Blanche I of Navarre

Last updated
Blanche I
Olite - Iglesia de Santa Maria la Real, atrio 4.jpg
Sculpture of Blanche I in the church of Santa María la Real, Olite
Queen of Navarre
Reign8 September 1425 – 1 April 1441
Coronation 15/18 May 1429 (Pamplona)
Predecessor Charles III
Successor Charles IV
Queen consort of Sicily
Tenure26 December 1402 – 25 July 1409
Born6 July 1387
Pamplona, Kingdom of Navarre
Died1 April 1441(1441-04-01) (aged 53)
Santa María la Real de Nieva, Crown of Castile
among others...
House Évreux
Father Charles III of Navarre
Mother Eleanor of Castile
Religion Roman Catholicism

Blanche I (6 July 1387 [1] – 1 April 1441) was Queen of Navarre from the death of her father, King Charles III, in 1425 until her own death. She had been Queen of Sicily from 1402 to 1409 by marriage to King Martin I, serving as regent of Sicily from 1404 to 1405 and from 1408 to 1415.



Blanche was the second eldest daughter of King Charles III of Navarre [2] and infanta Eleanor of Castile. She became the heiress to the throne of Navarre on the death of her elder sister, Joan, in 1413.

Queen regent of Sicily

Blanche married firstly Martin the Younger, King of Sicily and Prince of Aragon. [2] They were married by proxy on 21 May 1402 in Catania. Blanche traveled to meet Martin, and they were married in person on 26 December 1402. The bride was about 15 years old and the groom 28.

Martin had been in need of legitimate heirs, as he had survived his previous wife and former co-ruler, Queen Maria of Sicily, and their only son. From October 1404 to August 1405, she served as regent of Sicily during the absence of her spouse in Aragon.

From August 1408 to July 1409, she served as regent of Sicily during the absence of her spouse in Sardinia. When Martin died on 25 July 1409, he was succeeded by his own father, Martin I of Aragon. [3] Her former father-in-law allowed her to continue as regent of Sicily, which she did also after his death, [4] during the years of succession struggle in Aragon. She was a popular regent in Sicily, where she was seen as a symbol of Sicilian independence against Aragon, and Bernardo Cabrera made an unsuccessful attempt to abduct her to marry Nicolas Peralta, a descendant of the Sicilian royal house, and thereby restore the Sicilian royal house with her and Nicolas as king and queen.

With the victory of Ferdinand I in Aragon, Blanche lost her regency power in Sicily, which was annexed to Aragon in November 1415, and left for Navarre.

Queen regnant of Navarre

Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1425-1479).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre

Upon her return to Navarre, Blanche was sworn in as heir to the throne in Olite the 28 October 1415 and was given allegiance by the lords. On 6 November 1419, Blanche married her second husband, John, [2] duke of Peñafiel, the second son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque, by proxy in Olite. Ferdinand had succeeded his maternal uncle Martin I in 1412.

John travelled to meet her. On 10 June 1420, they were married in person in Pamplona. The couple first lived in Peñafiel, but were called to live in Navarre by her father in 1422.

Charles III died on 8 September 1425 and Blanche succeeded him as Queen regnant of Navarre. [2] John became King of Navarre in her right as John II, [2] and the couple were crowned together in Pamplona 15 May 1429.

Blanche died in Santa María la Real de Nieva in 1441. After her death, John kept the government of Navarre in his own hands, from the hands of their own son Charles of Viana, the rightful heir of the line of Navarrese kings. He would become King of Aragon and King of Sicily upon the death of his elder brother Alfonso V of Aragon in 1458.


Blanche and Martin had one child together:

Blanche and John II of Aragon had four children together:

Related Research Articles

Philip III of France King of France, 1270 to 1285

Philip III, called the Bold, was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271.

John II of Aragon King of Aragon

John II, called the Great or the Faithless, was King of Aragon from 1458 until his death. As the husband of Queen Blanche I of Navarre, he was King of Navarre from 1425. John was also King of Sicily from 1458 to 1468.

Maria, Queen of Sicily Queen of Sicily

Maria was Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens and Neopatria from 1377 until her death.

Martin I of Sicily King of Sicily

Martin I of Sicily, called "The Younger", was King of Sicily from his marriage to Queen Maria in 1390 until his death.

Martin of Aragon King of Aragon, Valencia and Majorca

Martin the Humane, also called the Elder and the Ecclesiastic, was King of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica and Count of Barcelona from 1396 and King of Sicily from 1409. He failed to secure the accession of his illegitimate grandson, Frederic, Count of Luna, and with him the rule of the House of Barcelona came to an end.

Charles III of Navarre King of Navarre

Charles III, called the Noble, was King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Évreux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title Duke of Nemours. He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father, Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France.

Joan I of Navarre

Joan I was Queen of Navarre and Countess of Champagne from 1274 until 1305; she was also Queen of France by marriage to King Philip IV. She was the daughter of King Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois.

Charles, Prince of Viana King of Navarre

Charles, Prince of Viana, sometimes called Charles IV of Navarre, was the son of King John II of Aragon and Queen Blanche I of Navarre.

Joan II of Navarre Queen of Navarre

Joan II, also known as Joan of France, was Queen of Navarre from 1328 until her death. She was the only surviving child of Louis X of France, the King of France and Navarre, and Margaret of Burgundy. Joan's paternity was dubious because her mother was involved in a scandal, but Louis X declared her his legitimate daughter before he died in 1316. However, the French lords were opposed to the idea of a female monarch and elected Louis X's brother, Philip V, king. The Navarrese noblemen also paid homage to Philip. Joan's maternal grandmother, Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy, and uncle, Odo IV of Burgundy, made attempts to secure the counties of Champagne and Brie to Joan, but the French royal troops defeated her supporters. After Philip V married his daughter to Odo and granted him two counties as her dowry, Odo renounced Joan's claim to Champagne and Brie in exchange for a compensation in March 1318. Joan married Philip of Évreux, who was also a member of the French royal family.

Blanche of Artois Queen consort of Navarre

Blanche of Artois was a member of the Capetian House of Artois who, as queen dowager, held regency over the Kingdom of Navarre and the County of Champagne. She was queen of Navarre and countess of Champagne and Brie during her marriage to Henry I of Navarre. After his death she became regent in the name of their infant daughter, Joan I. She passed on the regency of Navarre to Philip III of France, her cousin and her daughter's prospective father-in-law, but retained the administration of Champagne. She later shared the government of Champagne with her second husband, Edmund Crouchback, until her daughter reached the age of majority.

Blanche II, was the titular queen of Navarre between 1461 and 1464. She was the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. She was also Princess of Asturias by marriage.

Eleanor of Navarre Queen of Navarre

Eleanor of Navarre, was the regent of Navarre from 1455 to 1479, then briefly the queen regnant of Navarre in 1479. She was crowned on 28 January 1479 in Tudela.

Eleanor of Castile, Queen of Navarre Queen consort of Navarre

Eleanor of Castile was an infanta of Castile and Queen consort of Navarre.

Magdalena of Valois Princess of Viana

Madeleine of France, also called Magdalena of Valois, was a French princess. She was the regent of Navarre between 1479 and 1494 during the minority of her children, Francis I and Catherine I.

Blanche of Anjou Queen consort of Aragon

Blanche of Anjou was Queen of Aragon as the second spouse of King James II of Aragon. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, she is also known as Blanche of Naples. She served as Regent or "Queen-Lieutenant" of Aragon during the absence of her spouse in 1310.

Isabella of Navarre was the younger surviving daughter of Charles III of Navarre and his wife Eleanor of Castile. She was a member of the House of Évreux.

Joan of Navarre was the heir presumptive to the throne of Navarre in 1402–1413, and regent of Navarre in the absence of her father in 1409–1411. She was the eldest child of King Charles III of Navarre by his wife Eleanor, daughter of King Henry II of Castile.

John I, Count of Foix also known as Jean de Foix-Grailly was Count of Foix from 1428 until his death in 1436. He succeeded his mother Isabella, Countess of Foix. His father was Archambaud de Grailly.

Infantes of Aragon Term for the sons of King Ferdinand I of Aragon

The Infantes of Aragon is an appellation commonly used by Spanish historians to refer to a group of 15th-century infantes (princes) of the House of Trastámara, specifically the sons of King Ferdinand I of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque:

Martin was heir apparent to the throne of Sicily. He was a member of the House of Barcelona.


  1. Anthony (1931) states that she was the fourth-born daughter of King Charles III of Navarre by Queen Eleanor, and she was preceded by Joan, Maria and Margaret and the two latter died early. Anthony defines Blanche's exact birth date as 6 July 1387 by virtue of contemporary sources.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Fößel 2013, p. 77.
  3. Merriman 1918, p. 404.
  4. Merriman 1918, p. 409.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Woodacre 2013, p. Chart 3.


Blanche I of Navarre
Born: 6 July 1387 Died: 1 April 1441
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles III
Queen regnant of Navarre
with John II

8 September 1425 – 3 April 1441
Succeeded by
Charles IV
Royal titles
Preceded by
Antonia of Baux
Queen consort of Sicily
26 December 1402 – 25 July 1409
Succeeded by
Margaret of Prades