This article relies largely or entirely on a single source . (November 2017)
|Birth name||William Leon Goldenberg|
|Born||February 10, 1936|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||August 3, 2020 84) (aged|
New York City, New York, U.S.
William Leon Goldenberg (February 10, 1936 – August 3, 2020) was an American composer and songwriter, best known for his work on television and film.
Goldenberg was born in February 10, 1936 in Brooklyn, New York into music, as his mother played the violin and so his mother taught him how to play the violin and the viola.Then he played it in chamber and symphonic groups. His father was a staff percussionist at WOR and the NBC Symphonic Orchestra. At 5 years of age, he played piano and sang Broadway shows in his childhood. He wanted a musical career but since his father was laid off, he was dissuaded in the early 1950s. Instead of attending Juilliard, he studied physics and mathematics at Columbia College and got the job of a Computer Programmer but he quit the job due to an ulcer and he found a job as a pianist and arranger. He was hired to write the soundtrack for comedy sketches of Mike Nichols and Elaine May in that Broadway show, "An Evening with Nichols and May."
Goldenberg started his career in the 1960s when he met Spielberg in Universal Studios and he started to compose music for Spielberg's television pieces such as Night Gallery and the 1971 TV film, Duel .His other film scores included the Elvis Presley film Change of Habit (1969), The Grasshopper (1970), Red Sky at Morning (1971), The Last of Sheila (1973), Busting (1974), The Domino Principle (1977) and Reuben, Reuben (1983). He also wrote music for the The Mary Tyler Moore Show and the first two episodes of Kojak , including the theme tune.
Additionally he wrote scores for Woody Allen's Play It Again, Sam (1972) and Up the Sandbox (1972). Later on, he was praised for all his works and his score for the Sandbox movie was considered 'the real pulse of the movie' and also if the score could be turned into a song. He wrote the song "If I Close My Eyes" for the Sandbox movie and then won an Emmy Award for the score of Queen of the Stardust Ballroom (1975). He earned 3 Emmy Awards for The Lives of Benjamin Franklin (1974) which described the life of Martin Luther King Jr., and also scored many TV movies, such as Fear No Evil (1969), Ritual of Evil (1970), Don't Be Afraid of the Dark (1973), Double Indemnity (1973), The UFO Incident (1975), Helter Skelter (1976), One of My Wives Is Missing (1976), The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case (1976), Mary Jane Harper Cried Last Night (1977), The Cracker Factory (1979), Crisis at Central High (1981), This House Possessed (1981), The Best Little Girl in the World (1981) and Massarati and the Brain (1982), and TV miniseries including The Gangster Chronicles (1981), Rage of Angels (1983), The Atlanta Child Murders (1985), Kane and Abel (1985) and Around the World in 80 Days (1989).
John Towner Williams is an American composer, conductor, pianist and trombonist. In a career that has spanned nearly seven decades, he has composed some of the most popular, recognizable, and critically acclaimed film scores in cinematic history. Williams has won 25 Grammy Awards, seven British Academy Film Awards, five Academy Awards, and four Golden Globe Awards. With 52 Academy Award nominations, he is the second most-nominated individual, after Walt Disney. His compositions are considered the epitome of film music. In 2005, the American Film Institute selected Williams's score to 1977's Star Wars as the greatest film score of all time. The Library of Congress also entered the Star Wars soundtrack into the National Recording Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
Elmer Bernstein was an American composer and conductor known for his film scores. In a career that spanned more than five decades, he composed "some of the most recognizable and memorable themes in Hollywood history", including over 150 original movie scores, as well as scores for nearly 80 television productions. Examples of his widely popular and critically acclaimed works are scores to The Ten Commandments (1956), The Magnificent Seven (1960), To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), The Great Escape (1963), The Rookies (1972–76), Animal House (1978), Airplane! (1980), Heavy Metal (1981), Ghostbusters (1984), The Black Cauldron (1985), Cape Fear (1991), The Age of Innocence (1993), Wild Wild West (1999) and Far from Heaven (2002). Early in his career, he also scored the infamous camp classic Robot Monster.
Duel is a 1971 American action thriller film written by Richard Matheson, which is based on his own 1971 short story, also entitled Duel. The film marks the feature-length directorial debut of Steven Spielberg and was distributed by Universal Pictures.
Thomas Montgomery Newman is an American composer best known for his many film scores. In a career that has spanned over four decades, he has scored numerous classics including The Player, The Shawshank Redemption, Cinderella Man, American Beauty, The Green Mile, In the Bedroom, Angels in America, Finding Nemo, Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events, WALL-E, the James Bond films Skyfall, Spectre, and the war film 1917.
Alan Irwin Menken is an American composer, songwriter, conductor, music director and record producer. Menken is best known for his scores and songs for films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. His scores and songs for The Little Mermaid (1989), Beauty and the Beast (1991), Aladdin (1992), and Pocahontas (1995) have each won him two Academy Awards. He also composed the scores and songs for Little Shop of Horrors (1986), Newsies (1992), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Hercules (1997), Home on the Range (2004), Enchanted (2007), and Tangled (2010), among others. His accolades include eight Academy Awards, a Tony Award, eleven Grammy Awards, seven Golden Globe Awards, and a Daytime Emmy Award.
Stockard Channing is an American actress. She is known for playing Betty Rizzo in the film Grease (1978) and First Lady Abbey Bartlet in the NBC television series The West Wing (1999–2006). She is also known for originating the role of Ouisa Kittredge in the stage and film versions of Six Degrees of Separation.
Robert Russell Bennett was an American composer and arranger, best known for his orchestration of many well-known Broadway and Hollywood musicals by other composers such as Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Jerome Kern, Cole Porter, and Richard Rodgers.
Donald Romain Davis is an American composer, conductor, orchestrator and trombonist known for his film and television scores. He has also composed opera, concert and chamber music.
Edward Paul Flanders was an American actor. He is best known for playing Dr. Donald Westphall in the medical drama series St. Elsewhere (1982–1988). Flanders was nominated for eight Primetime Emmys and won three times in 1976, 1977, and 1983.
David Lee Shire is an American songwriter and composer of stage musicals, film and television scores. The soundtracks to the 1976 film The Big Bus, The Taking of Pelham One Two Three, The Conversation and All the President's Men, and parts of the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack such as "Manhattan Skyline", are some of his best-known works. His other work includes the score of the 1985 film Return to Oz, and the stage musical scores of Baby, Big, Closer Than Ever, and Starting Here, Starting Now. Shire is married to actress Didi Conn.
Walter Scharf was an American film composer.
Charles Ira Fox is an American composer for film and television. His most heard compositions are probably the "love themes" ; the theme song for the late 1970s ABC series The Love Boat; and the dramatic theme music to ABC's Wide World of Sports and the original Monday Night Football; as well as his Grammy-winning hit song "Killing Me Softly with His Song".
Irwin Kostal was an American musical arranger of films and an orchestrator of Broadway musicals.
Queen of the Stardust Ballroom is an American television movie directed by Sam O'Steen and produced by Roger Gimbel, from the teleplay by Jerome Kass. It was broadcast by on February 13, 1975. Maureen Stapleton, Charles Durning, and Charlotte Rae were nominated for Emmy Awards for their performances.
William P. Perry is an American composer and producer of television and film. His music has been performed by the Chicago Symphony, the Saint Louis Symphony, the Detroit Symphony and the symphonic orchestras of Cincinnati, Minnesota, Montreal, Calgary and Hartford as well as the Vienna Symphony, the Rome Philharmonic, the Slovak Philharmonic, the RTÉ National Symphony of Ireland and other orchestras in Europe.
Frederick James Karlin was an American composer of more than 130 scores for feature films and television movies. He also was an accomplished trumpeter adept at playing jazz, blues, classical, rock, and medieval music.
Nathan Barr is an American film and television composer and musician. His television scores include True Blood, The Americans, Carnival Row, and The Great. He won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Main Title Theme Music in 2020 for his work on the miniseries Hollywood.
Jerome Allan Kass was an American screenwriter and author. He wrote Queen of the Stardust Ballroom in 1975 and Ballroom in 1978, which were nominated for an Emmy and Tony, respectively.
Alan Bergman and Marilyn Keith Bergman are American lyricists and songwriters. The pair have been married since 1958 and have written the music and lyrics for numerous celebrated television shows, films, and stage musicals. The Bergmans have won two Academy Awards for Best Original Song and have been inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
"If I Close My Eyes" is a song recorded by American vocalist Barbra Streisand for the 1972 American film Up the Sandbox. It was distributed for radio airplay in January 1973 through Columbia Records, while in later years it was made available as a 7" single. The single was written and produced by Billy Goldenberg, with Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman also contributing to the lyrics. Streisand requested Goldenberg to take the film's score and create a song out of it. During a late night phone conversation, he developed a melody and then the song was created.