Bibi Andersson

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Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson (1961).jpg
Andersson in 1961
Born
Berit Elisabeth Andersson

(1935-11-11)11 November 1935
Stockholm, Sweden
Died14 April 2019(2019-04-14) (aged 83)
Stockholm, Sweden
NationalitySwedish
Other namesBirgitta Andersson [1]
OccupationActress
Years active1951–2009
Spouse(s)
Children1

Berit Elisabeth Andersson (11 November 1935 – 14 April 2019), [2] known professionally as Bibi Andersson (Swedish:  [²bɪbːɪ ²anːdɛˌʂɔn] ), was a Swedish actress who was best known for her frequent collaborations with filmmaker Ingmar Bergman.

Ingmar Bergman Swedish filmmaker

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre and radio. Considered to be among the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's films include Smiles of a Summer Night (1955), The Seventh Seal (1957), Wild Strawberries (1957), Persona (1966), Cries and Whispers (1972), Scenes from a Marriage (1973), and Fanny and Alexander (1982); the last two exist in extended television versions.

Contents

Early life and career

Andersson was born in Kungsholmen, Stockholm, the daughter of Karin (née Mansion), a social worker, and Josef Andersson, a businessman. [3] [4] [5]

Kungsholmen island in the Lake Mälaren in Stockholm, Sweden

Kungsholmen is an island in Lake Mälaren in Sweden, part of central Stockholm. It is situated north of Riddarfjärden and considered part of the historical province Uppland. Its area is 3.9 km2 (1.5 sq mi) with a perimeter of 8.9 km (5.5 mi). The highest point is at Stadshagsplan at 47 metres (154 ft). The total population is 56,754.

Social work academic discipline and profession

Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being. Social functioning refers to the way in which people perform their social roles, and the structural institutions that are provided to sustain them. Social work applies social sciences, such as sociology, psychology, political science, public health, community development, law, and economics, to engage with client systems, conduct assessments, and develop interventions to solve social and personal problems; and create social change. Social work practice is often divided into micro-work, which involves working directly with individuals or small groups; and macro-work, which involves working with communities, and within social policy, to create change on a larger scale.

Her first collaboration with Ingmar Bergman came in 1951, [6] when she participated in his production of an advertisement for the detergent Bris. [7] She also worked as an extra on film sets as a teenager, [2] and studied acting at the Terserus Drama School and at the Royal Dramatic Theatre School (1954–1956). [3] [4] She then joined the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm. [8]

Detergent surfactants with cleaning properties, even in dilute solutions

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate is less likely than the polar carboxylate to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water.

Royal Dramatic Theatre theater in Stockholm, Sweden

The Royal Dramatic Theatre is Sweden's national stage for "spoken drama", founded in 1788. Around one thousand shows are put on annually on the theatre's eight running stages.

In the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, Andersson starred in ten motion pictures and three television films directed by Bergman. With Ingrid Thulin and Eva Dahlbeck, she shared the Best Actress Prize at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival for the director's Brink of Life , a film set in a maternity ward. [9] The others included The Seventh Seal , Wild Strawberries , The Magician , The Passion of Anna , The Touch , and Persona . [6]

Ingrid Thulin Swedish actress

Ingrid Lilian Thulin was a Swedish film actress.

Eva Dahlbeck Swedish actress and writer

Eva Elisabet Dahlbeck was a Swedish stage, film, and television actress. She received a Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for her performance in the film Brink of Life (1958). Dahlbeck retired from acting in 1970 and became an author.

Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress

The Cannes Best Actress Award is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival. It is chosen by the jury from the official films in competition at the festival. It was first awarded in 1946. The ceremony was cancelled in 1948, 1950, and 1968. No awards were given to actresses in 1947. On four occasions, the jury has awarded multiple women the prize from one film. The four films were A World Apart, Brink of Life, A Big Family, and Volver. The jury also on occasion cites actresses with a special citation that is separate from the main award. The award can be for lead or supporting roles with the exception of the period from 1979 to 1981, when the festival used to award a separate "Best Supporting Actress" prize.

In 1963, Andersson won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 13th Berlin International Film Festival for her performance in Vilgot Sjöman's The Mistress . [10]

The Silver Bear for Best Actress is the Berlin International Film Festival's award for achievement in performance by an actress. It is selected by the jury of the festival for films in the official competition slate.

13th Berlin International Film Festival 1963 film festival edition

The 13th annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 21 June to 2 July 1963. The Golden Bear was awarded to the Italian film Il diavolo directed by Gian Luigi Polidoro and Japanese film Bushidô zankoku monogatari directed by Tadashi Imai.

Vilgot Sjöman Swedish writer and film director

David Harald Vilgot Sjöman was a Swedish writer and film director. His films deal with controversial issues of social class, morality, and sexual taboos, combining the emotionally tortured characters of Ingmar Bergman with the avant garde style of the French New Wave. He is best known as the director of the films 491 (1964), I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967), and I Am Curious (Blue) (1968), which stretched the boundaries of acceptability of what could then be shown on film, deliberately treating their subjects in a provocative and explicit manner.

From the mid-1960s onwards

Andersson's intense portrayal of a nurse in the film Persona (1966), in which the actress Elizabet Vogler (Liv Ullmann) is mostly mute suffering from a psychosomatic condition, meant that she delivered the majority of the dialogue. [9] For her performance in Persona, she won the award for Best Actress at the 4th Guldbagge Awards. [11] That year alongside James Garner and Sidney Poitier in the western Duel at Diablo . [2] More Bergman collaborations followed, and she worked with John Huston ( The Kremlin Letter , 1970) [12] and Robert Altman ( Quintet , 1979, with Paul Newman). [13] She was actor Steve McQueen's co-star in his only credited film as a producer, the film of Arthur Miller's stage adaptation of Henrik Ibsen's An Enemy of the People (1977). [14]

Liv Ullmann Norwegian actress, writer and film director

Liv Johanne Ullmann is a Norwegian actress and film director. She was one of the "muses" of Swedish director Ingmar Bergman.

The Guldbagge for Best Actress in a Leading Role is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to actresses working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The 4th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honored the best Swedish films of 1966 and 1967, and took place on 9 October 1967. Persona, directed by Ingmar Bergman, was presented with the award for Best Film.

Andersson made her debut in American theatre in 1973 with a production of Erich Maria Remarque's Full Circle . [15] Her most famous American film is I Never Promised You a Rose Garden (1977), which also starred Kathleen Quinlan. [16]

In 1990, Andersson worked as a theatre director in Stockholm, directing several plays at Dramaten. [17] In the late 1980s and early 1990s, she worked primarily in television and as a theatre actress, working with Bergman again, and others. She was also a supervisor for the humanitarian project the Road to Sarajevo. [18]

Personal life

In 1996, Andersson published her autobiography, Ett ögonblick (A Moment, or, literally, A Blink of the Eye). [19] She was married first to the director Kjell Grede (1960, divorced) with whom she had a daughter; and secondly to politician and writer Per Ahlmark (1978, divorced). [20] Andersson then married Gabriel Mora Baeza on 29 May 2004. [21] In 2009, she had a stroke. [22] An article published in 2010 says that from that time on she had been hospitalized and was unable to speak. [23]

Andersson died on 14 April 2019 at age 83. [2] [24]

Filmography

Andersson appeared in the following films: [25]

Awards and honours

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<i>Persona</i> (1966 film) 1966 film by Ingmar Bergman

Persona is a 1966 Swedish psychological drama film, written and directed by Ingmar Bergman and starring Bibi Andersson and Liv Ullmann. The story revolves around a young nurse named Alma (Andersson) and her patient, well-known stage actress Elisabet Vogler (Ullmann), who has suddenly stopped speaking. They move to a cottage, where Alma cares for Elisabet, confides in her and begins having trouble distinguishing herself from her patient.

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References

  1. Thomson, David (2014). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film: Sixth Edition. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 68. ISBN   9781101874707.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Gates, Anita (14 April 2019). "Bibi Andersson, Luminous Presence in Bergman Films, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2019 via NYTimes.com.
  3. 1 2 Segrave, Kerry; Martin, Linda (1990). The Continental Actress: European Film Stars of the Postwar Era. McFarland. p. 274. ISBN   0-89950-510-4.
  4. 1 2 Wilson, H.W. Current biography yearbook. H.W. Wilson Company. p. 13. ISBN   0-8242-0997-4.
  5. "Bibi Andersson Film Reference biography". Filmreference.com. 11 November 1935. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  6. 1 2 "Eight key actors in the Ingmar Bergman universe". British Film Institute. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  7. Macnab, Geoffrey (6 January 2003). "Now wash your hands". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  8. "Bibi Andersson, 'Persona,' 'The Seventh Seal' Actress, Dies at 83". Variety. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  9. 1 2 Bergan, Ronald (15 April 2019). "Bibi Andersson obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  10. "Berlinale: Prizes & Honours 1963". Berlinale.de. Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
  11. "Persona". Swedish Film Institute. 1 March 2014.
  12. "The Kremlin Letter (1970)". Shock Cinema Magazine. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  13. "Film: Altman Offers Apocalyptic Fantasy:End Game". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  14. "MCQUEEN IN 1976 'ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE'". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  15. Barnes, Clive (8 November 1973). "The Stage: Remarque's 'Full Circle'". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  16. Ebert, Roger. "I Never Promised You a Rose Garden". RogerEbert.com . Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  17. "Arkivet Rollboken – Dramaten". www.dramaten.se. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  18. "Bibi Andersson". Ingmar Bergman. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  19. "Ett ögonblick från 1996". tradera. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  20. "Bibi Andersson Biography". Film Reference. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  21. "Bibi Andersson gift i hemlighet". aftonbladet. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  22. "Acclaimed actress Bibi Andersson has died, aged 83". Far Out Magazine. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  23. "Nu kämpar Bibi för att prata igen". Expressen. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  24. "Bibi Andersson dies at 83". The Washington Times. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  25. "Bibi Andersson". Svensk Filmdatabas. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  26. "Sweden's Bibi Andersson holds out her Ibsen Centennial Award". Getty Images. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  27. Schmadel, Lutz D. (2015). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names: Addendum to 6th Edition: 2012-2014. Springer. p. 192. ISBN   9783319176772.