Bexley, New South Wales

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Bexley
Sydney,  New South Wales
BexleyShops.jpg
Forest Road, Bexley
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Bexley
Coordinates 33°57′24″S151°7′34″E / 33.95667°S 151.12611°E / -33.95667; 151.12611 Coordinates: 33°57′24″S151°7′34″E / 33.95667°S 151.12611°E / -33.95667; 151.12611
Population19,733 (2016 census) [1]
Established1822
Postcode(s) 2207
Location14 km (9 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Bayside Council
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Barton
Suburbs around Bexley:
Bexley North Bardwell Valley Arncliffe
Kingsgrove Bexley Rockdale
Hurstville Carlton Kogarah

Bexley is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Bexley is located 14 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Bayside Council and is part of the St George area.

Southern Sydney is the southern metropolitan area of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

History

James Chandler named the suburb after his birthplace, Bexley which is in the south-east of London, England. Chandler bought Sylvester’s Farm in 1822, from Thomas Sylvester who had been granted the land about ten years earlier. That year he was also granted 1,200 acres (490 ha) of land which stretched from what is now Bexley North to most of Rockdale and Kogarah. The estate was heavily timbered and a track through the centre, used by timber-getters, is today called Forest Road. Queen Victoria Street, Gladstone Street and Beaconsfield Street commemorate the British Queen and two of her prime ministers. Chandler was a well-respected citizen and became known locally as the Squire of Bexley, but his property attracted bushrangers, escaped convicts and other odd types. Chandler was not happy with his ill-assortment of neighbours and sold the land to Charles Thompson in 1836. Later it was bought by Charles Tindell, who began subdividing the land by 1856 for home sites. [2]

Bexley area of southeast London, England

Bexley is an area of south-east London, England and part of the London Borough of Bexley. It is sometimes known as Bexley Village to differentiate the area from the wider borough. It is located 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross and south of Bexleyheath.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

St Elmo, Harrow Road BexleyHouse.jpg
St Elmo, Harrow Road

Lydham Hall, the oldest surviving residence in the area, stands on part of the original land grant of 1822. Joseph Davis settled in this historic residence in the late nineteenth century. Herbert and Frederick Streets are named after his two sons. Henry Kinsela lived on Kinsel Grove. George Preddy occupied Besborough, part of which became Bexley Park. [3]

Dick Stone sold meats in Bexley and Rockdale from 1868. Stone’s Slaughterhouse in Stoney Creek Road began operations in the 1890s. Cattle, sheep and pigs were driven from Homebush to the abattoirs in Kingsgrove until they closed in 1920. [3]

An upsurge in development began after the railway line to Hurstville was opened in 1884. A two-tier wagonette and hansom cab conveyed train travellers to their homes and in 1909 a steam tram ran between Bexley and Arncliffe. Many inns opened in the area including the Man of Kent, the Robin Hood and Little John Inn and the Highbury Barn. On 28 June 1900 the Bexley Ward of Hurstville Municipality seceded to become Bexley council. Bexley Council was merged with Rockdale Council in 1948 to form the Municipality of Rockdale. [4]

Trams in Sydney A history of the tramway system closed in Sydney NSW Australia

The Sydney tramway network served the inner suburbs of Sydney, Australia from 1879 until 1961. In its heyday, it was the largest in Australia, the second largest in the Commonwealth of Nations, and one of the largest in the world. The network was heavily worked, with about 1,600 cars in service at any one time at its peak during the 1930s . Patronage peaked in 1945 at 405 million passenger journeys. It had a maximum street mileage of 181 miles (291 km), in 1923.

Arncliffe, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Arncliffe is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Arncliffe is located 11 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Bayside Council.

Municipality of Bexley Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Municipality of Bexley was a local government area in the St George region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The municipality was proclaimed as the Borough of Bexley on 28 June 1900 when it formally separated from the Municipal District of Hurstville, and included the modern suburbs of Bexley, Bexley North and Kingsgrove, with parts of Carlton, Bardwell Park, Bardwell Valley, Rockdale and Kogarah. From 1 January 1949, the council was amalgamated into the Municipality of Rockdale, with the passing of the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948.

In the 1980s and 1990s, Bexley underwent serious decline since its main street, Forest Road, was on the major truck route between Port Botany and the start of the M5 Motorway at Beverly Hills. This changed in the late 1990s with the completion of the M5 East Motorway and the subsequent bypass of most heavy and commuter traffic from the main street. The opening of Westfield Hurstville in 1979 also contributed to the decline of the Bexley shopping strip.

Beverly Hills, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Beverly Hills is a south west suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Beverly Hills is located 15 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the St George area. It is often colloquially referred to as "Bevo". The postcode is 2209, which it shares with neighbouring Narwee.

Westfield Hurstville

Westfield Hurstville is a shopping centre in the suburb of Hurstville in the St George area of Sydney, Australia.

Commercial area

Bexley Shopping Centre Bexley Shopping Centre.jpg
Bexley Shopping Centre

Bexley contains a mixture of residential, commercial and light industrial developments. Bexley's main shopping strip (usually known as the 'Bexley Shopping Centre') is located on Forest Road. It includes a busy intersection with Bexley Road and Harrow Road (characterised by the art deco former Commonwealth Bank building), and another busy intersection at Stoney Creek Road (characterised by the Forest Inn Hotel). Before a downturn in the 1980s, the shopping centre included several banks, building societies and many grocery and specialty shops. Many of the banks have found new uses, such as office space in the former Commonwealth Bank, and an IGA supermarket for the former site of a Coles Variety Store. Many of the current shops are of speciality styles.

Former Commonwealth Bank, Forest Road BexleyBank.jpg
Former Commonwealth Bank, Forest Road

Commercial developments extend some distance down Stoney Creek Road towards Kingsgrove and are also scattered along Forest Road, south towards Hurstville and north towards Arncliffe. The area heading towards Hurstville (at the intersection of Willison Road) is usually referred to Bexley South. It contains a post office, two pizza chains and a variety of smaller specialty shops.

The light industrial developments are located on Forest Road between Bexley and Hurstville, but are slowly being replaced by medium-density residential.

There are also a small number of commercial developments on Queen Victoria Street towards Kogarah.

Transport

Bexley is currently served by State Transit Authority government buses, Transdev NSW and Punchbowl Bus Company private buses. A steam tramway opened on 13 October 1909 and operated from Arncliffe railway station via Firth and Done Streets and then onto Wollongong, Forest and Stoney Creek Roads to Bexley Park, near Preddys Road. It closed on 1 January 1927. [5]

Population

Bexley Congregational Fellowship church, Salvation Army Bexley Church 11.JPG
Bexley Congregational Fellowship church, Salvation Army
Bexley Park Grandstand Bexley Park Grandstand.JPG
Bexley Park Grandstand

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 19,733 people usually resident in Bexley. 49.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 6.9%, Lebanon 4.0%, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 3.5%, Greece 2.8% and New Zealand 1.8%. 36.9% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 11.7%, Greek 7.6%, Macedonian 6.5%, Mandarin 6.3% and Cantonese 5.1%. The most common responses were Catholic 21.2%, No Religion 16.7%, Eastern Orthodox 15.9% and Islam 12.9%. [1]

Notable residents

Parks

There are several parks located in Bexley, including Bexley Park, Seaforth Park (which is state heritage listed), Dominey Reserve, Bexley Golf Course, Kingsgrove Park, Evatt Park, Flynn Reserve and Bardwell Creek Reserve, beside Bardwell Creek.

Pop culture

Houses

Bexley possesses an extremely wide range of houses in various architectural styles. The following is a small sample.

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bexley (State suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
    • The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN   0-207-14495-8, Page 28
  2. 1 2 Pictorial Memories ST. GEORGE: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville Joan Lawrence, Kingsclear Books, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN   0-908272-45-6, page 30
  3. Pictorial Memories ST. GEORGE: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville Joan Lawrence, Kingsclear Books, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN   0-908272-45-6, page 31
  4. Pictorial Memories ST. GEORGE: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville Joan Lawrence, Kingsclear Books, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN   0-908272-45-6, page 32
  5. Windham, Susan ‘Ace thriller writer trapped in a silent world’ Sydney Morning Herald 25 September 2002.