Bidya Devi Bhandari
|2nd President of Nepal|
29 October 2015
|Prime Minister|| Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli |
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
Sher Bahadur Deuba
|Vice President||Nanda Kishor Pun|
|Preceded by||Ram Baran Yadav|
|Minister of Defence|
25 May 2009 –6 February 2011
|President||Ram Baran Yadav|
|Prime Minister||Madhav Kumar Nepal|
|Preceded by||Ram Bahadur Thapa|
|Succeeded by||Bijay Kumar Gachhadar|
|Minister for Environment and Population|
25 March 1997 –7 October 1997
|Prime Minister||Lokendra Bahadur Chand|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
November 1994 –April 2008
|Preceded by||Daman Nath Dhungana|
|Succeeded by||Jhakku Prasad Subedi|
January 1994 –August 1994
|Preceded by||Madan Bhandari|
|Succeeded by||Man Mohan Adhikari|
|Member of the Constituent Assembly / Legislature Parliament|
28 May 2008 –28 October 2015
19 June 1961
Mane Bhanjyang, Nepal
|Political party||Independent (2015–present)|
|Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) (before 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Madan Bhandari (1982–1993; his death)|
|Parents||Ram Bahadur Pandey (father)|
Mithila Pandey (mother)
|Education||Bachelor of Arts|
|Alma mater||Tribhuvan University|
Bidya Devi Bhandari (Nepali : विद्यादेवी भण्डारी, pronounced [ˈbidjadebi ˈbʱʌɳɖaɾi] ; born 19 June 1961) is a Nepalese politician, serving as the second president of Nepal, in office since 28 October 2015. She is the first woman to hold the office in the country. She served as the vice-chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and was the chair of the All Nepal Women's Association before being elected president.
Bhandari previously served as the Minister of Defence, the first woman to hold the office, from 2009 to 2011.She also served as the Minister of Environment and Population in 1997, and has been an active campaigner for environmental awareness and women rights in Nepal. In June 2017, she visited the headquarters of the IUCN in Gland, Switzerland and met with the director general Inger Andersen to discuss about enhanced collaboration on nature conservation and sustainable development. In 2016, Forbes placed her on number 52 in their list of the world's 100 most powerful women.
Bhandari was born on 19 June 1961, in Mane Bhanjyang, Bhojpur, to Ram Bahadur Pandey and Mithila Pandey.Her political career began from a leftist student union. She joined the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) in 1980.
Bhandari was active in politics from an early age. According to the details provided by the CPN (UML), Bhandari joined politics as an activist of the Youth League of CPN (ML) in 1978, from Bhojpur.She played a role as an in-charge for Eastern Zone Committee of ANNFSU from 1979 to 1987. Her active political journey, however, started when she received party membership from the CPN (ML) in 1980. After completing her school level study, Bhandari was enrolled in Mahendra Morang Adarsha Multiple Campus where she was elected treasurer of the students' union. Also, she played a pivotal role as a chairperson of the women's wing of GEFONT from 1993 before being elected a central committee member of the CPN (UML) in 1997.
Bhandari was first elected to the parliament in a by-election in January 1994, caused by the death of her husband, the sitting member from Kathmandu–1, where she defeated former prime minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai. In the 1994 general election, she was elected from Kathmandu–2, defeating house speaker Daman Nath Dhungana.She served as the Minister for Environment and Population in a coalition government led by prime minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand in 1997. She was re-elected from Kathmandu–2 in the 1999 general election. However, she was defeated in the 2008 Constituent Assembly poll, and was later nominated under the proportional electoral system. She served as the Minister of Defence in the cabinet of prime minister Madhav Kumar Nepal. She was re-elected under the proportional electoral system in the 2013 elections. Her influence in the party remained dominant when she was elected as vice-chairperson of the CPN (UML) in its eighth general convention held in Butwal. Bhandari, who was re-elected vice-chairperson in the party's next general convention, is considered a close confidante to party chairman and prime minister KP Sharma Oli.
After the promulgation of the new constitution in 2015, Bhandari was elected president by an indirect election held in the parliament on 28 October 2015. She defeated Nepali Congress' Kul Bahadur Gurung, receiving 327 votes against Gurung's 214 votes. She thus became Nepal's second president and first female head of state. She was re-elected in 2018, defeating Congress' Kumari Laxmi Rai.
Bhandari has been accused of taking a partisan stance since she was elected president. She held onto the National Assembly election ordinance delaying the formation of the government after the 2017 legislative elections. She also held the nomination of three members to National Assembly sent by the outgoing Deuba government but immediately approved the nominations sent in by the incoming Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli.
Bhandari has been accused of taking a partisan when she approved both the decisions of cabinet to dissolve the House of Representatives against the Constitution of Nepal. She did not appoint Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister of Nepal, although showing majority signature present in House. Instead she dissolved parliament supporting KP Sharma Oli. The decision was challenged by the Supreme Court of Nepal, along with signature of majority (146) MPs.On 12 July 2021, the Supreme Court stated the decision of parliament dissolution by Bhandari was unlawful. Similarly, it ordered to appoint Deuba as the next prime minister of Nepal citing article 76(5) of the Constitution of Nepal within 28 hours. It stated that the decision made by Bhandari was against the norms of the constitution. This was celebrated by the then opposition alliance led by the Nepali Congress, including allies CPN (Maoist Centre) and Janata Samajbadi Party.
On 13 July 2021, Bhandari appointed Deuba as Prime Minister without including any article of Constitution and stating as per the order of Court. This created cold dispute and people alleged Bhandari of forgetting her limits and being tilted to Oli. After Deuba denied to take oath as per the appointment letter, it was changed and stated that Deuba was made Prime Minister in accordance with article 76(5) marking Deuba's fifth term as Prime Minister.
On 15 July 2021, Bhandari appointed Kham Bahadur Khati in the post of attorney general.Still she denied him taking oath in Rastrapati Bhawan in her presence. Khati took oath at Supreme Court of Nepal which was first time in Nepal due to president denial. This biased behaviour was highly criticized by mainstream medias.
Bhandari was married to Madan Bhandari, a popular Nepalese communist leader, who died in a car accident near Dasdhunga, Chitwan in 1993. The couple have two daughters, Usha Kiran Bhandari and Nisha Kusum Bhandari. She is also related to Nepali Congress leader Gyanendra Bahadur Karki.
The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and their cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament.
The Nepali Congress is the largest social-democratic political party in Nepal. Presently, it is the ruling party since July 2021. The Nepali Congress remains the largest party of Nepal by popular votes and membership.
The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN (UML), is the major communist party in Nepal since its formation in January 1991, merging the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist). At today's date, it is the largest opposition party of Nepal.
Sher Bahadur Deuba is a Nepali politician serving as the Prime Minister of Nepal since 13 July 2021. He has previously served four terms as the prime minister and is the Member of Parliament for the parliamentary constituency of Dadeldhura–1. He has been the president of the Nepali Congress since 2016.
Nepal RatnaMadan Kumar Bhandari, commonly known as Madan Bhandari, was a popular Nepali political leader belonging to the Communist Party of Nepal, a democratic communist party in Nepal. He defeated the incumbent Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in a landslide victory of 1991 general election. Known for his charismatic style, Bhandari had propounded the popular communist principle or thought "People's Multiparty Democracy". He is widely regarded for peaking the Nepal's communist movement to a greater height. He died in a jeep accident in Dasdhunga, Chitwan, in 1993.
The House of Representatives, or Pratinidhi Sabha is the lower house of the Federal Parliament of Nepal, with the upper house being the National Assembly. Members of the House of Representatives are elected through a parallel voting system. They hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the International Convention Centre in Kathmandu.
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli is a Nepalese politician and former Prime Minister of Nepal. He served three terms as prime minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016, from 15 February 2018 to 13 May 2021 as the first elected prime minister under the new constitution, and from 13 May 2021 to 13 July 2021.
The Second Oli cabinet was the Government of Nepal from 15 February 2018 to 13 July 2021. It was initially formed as a majority coalition on 15 February 2018, after Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli was elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal following the 2017 general election. Oli's candidacy was supported by the Communist Party of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal. He assumed his office along with two ministers with the remaining ministers added at later points. The CPN withdrew its support from the government in May 2021, reducing it to a minority, and after the dissolution of the House of Representatives, it turned into an interim government. The second Oli cabinet was replaced by the fifth Deuba cabinet, formed after the Supreme Court ordered the appointment of Nepali Congress president Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister under in accordance with Article 76 (5) of the Constitution of Nepal.
Events in the year 2018 in Nepal.
Communism in Nepal traces its roots back to the pro-democracy movement of 1951, and the subsequent overthrow of the autocratic Rana regime and the establishment of democracy in Nepal. The communist movement in Nepal has split into factions multiple times and multiple factions have come together into a single fold at times as well. It has a history of getting banned from open political discourse; as well as multiple instances of embracing guerrilla insurgency, most notably, the Maoist insurgency in the 1990s and early 2000s that led to the Nepalese Civil War, claiming at least 17,000 lives. After the Maoists and other main political parties formed a united coalition, launching a successful peaceful civil resistance against the dictatorial coup d'état by the monarchy, which resulted in the abolition of the monarchy and drafting of a new constitution affirming Nepal as a secular, federal, democratic republic striving towards democratic socialism, the two main communist parties of Nepal contested the first election according to the new constitution as a coalition, eventually leading to the unification of two parties with a strong majority in the federal parliament as well as six out of seven provinces of Nepal.
Dr.Shiva Maya Tumbahamphe is a Nepali politician serving as the Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. She previously served as the deputy speaker of the House of Representatives. She has been active in politics for more than four decades as a communist leader in eastern Nepal. She holds a PhD in political science from Tribhuvan University. Before being elected the deputy speaker of the house, she was a central committee member of the CPN (UML).
The First Federal Parliament of Nepal, consisting of the House of Representatives and the National Assembly, was elected via the 2017 legislative, provincial and local elections. 165 members were elected via first-past-the-post system and 110 through the proportional representation system to form the 275-member House of Representatives for a five-year term. On 7 February 2018, the provincial electoral colleges, composed of provincial assembly members elected in the provincial elections and chairs and deputy-chairs of local administrative units elected in the local elections, elected eight members each, for a total of 56 elected members, and three more were appointed by the President as nominated by the government, to form the 59 member National Assembly. The National Assembly members drew lots to determine the thirds whose terms would be of two, four and six years respectively. On 23 January 2020, the National Assembly electoral college met for the second time to elect 18 of the 19 Class I members. The House of Representatives was dissolved on 20 December 2020 by President Bidya Devi Bhandari on the request of Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli's cabinet. The House was reinstated on 24 February 2021 following a decision by the Supreme Court of Nepal. The House of Representatives was again dissolved on 22 May 2021 by President Bidya Devi Bhandari.
General elections are expected to be held in Nepal in 2022 unless the House of Representatives is dissolved earlier. Although the House was dissolved on 20 December 2020 by President Bidya Devi Bhandari on the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, with elections scheduled for 30 April and 10 May 2021, the legitimacy of the dissolution was challenged in the Supreme Court. On 23 February 2021, the court reinstated the House of Representatives, but it was dissolved again on 22 May 2021 by the president on the recommendation of the cabinet, with elections scheduled for 12 and 19 November, stating no one had adequate claim to be appointed prime minister according to Article 76(5) of the Constitution. On 12 July 2021, the Supreme Court ruled the dissolution invalid, and reinstated the House of Representatives, while also ordering the appointment of Sher Bahdur Deuba as prime minister, as per article 76(5).
Events in the year 2021 in Nepal.
Govinda Prasad Kalauni is the current Governor of Karnali Province. He was appointed governor, under Article 163 of the Constitution of Nepal, by President Bidya Devi Bhandari on the recommendation of the Council of Ministers of the Government of Nepal on 4 November 2019.
Sita Kumari Poudel is the former Governor of Gandaki Province. She was Appointed Governor, as per the Article 163 (2) of the Constitution of Nepal by the President Bidya Devi Bhandari on the recommendation of the Council of Ministers of the Government of Nepal on 3 May 2021. She was the prime minister's public relations advisor. She was also the chairperson of the All Nepal Women's Association, a women's organization of the CPN UML.
KP Sharma Oli was appointed Prime Minister of Nepal for a third time on 13 May 2021 by President Bidya Devi Bhandari, as a minority prime minister, as none of the opposition parties were able to form a majority government or lay their claim for it in the provided time frame. Citing the provision mentioned in Article 76 (3) of the constitution, Oli, being the leader of the largest party in the House of Representatives, was re-appointed prime minister, requiring him to again prove a majority in the house within 30 days from his appointment. On 22 May 2021, House of Representatives was again dissolved for the second time within 6 months by a cabinet decision followed by approval of President with elections set to be held on 12 and 19 November in two phases.
The Fifth Deuba cabinet is the current Government of Nepal, formed on 13 July 2021 after Sher Bahadur Deuba was appointed as the new prime minister of Nepal by president Bidya Devi Bhandari following an order from the Supreme Court, which also declared the dissolution of the House of Representatives on the recommendation of former prime minister KP Sharma Oli to be unlawful.
The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN(Unified Socialist), is the fourth largest political party in Nepal. The party was officially announced to be registered at Election Commission, Nepal on 18 August 2021 along with Loktantrik Samajbadi Party. Former Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal is the Chairman of the new party and Former Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal serves as the Senior Leader.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bidhya Devi Bhandari .|