Bieszczady National Park

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Bieszczady National Park
Bieszczadzki Park Narodowy
Tarnica.jpg
Northern summit of Tarnica
POL Bieszczadzki Park Narodowy LOGO.svg
Park logo with a Eurasian lynx
Relief Map of Poland.svg
Red pog.svg
Location in Poland
Location Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland
Coordinates 49°17′17″N22°29′49″E / 49.288°N 22.497°E / 49.288; 22.497 Coordinates: 49°17′17″N22°29′49″E / 49.288°N 22.497°E / 49.288; 22.497
Area292.02 km2 (112.75 sq mi)
Established1973
Governing bodyMinistry of the Environment
Official name Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Criteria Natural: ix
Reference 1133ter
Inscription2007 (31st Session)
Extensions2011, 2017, 2021

Bieszczady National Park ( [bʲɛˈʂt͡ʂadɨ] pronunciation: Byeah-shcha-di; Polish : Bieszczadzki Park Narodowy) is the third-largest national park in Poland, located in Subcarpathian Voivodeship in the extreme southeast corner of the country. In 2021, the national park became a UNESCO World Heritage Site (as an extension to the Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe). [1]

Contents

History

The park was created in 1973. At the time it covered only 59.55 square kilometres (22.99 sq mi), but over the years it was enlarged four times. The last enlargements took place in 1996 (when the park incorporated the former villages of Bukowiec, Beniowa and Carynskie) and in 1999 (when the former villages of Dzwiniacz, Tarnawa and Sokoliki were added).

It occupies 292.02 square kilometres (112.75 sq mi), covering the highest areas of the Polish part of the Bieszczady Mountains. In 1992 the park and its surrounding areas became part of the UNESCO East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, which has a total area of 2,132.11 square kilometres (823.21 sq mi) and includes parts in Slovakia and (since 1998) Ukraine.

Geography

Forests cover about 80% of Bieszczady National Park. The woods are mainly natural; in some cases it can be said that they have preserved their pristine character. The highest peak in the park, Tarnica, is 1,346 metres (4,416 ft) above sea level.

Fauna

Animal life is abundant with several species of endangered animals thriving in the area, among them brown bears, grey wolf, European wildcat, wild boar, European beavers, European otter, and European lynx as well as deer (such as moose) and European bison (over 500 live in the area). The park contains interesting bird species, including eagles and owls, and is home to the largest Polish population of Aesculapian snakes.

The park is sparsely populated (less than 1 person per km2), which means that animals can roam freely. The region is very popular among tourists, but there are not many facilities. Around 70% of the park is regarded as strict preserve, which means that the use of trails is restricted. The park's authorities promote walking trips.

Hiking trails

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References

  1. "Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe (Poland)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 29 July 2021.