The Place des Arcades Biot, in Biot
|Intercommunality||CA Sophia Antipolis|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Guilaine Debras|
|15.54 km2 (6.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||9–208 m (30–682 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Biot is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is located near Antibes Juan-les-Pins (av. 6 km), between Cannes and Villeneuve-Loubet on the top of a hill overlooking the Mediterranean, about 40 kilometers from Monte Carlo.
Alpes-Maritimes is a department of France located in the extreme southeast corner of the country, near the border with Italy and on the Mediterranean coast. Part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it had a population of 1,080,771 in 2013.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-five departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is one of the 18 administrative regions of France, the far southeastern on the mainland. Its capital is Marseille. The region is roughly coterminous with the former French province of Provence, with the addition of the following adjacent areas: the former papal territory of Avignon, known as Comtat Venaissin; the former Sardinian-Piedmontese county of Nice, whose coastline is known in English as the French Riviera, and in French as the Côte d'Azur; and the southeastern part of the former French province of Dauphiné, in the French Alps. Previously known by the acronym PACA, the region adopted the name Région Sud as a commercial name or nickname in December 2017. 4,935,576 people live in the region according to the 2012 census.
Biot was a pottery centre from the beginning of the 16th century until the 18th century. In the middle of the 20th century, Biot once again became famous for its decorative pottery and glasswork.[ citation needed ]
Pottery is the process of forming vessels and other objects with clay and other ceramic materials, which are fired at high temperatures to give them a hard, durable form. Major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. The place where such wares are made by a potter is also called a pottery. The definition of pottery used by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), is "all fired ceramic wares that contain clay when formed, except technical, structural, and refractory products." In archaeology, especially of ancient and prehistoric periods, "pottery" often means vessels only, and figures etc. of the same material are called "terracottas". Clay as a part of the materials used is required by some definitions of pottery, but this is dubious.
Biot is well known for its glassblowers and bubble glass products [ citation needed ]Eloi Monod started the village's glass-blowing tradition. The Fernand Léger museum stands at the foot of the village.
Glassblowing is a glassforming technique that involves inflating molten glass into a bubble with the aid of a blowpipe. A person who blows glass is called a glassblower, glassmith, or gaffer. A lampworker manipulates glass with the use of a torch on a smaller scale, such as in producing precision laboratory glassware out of borosilicate glass.
Joseph Fernand Henri Léger was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of pop art.
European Heart House, the official headquarters of the European Society of Cardiology, is located within the borders of the commune of Biot.[ citation needed ]
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is a non-profit knowledge-based professional association that facilitates the improvement and harmonisation of standards of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The ESC produces, organises and supports many scientific and educational activities and products aimed at cardiology professionals wishing to increase their knowledge and update their skills.
Oyonnax is the second most populated commune in the Ain department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. Its residents are known as Oyonnaxiens.
Moustiers-Sainte-Marie, or simply Moustiers, is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France, a part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region and considered one of the "most beautiful villages of France".
Beausoleil is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France. It adjoins the Principality of Monaco. Beausoleil was formerly known as Monte-Carlo-Supérieur.
Valbonne is a commune near Nice in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. Valbonne means "the good valley" in Provençal and translates to "Vaubona" in Occitan.
Mougins is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Vallauris is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is located in the metropolitan area, and is today effectively an extension of the town of Antibes, bordering it on its west side.
Peille is a commune perched on a rock between Monaco and Menton in the Alpes Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Archiac is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Les Mages is a commune in the Gard department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
Caille is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Le Bar-sur-Loup is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Auvare is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.
Amirat is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Puget-Rostang is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeastern France.
Le Mas is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of South-eastern France.
Arronnes is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.
Archail is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.
Archingeay is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
The Fernand Léger Museum, French: Musée national Fernand Léger, is a French national museum in Biot, Alpes-Maritimes, in south-eastern France. It is dedicated to the work of the twentieth-century artist Fernand Léger. Although originally privately owned, it is now a state museum entitled to style itself Musée de France.
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