Bicaz (river)

Last updated
Bicaz
Chei Bicaz 044.jpg
View of the Bicaz Gorges
Location
Country Romania
Counties Harghita, Neamț
Villages Lacu Roșu, Bicaz-Chei, Bicazu Ardelean, Tașca
Physical characteristics
Source Hășmaș Mountains
Mouth Bistrița
  location
Bicaz
  coordinates
46°54′42″N26°05′30″E / 46.9116°N 26.0918°E / 46.9116; 26.0918 Coordinates: 46°54′42″N26°05′30″E / 46.9116°N 26.0918°E / 46.9116; 26.0918
Length39 km (24 mi)
Basin size566 km2 (219 sq mi)
Basin features
Progression BistrițaSiretDanubeBlack Sea

The Bicaz (Hungarian : Békás-patak) is a right tributary of the river Bistrița in Romania. [1] [2] Its source is in the Hășmaș Mountains. Its uppermost course, upstream from Red Lake (Lacul Roșu), is also called Vereșchiu. Other tributaries of Lacul Roșu are Pârâul Oii (Oaia), Licoș and Suhard. [3] It discharges into the Bistrița in Bicaz. The Romanian name derives from the Hungarian name, which means literally frog-rivulet (hun.: béka = frog).[ citation needed ] Its length is 39 km (24 mi) and its basin size is 566 km2 (219 sq mi). [2]

The main tributaries of the river are: [2]

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The Bistrița is a river in the Romanian regions of Maramureș, Bukovina and Moldavia. It is a right tributary of the river Siret. Near Bacău it flows into the Siret. Its source is in the Rodna Mountains, at the foot of the Gârgalău peak. It flows through the counties Bistrița-Năsăud, Suceava, Neamț and Bacău. The towns Vatra Dornei, Bicaz, Piatra Neamț, Roznov, Buhuși and Bacău lie along the Bistrița. The Bistrița is 283 km long, and its basin area is 7039 km².

Bistrița (Someș) river in Romania, tributary of Șieu River

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Olt (river) river in Romania

The Olt is a river in Romania. It is 615 km (382 mi) long, and its basin area is 24,050 km2 (9,290 sq mi). It is the longest river flowing exclusively through Romania. Its source is in the Hășmaș Mountains of the eastern Carpathian Mountains, near Bălan, rising close to the headwaters of the river Mureș. It flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Covasna, Brașov, Sibiu, Vâlcea and Olt. The river was known as Alutus or Aluta in Roman antiquity. Olt County and the historical province of Oltenia are named after the river.

Teleajen river in Romania

The Teleajen is a left tributary of the river Prahova in southern Romania. Its source is at 1,754 m (5,755 ft) elevation in the Ciucaș Mountains, north of Roșu Peak and the locality of Cheia. Upstream from its confluence with the Gropșoarele in Cheia, it is also called Berea or Cheița. It flows through the Cheia hollow, by the towns of Vălenii de Munte and Boldești-Scăeni and the city of Ploiești. It discharges into the Prahova near Palanca. Its length is 122 km (76 mi) and its basin size is 1,656 km2 (639 sq mi).

Azuga (river) river in Romania

The Azuga is a left tributary of the river Prahova in Romania. It discharges into the Prahova in the town Azuga. Its length is 23 km (14 mi) and its basin size is 88 km2 (34 sq mi).

Someșul Mare river in north-western Romania

The Someșul Mare is a river in north-western Romania, originating in the Bistrița-Năsăud County in the Rodna Mountains at the confluence of two headwaters — the Preluci and the Zmeu. The Someșul Mare flows west through Rodna, Năsăud and Beclean, until it meets the Someșul Mic upstream of Dej. Its length is 130 km (81 mi) and its basin size is 5,033 km2 (1,943 sq mi). Downstream from its confluence with the Someșul Mic, the river is called Someș.

Sălăuța river in Romania

The Sălăuța is a right tributary of the river Someșul Mare in Romania. It discharges into the Someșul Mare in Salva. Its length is 44 km (27 mi) and its basin size is 413 km2 (159 sq mi).

The Dămuc is a right tributary of the river Bicaz in Romania. It discharges into the Bicaz in Bicaz-Chei. Its length is 24 km (15 mi) and its basin size is 150 km2 (58 sq mi).

The Putna is a right tributary of the river Moldova in Romania. Upstream from its confluence with the Putna Mare it is also called Putna Mică. It discharges into the Moldova in Pojorâta. Its length is 21 km (13 mi) and its basin size is 90 km2 (35 sq mi).

The Bistra is a river in south-western Romania, in the Banat. It is a right tributary of the river Timiș. Its valley delimits the Țarcu Mountains to the south from the Poiana Ruscă mountains to the north. Its name is derived from a Slavic word meaning "fast-flowing".

Olteț river in Romania, tributary of Olt, Olt County

The Olteț is a right tributary of the river Olt in Romania. It discharges into the Olt in Fălcoiu. Its total length is 185 km (115 mi), and its drainage basin area is 2,663 km2 (1,028 sq mi).

The Bâlta is a left tributary of the river Bistrița in Romania. It flows into the Bistrița near Telești. Its length is 19 km (12 mi) and its basin size is 78 km2 (30 sq mi).

Sadu (Cibin)

The Sadu is a right tributary of the river Cibin in Romania. It discharges into the Cibin in Tălmaciu. The Negovanu and Sadu II dams are located on the Sadu. Its length is 60 km (37 mi) and its basin size is 278 km2 (107 sq mi).

The Neagra is a right tributary of the river Bistrița in Romania. It discharges into the Bistrița near Vatra Dornei. Its length is 34 km (21 mi) and its basin size is 313 km2 (121 sq mi).

The Bistricioara is a right tributary of the river Bistrița in Romania, which it joins at the upper end of Lake Izvorul Muntelui. It flows through the villages Bilbor, Capu Corbului, Corbu, Tulgheș, Bradu, Grințieș and Bistricioara. Upstream from its confluence with the Borcut, it is also called Răcila. Its length is 64 km (40 mi) and its basin size is 770 km2 (300 sq mi).

Dorna (river) river in Romania

The Dorna is a right tributary of the river Bistrița, in Romania. It discharges into the Bistrița in Vatra Dornei. It flows through the villages Dornișoara, Poiana Stampei, Podu Coșnei, Dorna Candrenilor and the town Vatra Dornei. Its length is 53 km (33 mi) and its basin size is 608 km2 (235 sq mi).

The Toplița is a river in the Călimani Mountains, Harghita County, central Romania. It is a right tributary of the river Mureș. It joins the Mureș in the town Toplița. It is fed by several smaller streams, including Puturosu, Purcelu, Voivodeasa, Hurdugașu, Pârâul Sec and Fagul Rusului. Its length is 29 km (18 mi) and its basin size is 215 km2 (83 sq mi).

The Răstolița is a right tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. It discharges into the Mureș in the village Răstolița. Its length is 21 km (13 mi) and its basin size is 169 km2 (65 sq mi).

Ier river in Romania

The Ier or Eriu is a right tributary of the river Barcău (Berettyó) in Romania and Hungary. It discharges into the Barcău in Pocsaj. The Andrid Dam is constructed on this river. The Ier flows through the villages Mihăieni, Eriu-Sâncrai, Ghirolt, Rădulești, Hotoan, Sudurău, Dindești, Andrid, Sălacea, Cherechiu, Săcueni, Diosig in Romania, and Pocsaj in Hungary. In Romania, its length is 100 km (62 mi) and its basin size is 1,392 km2 (537 sq mi).

Târnava Mare river in Romania

The Târnava Mare is a river in Romania. Its total length is 223 km (139 mi) and its basin size is 3,666 km2 (1,415 sq mi). Its source is in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, near the sources of the Mureș and Olt in Harghita County. It flows through the Romanian counties of Harghita, Mureș, Sibiu, and Alba. The cities of Odorheiu Secuiesc, Sighișoara, and Mediaș lie on the Târnava Mare. It joins the Târnava Mică in Blaj, forming the Târnava.

References

  1. "Planul național de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spații hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administrația Națională Apele Române. 2010. pp. 911–912.
  2. 1 2 3 Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 395–396. OCLC   895459847. River code: XII.1.53.48
  3. Morphometrical characteristics of Red Lake river bain, A. Enea, G. Romanescu and C. Stoleriu