Boa Vista, Cape Verde

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Boa Vista
Nickname: Ilha das dunas (island of the dunes)
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Boa Vista
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Boa Vista
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 16°6′N22°48′W / 16.100°N 22.800°W / 16.100; -22.800 Coordinates: 16°6′N22°48′W / 16.100°N 22.800°W / 16.100; -22.800
Archipelago Cape Verde
Area631.1 km2 (243.7 sq mi)
Length30.8 km (19.14 mi)
Width28.9 km (17.96 mi)
Highest elevation387 m (1270 ft)
Highest point Monte Estância
Administration
MunicipalityBoa Vista
Largest settlement Sal Rei
Demographics
Population14,451 (2015)
Pop. density22.9/km2 (59.3/sq mi)
Additional information
Official website www.municipiodaboavista.com

Boa Vista (Portuguese for "good view"), also written as Boavista, is a desert-like island that belongs to the Cape Verde Islands. At 631.1 km2 (243.7 sq mi), [1] it is the third largest island of the Cape Verde archipelago.

Contents

The island of Boa Vista is closer to the African continent than all the other islands in Cape Verde, being the easternmost island of all. The distance between Boa Vista and Senegal is only 450 km. The capital of Boa Vista, Sal Rei, is located in the north-western part of the island. Boa Vista is mainly known for its beaches, turtles and traditional music.

Geography

Landscape in the centre of Boa Vista 260 Boa Vista.jpg
Landscape in the centre of Boa Vista

Boa Vista is the third largest island after Santo Antão and Santiago, with an area of 631.1 square kilometres. [1] It is situated south of Sal and north of Maio. The island is generally flat, but it has numerous mountains like Monte Estância (the highest point of the island at 387 m), [2] Monte Santo António, Rocha Estância, Morro de Areia, Morro Negro, Monte Caçador, Pico Forcado and Monte Vigia.

Boa Vista is famous for its large beaches like Atalanta, Cabral, Chaves, Ervatão, Gatas, Santa Mónica and Varandinha. Its northernmost point is Ponta do Sol; its westernmost point Ponta Varandinha. Its main river is the Ribeira do Rabil, which has the largest basin area of all Cape Verde at 199 km2 (77 sq mi). [3] :22 Boa Vista is also notable for its desert Deserto de Viana and its dune fields. Boa Vista is surrounded by a number of uninhabited islets, the largest of which is Ilhéu de Sal Rei.

History

The uninhabited island Boa Vista was discovered by António de Noli and Diogo Gomes in 1460. [4] :72–73 Until the end of the 16th century the only human activity on the island was breeding wild cattle. [4] :83 The island's first settlement, now known as Povoação Velha, was established in 1620 for its salt deposits, which were mainly exploited by the English. [5] In 1820, after many pirate attacks, the population moved to Porto Inglês, later renamed Sal Rei, which had been founded at the end of the 18th century. [6] As did much of the Cape Verdean economy, the exploitation of salt on Boa Vista also relied largely on slavery. A Portuguese-British commission to end slavery was established in Boa Vista in 1842, but slavery was not completely abolished until 1876. [7] Until 1935 the municipality of Boa Vista also covered the island of Sal. [8] In 1975, Cape Verde declared its independence.

Karamboa Hotel in the west of Rabil Clubhotel RIU Karamboa Boa Vista.jpg
Karamboa Hotel in the west of Rabil

Municipality

Administratively, the island of Boa Vista is covered by one municipality, Concelho da Boa Vista. This municipality consists of two freguesias (civil parishes): Santa Isabel and São João Baptista. The municipal seat is the city Sal Rei. The island's two parishes are subdivided into 9 population zones for statistical purposes: [9]

MunicipalityConcelho da Boa Vista
Freguesias Santa Isabel São João Baptista
Zones

Politics

Since 2016, the local party BASTA is the ruling party of the municipality. The results of the latest elections, in 2016: [11]

PartyMunicipal CouncilMunicipal Assembly
Votes%SeatsVotes%Seats
BASTA57.56553.087
MpD 30.60030.234
PAICV 10.32014.962

Population

In the 1830s, the population of Boa Vista was estimated at 4,000. [12] In 2015 Boa Vista's population was 14,451. [10] :36 Most of the population live in Sal Rei, but there are also several smaller settlements with 10 to 100 people. With 23.3 inhabitants per km2, it is the least-dense populated island in the archipelago. [10] :31

The population of Boa Vista consist of a mixture of different nationalities: Creole, Negroids and Caucasians. The Creoles are the biggest group of inhabitants, with no less than 70%, as a lot of Portuguese enter into a relation with the slaves of the African continent, during the colonization of Portugal, and settled in Boa Vista afterwards.

Population of Boa Vista (1940—2015)
YearPopulation
1940 [13]
2,779
1950 [13]
2,985
1960 [13]
3,263
1970 [13]
3,569
1980 [13]
3,372
1990 [13]
3,452
2000 [13]
4,193
2010 [1]
8,554
2015 [10] :36
14,451

Economy

Before, the inhabitants of Boa Vista survived off salt collection and date farming. Nowadays they still earn money from date farming but also from tourism. A lot of people do work in this touristic sector as a taxi driver, an employee in one of the hotel chains or as a salesman of souvenirs in Sal Rei. The income from tourism has risen rapidly since the coming of the international airport in 2007. There are several hotels and beach resorts on the island.

Transport

The airport of Boa Vista is Aristides Pereira International Airport, about 5 km southeast of Sal Rei. There are ferry services from the port of Sal Rei.

The island has 64 km of national roads, [14] the single first class national road connects Sal Rei and Rabil. [15]

Nature

Boa Vista is not as abundant in flora and fauna as the other larger or more humid islands such as Santiago and Santo Antão; only 3% of its area is forested. [3] :25 However, 37% of its area is a protected area, which is the highest proportion of all inhabited Cape Verde islands. [3] :24 There are 14 protected areas on Boa Vista, including beaches that are important nesting areas for loggerhead sea turtles and birds. [2] There are several endemic species, e.g. Boa Vista wall gecko (Tarentola boavistensis), Conus boavistensis , Conus salreiensis ) and Plesiocystiscus bubistae .

Sports

There are several football clubs on Boa Vista, organised in the Boa Vista Regional Football Association.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Most transportation in Cape Verde is done by air. There are regular flights between the major islands, with less frequent flights to the other islands. Boat transportation is available, though not widely used nor dependable. In the major cities, public bus transport runs periodically and taxis are common. In smaller towns, there are mostly hiaces and/or taxis.

Mindelo Settlement in São Vicente, Cape Verde

Mindelo is a port city in the northern part of the island of São Vicente in Cape Verde. Mindelo is also the seat of the parish of Nossa Senhora da Luz, and the municipality of São Vicente. The city is home to 93% of the entire island's population. Mindelo is known for its colourful and animated carnival celebrations, with roots in Portuguese traditions later influenced by the Brazilian culture.

Sal, Cape Verde Island in Cape Verde

Sal is an island in Cape Verde. Sal is a tourist destination with white sandy beaches and over 350 days of sunshine a year. It is one of the three sandy eastern islands of the Cape Verde archipelago in the central Atlantic Ocean, 350 mi (560 km) off the west coast of Africa. Cabo Verde is known for year-round kiteboarding, for the large reserve of Caretta turtles which hatch from July to September, and the music of Cesaria Evora.

Santo Antão, Cape Verde Westernmost and largest of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde

Santo Antão is the westernmost island of Cape Verde. At 785 km2 (303 sq mi), it is the largest of the Barlavento Islands group, and the second largest island of Cape Verde. The nearest island is São Vicente to the southeast, separated by the sea channel Canal de São Vicente. Its population was 38,200 in mid 2019, making it the fourth most populous island of Cape Verde after Santiago, São Vicente and Sal. Its largest city is Porto Novo located on the southern coast.

Sal Rei Settlement in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Sal Rei is a city on the northwestern coast of the island of Boa Vista in eastern Cape Verde. Sal Rei is the island's main urban settlement, and the seat of the Boa Vista Municipality. In 2010 its population was 5,778. The name of the settlement means "Salt King" in Portuguese. This name stems from when the island's main industry was salt production.

Boa Vista Creole is the name given to the variant of Cape Verdean Creole spoken mainly in the Boa Vista Island of Cape Verde. It belongs to the Barlavento Creoles branch. The speakers of this form of Cape Verdean Creole are 5,000 in 2007 and is the least spoken form of Creole in the language. Literature is rarely recorded but one of the speakers who was born on the island is Germano Almeida.

Rabil Settlement in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Rabil is a town on the island of Boa Vista, Cape Verde. It was the island's former capital. Rabil is the island's second largest town, located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) southeast of the island capital of Sal Rei. Its population was 1,248 in 2010. The island's airport, Aristides Pereira International Airport, is situated northwest of the town.

Santa Isabel (Boa Vista) Civil parish in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Santa Isabel is a freguesia of Cape Verde. It covers the western part of the island of Boa Vista, and contains the island's capital Sal Rei. The freguesia consists of the following settlements:

Estância de Baixo Settlement in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Estância de Baixo is a settlement in the western part of the island of Boa Vista, Cape Verde. Its population was 578 in 2010, making it the island's third most populated place. The village is around 6 km southeast of the island capital of Sal Rei, west of the Deserto de Viana, on the eastern bank of Ribeira do Rabil.

Povoação Velha Settlement in Boa Vista, Cape Verde

Povoação Velha is a village in the southwestern part of the island of Boa Vista, Cape Verde. The village is around 16 km south of the island capital Sal Rei.

Economy of Cape Verde

The economy of Cape Verde is a service-oriented economy that is focused on commerce, trade, transport and public services. Cape Verde is a small archipelagic nation that lacks resources and has experienced severe droughts. Agriculture is made difficult by lack of rain and is restricted to only four islands for most of the year. Cape Verde's economy has been steadily growing since the late 1990s, and it is now officially considered a country of average development, being only the second African country to have achieved such transition, after Botswana in 1994. Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal at every level of the economy, which has led it to link its currency first to the Portuguese escudo and, in 1999, to the euro.

Cape Verde Country in the central Atlantic Ocean

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an archipelago and island country in the central Atlantic Ocean, consisting of ten volcanic islands with a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi). These islands lie between 600 to 850 kilometres west of Cap-Vert situated at the westernmost point of continental Africa. The Cape Verde islands form part of the Macaronesia ecoregion, along with the Azores, the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Savage Isles.

The 2005 Cape Verdean Football Championship season was the 26th of the competition of the first-tier football in Cape Verde. Its started on 14 May and finished on 16 July, earlier than the last season. The tournament was organized by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. FC Derby won the 3rd title and did not receive entry to the 2006 CAF Champions League. No second place club would also receive entry to the 2006 CAF Confederation Cup

The 2016 Cape Verdean Football Championship season was the 37th beginner level competition of the first-tier football in Cape Verde. It started on 14 May and finished on 9 July, it started five days later than last season and finished two days earlier, the season was a week shorter than last. The championship was governed by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. The scheduling was completed on November 16 and the group system was kept instead of becoming a one portion season without playoffs and was the last time. CS Mindelense won the record breaking title and became the second club after Sporting Praia to win four in a row, the highest ever, also it was Mindelense's last. Mindelense chose to not participate in the CAF Champions League competition in 2017, Académica do Porto Novo did not participate in the 2017 CAF Confederation Cup, both of the clubs due to financial concerns, of any club, it is the eighth consecutive time and becomes the recent African nation not to bring a champion to the continentals for the most consecutive years, in the cup competition, Cape Verde is the longest for not bringing a club in Africa lasting for more than 15 years straight, not even the three national cup winners competed. Mindelense qualified and participated in the 2017 National Championships.

This article is about the history of football (soccer) in Cape Verde.

In the 2010–11 season of competitive football (soccer) in Cape Verde: No Cape Verdean Cup took place that year.

1910s – 1920s – 1930s – 1940s – 1950s – 1960s – 1970s – 1980s – 1990s – 2000s

The 2009 Cape Verdean Cup season was the 3rd competition of the regional football cup in Cape Verde. The season started on 20 July and finished with the cup final on 2 August. The cup competition was organized by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. Group A matches took place at Estádio Adérito Sena in Mindelo, São Vicente and Group B matches took place at Estádio Marcelo Leitão in Espargos. The final stage containing two semifinal matches and a final were played at Estádio da Várzea. Boavista Praia won their first of two cup title.

The 2010 Cape Verdean Cup season was the 4th competition of the regional football cup in Cape Verde. The season started on 20 July and finished with the cup final on 2 August. The cup competition was organized by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. Boavista Praia won their last of two cup titles. A month later, they would also win a championship title, currently the only club to win both a cup and a championship title.

References

  1. 1 2 3 2010 Census Summary
  2. 1 2 Protected areas in the island of Boa Vista - Municipality of Boa Vista, March 2013 (in Portuguese)
  3. 1 2 3 Estatísticas do Ambiente - 2016, Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. 1 2 Valor simbólico do centro histórico da Praia, Lourenço Conceição Gomes, Universidade Portucalense, 2008, p. 97
  5. Boa Vista, Municipality of Boa Vista
  6. Sal-Rei (Porto Inglês), Heritage of Portuguese Influence
  7. Lumumba H. Shabaka (2015). "Ending Slavery in Cabo Verde: Between Manumission and Emancipation, 1856-1876". Journal of Cape Verdean Studies. 2 (1): 109–132.
  8. Direito da Terra, Compêndio de Legislação, p. 272
  9. "2010 Census results Boa Vista". Instituto Nacional de Estatística Cabo Verde (in Portuguese). 24 November 2016.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Cabo Verde, Statistical Yearbook 2015, Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  11. Official results local elections 2016 Archived 2019-08-19 at the Wayback Machine , Boletim Oficial I Série, Número 53, 23 September 2016
  12. Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 14.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Source: Statoids
  14. "Instituto de Estradas de Cabo Verde, State of the National Roads in Cape Verde, 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  15. Classification of National Roads (Santo Antão, São Vicente, São Nicolau, Sal, Boa Vista), Instituto de Estradas (in Portuguese)
  16. Educom.sce.fct.unl.pt Archived July 3, 2004, at the Wayback Machine