Blitar

Last updated
Blitar
Makam BK di Blitar.jpg
RA 3420014.JPG
Istana gebang.jpg
Candi Plumbangan 1.JPG
Clockwise, from top left : Sukarno Mausoleum, Penataran Temple, Plumbangan Temple, Former house of Sukarno
Lambang Kota Blitar.jpeg
Motto(s): 
Kridha Hangudi Jaya
Locator kota blitar.png
Location within East Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Blitar
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Blitar
Blitar (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°06′S112°09′E / 8.100°S 112.150°E / -8.100; 112.150 Coordinates: 8°06′S112°09′E / 8.100°S 112.150°E / -8.100; 112.150
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of East Java.svg  East Java
CityApril 1, 1906
Government
  MayorMuhammad Samanhudi Anwar
  Vice MayorSantoso
Area
  Total32.57 km2 (12.58 sq mi)
Elevation
167 m (548 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total149,149
  Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcode
66100
Area code (+62) 342
Vehicle registration AG
Website blitarkota.go.id

Blitar is a landlocked city in East Java, Indonesia, about 73 km from Malang and 167 km from Surabaya. The area lies within longitude 111° 40' – 112° 09' East and its latitude is 8° 06' South. The city of Blitar lies at an altitude on average 167 metres above sea level, [2] and is a enclave within Blitar Regency which surrounds the city on all sides.

Contents

The city is noted as the location of the grave of Sukarno, the first President of Indonesia, five kilometers from the city plaza. The Istana Gebang (Gebang palace) where Sukarno lived as a child is nearby and has been converted into a museum. containing numerous items commemorating Sukarno's place in Indonesian history. [3] In addition, the very active Kelud volcano is located just over 20 kilometers north of Blitar.

Administrative districts

Blitar city is divided into three districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and population totals from the 2010 Census [4] and the 2020 Census. [5]

NameArea
in km2
Population
Census
2010 [6]
Population
Census
2020 [7]
Sukorejo9.9244,04351,990
Kepanjenkidul10.5038,71541,680
Sawanwetan12.1549,21055,470
Totals32.57131,968149,149

Local economic governance

Based on the survey conducted between August 2010 and January 2011, Blitar was rated number one in Indonesia for local economic governance, being considered particularly good in infrastructure, the interaction between local administrations and businesses, business licensing, and regional head capacity and integrity. [8]

Sukarno's Mausoleum

It is located at Bendogerit village, Sunan wetan district, about 2 kilometers from Blitar city.

The tomb is built in East Javanese "Joglo" architectural pattern, and combined with Gateway of Bentar. The mausoleum is 51 feet high, with a copper roof of a three-tier building. Underneath, Sukarno's plot is flanked by that of his mother and father. A stone of black andesite bears the inscription, "Here lies Bung Karno, proclaimer of independence, first president of Indonesia." Beside the main building of the tomb, the graveyard complex has Gapura Agung (The Great Gate), Mosque, halls, parks, a rest-area, and a parking place.

The tomb is opened to the public, attracts a large number of visitors, both domestic and international. About 1.5 million people visit the tomb annually. [9]

People from Blitar

Bathing place near Temple Panataran, near Blitar KITLV 87880 - Isidore van Kinsbergen - Bathing location near Tjandi Panataran near Blitar - Before 1900.tif
Bathing place near Temple Panataran, near Blitar

Climate

Blitar has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from June to October and heavy rainfall from November to May.

Climate data for Blitar
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)28.8
(83.8)
28.9
(84.0)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
30.0
(86.0)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86.0)
29.3
(84.7)
29.7
(85.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
24.6
(76.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.8
(76.6)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F)20.5
(68.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
20.4
(68.7)
19.7
(67.5)
18.8
(65.8)
17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
18.6
(65.5)
19.4
(66.9)
20.0
(68.0)
20.3
(68.5)
19.6
(67.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)296
(11.7)
271
(10.7)
265
(10.4)
191
(7.5)
131
(5.2)
81
(3.2)
45
(1.8)
24
(0.9)
32
(1.3)
102
(4.0)
191
(7.5)
283
(11.1)
1,912
(75.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [10]

See also

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. "BPS Provinsi Jawa Timur". jatim.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2018-09-09.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2014-06-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. The Jakarta Post. "Blitar Leads Economic Governance Survey" . Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  9. "Even in Death, Sukarno Wins Tribute From Indonesians". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  10. "Climate: Blitar". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 November 2020.

Further reading