dismantled the complete monopoly, though the De Beers Group still sells approximately 35% of the world's rough diamond production through its global sightholder and auction sales businesses.

During his schooling at St. Andrew's College, Grahamstown (Upper House) [1] he excelled both as a student and as an athlete, and he was granted a scholarship for Oxford University. Rudd served in the First World War, and was awarded a Military Cross for bravery. [2]

St. Andrews College, Grahamstown College in South Africa

St. Andrew's College is an Anglican school for boys located in Makhanda (Grahamstown), Eastern Cape, South Africa. It was founded in 1855 by the Right Reverend John Armstrong, the first Bishop of Grahamstown. It is a full boarding school, with a number of day boys. St. Andrew's College caters to 480 pupils from around the globe. The school is also a member of the G20 Schools group and closely associated with its brother school, St. Andrew's Preparatory School, and its sister school the Diocesan School for Girls.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Military Cross third-level military decoration of the British Armed Forces, Commonwealth officers

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and formerly awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

As for his athletic career, 1920 was his most successful year. [3] At the 1920 Olympics, held in Antwerp, Rudd won three medals, one of each colour. In the 400 m, he won the gold medal, in a clear victory over Britain's Guy Butler. He added a silver medal in the 4 x 400 m relay with the South African team, and finished third in the 800 m. In addition to his Olympic successes, Rudd became the British champion over 440 yd (402 m) and 880 yd (805 m), and was named best athlete of the year in Great Britain. In 1921, he broke the 440 yd (402 m) World Record.

Antwerp Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Antwerp is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders. With a population of 520,504, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, and with 1,200,000 the second largest metropolitan region after Brussels.

Guy Butler (athlete) athletics competitor

Guy Montagu Butler was a British sprinter, winner of the gold medal in the 4 × 400 m relay at the 1920 Summer Olympics. With four Olympic medals Guy Butler shares the British record for the number of medals in athletics with Sebastian Coe and Mo Farah.

Rudd completed his studies in England, and returned to South Africa, working as a sports journalist.

He married Ursula Mary Knight, daughter of Clifford Hume Knight the Italian Consul to Cape Town, in 1926; they had at least two sons: Bevil John Blyth Rudd and Clifford Robin David Rudd, the South African Cricketer.

Clifford Robin David Rudd was a South African cricketer. Rudd was a right-handed batsman.

In 1930, he became an editor for the Daily Telegraph , a position he held until after the Second World War. Shortly after his return to South Africa, he died there at age 53. [4]

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References

  1. Poland, Marguerite (2008). The Boy in You: A Biography of St. Andrew's College, 1855-2005. Fernwood Press. p. 81. ISBN   978-1-874950-86-8.
  2. "No. 30801". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 July 1918. p. 8471.
  3. "The Olympic Games" . Edinburgh Evening News (18507). 30 July 1932. p. 6 colA. Retrieved 3 February 2016 via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. "Bevil Gordon D'Urban Rudd". sprintic.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2016.