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View on the town
|• Mayor||Jiří Crha|
|• Total||50.56 km2 (19.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||276 m (906 ft)|
|• Density||410/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Blansko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈblansko] ; German : Blanz) is a town in Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 20,000 inhabitants. Blansko is situated in the valley of the river Svitava. The centre of Blansko is 276 metres above sea level, with the majority of the town situated on a slope above the left bank of the Svitava. The town is notable for the proximity of the Moravian Karst.
Blansko was mentioned for the first time as the site of dispute between Jindřich Zdík, the bishop of Olomouc and Prince Wratislaus of Brno regarding the rights to construct a church in the village on the right bank of the Svitava river in 1136. In 1277 Bruno von Schauenburg then Bishop of Olomouc and landlord founded a village on the left bank of the Svitava. Originally known as 'New Blansko' it became the core of the modern town. After the founding of New Blansko, the villages went through possession of various landowners. The two villages finally merged to a single one in 1526.
From 1698 the Gellhorn family founded the first foundry and ironworks in Blansko. After 1766 the town belonged to the Salm family, who patronized many artisans and scientists, including Josef Dobrovský. Blansko also underwent vast expansion connected to the growth of ironworks under the guidance of Hugo František Salm. In January 1849 the first train arrived to Blansko on newly constructed Brno–Česká Trebová railway line. In 1905, Franz Joseph I of Austria granted Blansko the status of the town. A member of the town council produced a commemorative folio describing the situation in Blansko at that time as relating to industry, education, associations etc. In 1949 Blansko became the capital of Blansko District instead of Boskovice.
Blansko still has many factories today though the significance of the town as industry hub has dropped. Many manufacturers are still operational in Blansko including: mechanical engineering hydroelectric water turbines and steam turbines concern following traditions of ČKD Blansko (in joint activities with Syzran industry Tyazhmash plant), measuring instrument manufacturer Metra Blansko and a Českomoravský Beton cement factory.
In addition to the natives there are also other personalities who have some link to the town:
At the church of St Martin there is a memorial plaque for Caroline Meineke, who was supposed to be the first wife of William IV of the United Kingdom. She spent the last years of her life at the Château in Blansko, where she died in 1815.
Blansko is twinned with:
Moravia is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
Olomouc is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. Located on the Morava River, the city is the ecclesiastical metropolis and was a historical capital city of Moravia, before having been sacked by the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War. Today, it is the administrative centre of the Olomouc Region and the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic. The city has about 100,000 residents, and its larger urban zone has a population of about 480,000 people.
Brno is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. Located at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers, Brno has about 380,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the Czech Republic after the main capital, Prague, and one of the 100 largest cities of the EU. The Brno metropolitan area has more than 600,000 inhabitants.
The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. Its capital is Brno, the 2nd largest city in the Czech Republic. It is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).
Olomouc Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western and central part of its historical region of Moravia (Morava) and in a small part of the historical region of Czech Silesia. It is named for its capital Olomouc.
Boskovice is a town in Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 12,000 inhabitants.
Adamov is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, near Brno and Blansko. It has about 4,500 inhabitants.
The Moravian Karst is a karst landscape and protected nature reserve to the north of Brno in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, located near the town of Blansko. It encompasses a number of notable geological features, including roughly 1100 caverns and gorges and covers an area of roughly 92 km². Currently, five of the cave systems are open for public tours; another - Amatérská Cave, Býčí skála Cave or Stránská skála only for science exploration.
Karel Absolon was a Czech archaeologist, geographer, paleontologist, and speleologist. He was born in Boskovice.
Jindřich Wankel was a Bohemian palaeontologist and archaeologist.
Přerov is a city on the Bečva River in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 43,000 inhabitants. Přerov is about 22 kilometres south east of Olomouc. In the past it was a major crossroad in the heart of Moravia in the Czech Republic. The centre of the town is historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument zone.
Frýdlant nad Ostravicí is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 10,000 inhabitants. It lies on the Ostravice River at the foot of Lysá hora, the highest mountain of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids. In the past it was an important ironworks center. Today it is mainly a holiday resort.
The Devětsil was an association of Czech avant-garde artists, founded in 1920 in Prague. From 1923 on there was also an active group in Brno. The movement discontinued its activities in 1930.
Býčí skála Cave is part of the second longest cave system in the Moravia, Czech Republic. It is also famous for archaeological discoveries. Except for the entrance, the cave is not accessible to the public, although occasionally it is opened for visitors.
Jedovnice is a market town in the Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,800 inhabitants.
Rájec-Jestřebí is a town in Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,700 inhabitants.
Velké Opatovice is a town in Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 3,600.
Jindřich Štreit is a Czech photographer and pedagogue known for his documentary photography. He concentrates on documenting the rural life and people of Czech villages. He is considered one of the most important exponents of Czech documentary photography.
Amatérská Cave is part of longest cave system in the Moravia, Czech Republic. It is also famous for archaeological discoveries. Except for the entrance, the cave is not accessible to the public, although occasionally it is opened for visitors.
Miloslav Machálek is a Czech professional football manager who last managed Czech First League club Zbrojovka Brno.
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