Binhai

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Coordinates: 39°00′12″N117°42′39″E / 39.00333°N 117.71083°E / 39.00333; 117.71083

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Binhai

滨海新区
Binhai New Area
TianjinBinhaimontage.jpg
TEDA within Binhai
Binhai
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Tianjin
Township-level divisions19 subdistricts
7 towns
District established2009
Government
   CPC SecretaryZhang Yuzhuo
  District GovernorYang Maorong
Area
  Total2,270 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
  Total1,000,000
  Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Tianjin district map
Postal Code 300000-301900
Website BH.gov.cn
Binhai
CBD of TBNA 2011.jpg
Traditional Chinese 濱海 新區
Simplified Chinese 滨海 新区

Binhai, officially known as Binhai New Area (simplified Chinese :滨海新区; traditional Chinese :濱海新區; pinyin :Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū), is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality in the People's Republic of China.

Binhai is intended to replicate development seen in Shenzhen and Pudong in Shanghai. [1]

Geography

Binhai is located on the west coast of the Bohai Sea and east of Tianjin's main urban area. It is a part of the Bohai Economic Rim. It has an area of 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi), a coastline of 153 km (95 mi), and contains 700 km2 (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands. [2]

Natural resources

Binhai New Area has 700 square kilometers (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands and a further 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi) of wasteland that is being re-developed into saline land. It has proven oil resources totalling more than 100 million tons, and 193.7 billion cubic meters (6.84 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas. [3]

Administrative divisions

There are 19 subdistricts and 7 towns in the district: [4]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) [5] Area (km2)
Tanggu Subdistrict 塘沽街道Tánggū Tiēdàonot established
Hangzhou Street Subdistrict 杭州道街道Hángzhōudào Jiēdào112,1735.412
Xinhe Subdistrict 新河街道Xīnhé Jiēdào73,160
Dagu Subdistrict (Taku)大沽街道Dàgū Jiēdào43,425138.24
Xinbei Subdistrict 新北街道Xīnběi Jiēdào80,702
Beitang Subdistrict 北塘街道Běitáng Jiēdào16,406117
Hujiayuan Subdistrict 胡家园街道Hújiāyuán Jiēdào117,23575.2
Hangu Subdistrict 汉沽街道Hàngū Jiēdào50,6854.6
Zhaishang Subdistrict 寨上街道Zhàishàng Jiēdào66,5104.8
Chadian Subdistrict 茶淀街道Chádiàn Jiēdào28,05017.3
Dagang Subdistrict 大港街道Dàgǎng Jiēdào91,7764.9
Gulin Subdistrict 古林街道Gǔlín Jiēdào47050209
Haibin Subdistrict 海滨街道Hǎibīn Jiēdào146,009118
Xincheng town新城镇Xīnchéng Zhèn43,12831
Yangjiabo town杨家泊镇Yángjiāpō Zhèn21,55960.7
Taiping town太平镇Tàipíng Zhèn37,074174.7
Xiaowangzhuang town小王庄镇Xiǎowángzhuāng Zhèn23,08427.8
Zhongtang town中塘镇Zhōngtáng Zhèn55,58630.2
developmental, industrial, & harbor zones开发区/类似乡级单位Kāifā Qū/Lèisì Xiāng Jí Dānwèi831,979

History

The Binhai district was created by the government of China in the 1990s.[ citation needed ] In 1996 Soviet aircraft carrier Kiev was sold to Binhai Aircraft Park, a theme park in Binhai. The concept was developed by world tourism and attraction consultant Leisure Quest International. [6]

In August 2011, the ex-Kiev was developed into a luxury hotel after renovations costing £9.6 million. [7]

Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished. [8] Binhai New Area consists of nine functional zones: Advanced Manufacturing Zone, Airport-based Industrial Zone, Binhai High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Seaport-based Industrial Zone, Nangang Industrial Zone, Seaport Logistics Zone, Coastal Leisure & Tourism Zone, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City and the Yujiapu Financial District. In addition, Tianjin Port whose throughput ranks 5th in the world is also located here.[ citation needed ]

The Binhai district was greatly affected by a large industrial-scale accident in August 2015. On August 12, a series of explosions took place at a port chemical storage facility in Binhai, causing 173 deaths and 797 injuries. The blast had the equivalent of 21 metric tons of TNT or a magnitude-2.9 earthquake, according to the China Earthquake Networks Center. Eight other people remain missing. [9] [10]

Economy

Yujiapu Financial District located in Binhai is an under construction financial district with a glitzy skyline envisioned to be a center of world trade and finance. [11] Other parts of Binhai have also been intended to be a base for China's advanced industrial and financial reform and innovation. The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) is an early free trade zone.

Tianjin Emissions Exchange organized China's first sulfur dioxide, carbon neutral, contract energy management and energy efficiency product transactions, and established China's first voluntary emission reduction public inquiry system.

A number of major international companies including Rockefeller, Tishman Speyer, Motorola and Airbus have built branches here. For instance, EADS Airbus has already opened an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, operational since 2009. Domestic companies headquartered in Binhai include noodlemaker Tingyi. [12]

Culture

Tianjin Binhai Library Binhai library bookshelves.jpg
Tianjin Binhai Library

A large culture complex, Binhai Cultural Center, with five central attractions planned. [13] The centerpiece of the complex is the library that opened in November 2017. The library is nicknamed 'The Eye' because the sphere, which appears like an iris, can be seen from the park outside through an eye-shaped opening. [14]

The remnant of Taku Forts in the form of a gun platform overlooks the Hai River (Peiho River) in Binhai. [15]

Education

Many colleges and universities in Tianjin have branch campuses in Binhai New Area. In 2003, Nankai University established the TEDA Campus in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone, which is dedicated to research on genomes, functional genomics, biochips, and molecular virology. Tianjin University of Science and Technology will move into Binhai New Area as a whole. The Juilliard College of New York and the Tianjin Conservatory of Music cooperated with the Juilliard Research Institute of the Tianjin Conservatory of Music in the Yujiapu Financial District to provide pre-university and postgraduate education. At the same time, Tianjin Maritime Vocational College, Tianjin Development Zone Vocational and Technical College, Tianjin Binhai Vocational College are located in Binhai New Area.

Transportation

Rail

High speed rail stops in Binhai with Binhai railway station and Tanggu railway station on the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway. Binhai West railway station and Binhai North railway station are stops along the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway. Tanggu railway station is also a station on the conventional speed Tianjin–Shanhaiguan Railway.

Metro

Binhai is currently served by one metro line and one tram line operated by Tianjin Metro:

Related Research Articles

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Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area

Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, commonly abbreviated as TEDA is the main free market zone in Binhai, Tianjin, China. It was formed in late 1984.

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Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway

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Tanggu District Former district of Tianjin, China

Tanggu District was a district in the Tianjin municipality, now part of the Binhai New Area. It is on the Hai River where it enters the Bohai Sea, and is a port for Tianjin, which is about 48 km (30 mi) upriver. The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area is within the city limits and oversees the construction of a bridge.

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Beitang Subdistrict Subdistrict in Tianjin, Peoples Republic of China

Beitang, alternately known as Pei-t'ang and Pehtang, is a subdistrict of the Binhai New Area, Tianjin, People's Republic of China, near the mouth of the Hai River. As of 2011, it administered 2 residential communities (社区) and 4 villages.

Port of Tianjin

The Port of Tianjin, formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, is the largest port in Northern China and the main maritime gateway to Beijing. The name "Tianjin Xingang", which strictly speaking refers only to the main seaport area, is sometimes used to refer to the whole port. The port is on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centred on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km southeast of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. It is the largest man-made port in mainland China, and one of the largest in the world. It covers 121 square kilometers of land surface, with over 31.9 km of quay shoreline and 151 production berths at the end of 2010.

TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram

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Hangu District, Tianjin Former district of Tianjin, China

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Dagang District

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Line 9 (Tianjin Metro)

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Fengnan District District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Fengnan District is a district of Tangshan, Hebei, China on the coast of the Bo Sea and bordering Tianjin to the west.

Binhai railway station

Binhai railway station, formerly Yujiapu railway station, is an underground railway station of Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway located in Binhai, Tianjin, People's Republic of China. It serves the Yujiapu Financial District, an area with many new skyscrapers. It is considered one of the four main rail transportation hubs for Tianjin with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai West railway station. Construction was completed on August 8, 2015 and it was opened to traffic on September 20, 2015. It is to be served by the Tianjin Metro lines Z1, B2, and B3. The name of station was changed from Yujiapu to Binhai on January 5, 2019.

Layout of the Port of Tianjin

The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction.

The Port of Tianjin falls under the supervisory and regulatory purview of the Tianjin Municipality People’s Government. The 2004 incorporation of the Tianjin Port Authority into TPG formally divested the group of its role as Port Regulator, which passed to the Tianjin Transportation and Port Authority (天津市交通运输和港口管理局), formerly the Tianjin Transport Commission. The TTPA implements state policy on port work; drafts local policies, by-laws and regulations; and licenses, audits, and issues certifications to businesses operating in the port, in particular to ship terminals. The TTPA supervises and manages compliance to all laws and regulations regarding environmental protection, service compliance, pilotage, maintenance of port infrastructure and handling of dangerous goods and disinfection in all terminals and storage areas.

Binhai West railway station

Binhaixi railway station, formerly known as Binhai railway station, is a railway station on the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway and is the largest located within the Binhai New Area, Tianjin, China. It is one of four major rail hubs in Tianjin, with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai railway stations. The name of station has renamed from Binhai to Binhai West in 5 January 2019.

Tianjin Binhai Library

Tianjin Binhai New Area Library, nicknamed The Eye, is a library in Tianjin, China. It is part of the Binhai Cultural Center, being one of its five central attractions.

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