Bishop of Lichfield
|Residence||Bishop's House, Lichfield|
|First holder|| Diuma |
Winfrith (first bishop at Lichfield)
|Established||7th century AD|
The Bishop of Lichfield is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Lichfield in the Province of Canterbury.
The diocese covers 4,516 km2 (1,744 sq. mi.) of the counties of Powys, Staffordshire, Shropshire, Warwickshire and West Midlands. The bishop's seat is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Chad in the city of Lichfield. The Bishop's residence is the Bishop's House, Lichfield, in the cathedral close. In the past, the title has had various forms (see below). The current bishop is Michael Ipgrave, following the confirmation of his election on 10 June 2016.
The diocese of Mercia was founded 656 by Diuma with its see at Repton. When Chad was made Bishop in 669, he moved his seat to Lichfield, thus the diocese was named after that city. In 691 the area over which the bishop held authority was divided to form the smaller dioceses of Lichfield, Leicester, Lindsey, Worcester and Hereford.
It was briefly the seat of an archbishop under Hygeberht from 787 to 799 (officially dissolved in 803) during the ascendancy of the kingdom of Mercia. Offa, King of Mercia seemed to resent his own bishops paying allegiance to the Archbishop of Canterbury in Kent who, whilst under Offa's control, was not of his own kingdom of Mercia. Offa therefore created his own archbishopric in Lichfield, who presided over all the bishops from the Humber to the Thames, in 786, with the consent of Pope Adrian I. The Pope's official representatives were received warmly by Offa and were present at the Council of Chelsea (787), often called 'the contentious synod', where it was proposed that the Archbishopric of Canterbury be restricted in order to make way for Offa's new archbishop. It was vehemently opposed, but Offa and the papal representatives defeated Jænberht, Archbishop of Canterbury, installing Hygeberht as the new Archbishop of Lichfield. Pope Adrian sent Hygeberht his ceremonial garment, obviously denoting his support for this move. In gratitude, Offa promised to send an annual shipment of gold to the pope for alms and supplying the lights in St. Peter's church in Rome. However the Archbishopric of Lichfield only lasted for 16 years, ending after Offa's death, when at the Fifth Council of Clovesho it was restored to Æthelhard, Archbishop of Canterbury, by Pope Leo III.
The bishop's seat was briefly moved to Chester in 1075, but by 1102 was in Coventry. From 1228 Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield became the official title with seats at both cathedrals, though various older names remained in common usage.
After the Reformation of the 1530s the cathedral at Coventry was demolished, and after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 the bishop used the style Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. In 1837 the ancient bishopric was divided. The archdeaconry of Coventry (comprising northern and eastern Warwickshire) was transferred to the see of Worcester and the style Bishop of Lichfield adopted.
|Bishops of Mercia (based at Repton)|
|?||aft 655||Diuma||Dwyna; Duma.|
|dates unclear||Ceollach||Cellach, a Scot; resigned and returned to Scotland.|
|c658||c 662||Trumhere||Trumhere, Abbot of Ingethling.|
|c 662||c 667||Jaruman|
|Bishop of the Mercians and Lindsey people (based at Lichfield)|
|669||672||Chad||Saint Chad; Ceadda. Translated from York. After his consecration was first declared invalid and then restored; died in office.|
|Bishops of Lichfield|
|672||c674||Winfrith||Winfride; Winfrid. Deprived by Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury.|
|c 676||bef 692||Seaxwulf||Saxulf; Sexulf. Abbot of Medeshamstede (Peterborough); Saint Sexwulf.|
|691||bet 716–727||Headda||Headdi; Eatheadus of Sidnacester.|
|bef 731||737||Aldwine||Aldwyn; Aldwini.|
|c 765||c 769||Cuthfrith||Cuthred; died in office.|
|c 769||bet 777–779||Berhthun||Died in office.|
|779||787||Hygeberht||Higbert; created Archbishop by King Offa in 787.|
|Archbishop of Lichfield|
|787||799||Hygeberht||Higbert; Bishop until 787.|
|Bishops of Lichfield|
|bet 799–801||bet 814–816||Ealdwulf||Adulphus; title of Archbishop laid aside.|
|bet 814–816||bet 817–818||Herewine|
|830||bet 830–836||Hunberght||Humbert II.|
|bet 830–836||bet 841–845||Cynefrith||Cumbert; Cineferth; Saint Cumbert.|
|bet 843–845||bet 857–862||Tunberht||Tunbright; Tunfrith; Tumfriht.|
|bet 857–862||bet 866–869||Wulfsige|
|bet 866–869||bet 875–883||Eadberht||or perhaps Burgheard|
|bet 875–883||bet 889–900||Wulfred|
|bet 889–900||bet 909–915||Wilferth||or Wigmund; omitted from Haydn's.|
|bet 903–915||bet 935–941||Ælfwine|
|bet 935–941||bet 946–949||Wulfgar|
|bet 946–949||bet 963–964||Cynesige||Kinsey; Kynsy; Kinsius.|
|bet 963–964||975||Wynsige||Winsey; Winsius.|
|bet 1002–1004||after 1017||Godwin|
|after 1017||bet 1026–1027||Leofgar||Leosgar.|
|1053||1067||Leofwin||Abbot of Coventry.|
|1067||1075||Peter||In accordance with the decree of the Council of London (1075), removed see to Chester.|
|Bishops of Chester|
|1086||1102||Robert de Limesey||Prebendary of St Paul's; removed see to Coventry.|
|Bishops of Coventry|
|1102||1117||Robert de Limesey||As above, title change only; died in office.|
|1117||1121||Vacant for 4 years|
|1121||1126||Robert Peche||Robert Pecham. Chaplain to Henry I; died in office.|
|1126||1129||Vacant for 2 years|
|1129||1148||Roger de Clinton , Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry||Also called Bishop of Lichfield & Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.|
|1183||1184||Gerard la Pucelle|
|1198||1208||Geoffrey de Muschamp|
|1208||1215||Vacant due to interdict by Pope Innocent III against King John's realms.|
|1215||1223||William de Cornhill|
|1224||1228||Alexander de Stavenby||Became Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.|
|Bishops of Coventry and Lichfield|
|1228||1238||Alexander de Stavenby||Previously Bishop of Coventry.|
|1239||William de Raley||William Raleigh; elected by both the chapter of Coventry and that of Lichfield but being also elected Norwich he accepted that office.|
|1239||Nicholas Farnham||Elected by the Chapter of Coventry but did not take office, later Bishop of Durham.|
|1239||William de Manchester||Dean of Lichfield; elected by the Chapter of Lichfield but did not take office|
|1239||December 1241||Hugh de Pateshull||Lord Treasurer; accepted after much controversy between the two chapters and at Henry III's request; confirmed 25 December 1239; died in office.|
|December 1241||8 December 1241||Richard le Gras||Abbot of Evesham, elected but declined office or died before the disputed election was resolved.|
|1243||Robert de Monte Pessulano||Elected but refused the appointment, finding the election disagreeable to Henry III.|
|1245||1256||Roger Weseham||Dean of Lincoln; appointed by Pope Innocent IV.|
|1258||1295||Roger de Meyland||Roger Longespée; Roger de Molend.|
|1296||1321||Walter Langton||Lord Treasurer and Lord Chancellor.|
|1322||1358||Roger Northburgh||Roger de Northbrugh; Archdeacon of Richmond; Lord Keeper and Lord Treasurer.|
|1360||1385||Robert de Stretton||Canon of Lichfield.|
|1386||1386||Walter Skirlaw||Dean of St Martin's; translated to Bath & Wells.|
|1386||1398||Richard le Scrope||Translated to York.|
|1398||1414||John Burghill||Translated from Llandaff.|
|1415||1419||John Catterick||John Keterich; translated from St Davids; translated to Exeter.|
|1419||1419||James Cary||translated to Exeter but died before taking office thereof.|
|20 November 1420||13 March 1447||William Heyworth|
|1447||1452||William Booth||Prebendary of St Paul's, London; translated to York.|
|1452||Nicholas Close||Translated from Carlisle; Chancellor of Cambridge.|
|1453||1459||Reginald Boulers||Translated from Hereford.|
|1459||1490||John Hales||John Halse. Prebendary of St Paul's, London.|
|1493||1496||William Smyth||Archdeacon of Surrey; translated to Lincoln.|
|1496||1502||John Arundel||Dean of Exeter; translated to Exeter.|
|1503||1531||Geoffrey Blythe||Geoffry Blyth. Dean of York.|
|1534||1539||Rowland Lee||Chancellor and Prebendary of Lichfield and Lord President of Wales. Title changed when Coventry Cathedral was dissolved.|
|Bishops of Lichfield and Coventry|
|1539||1543||Rowland Lee||Previously Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, before the Dissolution of the Monasteries.|
|1543||1554||Richard Sampson||Translated from Chichester; Lord President of Wales.|
|1554||1559||Ralph Baines||The last Roman Catholic Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry; deprived and died soon after.|
|1560||1579||Thomas Bentham||Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.|
|1580||1609||William Overton||Prebendary of Winchester and Salisbury.|
|1609||1610||George Abbot||Dean of Winchester; translated to London.|
|1610||1614||Richard Neile||Translated from Rochester; translated to Lincoln.|
|1614||1618||John Overall||Dean of St Paul's, London; translated to Norwich.|
|1619||1632||Thomas Morton||Translated from Chester; translated to Durham.|
|1632||1643||Robert Wright||Translated from Bristol.|
|1644||1646||Accepted Frewen||Dean of Gloucester; deprived of the see when the English episcopy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.|
|1660||1660||Accepted Frewen||Restored; translated to York, 4 October 1660.|
|1661||1670||John Hacket||Canon-resident of St Paul's, London.|
|1671||1692||Thomas Wood||Dean of Lichfield.|
|1692||1699||William Lloyd||Translated from St Asaph; translated to Worcester.|
|1699||1717||John Hough||Translated from Oxford; translated to Worcester.|
|1717||1730||Edward Chandler||Prebendary of Worcester; translated to Durham.|
|1731||1749||Richard Smalbroke||Translated from St Davids.|
|1750||1768||Frederick Cornwallis||Canon of Windsor; Dean of St Paul's, London (1766); translated to Canterbury.|
|1768||1771||John Egerton||Translated from Bangor; translated to Durham.|
|1771||1774||Brownlow North||Dean of Canterbury; translated to Worcester.|
|1775||1781||Richard Hurd||Master of the Temple; translated to Worcester.|
|1781||1824||James Cornwallis||Earl Cornwallis after 1823. Dean of Canterbury; nephew of Frederick Cornwallis (above); died in office.|
|10 March 1824||31 March 1836||Henry Ryder||Translated from Gloucester; died in office.|
|3 July 1836||24 January 1837||Samuel Butler||Became Bishop of Lichfield when Coventry was transferred to Worcester diocese.|
|Bishops of Lichfield|
|24 January 1837||4 December 1839||Samuel Butler||Previously Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry; died in office.|
|23 January 1840||11 October 1843||James Bowstead||Translated from Sodor & Man.|
|3 December 1843||19 October 1867||John Lonsdale||Archdeacon of Middlesex and Principal of King's College, London; died in office.|
|4 January 1868||11 April 1878||George Selwyn||Translated from New Zealand; died in office.|
|24 June 1878||28 July 1891||William Maclagan||Vicar of St Mary Abbots, Kensington; translated to York.|
|29 September 1891||15 March 1913||Augustus Legge||Confirmed 28 September 1891; died in office.|
|13 June 1913||15 June 1937||John Kempthorne|
|29 July 1937||11 January 1953||Edward Woods||Died in office.|
|29 September 1953||1 December 1974||Stretton Reeve|
|2 January 1975||29 February 1984||Kenneth Skelton||former Bishop of Matabeleland and Assistant Bishop of Durham; retired.|
|12 October 1984||2003||Keith Sutton|
|2003||30 September 2015||Jonathan Gledhill|
|30 September 2015||10 June 2016|| Clive Gregory |
Bishop of Wolverhampton
|10 June 2016||incumbent||Michael Ipgrave|
Among those called Assistant Bishop of Lichfield, or coadjutor bishop, were:
Offa was King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald. Offa defeated the other claimant, Beornred. In the early years of Offa's reign, it is likely that he consolidated his control of Midland peoples such as the Hwicce and the Magonsæte. Taking advantage of instability in the kingdom of Kent to establish himself as overlord, Offa also controlled Sussex by 771, though his authority did not remain unchallenged in either territory. In the 780s he extended Mercian Supremacy over most of southern England, allying with Beorhtric of Wessex, who married Offa's daughter Eadburh, and regained complete control of the southeast. He also became the overlord of East Anglia and had King Æthelberht II of East Anglia beheaded in 794, perhaps for rebelling against him.
Coenwulf was the King of Mercia from December 796 until his death in 821. He was a descendant of a sibling of King Penda, who had ruled Mercia in the middle of the 7th century. He succeeded Ecgfrith, the son of Offa; Ecgfrith only reigned for five months, and Coenwulf ascended the throne in the same year that Offa died. In the early years of Coenwulf's reign he had to deal with a revolt in Kent, which had been under Offa's control. Eadberht Præn returned from exile in Francia to claim the Kentish throne, and Coenwulf was forced to wait for papal support before he could intervene. When Pope Leo III agreed to anathematise Eadberht, Coenwulf invaded and retook the kingdom; Eadberht was taken prisoner, was blinded, and had his hands cut off. Coenwulf also appears to have lost control of the kingdom of East Anglia during the early part of his reign, as an independent coinage appears under King Eadwald. Coenwulf's coinage reappears in 805, indicating that the kingdom was again under Mercian control. Several campaigns of Coenwulf's against the Welsh are recorded, but only one conflict with Northumbria, in 801, though it is likely that Coenwulf continued to support the opponents of the Northumbrian king Eardwulf.
Lichfield Cathedral in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England, is the only medieval English cathedral with three spires. The Anglican Diocese of Lichfield covers Staffordshire, much of Shropshire, and parts of the Black Country and West Midlands. The current Bishop of Lichfield, Michael Ipgrave, was appointed in 2016. It is a Grade I listed building.
Roger Northburgh was a cleric, administrator and politician who was Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield from 1321 until his death. His was a stormy career as he was inevitably involved in many of the conflicts of his time: military, dynastic and ecclesiastical.
This article traces the historical development of the dioceses and cathedrals of the Church of England. It is customary in England to name each diocese after the city where its cathedral is located. Occasionally, when the bishop's seat has been moved from one city to another, the diocese may retain both names, for example Bath and Wells. More recently, where a cathedral is in a small or little-known city, the diocesan name has been changed to include the name of a nearby larger city: thus the cathedral in Southwell now serves the diocese of Southwell and Nottingham, and Ripon Cathedral was in Ripon and Leeds from 1999 until 2014. Cathedrals, like other churches, are dedicated to a particular saint or holy object, or Christ himself, but are commonly referred to by the name of the city where they stand. A cathedral is, simply, the church where the bishop has his chair or "cathedra".
Accepted Frewen was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of York from 1660 to 1664.
The Diocese of Lichfield is a Church of England diocese in the Province of Canterbury, England. The bishop's seat is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Chad in the city of Lichfield. The diocese covers 4,516 km2 (1,744 sq mi) of several counties: almost all of Staffordshire, northern Shropshire, a significant portion of the West Midlands, and very small portions of Warwickshire and Powys (Wales).
Nothhelm was a medieval Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury. A correspondent of both Bede and Boniface, it was Nothhelm who gathered materials from Canterbury for Bede's historical works. After his appointment to the archbishopric in 735, he attended to ecclesiastical matters, including holding church councils. Although later antiquaries felt that Nothhelm was the author of a number of works, later research has shown them to be authored by others. After his death he was considered a saint.
Jænberht was a medieval monk, and later the abbot, of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury who was named Archbishop of Canterbury in 765. As archbishop, he had a difficult relationship with King Offa of Mercia, who at one point confiscated lands from the archbishopric. By 787, some of the bishoprics under Canterbury's supervision were transferred to the control of the newly created Archbishopric of Lichfield, although it is not clear if Jænberht ever recognised its legitimacy. Besides the issue with Lichfield, Jænberht also presided over church councils in England. He died in 792 and was considered a saint after his death.
Æthelhard was a Bishop of Winchester then an Archbishop of Canterbury in medieval England. Appointed by King Offa of Mercia, Æthelhard had difficulties with both the Kentish monarchs and with a rival archiepiscopate in southern England, and was deposed around 796 by King Eadberht III Præn of Kent. By 803, Æthelhard, along with the Mercian King Coenwulf, had secured the demotion of the rival archbishopric, once more making Canterbury the only archbishopric south of the Humber in Britain. Æthelhard died in 805, and was considered a saint until his cult was suppressed after the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Feologild was a medieval English clergyman. He was probably elected Archbishop of Canterbury, although controversy surrounds his election. Some modern historians argue that instead of being elected, he was merely an unsuccessful candidate for the office. He died soon after his consecration, if indeed he was consecrated.
Hygeberht was the Bishop of Lichfield from 779 and Archbishop of Lichfield after the elevation of Lichfield to an archdiocese some time after 787, during the reign of the powerful Mercian king Offa. Little is known of Hygeberht's background, although he was probably a native of Mercia.
The Councils of Clovesho or Clofesho were a series of synods attended by Anglo-Saxon kings, bishops, abbots and nobles in the 8th and 9th centuries. They took place at an unknown location in the Kingdom of Mercia.
Charles Henry Bromby was the Anglican Bishop of Tasmania from 1864 to 1882.
There were a number of Synods of Chelsea held in Anglo-Saxon England. They were held at Cealchythe, in Kent, generally identified with modern Chelsea, London.
Alexander de Stavenby was a medieval Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.
Clive Malcolm Gregory is a British Anglican bishop. Since 2007, he has served as the Bishop of Wolverhampton, an area bishop in the Diocese of Lichfield.
Events from the 8th century in England.
Michael Geoffrey Ipgrave is a British Anglican bishop. Since 2016, he has been the 99th Bishop of Lichfield, the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Lichfield. He was the Bishop of Woolwich, an area bishop in the Diocese of Southwark, from 2012 to 2016. He served as Archdeacon of Southwark between 2004 and 2012.
The Bishop of Chester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chester in the Province of York.