|Binhai New Area|
TEDA within Binhai
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Township-level divisions||19 subdistricts|
|• CPC Secretary||Zhang Yuzhuo|
|• District Governor||Yang Maorong|
|• Total||2,270 km2 (880 sq mi)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Tianjin district map|
|Traditional Chinese||濱海 新區|
|Simplified Chinese||滨海 新区|
Binhai, officially known as Binhai New Area (simplified Chinese :滨海新区; traditional Chinese :濱海新區; pinyin :Bīnhǎi Xīn Qū), is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality in the People's Republic of China.
Binhai is intended to replicate development seen in Shenzhen and Pudong in Shanghai.
Binhai is located on the west coast of the Bohai Sea and east of Tianjin's main urban area. It is a part of the Bohai Economic Rim. It has an area of 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi), a coastline of 153 km (95 mi), and contains 700 km2 (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands.
Binhai New Area has 700 square kilometers (270 sq mi) of water and wetlands and a further 1,200 km2 (460 sq mi) of wasteland that is being re-developed into saline land. It has proven oil resources totalling more than 100 million tons, and 193.7 billion cubic meters (6.84 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas.
There are 19 subdistricts and 7 towns in the district:
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Tanggu Subdistrict||塘沽街道||Tánggū Tiēdào||not established|
|Hangzhou Street Subdistrict||杭州道街道||Hángzhōudào Jiēdào||112,173||5.412|
|Xinhe Subdistrict||新河街道||Xīnhé Jiēdào||73,160|
|Dagu Subdistrict (Taku)||大沽街道||Dàgū Jiēdào||43,425||138.24|
|Xinbei Subdistrict||新北街道||Xīnběi Jiēdào||80,702|
|Beitang Subdistrict||北塘街道||Běitáng Jiēdào||16,406||117|
|Hujiayuan Subdistrict||胡家园街道||Hújiāyuán Jiēdào||117,235||75.2|
|Hangu Subdistrict||汉沽街道||Hàngū Jiēdào||50,685||4.6|
|Zhaishang Subdistrict||寨上街道||Zhàishàng Jiēdào||66,510||4.8|
|Chadian Subdistrict||茶淀街道||Chádiàn Jiēdào||28,050||17.3|
|Dagang Subdistrict||大港街道||Dàgǎng Jiēdào||91,776||4.9|
|Gulin Subdistrict||古林街道||Gǔlín Jiēdào||47050||209|
|Haibin Subdistrict||海滨街道||Hǎibīn Jiēdào||146,009||118|
|Xincheng town||新城镇||Xīnchéng Zhèn||43,128||31|
|Yangjiabo town||杨家泊镇||Yángjiāpō Zhèn||21,559||60.7|
|Taiping town||太平镇||Tàipíng Zhèn||37,074||174.7|
|Xiaowangzhuang town||小王庄镇||Xiǎowángzhuāng Zhèn||23,084||27.8|
|Zhongtang town||中塘镇||Zhōngtáng Zhèn||55,586||30.2|
|developmental, industrial, & harbor zones||开发区/类似乡级单位||Kāifā Qū/Lèisì Xiāng Jí Dānwèi||831,979|
The Binhai district was created by the government of China in the 1990s.[ citation needed ] In 1996 Soviet aircraft carrier Kiev was sold to Binhai Aircraft Park, a theme park in Binhai. The concept was developed by world tourism and attraction consultant Leisure Quest International.
In August 2011, the ex-Kiev was developed into a luxury hotel after renovations costing £9.6 million.
Starting from November 2009, Binhai New Area was consolidated into a district, and the former subordinate districts of Tanggu, Hangu and Dagang were abolished. [ citation needed ]Binhai New Area consists of nine functional zones: Advanced Manufacturing Zone, Airport-based Industrial Zone, Binhai High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Seaport-based Industrial Zone, Nangang Industrial Zone, Seaport Logistics Zone, Coastal Leisure & Tourism Zone, Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City and the Yujiapu Financial District. In addition, Tianjin Port whose throughput ranks 5th in the world is also located here.
The Binhai district was greatly affected by a large industrial-scale accident in August 2015. On August 12, a series of explosions took place at a port chemical storage facility in Binhai, causing 173 deaths and 797 injuries. The blast had the equivalent of 21 metric tons of TNT or a magnitude-2.9 earthquake, according to the China Earthquake Networks Center. Eight other people remain missing.
Yujiapu Financial District located in Binhai is an under construction financial district with a glitzy skyline envisioned to be a center of world trade and finance.Other parts of Binhai have also been intended to be a base for China's advanced industrial and financial reform and innovation. The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) is an early free trade zone.
Tianjin Emissions Exchange organized China's first sulfur dioxide, carbon neutral, contract energy management and energy efficiency product transactions, and established China's first voluntary emission reduction public inquiry system.
A number of major international companies including Rockefeller, Tishman Speyer, Motorola and Airbus have built branches here. For instance, EADS Airbus has already opened an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, operational since 2009. Domestic companies headquartered in Binhai include noodlemaker Tingyi.
A large culture complex, Binhai Cultural Center, with five central attractions planned.The centerpiece of the complex is the library that opened in November 2017. The library is nicknamed 'The Eye' because the sphere, which appears like an iris, can be seen from the park outside through an eye-shaped opening.
The remnant of Taku Forts in the form of a gun platform overlooks the Hai River (Peiho River) in Binhai.
Many colleges and universities in Tianjin have branch campuses in Binhai New Area. In 2003, Nankai University established the TEDA Campus in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone, which is dedicated to research on genomes, functional genomics, biochips, and molecular virology. Tianjin University of Science and Technology will move into Binhai New Area as a whole. The Juilliard College of New York and the Tianjin Conservatory of Music cooperated with the Juilliard Research Institute of the Tianjin Conservatory of Music in the Yujiapu Financial District to provide pre-university and postgraduate education. At the same time, Tianjin Maritime Vocational College, Tianjin Development Zone Vocational and Technical College, Tianjin Binhai Vocational College are located in Binhai New Area.
High speed rail stops in Binhai with Binhai railway station and Tanggu railway station on the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway. Binhai West railway station and Binhai North railway station are stops along the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway. Tanggu railway station is also a station on the conventional speed Tianjin–Shanhaiguan Railway.
Binhai is currently served by one metro line and one tram line operated by Tianjin Metro:
Tianjin, alternately romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea. It is one of the nine national central cities in Mainland China, with a total population estimated at 15,621,200 in 2016. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th-most populous city proper.
Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, commonly abbreviated as TEDA is the main free market zone in Binhai, Tianjin, China. It was formed in late 1984.
The Tianjin Metro or Tianjin Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Tianjin, which was the second city in mainland China after Beijing to operate a subway system. Opened in 1984, the system has 6 operating lines and 159 stations spanning 233.2 km (144.9 mi).
The Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway is a Chinese high-speed railway that runs 117 km line between Beijing and Tianjin. Designed for passenger traffic only, the Chinese government built the line to accommodate trains traveling at a maximum speed of 350 km/h (217 mph), and currently carries CRH high-speed trains running speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph) since August 2018.
Tongzhou District is a district of Beijing. It is located in southeast Beijing and considered the eastern gateway to the nation's capital. Downtown Tongzhou itself lies around 20 km (12 mi) east of central Beijing, at the northern end of the Grand Canal and at the easternmost end of Chang'an Avenue. The entire district covers an area of 906 km2 (350 sq mi), or 6% of Beijing's total area. It had a population of 673,952 at the 2000 Census, and has seen significant growth and development since then, growing to a population of 1,184,000 at the 2010 Census. The district is subdivided into four subdistricts, ten towns, and one ethnic township.
Tanggu District was a district in the Tianjin municipality, now part of the Binhai New Area. It is on the Hai River where it enters the Bohai Sea, and is a port for Tianjin, which is about 48 km (30 mi) upriver. The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area is within the city limits and oversees the construction of a bridge.
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Beitang, alternately known as Pei-t'ang and Pehtang, is a subdistrict of the Binhai New Area, Tianjin, People's Republic of China, near the mouth of the Hai River. As of 2011, it administered 2 residential communities (社区) and 4 villages.
The Port of Tianjin, formerly known as the Port of Tanggu, is the largest port in Northern China and the main maritime gateway to Beijing. The name "Tianjin Xingang", which strictly speaking refers only to the main seaport area, is sometimes used to refer to the whole port. The port is on the western shore of the Bohai Bay, centred on the estuary of the Haihe River, 170 km southeast of Beijing and 60 km east of Tianjin city. It is the largest man-made port in mainland China, and one of the largest in the world. It covers 121 square kilometers of land surface, with over 31.9 km of quay shoreline and 151 production berths at the end of 2010.
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is a Translohr Light Rail line in Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA). It is a modern, high speed rubber-tyred tram line, both first in China & Asia. The line is considered as part of the Tianjin Metro system. It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
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Hangu District, is a former district in eastern Tianjin, China; now part of Binhai New Area. It serves as a gateway towards Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces.
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Binhai railway station, formerly Yujiapu railway station, is an underground railway station of Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway located in Binhai, Tianjin, People's Republic of China. It serves the Yujiapu Financial District, an area with many new skyscrapers. It is considered one of the four main rail transportation hubs for Tianjin with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai West railway station. Construction was completed on August 8, 2015 and it was opened to traffic on September 20, 2015. It is to be served by the Tianjin Metro lines Z1, B2, and B3. The name of station was changed from Yujiapu to Binhai on January 5, 2019.
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Binhaixi railway station, formerly known as Binhai railway station, is a railway station on the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway and is the largest located within the Binhai New Area, Tianjin, China. It is one of four major rail hubs in Tianjin, with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai railway stations. The name of station has renamed from Binhai to Binhai West in 5 January 2019.
Tianjin Binhai New Area Library, nicknamed The Eye, is a library in Tianjin, China. It is part of the Binhai Cultural Center, being one of its five central attractions.