|Biathlon at the Winter Olympics|
|Events||11 (men: 5; women: 5; mixed: 1)|
Biathlon debuted at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California with the men's 20 km individual event. At the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, the men's 4 × 7.5 km relay debuted, followed by the 10 km sprint event at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. Beginning at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, women's biathlon debuted with the 15 km individual, 3 × 7.5 km relay (4 × 7.5 km during 1994-2002, and 4 × 6 km in 2006), and 7.5 km sprint. A pursuit race (12.5 km for men and 10 km for women) was included at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The top 60 finishers of the sprint race (10 km for men and 7.5 km for women) would qualify for the pursuit event. The sprint winner starts the race, followed by each successive biathlete at the same time interval he/she trailed the sprint winner in that event. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, a mass start (15 km for men and 12.5 km for women) was introduced where the top 30 biathletes from the previous four events were allowed to start together for the competition.
Prior to the biathlon debut at the 1960 Winter Olympics, there was a military patrol event that was held at four Winter Olympic Games: 1924, 1928, 1936, and 1948. Medals were awarded for military patrol in 1924, but it was a demonstration event for the other three Winter Games.
• = official event, (d) = demonstration event
|individual (20 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||17|
|relay (4×7.5 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||15|
|sprint (10 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||12|
|pursuit (12.5 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||6|
|mass start (15 km)||•||•||•||•||•||5|
• = official event, (d) = demonstration event
|individual (15 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||9|
|relay (4×6 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||9|
|sprint (7.5 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||9|
|pursuit (10 km)||•||•||•||•||•||•||6|
|mass start (12.5 km)||•||•||•||•||•||5|
|relay (2x6 + 2x7.5 km)||•||•||•||3|
As of 2018 Winter Olympics
|5||Soviet Union (URS)*||9||5||5||19|
|8||East Germany (GDR)*||3||4||4||11|
|10||Unified Team (EUN)*||2||2||2||6|
|12||West Germany (FRG)*||1||2||2||5|
|17||Czech Republic (CZE)||0||4||3||7|
|Totals (23 nations)||86||86||85||257|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)||2||1||1||3|
|Chinese Taipei (TPE)||2||1||2|
|Costa Rica (CRC)||1||1|
|Czech Republic (CZE)||10||8||10||10||10||10||11||7|
|Great Britain (GBR)||2||4||5||4||4||4||6||4||5||4||2||4||2||1||2||1||16|
|New Zealand (NZL)||1||1|
|Puerto Rico (PUR)||1||1|
|South Korea (KOR)||1||5||4||1||2||1||2||2||6||9|
|United States (USA)||4||4||5||4||5||6||6||5||11||9||9||8||9||9||10||10||16|
|NOCs no longer compete at the Winter Olympics|
|East Germany (GDR)||5||5||5||4||4||6||6|
|Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)||4||1|
|Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)||1||1|
|Soviet Union (URS)||4||4||4||4||4||4||4||5||8|
|Unified Team (EUN)||11||1|
|United Team of Germany (EUA)||4||4||2|
|West Germany (FRG)||4||2||6||6||4||5||6|
The biathlon is a winter sport that combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. It is treated as a race, with contestants skiing through a cross-country trail whose distance is divided into shooting rounds. The shooting rounds are not timed per se, but depending on the competition, missed shots result in extra distance or time being added to the contestant's total.
The first Biathlon World Championships (BWCH) was held in 1958, with individual and team contests for men. The number of events has grown significantly over the years. Beginning in 1984, women biathletes had their own World Championships, and finally, from 1989, both genders have been participating in joint Biathlon World Championships. In 1978 the development was enhanced by the change from the large army rifle calibre to a small bore rifle, while the range to the target was reduced from 150 to 50 meters.
Ole Einar Bjørndalen is a retired Norwegian professional biathlete and coach, often referred to by the nickname, the "King of Biathlon". With 13 Winter Olympic Games medals, he is second on the list of multiple medalists behind Marit Bjørgen who has won 15 medals. He is also the most successful biathlete of all time at the Biathlon World Championships, having won 45 medals, more than double that of any other biathlete except Martin Fourcade. With 95 World Cup wins, Bjørndalen is ranked first all-time for career victories on the Biathlon World Cup tour, more than twice that of anyone else but Fourcade. He has won the Overall World Cup title six times, in 1997–98, in 2002–03, in 2004–05, in 2005–06, in 2007–08 and in 2008–09.
Lars Berger is a former Norwegian biathlete and cross-country skier.
Ursula "Uschi" Disl is a German former biathlete.
Ricco Groß is a former German biathlete whose exploits made him one of the most successful biathletes of all time at the Winter Olympics and the World Championships.
Kati Wilhelm is a German former professional biathlete. Like most German biathletes she is also a member of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) with the rank of master sergeant (Hauptfeldwebel). She currently resides in Steinbach-Hallenberg, also in the Federal State of Thuringia.
Michael Greis is a former German biathlete.
Halvard Hanevold was a Norwegian biathlete.
Andrea Burke, née Henkel is a retired German professional biathlete and the younger sister of Manuela Henkel, a successful cross-country skier. She trained at SV Großbreitenbach. Andrea Henkel started out as a cross-country skier but later specialised in biathlon when women's biathlon became an Olympic sport.
Biathlon at the 2002 Winter Olympics consisted of eight biathlon events. They were held at Soldier Hollow. The events began on 11 February and ended on 20 February 2002. For the first time since 1992, the biathlon program expanded. A new race type, the pursuit was added, the first new race type since the debut of the sprint in 1980.
Anastasiya Vladimirovna Kuzmina is a retired Russian-born Slovak biathlete.
Tarjei Bø is a Norwegian professional biathlete. Bø debuted in the Biathlon World Cup on 26 March 2009 in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia, and won his first World Cup victory on 10 December 2010. In the 2010 Winter Olympics he earned his first gold medal in the 4 × 7.5 km biathlon relay. On 10 December 2010 he won the sprint race in Hochfilzen, earning his first world cup victory. He also won the following pursuit race and anchored the winning relay team. Bø is the older brother of biathlete Johannes Thingnes Bø.
Erik Lesser is a German biathlete. In 2010, he ran his first single World Cup Race. At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi he won a silver medal at Men's individual. At the Biathlon World Championships 2013 he won a bronze medal with the German team in Men's relay.
Dorothea Wierer Corradini is an Italian biathlete competing in the Biathlon World Cup. Together with Karin Oberhofer, Dominik Windisch and Lukas Hofer she won a bronze medal in the Mixed relay at the 2014 Winter Olympics, in Sochi, Russia. At the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea she won again the bronze medal in the Mixed relay with Lisa Vittozzi, Lukas Hofer and Dominik Windisch. She is the 2019 mass start world champion, and 2020 individual and pursuit world champion.
Laura Dahlmeier is a retired German biathlete. Dahlmeier started in her first world cup races in the 2012/13 season. In 2014, she participated in the Winter Olympics in Sochi. She won a record of five gold medals at the World Championships of 2017. In 2018 she became the first woman to win the biathlon sprint and pursuit in the same Olympics. During her career she has won a total of two golds and one bronze at the Olympics, seven gold medals, three silver medals and five bronze medals at World Championships, one overall World Cup and two discipline World Cup titles. Dahlmeier announced her retirement from competition in May 2019, at the age of 25. In October 2019, she released a children's book.
The 21st Biathlon European Championships were held in Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic from January 29 to February 4, 2014.
Justine Braisaz-Bouchet is a French biathlete, medalist of The Winter Olympics 2018 and World Championships. She won two individual races in Biathlon World Cup, first victory was the mass start in Annecy in the season 2017/18. She won 5 races with the women a mixed relay and reached another podiums.
Carsten Pump is a former German biathlete.
Media related to Biathlon at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons