Bitonto

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Bitonto

Vetònde / Vutònde  (Neapolitan)
Comune di Bitonto
Vista centro storico.jpg
View of the historical center
Bitonto-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Città degli Ulivi ("City of Olives")
Map of comune of Bitonto (metropolitan city of Bari, region Apulia, Italy).svg
Bitonto within the Province of Bari
Location of Bitonto
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Bitonto
Location of Bitonto in Italy
Italy Apulia location map.svg
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Bitonto
Bitonto (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°07′N16°41′E / 41.117°N 16.683°E / 41.117; 16.683
Country Italy
Region Apulia
Metropolitan city Bari (BA)
Frazioni Mariotto, Palombaio
Government
  MayorMichele Abbaticchio
Area
[1]
  Total172.9 km2 (66.8 sq mi)
Elevation
118 m (387 ft)
Population
 (30 April 2017) [2]
  Total55,320
  Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bitontini
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
70032
Dialing code 080
Patron saint Immaculate Conception
Saint dayMay 26
Website Official website
Bitonto Cathedral. Cattedralebitonto.JPG
Bitonto Cathedral.
Statue of Michael, protector of the Vulpano family. Bitonto7.JPG
Statue of Michael, protector of the Vulpano family.
Palaces in Cavour Square. Bitonto BW 2016-10-19 15-08-52.jpg
Palaces in Cavour Square.

Bitonto (Italian:  [biˈtonto] ; Bitontino : Vetònde or Vutònde) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bari (Apulia region), Italy. It lies to the west of Bari. It is nicknamed the "City of Olives", due to the numerous olive groves surrounding the city.

Contents

Geography

Bitonto lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) to the west of the city of Bari, near the coast of the Adriatic Sea. The bordering municipalities are Bari, Bitetto, Palo del Colle, Altamura, Toritto, Ruvo di Puglia, Terlizzi, and Giovinazzo. [3] The hamlets ( frazioni ) are Mariotto and Palombaio.

History

The city was founded by the Peucetii, and its inhabitants referred to by the Greek settlers of the region as Butontinoi, an ethnonym of uncertain derivation. [4] According to one tradition, the city was named after Botone, an Illyrian king. Its first city wall can be dated to the fifth to fourth centuries BC; traces remain in the foundations of the Norman walling.

Old engraving of Bitonto Butuntum.jpg
Old engraving of Bitonto

Similarities of coinage suggest that Bitonto was under the hegemony of Spartan Tarentum, but bearing the numismatic legend BITONTINON. Later, having been a Roman ally in the Samnite Wars, the civitas Butuntinenses became a Roman municipium , preserving its former laws and self-government and venerating its divine protectress, whom the Romans identified by interpretatio romana as Minerva; the site sacred to her is occupied by the Church of San Pietro in Vincoli. As a city of the Late Roman Empire, Bitonto figures in the Liber Colonis of Frontinus, in the Antonine Itinerary and other Imperial itineraries, and the Tabula Peutingeriana, a post where fresh horses were to be had for travellers on the Via Traiana for Brundisium.

The foundations of a Paleochristian basilica came to light in excavations beneath the cathedral's crypt, but no written evidence survives of an established diocese in the Early Middle Ages. Though there is no evidence that a Lombard gastaldo had his seat at Bitonto, Lombard customs and law insinuated themselves deeply in local social fabric.

During the 9th century, Bitonto successfully withstood a Saracen raid, in which the besiegers' leader was killed beneath the city's walls [5] Bitonto took part in the revolt of Melus of Bari in 1009.

In the Middle Ages Bitonto was a fief of several baronial families, before it passed permanently in the thirteenth century to the Acquaviva, who took their name from their stronghold at Acquaviva delle Fonti: [6] The Acquaviva were later dukes of Atri, and their minor signory of Bitonto was raised to a marquisate in 1464 by the King of Naples, Ferrante di Aragona in favour of Giovanni Antonio Acquaviva; on his premature death it passed to his brother, the successful and cultivated condottiero Andrea Matteo Acquaviva, who exchanged it in 1487 for the marquessate of Ugento, which he subsequently lost. [7] In 1552 the citizens paid for the city's freedom the considerable sum of 66,000  ducats.

In 1734, during the War of Polish Succession, the Spanish army under Charles of Bourbon and the Duke of Montemar defeated the Austrians under Giuseppe Antonio, Prince of Belmonte at the Battle of Bitonto, thus securing possession of the Kingdom of Naples for the Bourbons.

On September 6, 1928 the village of the Holy Spirit, the only access to the coast and the subject of border disputes between the two cities since the Thirteenth century, it passed to the municipality of Bari. The territory stolen had a surface area of about 16 square kilometers.

Main sights

The city includes a medieval burg and a modern area.

The main landmarks include:

Economy and culture

Bitonto is well known for its production of extra virgin olive oil, which is exported to America and elsewhere in Europe. The city also produces wine, beer, cereals, almonds, and textiles.

Recently, Bitonto has also become a popular tourist destination. [8] It has hosted the Beat Onto Jazz Festival since 2001. [9]

Transportation

Bitonto is not directly connected to the Italian national railway system (FS). However, it is serviced by an electric rail line, the Bari–Barletta, operated privately by Ferrotramviaria, and counts two stations: Bitonto and Bitonto Santi Medici. Bitonto is 8 kilometres (5 miles) away from the international Karol Wojtyła Airport of Bari.

Around Bitonto, there is a ring road looking like a perfect circle from which however the eastmost part is missing .

Sport

The local association football club is the U.S. Bitonto, and its home ground is the Città degli Ulivi Stadium.

People

International relations

Bitonto is twinned with:

Related Research Articles

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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bari-Bitonto is Metropolitan Latin rite archbishopric in the administrative Bari province, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, created in 1986, when the historical diocese of Bitonto was subsumed in the Archdiocese of Bari.

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Bitonto Cathedral cathedral

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. 40976 (x a j h) Bitonto on OpenStreetMap
  4. Bitonto.net Archived May 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Bitonto.net Archived May 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  6. Acquaviva d'Aragona from 1479: Acquaviva d'Aragona genealogy
  7. "Condottieri di ventura" [ dead link ]
  8. "Portale Ufficiale del Turismo della Regione Puglia" (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-11-02.
  9. "Beat Onto Jazz Festival" (in Italian). Italiajazz.it. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  10. Градови партнери [City of Banja Luka - Partner cities]. Administrative Office of the City of Banja Luka (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 2011-09-17. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  11. Kryetari i Bashkisë së Durrësit Vangjush Dako ka pritur në një takim kryetarin e bashkisë së Bitontos Michele Abbaticchio, Bashkia Durrës, 2014-06-26 (in Albanian)

Sources