Bharathiraja

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Bharathiraja
Director Bharathiraja at Salim Movie Audio Launch.jpg
Born
Chinnasaamy

(1941-07-17) 17 July 1941 (age 80) [1]
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, film producer, actor
Years active1977–present
Spouse(s)Chandraleela (m.1974)
Children Manoj Bharathiraja (b.1976)
Janani (b.1979)
Parent(s)
  • Periyamayathevar
  • Karuthammaal
[2]
Relatives Manoj Kumar (brother-in-law)
Rathina kumar (brother)
Awards Padma Shri (2004)

Bharathiraja (born 23 August 1942) is an Indian film director who works mainly in the Tamil film industry. Making his debut in 1977 with 16 Vayathinile , he is known for realistic and sensitive portrayals of rural life in his films. As of 2017, he has won six National Film Awards, four Filmfare Awards South, two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and a Nandi Award. He has also directed films in Telugu and Hindi. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri award, India's fourth-highest civilian honour, in 2004 for his contribution to the film industry. In 2005, he was conferred with the Doctor of Letters (honorary degree) from Sathyabama University. [3]

Contents

Film career

Bharathiraja started his film career as an assistant to Kannada filmmaker Puttanna Kanagal. [4] Later, he assisted P. Pullaiah, M. Krishnan Nair, [5] Avinasi Mani and A. Jagannathan. His first film 16 Vayathinile , for which he wrote the script, broke the then existing convention to create a new genre of village cinema. The film is now regarded as a milestone in the history of Tamil Cinema. About the film, Bharathiraja said: "This movie was meant to be a black & white art film produced with the help of National Film Development Corporation", but turned out to be a commercially successful colour film and a starting point for several important careers. [6] His next film Kizhake Pogum Rail produced similar results and eventually brought in criticisms that Bharathiraja was capable of catering only to village audiences. This led him to make Sigappu Rojakkal , about a psychopathic woman-hater that was totally westernized in terms of both conception and production. [7]

Bharathiraja confirmed his versatility and refusal to be tied down to one particular genre with an experimental film Nizhalgal (1980), and the action thriller Tik Tik Tik (1981). But undoubtedly, rural themes proved to be his strong suit as his biggest hits in the 1980s: Alaigal Oivathillai (1981), Mann Vasanai (1983) and Muthal Mariyathai (1985) were strong love stories in a village backdrop. Muthal Mariyathai starred Sivaji Ganesan in the lead, playing a middle-aged village head. Radha is a poor young woman who moves into his village for a living. The love that bonds these two humans separated not just by age but also by caste and class, is told by Bharathiraja with poetic touches. [8]

Vedham Pudhithu dealt with the caste issue in a stronger manner. [9] The film's narrative was seamless and starred Sathyaraj as Balu Thevar. It contains some of Bharathiraja's trademark touches as well as several ground-breaking scenes. However, it does follow the anti-Brahmin trend common in Tamil films – in this respect it departed from his earlier success Alaigal Oiyvadhillai, where the caste and religion factor was given a more balanced treatment. Bharathiraja has successfully managed to modernise his film-making techniques for the 1990s. The commercial success of Kizhakku Cheemaiyile and the awards that Karuththamma garnered stand as testimony to his ability to thrill the younger generation as well. Bharathiraja was on the same stage in 1996 to receive another National Award for Anthimanthaarai.

In late 1996, Bharathiraja was signed on to direct two films, with the Sarathkumar-starrer Vaakkapatta Bhoomi announced in October. The following month, he began work on a film titled Siragugal Murivadhillai, with Napolean, Heera Rajgopal and Prakash Raj in the leading roles. Both films were later shelved. [10] He planned to revive Vaakkapatta Bhoomi with Cheran during late 2004, but the collaboration did not materialise. [11]

His 2001 film Kadal Pookal won him that year's National Film Award for Best Screenplay. The well-known Tamil film director Bhagyaraj was one of his assistant directors. In 2008, Bharathiraja made his television debut with series Thekkathi Ponnu which aired on Kalaignar TV. [12] He went on to direct two other series Appanum Aathaalum and Muthal Mariyathai for the same channel. [13]

During early 2016, Bharathiraja was embroiled in a legal tussle with director Bala on making a film titled Kutra Parambarai, though neither filmmaker eventually made their respective films. [14] [15] He later moved on to plan a film starring director Vasanth's son, Ritwik Varun, and Vikram's nephew, but the film was dropped after two schedules. [16] In 2018, Bharathirajaa was working on a film titled November 8, Iravu 8 Mani starring Vidharth, which narrates events following the decision to demonetise certain banknotes in India. [17] [18]

Style, critique and public perception

When the old era was dominated by films shot inside studios, Bharathiraja directed village themed films which inspired Tamil cinema to capture live locations. Array of village films in Tamil cinema started after his trendsetting film 16 Vayathinile. [19] [20] He changed the attire of male lead role as simple and without much cosmetics and female leads in his films as dusky looking which were before dominated by fair skinned ladies. [21] He started the style of directors speaking to the audience with his famous dialogue "En Iniya Thamizh Makkale (My sweet Tamil people)". [22] [23] Bharathiraja is revered as one of the best directors of Indian cinema. His ideas were original and his subjects were complex ideas expressed in a manner every common man could understand. [24]

He is also known for introducing hundreds of new faces to the film industry. [21] [25] He has introduced many actors as new face notable among them are Karthik, Radha, Revathi, Raadhika, and Vijayashanti. [26] [27] [28] [29] Apart from lead actors he have introduced bunch of supporting actors. Notable among them includes Janagaraj, Vadivukkarasi, Chandrasekhar, Pandiyan, and Napoleon. [30] [31] [32] As an experimental initiative he used to give new actors a small role in his films later they becoming popular among people and turning to busy actors. Many present day directors who were unknown to people turned into actors after playing a debut petty role in his films: K. Bhagyaraj, Manivannan, Manobala, Thiagarajan, and Ponvannan are among them. [33] [34] He was also instrumental in portraying Sathyaraj for the first time in lead role.

Bharathiraja inspired many young film makers and runs a school called Bharathi Raja International Institute of Cinema (BRIIC) on film making. [35] [36]

Bharathiraja directed socially themed films with special emphasis on women and their complicated interpersonal relationships. He addressed other social evils like caste discrimination in his films. [26] [20]

Personal life

Bharathiraja was born as Chinnasamy to parents Periyamayathevar and Karuthammal. He got married to ChandraLeela in 1974 and has two children Manoj Bharathiraja (born 1976) and Janani (born 1979).

Manoj is an actor who was introduced in Tajmahal and he got married to actress Nandana. [37] [38] Janani is married to Malaysian Rajkumar Thambiraja. [37] Bharathiraja's brother-in-law Manojkumar has directed films such as Mannukkul Vairam , Vandicholai Chinraasu , Vaanavil and Guru Paarvai . [39] His brother Jayaraj made his acting debut with Kaththukkutti . [40] His relative Stalin is a television actor who acted in serials such as Saravanan Meenatchi and 7C .[ citation needed ]

Awards

Civilian honours

National Film Awards

Filmfare Awards South

Tamil Nadu State Film Awards

Nandi Awards

Vijay Awards

Other awards

Controversies

Filmography

Films

YearTitleLanguageCredited asRoleNotes
DirectorWriterActor
1977 16 Vayathinile TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Padaharella Vayasu
Remade in Hindi as Solva Sawan
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director
1978 Kizhake Pogum Rail TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Toorpu Velle Railu
1978 Sigappu Rojakkal TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRemade in Hindi as Red Rose
Filmfare Award for Best Tamil Director
1979 Solva Sawan HindiGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
1979 Puthiya Vaarpugal TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Kotha Jeevithalu
1979 Niram Maaratha Pookkal TamilGreen check.svgVoice for Vijayan
1980 Kallukkul Eeram TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svgAs Director BharathirajaActing & Lead role debut
1980 Kotha Jeevithalu TeluguGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
1980 Red Rose HindiGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
1980 Nizhalgal TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
1981 Alaigal Oivathillai TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Seethakoka Chiluka
Remade in Hindi as Lovers
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director
1981 Tik Tik Tik TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRemade in Hindi as Karishma
1981 Seethakoka Chiluka TeluguGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu
1982 Kaadhal Oviyam TamilGreen check.svg
1982 Valibamey Vaa Vaa TamilGreen check.svg
1983 Man Vasanai TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Mangammagari Manavadu
1983 Lovers HindiGreen check.svg
1984 Dhavani Kanavugal TamilGreen check.svgGuest appearance
1984 Pudhumai Penn TamilGreen check.svg
1985 Oru Kaidhiyin Diary TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Hindi as Aakhree Raasta
1985 Yuvadharam Pilicindi TeluguGreen check.svg
1985 Mudhal Mariyathai TamilGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1986 Saveray Wali Gaadi HindiGreen check.svg
1986 Kadalora Kavithaigal TamilGreen check.svg
             Remade in Telugu as  Aradhana 
1987 Vedham Pudhithu TamilGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Film on Other Social Issues
1987 Aradhana TeluguGreen check.svg
1990 En Uyir Thozhan TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
1991 Pudhu Nellu Pudhu Naathu TamilGreen check.svg
1991 Idhayam TamilGreen check.svgGuest appearance
1991 Thanthu Vitten Ennai TamilGreen check.svgGuest appearance
1992 Nadodi Thendral TamilGreen check.svg
1993 Captain Magal TamilGreen check.svg
1993 Kizhakku Cheemayile TamilGreen check.svgRemade in Telugu as Palnati Pourusham
1994 Karuthamma TamilGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Film on Family Welfare
1995 Pasum Ponn TamilGreen check.svg
1996 Tamizh Selvan TamilGreen check.svg
1996 Anthimanthaarai TamilGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil
1999 Taj Mahal TamilGreen check.svg
2001 Kadal Pookkal TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svg National Film Award for Best Screenplay
2002 Kadhal Virus TamilGreen check.svgGuest appearance
2003 Eera Nilam TamilGreen check.svg
2004 Kangalal Kaidhu Sei TamilGreen check.svg
2004 Aayutha Ezhuthu TamilGreen check.svgSelvanayagam
2008 Bommalattam TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
2010 Rettaisuzhi TamilGreen check.svgSingaravelan
2013 Annakodi TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
2013 Pandianadu TamilGreen check.svgKalyanasundaram Vijay Award for Best Supporting Actor
2014 Ninaithathu Yaaro TamilGreen check.svgGuest appearance
2017 Kurangu Bommai TamilGreen check.svgSundaram
2017 Padaiveeran TamilGreen check.svgKrishnan
2018 Seethakaathi TamilGreen check.svgHimself (Special appearance)
2019 Kennedy Club TamilGreen check.svgSavarimuthu
2019 Namma Veetu Pillai TamilGreen check.svgArunmozhivarman
2020 Meendum Oru Mariyathai TamilGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgOm
2021 Eeswaran TamilGreen check.svgPeriyasamy
2021 Rocky TamilGreen check.svgFilming
2021 Thiruchitrambalam TamilGreen check.svgFilming

Television

List of TV Serials directed by Bharathiraja and aired at Kalaignar TV. [48]

Dubbing artist

Singer

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