Bijelo Polje

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Bijelo Polje

Бијело Поље
Panorama Bijelog Polja.jpg
Bijelo Polje panorama at night
BijeloPoljeWeapon.png
Coat of arms
Montenegro adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bijelo Polje
Location of Bijelo Polje in Montenegro
Coordinates: 43°02′N19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75 Coordinates: 43°02′N19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75
Country Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro
Municipality BijeloPoljeWeapon.png Bijelo Polje
Settlements98
Government
  MayorPetar Smolović (DPS)
  Ruling party DPS - SD
Area
   Town and municipality 924 km2 (357 sq mi)
Elevation
578 m (1,896 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
   Urban
12,900
   Rural
30,651
  Municipality
46,051
Demonym(s) Bjelopoljci
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84000
Area code +382 50
ISO 3166-2 code ME-04
Car plates BP
Climate Cfb
Website www.bijelopolje.co.me

Bijelo Polje (Serbian Cyrillic : Бијело Поље, pronounced  [bîjɛlɔː pɔ̂ʎɛ] ) is a town in northeastern Montenegro on the Lim River. It has an urban population of 15,400 (2011 census). It is the administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre of northern Montenegro.

Contents

Bijelo Polje is the center of Bijelo Polje Municipality (population of 46,051). It is the unofficial center of the north-eastern region of Montenegro. Bijelo Polje means 'white field' in Serbian.

History

Bijelo Polje's Saint Peter and Paul Church is the place where the UNESCO Miroslav's Gospel of Miroslav, brother of Serbian ruler Stefan Nemanja was written.

During World War II, Bijelo Pole was a prominent location for the anti-fascist resistance movement in Yugoslavia, Montenegro in particular. [1]

Population

Bijelo Polje is the administrative centre of the Bijelo Polje municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 46,251. The town of Bijelo Polje itself has 15,400 citizens.

Population of Bijelo Polje (town):

Population of Bijelo Polje (municipality):

Religion (2011 census):

Ethnic composition in 2011

EthnicityNumberPercentage
Serbs 15,56233.8%
Bosniaks 14,59231.7%
Montenegrins 7,80816.95%
Muslims 5,98512.99%
Romani 3340.72%
Albanians 570.12%
Croats 410.09%
Yugoslavs 270.06%
Other4540.98%
undeclared9522.07%
no data2690.58%
Total46,081100%

Culture and sights

Bijelo Polje was the birthplace of the oral poet Avdo Međedović and of many prominent writers such as Ćamil Sijarić, Miodrag Bulatović, Risto Ratković and Dragomir Brajković as well as basketball player Nikola Peković and Swedish footballing brothers Ajsel Kujović and Emir Kujović.

Sports

The major football team is Jedinstvo, who have spent several seasons in the country's top tier. They share their Gradski stadion with lower league team OFK Borac. The town's basketball teams are Jedinstvo and KK Centar.

Transport

Bijelo Polje is the end of the Montenegrin part of the Belgrade-Bar railway Bijelopoljerail.JPG
Bijelo Polje is the end of the Montenegrin part of the Belgrade–Bar railway

Bijelo Polje is connected to the rest of Montenegro by two major roads. It is situated on the main road connecting Montenegro's coast and Podgorica with northern Montenegro and Serbia (E65, E80).

Bijelo Polje is also a station on Belgrade–Bar railway, the last station in Montenegro for trains leaving for Belgrade, and it serves as a regional train station. Podgorica Airport is 130 km (81 mi) away, and has regular flights to major European destinations.

Climate

Bijelo Polje has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb) with warm summers, cold winters, and abundant precipitation year round.

Climate data for Bijelo Polje (1961–1990, extremes 1950–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.0
(64.4)
27.0
(80.6)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.5
(95.9)
39.0
(102.2)
39.8
(103.6)
36.5
(97.7)
32.0
(89.6)
25.5
(77.9)
20.1
(68.2)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F)2.6
(36.7)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
22.7
(72.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.7
(49.5)
3.3
(37.9)
15.5
(59.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.9
(28.6)
0.9
(33.6)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.7
(47.6)
Average low °C (°F)−5.3
(22.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.2
(50.4)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52.0)
8.6
(47.5)
4.5
(40.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Record low °C (°F)−27.6
(−17.7)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.2
(34.2)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.2
(19.0)
−15.4
(4.3)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)79.6
(3.13)
63.8
(2.51)
60.8
(2.39)
79.8
(3.14)
74.5
(2.93)
77.5
(3.05)
68.3
(2.69)
61.3
(2.41)
72.7
(2.86)
73.3
(2.89)
107.9
(4.25)
90.8
(3.57)
910.3
(35.82)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)121212131313119991214139
Average relative humidity (%)82767169727574747879828576
Source: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro [2] [3]

Notable people

A street in Bijelo Polje. Bijelo Polje (2).jpg
A street in Bijelo Polje.

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References

  1. Morrison, Kenneth (2008). Montenegro: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris. ISBN   0857714872.
  2. "Climate: Bijelo Polje" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  3. "Dnevni prosjeci i ekstremi" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved 7 March 2021.

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