|The Municipality of Boa Vista|
Above:Aerial view of Central Civic Square (Praça dos Centro Cívico) and Helio Campos Palace (Paço dos Helio Campos), Middle:Boa Vista Matriz Church (Paróquia Matriz de Nossa Senhora do Carmo), Boa Vista Cristo Redentor Cathedral (Diocese de Roraima), Bottom:A fountain in Águas Square (Praça das Águas), Macuxis Bridge (Ponte dos Macuxis), all items from left to right
"Segurança, Desenvolvimento, Integração" ("Security, Development, Integration")
Location of Boa Vista in the State of Roraima
|Founded||July 9, 1890|
|• Mayor||Teresa Surita (PMDB)|
|• Total||5,687.022 km2 (2,195.771 sq mi)|
|Elevation||90 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AMT)|
69300-001 to 69339-999
|Area code||+55 95|
Boa Vista (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈbo(w.w)ɐ ˈvistɐ] , Good View) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Roraima. Situated on the western bank of the Branco River, the city lies 220 km (140 mi) from Brazil's border with Venezuela. It is the only Brazilian state capital located entirely north of the equator.
Boa Vista is the most populous municipality in the state of Roraima;approximately half of the population of the state lives in the city. Commerce mostly occurs with Manaus, the capital of the State of Amazonas. Business also takes place between Boa Vista and with the cities of Lethem, in Guyana and Santa Elena de Uairén, in Venezuela. These two foreign cities are the only major cities that can be accessed from Boa Vista by road, although roads connect other smaller state municipalities with the capital city. Travel by airplane is the only means of transportation with other regions of the country.
As a modern city, Boa Vista stands out among the other capitals of the North Region of Brazil as it is a planned city with a radial plan. It was planned by the architect Darci Aleixo Derenusson who based his design for the city on one that is similar to that of Paris, France. [ citation needed ] The city was built under the direction of Captain Ene Garcez, the first governor of Roraima.
This section needs additional citations for verification .(March 2013)
The municipality of Boa Vista formed the first urban area of the state of Roraima. The São Joaquim do Rio Branco Fort, founded in 1775, is located on the banks of the Uraricoera River about 32 km from the capital and is considered to be of great importance to the region.
The city was created on July 9, 1890 as Boa Vista do Rio Branco. It was founded by Augusto Villeroy (Amazonas's Governor). The first mayor was João Capistrano da Silva Mota, also known as Coronel Mota. After the mayor, two councillors (José Francisco Coelho and José Gonzaga de Souza Junior) were appointed.
In 1943, during the middle of World War II, Boa Vista became the capital of the recently created Federal Territory of Rio Branco. The territory grew from mining operations in the area. The then Federal Territory of Rio Branco was elevated to statehood, later being renamed as "Roraima". Later, machine-based mining was prohibited (because of the resulting damage to the landscape), which ended up hindering the economy of the state and the municipality.
In the 2010s, the crisis in Venezuela led to the population swelling by around 50,000 Venezuelan immigrants.
The GDP of the city was R$2,265,603,000 (2005).
The per capita income of the city was R$9,366 (2005).
Portuguese is the official national language, and the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.
Educational institutions include:
Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets (step names are in French, which shows the mutual influences between court life and peasant culture in the 17th, 18th, and 19th-century Europe). Once exclusively a rural celebration, today, in Brazil, it is now largely a city festival.
The Civic Center, built in the form of an opened fan, starts from the banks of the Rio Branco. This design was created by the engineer Darci Aleixo Deregusson during Ene Garcez's government, the first of its kind in Roraima.
From the Civic Center runs a system of 16 avenues, with inspiration drawn from Paris, France, Belo Horizonte, and Goiânia, Brazil. In this square are the head offices of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of the state government. Other buildings of significance are the Palace of Culture, the Amazônia Bank, the Ministry of Education, and a cathedral.
The civic center also showcases a monument to the miners who were the first inhabitants of this land.
Initially, indigenous people were the only inhabitants of Boa Vista. Boa Vista had the highest growth rate of any Brazilian capital in the 1970s, at 3% per year. What attracts immigrants most to this city are employment opportunities generated by public service jobs for Brazilians. General commercial opportunities attract immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1950 Boa Vista had about 5,200 inhabitants. This number has grown 47 fold in only 56 years to approximately 250,000 inhabitants.
According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), Boa Vista had more than 375,000 inhabitants in 2018. The city grew more than 10% in just one year due mainly to Venezuelan immigration.
Ethnic groups found in Boa Vista include: Amerindians, Portuguese, Africans, Germans, Venezuelans, Guyanese and Lebanese.
There are several professional football clubs in Boa Vista:
The city's most important stadium is Estádio Flamarion Vasconcelos, better known as Canarinho, located in the neighborhood of the same name, Canarinho. The stadium, which located in the southern part of Boa Vista, has a maximum capacity of 10,000 people.
Also located in Boa Vista is the Estádio Raimundo Ribeiro de Souza, better known as the Ribeirão, which is located in a suburb of the city.
Boa Vista experiences a tropical savanna climate (Koppen Aw), with a hot, humid wet season and a very warm dry season. Being the only major Brazilian city north of the equator, the wettest and driest months in Boa Vista are the reverse of the rest of the Amazonian region of Brazil, with a hot, humid, rainy period from April to November and a very warm, dry period from December to March. Temperatures fluctuations are relatively unsubstantial throughout the year.
The Maracá Ecological Station was established by presidential decree on 2 June 1981. The station consists of the island of Maracá between the Santa Rosa and Maracá branches of the Uraricoera River in the municipality of Boa Vista, and has an area of 101,312 hectares (250,350 acres). The strictly protected area was established with the purpose of preserving a representative sample of the Amazon ecosystem.
|Climate data for Boa Vista (1981–2010 normals)|
|Record high °C (°F)||37.1|
|Average high °C (°F)||33.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||28.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||23.9|
|Record low °C (°F)||19.5|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||25.1|
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||3||3||4||6||14||21||19||15||8||5||5||4||107|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70.8||66.4||66.3||70.7||78.9||84.9||84.2||81.3||76.2||74.1||72.3||72.5||74.9|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||177.8||148.2||142.4||129.2||138.3||93.5||136.3||155.3||200.7||204.8||195.8||173.5||1,895.8|
|Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).|
Boa Vista is served by Boa Vista-Atlas Brasil Cantanhede International Airport with direct flights to Brasília, Georgetown (Guyana), and Manaus. Boa Vista International Airport was opened on February 19, 1973, and underwent major remodelings in 1998 and 2009. The passenger terminal, runway and apron were all enlarged, and a separate taxiway was built.
Boa Vista Air Force Base - ALA7, one of their most important bases of the Brazilian Air Force, is located in Boa Vista.
The federal government has started a project to link Boa Vista by road to Manaus and then by extension to the major centers of Brazil, by asphalting the BR-174 and building several bridges in the Amazon forest, allowing a direct road link to Manaus and then on over the BR-319 to the central regions of Brazil.
Amazonas is a state of Brazil, located in the North Region in the northwestern corner of the country. It is the largest Brazilian state by area and the 9th largest country subdivision in the world, and the largest in South America, being greater than the areas of Uruguay, Paraguay, and Chile combined. Mostly located in the Southern Hemisphere, it is the third largest country subdivision in the Southern Hemisphere after the Australian states of Western Australia and Queensland. Entirely in the Western Hemisphere it is the fourth largest in the Western Hemisphere after Greenland, Nunavut and Alaska, being slightly larger than Quebec. It would be the sixteenth largest country in land area, slightly larger than Mongolia. Neighbouring states are Roraima, Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, and Acre. It also borders the nations of Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. This includes the Departments of Amazonas, Vaupés and Guainía in Colombia, as well as the Amazonas state in Venezuela, and the Loreto Region in Peru.
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Roraima is one of the 26 states of Brazil. Located in the country's North Region, it is the northernmost and most geographically and logistically isolated state in Brazil. It is bordered by the state of Pará to the southeast, Amazonas to the south and west, Venezuela to the north and northwest, and Guyana to the east.
Porto Velho is the capital of the Brazilian state of Rondônia, in the upper Amazon River basin, and a Catholic Metropolitan Archbishopric. The population is 539,354 people. Located on the border of Rondônia and the state of Amazonas, the town is an important trading center for cassiterite, the mining of which represents the most important economic activity in the region, as well as a transportation and communication center. It is on the eastern shore of the Madeira River, one of the main tributaries of the Amazon River. It is also Rondônia's largest city, and the largest state capital of Brazil by area.
Belém is a Brazilian city with 2,491,052 people residing in its Metropolitan Region. The capital city itself has 1,499,641 inhabitants. It is the capital and largest city of the state of Pará in the country's north. It is the gateway to the Amazon River with a busy port, airport, and bus/coach station. Belém lies approximately 100 km upriver from the Atlantic Ocean, on the Pará River, which is part of the greater Amazon River system, separated from the larger part of the Amazon delta by Ilha de Marajó. With an estimated population of 1,499,641 people — or 2,491,052, considering its metropolitan area — it is the 11th most populous city in Brazil, as well as the 16th by economic relevance. It is the second largest in the North Region, second only to Manaus, in the state of Amazonas.
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Normandia is a city located in the northeastern region of the Brazilian state of Roraima. Normandia covers 6,960 km2 (2,690 sq mi), and has an estimated population of 11,532 as of 2020 with a population density of 1.28 inhabitants per square kilometer. The city consists almost entirely of indigenous areas; 98.6% of the land area of the city is part of the Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous reserve. The remaining area consists of the city seat located close to the Brazil-Guyana border.
Baré Esporte Clube, usually known simply as Baré, is a Brazilian football club from Boa Vista, Roraima.
The history of the territory that is now Roraima, a state at the extreme north of present-day Brazil is recent, but not thereby simple. Invaded numerous times by the various countries interested in the region, the seldom-visited Roraima aroused little interest on the part of the Portuguese, especially after the arrival of the royal family in Rio de Janeiro. Meanwhile, the territory became coveted by other countries, including England, the Netherlands, and, especially, Spain.
Maracá Ecological Station is an ecological station in Boa Vista, Roraima, Brazil. It consists of a large island in the Uraricoera River that is covered by Amazon rainforest.
The Amazon Military Command is one of eight Military Commands of the Brazilian Army. The Amazon Military Command is responsible for the defence of the Amazon Basin. Four Infantry Brigades specializing in Jungle warfare, one construction Engineer Brigade and one Military Regional Command are subordinated to the CMA. Its area of responsibility covers the states of Amazonas, Acre, Roraima and Rondônia.
The Uraricoera River (Uraricuera) is a river of Roraima state in northern Brazil. The confluence of the Uraricoera and Takutu Rivers forms the Branco River.
Atlético Roraima Clube, also known as Atlético Roraima, or just Roraima, are a Brazilian football team from Boa Vista, Roraima. They competed in the Série C in 1995 and in the Série D in 2009.
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Venezuelan Brazilians are individuals of full, partial, or predominantly Venezuelan ancestry, or a Venezuelan-born person residing in Brazil. Until the early 2010s, the immigration of this group was little expressive compared to the immigration of other South American peoples such as Argentines, Bolivians or Paraguayans. However, the crisis in Venezuela and the subsequent refugee crisis has led to Brazil becoming home to a large number of Venezuelan refugees, most of whom enter the border through the northern state of Roraima. By the beginning of the 2020, more than 200,000 of Venezuelans have migrated to the country looking for refuge.