Blansko

Last updated
Blansko
Town
Blansko (celkove panorama).jpg
View on the town
Flag of Blansko.svg
Flag
Blansko CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Blansko
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°21′47″N16°38′35″E / 49.36306°N 16.64306°E / 49.36306; 16.64306 Coordinates: 49°21′47″N16°38′35″E / 49.36306°N 16.64306°E / 49.36306; 16.64306
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Blansko
First mentioned1136
Government
  MayorJiří Crha
Area
  Total50.56 km2 (19.52 sq mi)
Elevation
276 m (906 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01 [1] )
  Total20,484
  Density410/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
678 01
Website www.blansko.cz

Blansko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈblansko] ; German : Blanz) is a town in Blansko District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 20,000 inhabitants. Blansko is situated in the valley of the river Svitava. The centre of Blansko is 276 metres above sea level, with the majority of the town situated on a slope above the left bank of the Svitava. The town is notable for the proximity of the Moravian Karst.

Contents

Administrative parts

History

Blansko was mentioned for the first time as the site of dispute between Jindřich Zdík, the bishop of Olomouc and Prince Wratislaus of Brno regarding the rights to construct a church in the village on the right bank of the Svitava river in 1136. In 1277 Bruno von Schauenburg then Bishop of Olomouc and landlord founded a village on the left bank of the Svitava. Originally known as 'New Blansko' it became the core of the modern town. After the founding of New Blansko, the villages went through possession of various landowners. The two villages finally merged to a single one in 1526.

From 1698 the Gellhorn family founded the first foundry and ironworks in Blansko. After 1766 the town belonged to the Salm family, who patronized many artisans and scientists, including Josef Dobrovský. Blansko also underwent vast expansion connected to the growth of ironworks under the guidance of Hugo František Salm. In January 1849 the first train arrived to Blansko on newly constructed Brno–Česká Trebová railway line. In 1905, Franz Joseph I of Austria granted Blansko the status of the town. A member of the town council produced a commemorative folio describing the situation in Blansko at that time as relating to industry, education, associations etc. In 1949 Blansko became the capital of Blansko District instead of Boskovice.

Economy

Blansko still has many factories today though the significance of the town as industry hub has dropped. Many manufacturers are still operational in Blansko including: mechanical engineering hydroelectric water turbines and steam turbines concern following traditions of ČKD Blansko (in joint activities with Syzran industry Tyazhmash plant), measuring instrument manufacturer Metra Blansko and a Českomoravský Beton cement factory.

Memorial devoted to the Battle of Zborov Blansko Zborovak.jpg
Memorial devoted to the Battle of Zborov

Sights

Chateau Blansko Blansko, zamek.jpg
Château Blansko

Notable people

In addition to the natives there are also other personalities who have some link to the town:

At the church of St Martin there is a memorial plaque for Caroline Meineke, who was supposed to be the first wife of William IV of the United Kingdom. She spent the last years of her life at the Château in Blansko, where she died in 1815.

Twin towns – sister cities

Blansko is twinned with: [2]

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. "Zahraniční partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Blansko. Retrieved 2020-08-28.