17 July 1941
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter, film producer, actor|
|Children|| Manoj Bharathiraja (b.1976)|
|Relatives|| Manoj Kumar (brother-in-law) |
Rathina kumar (brother)
|Awards||Padma Shri (2004)|
Bharathiraja (born 23 August 1942) is an Indian film director who works mainly in the Tamil film industry. Making his debut in 1977 with 16 Vayathinile , he is known for realistic and sensitive portrayals of rural life in his films. As of 2017, he has won six National Film Awards, four Filmfare Awards South, two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and a Nandi Award. He has also directed films in Telugu and Hindi. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri award, India's fourth-highest civilian honour, in 2004 for his contribution to the film industry. In 2005, he was conferred with the Doctor of Letters (honorary degree) from Sathyabama University.
Bharathiraja started his film career as an assistant to Kannada filmmaker Puttanna Kanagal.Later, he assisted P. Pullaiah, M. Krishnan Nair, Avinasi Mani and A. Jagannathan. His first film 16 Vayathinile , for which he wrote the script, broke the then existing convention to create a new genre of village cinema. The film is now regarded as a milestone in the history of Tamil Cinema. About the film, Bharathiraja said: "This movie was meant to be a black & white art film produced with the help of National Film Development Corporation", but turned out to be a commercially successful colour film and a starting point for several important careers. His next film Kizhake Pogum Rail produced similar results and eventually brought in criticisms that Bharathiraja was capable of catering only to village audiences. This led him to make Sigappu Rojakkal , about a psychopathic woman-hater that was totally westernized in terms of both conception and production.
Bharathiraja confirmed his versatility and refusal to be tied down to one particular genre with an experimental film Nizhalgal (1980), and the action thriller Tik Tik Tik (1981). But undoubtedly, rural themes proved to be his strong suit as his biggest hits in the 1980s: Alaigal Oivathillai (1981), Mann Vasanai (1983) and Muthal Mariyathai (1985) were strong love stories in a village backdrop. Muthal Mariyathai starred Sivaji Ganesan in the lead, playing a middle-aged village head. Radha is a poor young woman who moves into his village for a living. The love that bonds these two humans separated not just by age but also by caste and class, is told by Bharathiraja with poetic touches.
Vedham Pudhithu dealt with the caste issue in a stronger manner.The film's narrative was seamless and starred Sathyaraj as Balu Thevar. It contains some of Bharathiraja's trademark touches as well as several ground-breaking scenes. However, it does follow the anti-Brahmin trend common in Tamil films – in this respect it departed from his earlier success Alaigal Oiyvadhillai, where the caste and religion factor was given a more balanced treatment. Bharathiraja has successfully managed to modernise his film-making techniques for the 1990s. The commercial success of Kizhakku Cheemaiyile and the awards that Karuththamma garnered stand as testimony to his ability to thrill the younger generation as well. Bharathiraja was on the same stage in 1996 to receive another National Award for Anthimanthaarai.
In late 1996, Bharathiraja was signed on to direct two films, with the Sarathkumar-starrer Vaakkapatta Bhoomi announced in October. The following month, he began work on a film titled Siragugal Murivadhillai, with Napolean, Heera Rajgopal and Prakash Raj in the leading roles. Both films were later shelved.He planned to revive Vaakkapatta Bhoomi with Cheran during late 2004, but the collaboration did not materialise.
His 2001 film Kadal Pookal won him that year's National Film Award for Best Screenplay. The well-known Tamil film director Bhagyaraj was one of his assistant directors. In 2008, Bharathiraja made his television debut with series Thekkathi Ponnu which aired on Kalaignar TV.He went on to direct two other series Appanum Aathaalum and Muthal Mariyathai for the same channel.
During early 2016, Bharathiraja was embroiled in a legal tussle with director Bala on making a film titled Kutra Parambarai, though neither filmmaker eventually made their respective films.He later moved on to plan a film starring director Vasanth's son, Ritwik Varun, and Vikram's nephew, but the film was dropped after two schedules. In 2018, Bharathirajaa was working on a film titled November 8, Iravu 8 Mani starring Vidharth, which narrates events following the decision to demonetise certain banknotes in India.
When the old era was dominated by films shot inside studios, Bharathiraja directed village themed films which inspired Tamil cinema to capture live locations. Array of village films in Tamil cinema started after his trendsetting film 16 Vayathinile.He changed the attire of male lead role as simple and without much cosmetics and female leads in his films as dusky looking which were before dominated by fair skinned ladies. He started the style of directors speaking to the audience with his famous dialogue "En Iniya Thamizh Makkale (My sweet Tamil people)". Bharathiraja is revered as one of the best directors of Indian cinema. His ideas were original and his subjects were complex ideas expressed in a manner every common man could understand.
He is also known for introducing hundreds of new faces to the film industry.He has introduced many actors as new face notable among them are Karthik, Radha, Revathi, Raadhika, and Vijayashanti. Apart from lead actors he have introduced bunch of supporting actors. Notable among them includes Janagaraj, Vadivukkarasi, Chandrasekhar, Pandiyan, and Napoleon. As an experimental initiative he used to give new actors a small role in his films later they becoming popular among people and turning to busy actors. Many present day directors who were unknown to people turned into actors after playing a debut petty role in his films: K. Bhagyaraj, Manivannan, Manobala, Thiagarajan, and Ponvannan are among them. He was also instrumental in portraying Sathyaraj for the first time in lead role.
Bharathiraja inspired many young film makers and runs a school called Bharathi Raja International Institute of Cinema (BRIIC) on film making.
Bharathiraja directed socially themed films with special emphasis on women and their complicated interpersonal relationships. He addressed other social evils like caste discrimination in his films.
Bharathiraja was born as Chinnasamy to parents Periyamayathevar and Karuthammal. He got married to ChandraLeela in 1974 and has two children Manoj Bharathiraja (born 1976) and Janani (born 1979).
Manoj is an actor who was introduced in Tajmahal and he got married to actress Nandana. [ citation needed ]Janani is married to Malaysian Rajkumar Thambiraja. Bharathiraja's brother-in-law Manojkumar has directed films such as Mannukkul Vairam , Vandicholai Chinraasu , Vaanavil and Guru Paarvai . His brother Jayaraj made his acting debut with Kaththukkutti . His relative Stalin is a television actor who acted in serials such as Saravanan Meenatchi and 7C .
|1977||16 Vayathinile||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Padaharella Vayasu |
Remade in Hindi as Solva Sawan
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director
|1978||Kizhake Pogum Rail||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Toorpu Velle Railu|
|1978||Sigappu Rojakkal||Tamil||Remade in Hindi as Red Rose |
Filmfare Award for Best Tamil Director
|1979||Puthiya Vaarpugal||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Kotha Jeevithalu|
|1979||Niram Maaratha Pookkal||Tamil||Voice for Vijayan|
|1980||Kallukkul Eeram||Tamil||As Director Bharathiraja||Acting & Lead role debut|
|1981||Alaigal Oivathillai||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Seethakoka Chiluka |
Remade in Hindi as Lovers
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director
|1981||Tik Tik Tik||Tamil||Remade in Hindi as Karishma|
|1981||Seethakoka Chiluka||Telugu||National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu|
|1982||Valibamey Vaa Vaa||Tamil|
|1983||Man Vasanai||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Mangammagari Manavadu|
|1984||Dhavani Kanavugal||Tamil||Guest appearance|
|1985||Oru Kaidhiyin Diary||Tamil||Remade in Hindi as Aakhree Raasta|
|1985||Mudhal Mariyathai||Tamil||National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil|
|1986||Saveray Wali Gaadi||Hindi|
Remade in Telugu as Aradhana
|1987||Vedham Pudhithu||Tamil||National Film Award for Best Film on Other Social Issues|
|1990||En Uyir Thozhan||Tamil|
|1991||Pudhu Nellu Pudhu Naathu||Tamil|
|1991||Thanthu Vitten Ennai||Tamil||Guest appearance|
|1993||Kizhakku Cheemayile||Tamil||Remade in Telugu as Palnati Pourusham|
|1994||Karuthamma||Tamil||National Film Award for Best Film on Family Welfare|
|1996||Anthimanthaarai||Tamil||National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil|
|2001||Kadal Pookkal||Tamil||National Film Award for Best Screenplay|
|2002||Kadhal Virus||Tamil||Guest appearance|
|2004||Kangalal Kaidhu Sei||Tamil|
|2013||Pandianadu||Tamil||Kalyanasundaram||Vijay Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|2014||Ninaithathu Yaaro||Tamil||Guest appearance|
|2018||Seethakaathi||Tamil||Himself (Special appearance)|
|2019||Namma Veetu Pillai||Tamil||Arunmozhivarman|
|2020||Meendum Oru Mariyathai||Tamil||Om|
List of TV Serials directed by Bharathiraja and aired at Kalaignar TV.
V. Chinnaiya Manrayar Ganesamoorthy, better known by his stage name Sivaji Ganesan, was an Indian actor and producer. He was active in Tamil cinema during the latter half of the 20th century. He was known for his versatility and the variety of roles he depicted on screen, which gave him also the Tamil nickname Nadigar Thilagam. In a career that spanned close to five decades, he had acted 288 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi.
Rangaraj Subbiah, professionally known as Sathyaraj, is an Indian actor, producer, director, media personality and a former politician who has predominantly appeared in Tamil cinema. His 200 films also include works in Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada and Hindi.
Krishnasaamy Bhagyaraj is an Indian director, actor, screenwriter, music director, producer and politician active mainly in Tamil films. He has also written and directed Telugu and Hindi films and TV serials. As an actor, he has worked in more than 75 films and has directed more than 25 films. He won a Filmfare Best Actor Award for Mundhanai Mudichu (1983). He received Lifetime achievement award in SIIMA (2014). He is the editor of weekly magazine Bhagya and has also written several novels.
Jayaram Subramaniam, known mononymously as Jayaram, is an Indian actor who predominantly appears in Malayalam and Tamil films along with a few Telugu films. He is also a chenda percussionist, mimicry artist, and occasional playback singer. Jayaram has acted in more than 200 films and has received several awards, including the Padma Shri, two Kerala State Film Awards, one Tamil Nadu State Film Awards, and four Filmfare Awards South.
Vairamuthu Ramasamy is an Indian lyricist, poet, and novelist working in the Tamil film industry. He is a prominent figure in the Tamil literary world. A master's graduate from the Pachaiyappa's College in Chennai, he first worked as a translator, while also being a published poet. He entered the Tamil film industry in the year 1980, with the film Nizhalgal, an Ilaiyaraaja musical, directed by Bharathiraja. During the course of his 40-year film career, he has written over 7,500 songs and poems which have won him seven National Awards, the most for any Indian lyricist. He has also been honored with a Padma Shri, a Padma Bhushan and a Sahitya Akademi Award, for his abundant literary output.
Murali Karthikeyan Muthuraman, better known by his stage name Karthik, is an Indian actor, playback singer and politician who works mainly in Tamil cinema. He is the son of veteran actor R. Muthuraman. He was first introduced by Bharathiraja in the film Alaigal Oivathillai (1981) and became a lead actor by his own. He has primarily appeared in Tamil films along with some Telugu films. Karthik is popularly known as Navarasa Nayagan for his "ability to emote all forms of emotions". He has acted in more than 125 films. He has been the recipient of the Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and the Nandi Award. He won four Filmfare Awards South.
Muthal Mariyathai is a 1985 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film produced, directed and co-written by Bharathiraja. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan and Radha, with Vadivukkarasi, newcomers Deepan and Ranjini, Janagaraj, Sathyaraj, Aruna, Veerasami and Ramanathan in supporting roles. It revolves around the relationship between an unhappily married village chief and a young boatwoman.
16 Vayathinile is a 1977 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film co-written and directed by Bharathirajaa in his directorial debut. The film stars Kamal Haasan, Sridevi, and Rajinikanth, with Ganthimathi, Sathyajith and Goundamani in supporting roles. It focuses on the strengths and vulnerabilities of Mayil (Sridevi), a 16-year-old schoolgirl, and the challenges she faces and overcomes.
Vedham Puthithu is a 1987 Indian Tamil-language drama film written by K. Kannan – who after this film came to be known as Vedham Puthithu Kannan – and directed by Bharathiraja. It stars Sathyaraj and Amala, while Charuhasan, Saritha, Raja and 'Nizhalgal' Ravi play supporting roles.
Sigappu Rojakkal is a 1978 Indian Tamil-language psychological thriller film co-written and directed by Bharathirajaa. The film starring Kamal Haasan and Sridevi, with Goundamani, Bhagyaraj and Vadivukkarasi in supporting roles. It revolves around Dileep, who is traumatised by women's behaviour in his childhood, and grows up to be a psychopath misogynist who kills women after having sex with them.
The Filmfare Best Actor Award is given by the Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards South for Tamil film lead actors. The Filmfare Awards South Awards were extended to "Best Actor" in 1972. The year indicates the year of release of the film.
The Filmfare Best Actress Award is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards South for Tamil (Kollywood) films. The awards were extended to "Best Actress" in 1972. The year indicates the year of release of the film.
The Filmfare Best Film Award is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards South for Tamil (Kollywood) films.
The Filmfare Best Director Award is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards South for Tamil (Kollywood) films. The awards were extended to "Best Director" in 1972.
Thangar Bachan is an Indian film director and actor, cinematographer and novelist. He has served as jury member in National Film Awards.
Ameer Sultan is an Indian film director, producer and actor, working in the Tamil film industry. He has directed four films. He made his acting debut in Yogi (2009).
Alaigal Oyivathillai is a 1981 Indian Tamil-language romance film written and directed by Bharathiraja, from a story by Manivannan. The stars Karthik and Radha, while Thiagarajan, Silk Smitha and Kamala Kamesh appear in supporting roles. This film marks the debut of both the lead actors. It follows Vichu, a lower-class Hindu boy, who falls in love with Mary, a Christian girl. How the lovers unite braving all the obstacles, forms the crux of the story.
Sasha Selvaraj, better known by her stage name Ranjini, is a Singaporean born Indian actress known for her roles in Tamil, Malayalam films. She also did few Telugu films. She was the leading actress from 1985 to 1992.
Bhimsingh Kannan was an Indian cinematographer who worked in Tamil and Malayalam films. He was known for his association with Director Bharathiraja and was referred to as "Bharathirajvin Kangal".
Devendran also known as Ravi Devendran is an Indian music composer who is concentrating in Tamil-language films. He is known for the melodious composition of chartbuster Kannukkul Nooru Nilava... from the Bharathiraja directed film Vedham Pudhithu released in the year 1987.
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