Bitetto

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Bitetto
Comune di Bitetto
Bitetto.jpg
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Location of Bitetto
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Bitetto
Location of Bitetto in Italy
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Bitetto
Bitetto (Italy)
Coordinates: 41°02′N16°45′E / 41.033°N 16.750°E / 41.033; 16.750
Country Italy
Region Apulia
Metropolitan city Bari (BA)
Government
  MayorFiorenza Pascazio
Area
  Total116 km2 (45 sq mi)
Elevation
139 m (456 ft)
Population
(30 April 2017)
  Total12,001
  Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bitettesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
072010
Dialing code 080
Patron saint Jakov of Zadar
Saint dayApril 27
Website Official website

Bitetto (Barese: Vetétte; Latin : Vitetum, Bisctictum or Bitectum) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, Italy.

Bari dialect Romance language variant

Bari dialect is a dialect of Neapolitan spoken in the Apulia and Basilicata regions of Italy. Influences range from Old French to Norman, creating one of the most distinct Italian dialects both from phonetics and lexis point of view.

<i>Comune</i> third-level administrative divisions of the Italian Republic

The comune is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

Metropolitan City of Bari Metropolitan City in Apulia, Italy

The Metropolitan City of Bari is a metropolitan city in the Apulia region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Bari. It replaced the Province of Bari and includes the city of Bari and some forty other municipalities (comuni). It was first created by the reform of local authorities and then established by the Law 56/2014. It has been operative since January 1, 2015.

Contents

Main Sights

The main attraction of Bitetto is the cathedral, dedicated to Saint Michael, one of the main examples of Apulian Romanesque architecture, built in 1335. It has a sober façade divided by false columns with a big rose window. Of the three portals, the central one has a rich series of sculptures: two stone lions supporting columns with carved capitals showing vegetable motifs; these in turn support is a lunette with basreliefs of Christ and the twelve apostles. The frame has instead scenes from the New Testament. The interior was plastered in the 18th century, but was restored to the original Romanesque style in 1959. It has a nave and two aisles; the transept has three apses.

Romanesque architecture architectural style of Medieval Europe

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. There is no consensus for the beginning date of the Romanesque style, with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 11th century, this later date being the most commonly held. In the 12th century it developed into the Gothic style, marked by pointed arches. Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman architecture. The Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture.

Rose window

A rose window or Catherine window is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery. The name "rose window" was not used before the 17th century and according to the Oxford English Dictionary, among other authorities, comes from the English flower name rose.

The diocese of which the building was the cathedral was founded at some date between a bull of Pope John XIX in 1025, which does not mention it among the suffragan sees of Bari, and the bull Quia nostris temporibus of Pope Urban II in 1089, which does list it among them. Its bishop Raus, the first whose name is known, took part in the Third Lateran Council in 1179. Its last bishop died on 1 January 1798. In 1818, the see was incorporated into the archdiocese of Bari. [1] [2] [3] No longer a residential bishopric, Bitetto (Bitettum in Latin) is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see. [4]

Papal bull type of letters patent or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church

A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Roman Catholic Church. It is named after the leaden seal (bulla) that was traditionally appended to the end in order to authenticate it.

Pope John XIX pope

Pope John XIX was Pope from May 1024 to his death in 1032.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bari-Bitonto archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bari-Bitonto is Metropolitan Latin rite archbishopric in the administrative Bari province, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, created in 1986, when the historical diocese of Bitonto was subsumed in the Archdiocese of Bari.

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References

  1. Michele Garruba, Serie critica de' sacri pastori baresi, Bari 1844, pp. 719-732
  2. Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 859
  3. Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 138; vol. 2, p. 107; vol. 3, p. 134; vol. 4, p. 115
  4. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN   978-88-209-9070-1), p. 851