Blaye

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Blaye
Vue sur Blaye.jpg
A general view of Blaye
Blason fr ville Blaye (Gironde).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Blaye
Blaye
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Blaye
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Blaye
Coordinates: 45°07′43″N0°39′40″W / 45.1286°N 0.6611°W / 45.1286; -0.6611 Coordinates: 45°07′43″N0°39′40″W / 45.1286°N 0.6611°W / 45.1286; -0.6611
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Blaye
Canton L'Estuaire
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Denis Baldès [1]
Area
1
6.42 km2 (2.48 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
4,821
  Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33058 /33390
Elevation0–41 m (0–135 ft)
(avg. 7 m or 23 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Blaye (French:  [blaj] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Blaiapronounced  [ˈblajɔ] ) is a commune and subprefecture in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. For centuries, Blaye was a particularly convenient crossing point for those who came from the north and went to Bordeaux or further south, to Spain and Portugal. [3] Fortified since antiquity, this eminently strategic site located on the bank of a large river, was not modernized until the end of the 17th century, thanks to Vauban. It is indeed in 1685 that the Commissaire general des fortifications of Louis XIV will propose the construction of a real lock on the Gironde in order to "take control of the river" and to keep Bordeaux in respect in case of a revolt. It is then that the citadel of Blaye will be built, which constitutes the major element of the estuary control system. Dominating the urban landscape, this imposing building has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008, [4] as part of the network of major sites in Vauban. [5]

Contents

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17934,715    
18003,580−24.1%
18063,428−4.2%
18214,013+17.1%
18313,855−3.9%
18363,801−1.4%
18414,174+9.8%
18464,410+5.7%
18514,659+5.6%
18564,302−7.7%
18614,972+15.6%
18664,761−4.2%
18724,478−5.9%
18764,522+1.0%
18814,512−0.2%
18864,340−3.8%
18915,015+15.6%
YearPop.±%
18964,799−4.3%
19014,775−0.5%
19064,890+2.4%
19114,741−3.0%
19214,274−9.9%
19264,240−0.8%
19314,054−4.4%
19363,768−7.1%
19463,788+0.5%
19544,047+6.8%
19624,291+6.0%
19684,355+1.5%
19754,051−7.0%
19824,559+12.5%
19904,286−6.0%
19994,666+8.9%
20084,959+6.3%

Its inhabitants are called Blayais or the Blayaises.

Geography

Blaye is located on the right bank of the Gironde estuary (which is some 3 km (1.9 mi) wide at this point), close to the A10 autoroute, 56 km (35 mi) north of Bordeaux. There is a rail line with occasional freight trains, but no passenger services. A small ferry crosses the Gironde to Lamarque, in Medoc.

History

In ancient times Blaye (Blavia) was a port of the Santones. Tradition states that the Frankish hero Roland was buried in its basilica, which was on the site of the citadel. It is an important location in the epic Jourdain de Blaye .

Blaye was early an important stronghold which played an important part in the wars against the English (who burnt it in 1352) and the French Wars of Religion (when it was the site of a Spanish naval victory in 1593). The duchess of Berry was imprisoned in its fortress in 1832–1833. [6]

The town was formerly named Blaye-et-Sainte-Luce and was renamed Blaye in June 1961.

Sights

The town has a citadel built by Vauban on a rock beside the river, which contains the ruins of a medieval castle, Château des Rudel(fr), and the ruins of Basilica of Saint-Romain, which holds the tomb of Charibert II, king of Aquitaine, and son of Clotaire II. Nearby, Fort Paté, on an island in the river, and Fort Médoc on its left bank, also of the 17th century, completed Vauban's defenses of the water approaches of Bordeaux . [6]

The citadel of Blaye, its city walls, Fort Paté and Fort Médoc (the latter in nearby Cussac-Fort-Médoc) were listed in 2008 as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as part of the "Fortifications of Vauban" group.

Economy

Blaye, unloading dock c. 1905 33-Blaye-Debarcadere-vers 1905.JPG
Blaye, unloading dock c. 1905

Blaye has a small river-port, mainly used for grain exports. Fine red wine is produced in the district, in the AOC Côtes de Blaye. A large nuclear power station with four reactors [7] is located nearby.

Education

Several schools are located in Blaye. [8]

Public schools include the following:

The town has tribunals of first instance and of commerce.

Twin towns — sister cities

Blaye is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Basilica of Saint-Romain

The Basilica of Saint-Romain, Blaye, was an important Merovingian basilica, the resting-place of Charibert II, a son of Clotaire II who was briefly king of Aquitaine from 629 to his death in 632, and of his son. According to the 12th-century Chanson de Roland contained the body and relics of the Carolingian folk-hero Roland, who was a seigneur of Blaye in the eighth century, and of his companions Olivier and Turpin, deposited with grand solemnity in white marble sarcophagi. In Bordeaux across the Gironde the oliphaunt, Roland's split ivory horn, was preserved: li pelerin li veient ki la vunt, "the pilgrim may see it who goes"; a Seint Romain; la gisent li baron, "at Saint-Romain; there lie the barons", a sign interpreted by Gerald Brault to show that the pilgrimage sites at Bordeaux and Blaye had been established before the Chanson de Roland was composed. Indeed, in 1109 Hugh of Fleury concluded his account of the battle of Roncevaux with the words "whence Roland was carried to the citadel of Blaye and buried." The legend was long credited: in 1526 François I commanded the tomb of Roland to be opened.

Fort Médoc

Fort Médoc is a fort built by Vauban, nearby Cussac-Fort-Médoc, in Gironde, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. The earthworks were started in 1689 and construction of the fort itself in 1691.

Fort Paté

Fort Paté is a round, tower-like Vauban fort on Paté Island in the Gironde estuary, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. It, with Fort Médoc and the citadel of Blaye, protected Bordeaux from attack by sea. With them, it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the Fortifications of Vauban.

Mérignac, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Mérignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The 20th-century historian Robert Étienne (1921–2009) was born in Mérignac.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. "Non, la citadelle de Blaye n'a pas été construite pour protéger Bordeaux !! - Société des Amis du Vieux Blaye". www.vieuxblaye.fr. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  4. mondial, UNESCO Centre du patrimoine. "Fortifications de Vauban". UNESCO Centre du patrimoine mondial (in French). Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  5. "Réseau des sites majeurs Vauban". www.sites-vauban.org. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  6. 1 2 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blaye-et-Ste Luce". Encyclopædia Britannica . 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 49.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2008-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "agen casino online indonesia".

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