Bill Rieflin

Last updated
Bill Rieflin
Birth nameWilliam Rieflin
Born (1960-09-29) September 29, 1960 (age 58)
Seattle, Washington
Genres Industrial, experimental rock, alternative rock, heavy metal, progressive rock
Occupation(s)Multi-instrumentalist, producer
InstrumentsDrums, keyboards, guitar, bass
Associated acts Ministry, R.E.M., Sweet 75, Revolting Cocks, KMFDM, Pigface, Nine Inch Nails, King Crimson, Robbie Williams

William Frederick "Bill" Rieflin (born September 29, 1960) [1] is an American musician.

Contents

Rieflin came to prominence in the 1990s for his work mainly as a drummer with many notable groups (particularly in the industrial rock and industrial metal scenes) including Ministry, the Revolting Cocks, Lard, KMFDM, Pigface, Swans, Chris Connelly, and Nine Inch Nails. He worked regularly with R.E.M. following the retirement of Bill Berry in 1997. He is currently a member of King Crimson.

Industrial rock music genre

Industrial rock is an alternative rock genre that fuses industrial music and rock music.

Industrial metal is the fusion of heavy metal music and industrial music, typically employing repeating metal guitar riffs, sampling, synthesizer or sequencer lines, and distorted vocals. Prominent industrial metal acts include Ministry, Godflesh, KMFDM and Nine Inch Nails.

Ministry (band) American industrial metal band

Ministry is an American rock band founded in 1981 by Al Jourgensen in Chicago, Illinois. Originally a synth-pop outfit, Ministry's sound changed as they became one of the pioneers of industrial metal in the late 1980s. The band's lineup has frequently changed throughout its history, with the exception of Jourgensen who is the band's main producer, singer, songwriter, and instrumentalist. Notable musicians who have contributed to the band's studio or live activities include vocalists Nivek Ogre, Chris Connelly and Burton C. Bell, guitarists Mike Scaccia and Tommy Victor, bassists Paul Barker, Paul Raven, Jason Christopher, Tony Campos and Paul D'Amour, drummers Bill Rieflin, Martin Atkins, Rey Washam and Roy Mayorga, keyboardist John Bechdel, and rappers/producers DJ Swamp and Arabian Prince.

History

Rieflin began his professional career in his hometown of Seattle. In 1975, he was in The Telepaths, a band which played backup for a couple of live gigs by the pre-The Screamers band The Tupperwares. [2] He played drums for The Blackouts starting in 1979. His bandmates included his brother Raymond, Paul Barker, Roland Barker and Erich Werner. Eventually that band dissolved and Paul Barker joined the nascent Ministry. Rieflin's earliest collaboration with Al Jourgensen was on the second single by the Revolting Cocks, You Often Forget. Later, he participated in the creation of Ministry's ground-breaking album The Land of Rape and Honey . He was noted for his performance in the live video In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up (Live) (alongside fellow drummer Martin Atkins). His work with Ministry and its side projects lasted through to the mid-Nineties, though he notes that he was never credited as a member of Ministry proper, always as an "other" musician. Therefore, when he parted ways with the band during the Filth Pig sessions, he did not really quit since he was never an official member. [3]

The Screamers

The Screamers were an American electropunk group founded in 1975. They were among the first wave of the L.A. punk rock scene. The Los Angeles Times applied the label "techno-punk" to the band in 1978. In the documentary Punk: Attitude (2005), the Dead Kennedys cite the Screamers as a key influence on their group and as one of the great unrecorded groups in rock history.

The Blackouts were a punk rock band formed in Seattle in 1979 by singer/guitarist Erich Werner, bassist Mike Davidson, and drummer Bill Rieflin, who were all former members of a local punk band, The Telepaths. They were joined by Roland Barker, first on synthesizer and later on saxophone.

Paul Gordon Barker, also referred to as Hermes Pan, is the former bass guitarist, producer and engineer of the industrial metal band Ministry from 1986 to 2003. Prior to Ministry, Barker provided bass for the Seattle post-punk ensemble The Blackouts alongside future Ministry drummer Bill Rieflin and his brother, one-time Ministry touring keyboardist/saxophonist Roland Barker, from 1979 until 1985.

Rieflin helped Atkins kick off Pigface, the industrial collective that would grow to incorporate hundreds of artists, formed a friendship with labelmate Chris Connelly and founded First World Music. Like Connelly, Rieflin's work has grown beyond his industrial roots. They have collaborated on several recordings; two in particular, The Ultimate Seaside Companion (as "The Bells") and Largo, showcase Rieflin's frequently overlooked keyboard skills.

Pigface

Pigface is an industrial rock supergroup formed in 1990 by Martin Atkins and William Rieflin.

Industrial music is a genre of experimental music which draws on harsh, transgressive or provocative sounds and themes. AllMusic defines industrial music as the "most abrasive and aggressive fusion of rock and electronic music" that was "initially a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments and punk provocation". The term was coined in the mid-1970s with the founding of Industrial Records by members of Throbbing Gristle and Monte Cazazza. While the genre name originated with Throbbing Gristle's emergence in the United Kingdom, concentrations of artists and labels vital to the genre also emerged in America, namely in Chicago.

Chris Connelly (musician) Musician, songwriter, author

Chris Connelly is a Scottish musician and author who became famous for his industrial music work of the late 1980s and early 1990s, particularly his involvement with the Revolting Cocks and Ministry. He has since established himself as an alternative singer-songwriter, and continues to release solo albums.

Living in Seattle gave Rieflin the opportunity to build relationships with other prominent musicians including Robert Fripp and Trey Gunn of King Crimson, Scott McCaughey of the Young Fresh Fellows, Sascha Konietzko of KMFDM and Peter Buck of R.E.M. Fripp contributed to Rieflin's solo debut, Birth of a Giant, which also featured Rieflin singing in something other than a background role. Improvisations from these sessions turned up later on the CD The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior.

Robert Fripp English guitarist, composer and record producer

Robert Fripp is an English guitarist, composer and record producer. As a guitarist for the progressive rock band King Crimson, Fripp has been the only member to have played in all of King Crimson's line-ups from their inception in the late 1960s to the present. He has also worked extensively as a studio musician, notably with David Bowie on the albums "Heroes" and Scary Monsters , Brian Eno, David Sylvian and contributed sounds to the Windows Vista operating system. His complete discography lists more than seven hundred releases over five decades.

Trey Gunn American musician

Trey Gunn is an American musician, known for his membership in progressive rock band King Crimson from 1994 to 2003, playing Warr Guitar and Chapman Stick.

King Crimson British art rock band

King Crimson are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968. King Crimson have been influential both on the early 1970s progressive rock movement and numerous contemporary artists. The band has undergone numerous formations throughout its history, in the course of which 22 musicians have been members; since October 2017 it has consisted of Robert Fripp, Jakko Jakszyk, Tony Levin, Mel Collins, Pat Mastelotto, Gavin Harrison, Jeremy Stacey and Bill Rieflin. Fripp is the only consistent member of the group and is considered the band's leader and driving force. The band has earned a large cult following. They were ranked No. 87 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. Although considered to be a seminal progressive rock band, they have often distanced themselves from the genre: as well as influencing several generations of progressive and psychedelic rock bands, they have also been an influence on subsequent alternative metal, hardcore and experimental/noise musicians.

Rieflin appeared on all KMFDM records released from 19952003 as a drummer, programmer, vocalist and keyboardist. He toured with the band as a bassist in 2002 in support of its comeback album, Attak and performed on the 2011 KMFDM album, WTF?! . [4]

The bass guitar is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses.

<i>Attak</i> 2002 studio album by KMFDM

Attak is the twelfth studio album by German industrial band KMFDM, released on 19 March 2002 by Metropolis Records. The band's first album following a three-year hiatus, it was the first to feature member Lucia Cifarelli and the last to feature member Tim Sköld.

He also drummed for McCaughey's band, The Minus 5, which occasionally included guitarist Peter Buck. Eventually Buck offered Rieflin the opportunity to sit in with R.E.M., who were missing a permanent drummer since the 1997 departure of Bill Berry.[ citation needed ] The band gave him the live drummer slot in its 2003 tour. [5] They later announced that Rieflin would fill the role indefinitely, though once again as a hired musician rather than as an official member. In recordings, Rieflin also contributed bouzouki, keyboards and guitars to the group, serving as an auxiliary member until R.E.M. disbanded in 2011.

Rieflin formed an experimental ensemble under the name Slow Music in 2005 (including Fripp and Buck) in which he plays synthesizers rather than drums. As the name suggests, its approach is geared toward the musicians leaving space for each other and doing a lot with few notes. All performances are improvised. The group played a small handful of live dates in 2005 and 2006 and went inactive for several years.

Rieflin is involved in a music collaboration project entitled The Humans, which consists of him, Chris Wong, Robert Fripp and Toyah Willcox. The band performed a series of live dates in Estonia in Autumn 2007 and 2009, and released their debut album We are the Humans on May 1, 2009. Another album came in 2013, followed by a small series of double-bill shows with Slow Music in spring of 2014.

Hector Zazou's 2010 album Corps Electriques featured Rieflin, as well as KatieJane Garside, Lone Kent and nu-jazz trumpeter Nils Petter Molvær.

Rieflin has been a regular contributor to Swans since the 1995 album The Great Annihilator , and has played an array of instruments on all their studio recordings since the band reformed in 2010 and released My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky . (He is listed as an "honorary Swan" on The Seer).

In 2012, Rieflin performed drums for Robbie Williams's album Take The Crown. Later that year he produced the single Crush Vaccine for Atomic Bride. On December 15, 2012, Rieflin performed live with Atomic Bride for a sold-out show at Crocodile Cafe in downtown Seattle.

In an online diary entry dated September 6, 2013, Robert Fripp announced a new lineup for King Crimson that included Rieflin as one of the band's three drummers. [6] A few days after the first full-length live release of the band with Rieflin on board (Live in Toronto 2015), Fripp announced Rieflin's decision to take a sabbatical from the band, effective March 6, 2016, "a decision supported by all the Crimson Brothers." [7] In early 2017, Fripp announced that Rieflin would be returning alongside of his replacement, Jeremy Stacey. Due to Fripp's desire to stave off complacency after several years of touring, Rieflin "will be focusing on mellotron, keys and fairy dusting, rather than using drums as a main instrument" in the new Double Quartet configuration, [8] thus becoming the band's first full-time keyboardist ever. For the US Autumn 2017 tour dates in October–November, he was replaced by the Seattle-based musician Chris Gibson. [9] He rejoined in 2018, and took again an indefinite sabbatical starting in 2019.

Discography

Key
Dagger-14-plain.pngIndicates a live release
Name of release year, artist, release title and Rieflin's contribution
YearArtistTitleContributionRef.
1988 Ministry The Land of Rape and Honey Drums, programming, keyboards, guitar, background vocals [10]
Revolting Cocks Live! You Goddamned Son of a Bitch Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums [11]
1989 Ministry The Mind Is a Terrible Thing to Taste Drums, programming, background vocals [12]
1990 Revolting Cocks Beers, Steers, and Queers Drums, programming [13]
Ministry In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums [14]
Lard The Last Temptation of Reid Drums (two tracks) [15]
1000 Homo DJs "Supernaut"Drums [16]
KMFDM Naïve Drums (one track) [17]
1991 Pigface Gub Drums, guitar, bass, synthesizer, sounds [18]
Lean Juicy Pork Interviewee [19]
1992 Ministry Psalm 69: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck Eggs Drums [20]
Revolting Cocks Big Sexy Land Drums [21]
Pigface Welcome to Mexico... Asshole Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums [22]
1993 Revolting Cocks Linger Ficken' Good Drums, organ, programming, production [23]
1995 Swans The Great Annihilator Drums, sounds, percussion, 12-string acoustic guitar, sequencing [24]
KMFDM Nihil Drums (three tracks) [25]
Michael Gira Drainland Rhythm programming, keyboards, electric bass guitar, samples, engineering, production, arrangement, studio provision [26]
1996 Ministry Filth Pig Drums (one track) [27]
KMFDM Xtort Drums [28]
Swans Soundtracks for the Blind Drums [29]
1997 Lard Pure Chewing Satisfaction Drums [30]
KMFDM Symbols Drums, programming, percussion, photography, sequencing (three tracks) [31]
1999 Angels of Light New Mother Percussion, piano, bass guitar, organ, synthesizers, acoustic guitar, backing vocals [32]
KMFDM Adios Programming (one track) [33]
Nine Inch Nails The Fragile Drums (one track) [34]
Bill RieflinThe Repercussions of Angelic BehaviorDrums, mixing [35]
Birth of a GiantDrums, bass, guitar, production, vocals [36]
2000 Lard 70's Rock Must Die Drums (one track) [37]
2001Bill Rieflin & Chris Connelly LargoKeyboards, mixing, piano, production, vocals [38]
Land Road Movies Drums [39]
2002 KMFDM Attak Drums, bass, programming, synthesizers, percussion, guitar [40]
2003 Sturm & Drang Tour 2002 Dagger-14-plain.pngBass [41]
WWIII Drums, vocals, loops (three tracks) [42]
2004 R.E.M. Around the Sun Drums, percussion [43]
2006 Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3 Olé! Tarantula Choir, drums, percussion [44]
2007 Angels of Light We Are Him Drums, bass, guitar, organ, percussion, piano, synthesizers [45]
R.E.M. R.E.M. Live Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums [46]
2008 Accelerate Drums [47]
2009 Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3 Goodnight Oslo Drums, vocal harmony, vocals [48]
The Humans We Are the Humans Drums, bass, synthesizers, organ, production [49]
R.E.M. Live at the Olympia Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums [50]
2010 Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3 Propellor Time Drums [51]
Swans My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky Drums, piano, guitar, synthesizers, organ, vocals [52]
2011 R.E.M. Collapse into Now Drums, bouzouki, keyboards, guitar [53]
KMFDM WTF?! Engineering, sounds (one track) [54]
The Humans Sugar Rush Percussion, keyboards, bass, production [55]
2012 Swans The Seer Drums, piano, organ, guitar, percussion, synthesizers, bass, vocals [56]
2014 The Humans Strange Tales Drums, keyboards, guitar, bass, sounds, vocals, production [57]
Swans To Be Kind Drums, percussion, synthesizers, piano, guitar, bass, keyboards [58]
2015 King Crimson Live at the Orpheum Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums, percussion, synthesizers, vocals [59]
2016 Live in Toronto Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums, percussion, keyboards [60]
Swans The Glowing Man Drums, piano, synthesizers, bass, guitar, vocals [61]
King Crimson Radical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind Dagger-14-plain.pngDrums, keyboards [62]
2017 Live in Chicago Dagger-14-plain.pngKeyboards [63]
2018 Lead into Gold The Sun Behind the SunDrums [64]
King Crimson Meltdown: Live in Mexico City Dagger-14-plain.pngKeyboards, production [65]

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References

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  2. Reighley, Kurt (2002-05-08), "The Screamers", Seattle Weekly, retrieved 2010-02-19
  3. Worley, Gail (November 4, 1999). "What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been: The Definitive Bill Rieflin Interview". Ink19.com. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  4. "Metropolis Mail Order // WTF?!". January 21, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  5. "R.E.M. Begins Rehearsals With New Drummer". Billboard . 2003-05-12. Retrieved 2017-06-16.
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  11. Live! You Goddamned Son of a Bitch (CD liner notes). Revolting Cocks. Wax Trax! Records. 1988. WAX 037.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  36. Birth of a Giant (CD liner notes). Bill Rieflin. First World Music. 1999. FWD 99.03. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  37. 70's Rock Must Die (CD liner notes). Lard. Alternative Tentacles. 2000. VIRUS 235.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  41. Sturm & Drang Tour 2002 (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Metropolis Records. 2003. MET 270.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  43. Around the Sun (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2004. 48894-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  44. Olé! Tarantula (CD liner notes). Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3. Yep Roc. 2006. 2129. Retrieved December 28, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  47. Accelerate (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2008. 418620-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  50. Live at the Olympia (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2009. 520872-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  51. Propellor Time (CD liner notes). Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3. Sartorial Records. 2010. FIT 047. Retrieved December 28, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
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