Bob Fitzsimmons

Last updated

Robert Fitzsimmons
Robert Fitzsimmons.jpg
Fitzsimmons in 1891
Statistics
Real nameRobert James Fitzsimmons
Nickname(s)
  • Bob
  • Ruby Rob
  • The Freckled Wonder
  • The Fighting Blacksmith
Weight(s)
Height5 ft 11+12 in (182 cm)
Reach71+12 in (182 cm)
Born(1863-05-26)26 May 1863
Helston, Cornwall, England
Died22 October 1917(1917-10-22) (aged 54)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights125
Wins89
Wins by KO79
Losses12
Draws14
No contests9

Robert James "Bob" Fitzsimmons (26 May 1863 – 22 October 1917) was a British professional boxer who was the sport's first three-division world champion. [1] [2] He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett (the man who beat John L. Sullivan), and he is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest heavyweight champion, weighing just 165 pounds when he won the title. [3] Nicknamed Ruby Robert and The Freckled Wonder, he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development.

Contents

Considered one of the hardest punchers in boxing history, [4] Fitzsimmons is ranked as No. 8 on The Ring magazine's list of 100 greatest punchers of all time.

Early life

The birthplace of Bob Fitzsimmons in Helston, Cornwall Fitzsimons helston.jpg
The birthplace of Bob Fitzsimmons in Helston, Cornwall

Robert James Fitzsimmons was born on 26 May 1863 in Helston, Cornwall, England, the youngest of seven boys and five girls born to James and Jane ( née  Strongman) Fitzsimmons. [5] Not long before his birth, his parents had moved from his father's native Ireland to Cornwall, where his mother came from, in order for his father to find work as a policeman. [6] Fitzsimmons received his early education at the National school in Helston. [7] In 1873, the family moved again; James, Jane and their youngest five children sailed on the Adamant for the 93 day journey to Lyttelton, New Zealand. [5] [8]

They settled in Timaru, a town 147 km (91 miles) south-west of Lyttelton populated mainly by Cornish immigrants, and James Fitzsimmons established a blacksmith's forge in the town. [7] Once Fitzsimmons had completed his education at the Timaru Main School, he took on a range of jobs. He wanted to join the crew of the Isabella Ridley, and do some service as a sailor, hoping that it would toughen him up for a career in boxing, but the ship was badly damaged in storms while still docked in Timaru. [9] Instead, he took on a range of jobs; as a butcher's delivery boy, a carriage painter, striker at an iron foundry, and a decorator, before becoming an apprentice at his family's blacksmith's forge with his brother Jarrett. His time working in the blacksmith's forge helped to develop his upper body, particularly his arms and shoulders. [5] [7] During his time working in the blacksmith's forge, there are stories that Fitzsimmons was not averse to fighting quarrelsome, often drunk, customers, and it was suggested that this even boosted business, as customers returned to the forge, hoping to see a fight. [10]

Amateur career

In the early 1880s Jem Mace, an English bare-knuckle boxer, travelled to New Zealand, and Timaru hosted both his boxing school, and the first boxing championships held in New Zealand. [11] Fitzsimmons entered the tournament, and knocked out four opponents on his way to winning the competition. He successfully defended his title in the subsequent competition. [5] [lower-alpha 1] During one of these tournament, it is often suggested that Fitzsimmons defeated Herbert Slade, a professional heavyweight boxer who was touring with Mace, but Slade was touted as being undefeated in 1883, and it is possible that it was Slade's brother that Fitzsimmons beat. [13] After these tournaments, Fitzsimmons boxed at least six times in New Zealand, including some bare knuckle bouts, but it is unclear if he received payment for his fights during this time. [14]

Professional career

Move to Australia

Boxing record books show Fitzsimmons officially began boxing professionally in 1883, in Australia. He beat Jim Crawford there by getting a knockout in three rounds. Fitzsimmons had his first 28 definite professional fights in Australia, where he lost the Australian middleweight title to Mick Dooley (rumours spoke of a fixed bout) and where he also won a fight by knockout while on the floor: when Edward Starlight Robins dropped Fitzsimmons to the canvas in round nine of their fight, he also broke his hand and could not continue, therefore the referee declared Fitzsimmons the winner by a knockout.

By this stage, Fitzsimmons had established his own style. He developed a certain movement and caginess from one of the greatest bare-knuckle fighters, Jem Mace. Mace encouraged Fitzsimmons to develop his punching technique, drawing on the enormous power he had gained from blacksmithing. Fitzsimmons delivered short, accurate and occasionally conclusive punches. He soon built up a reputation as by far the hardest puncher in boxing.

Winning the Middleweight title

Moving on to the United States, Fitzsimmons fought four more times in 1890, winning three and drawing one.

Fitzsimmons knocks down Dempsey in New Orleans, 1891. FitzsimmonsDempseyNOLAJan1891FB1.JPG
Fitzsimmons knocks down Dempsey in New Orleans, 1891.

Then, on 14 January 1891, in New Orleans, he won his first world title from Jack (Nonpareil) Dempsey. [15] [16] Fitzsimmons knocked out Dempsey (from whom the later Jack Dempsey took his name) in the 13th round to become the World Middleweight Champion. Fitzsimmons knocked Dempsey down at least 13 times and by the finish left him in such a pitiable condition that he begged him to quit. Since Dempsey would not do so, Fitzsimmons knocked him out and then carried him to his corner. On 22 July, police broke off his fight with Jim Hall after he had knocked Hall down several times.

Fitzsimmons spent the next two years fighting non-title bouts and exhibitions until giving Hall a chance at the title in 1893. He retained the crown by a knockout in round four. He spent the rest of that year doing exhibitions, and on 2 June, he had scheduled a two-way exhibition where he would demonstrate in public how to hit the boxing bag and then how to box against a real opponent. Reportedly, two freak accidents happened that day: Fitzsimmons hit the bag so hard that it broke, and then his opponent of that day allegedly slipped, getting hit in the head and the boxing exhibition was cancelled.

At a public sparring performance on 16 November 1894 at Jacob's Opera House, Syracuse, New York, Fitzsimmons knocked out sparring partner Con Riordan, who was carried off unconscious and died several hours later. Two months later Fitzsimmons was charged with manslaughter but was acquitted. [17]

Fitzsimmons vs. Sharkey

After vacating the Middleweight title, Fitzsimmons began campaigning at heavyweight (the light heavyweight division did not exist at that time). On 2 December 1896, the San Francisco Athletic Club sponsored a fight at the Mechanics' Pavilion in San Francisco between Fitzsimmons and Tom Sharkey. Unable to find a referee, they called on former lawman Wyatt Earp. He had officiated 30 or so matches in earlier days, though not under the Marquess of Queensberry rules. [18] The fight may have been the most anticipated fight on American soil that year. Fitzsimmons was favoured to win, and bets flowed heavily his way. Earp entered the ring still armed with his customary Colt .45 and drew a lot of attention when he had to be disarmed. He later said he forgot he was wearing it. Fitzsimmons was taller and quicker than Sharkey and dominated the fight from the opening bell. In the eighth round, Fitzsimmons hit Sharkey with his famed "solar plexus punch," an uppercut under the heart that could render a man temporarily helpless. The punch caught Sharkey, Earp, and most of the crowd by surprise, and Sharkey dropped, clutched his groin, and rolled on the canvas, screamed foul. [19]

Earp stopped the bout, ruling that Fitzsimmons had hit Sharkey with a low blow. [20] His ruling was greeted with loud boos and catcalls. [21] Very few witnessed the foul Earp ruled on. He awarded the decision to Sharkey, who attendants carried out as "...limp as a rag." [22]

Winning the heavyweight title

March 1897 Fitzsimmons-Corbett boxing match Fitzsimmons Corbett 1897.jpg
March 1897 Fitzsimmons–Corbett boxing match

In 1896, Fitzsimmons won a disputed version of the World Heavyweight Championship in a fight in Langtry, Texas, against the Irish fighter Peter Maher. [23] On 17 March 1897, in Carson City, Nevada, he knocked out American Jim Corbett, generally recognised as the legitimate World Heavyweight Champion (having won the title from John L. Sullivan in 1892) in round 14. [16] [24] This constituted a remarkable achievement, as Jim Corbett, a skilled boxer, weighed one stone 3 pounds (17 lb) more than Fitzsimmons. He out-boxed Fitzsimmons for several rounds, knocked him down in the sixth round and badly damaged his face with his jab, left hook and right hand, but Fitzsimmons kept coming and Corbett began to tire. In the 14th round, Fitzsimmons won the title with his "solar plexus" punch. Corbett collapsed in agony. Fitzsimmons' "solar plexus" punch became legendary, although he himself may never have used the phrase. The entire fight was filmed by Enoch J. Rector and released to cinemas as The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight , the longest film ever released at the time. Using her maiden name, it was covered by Nellie Verrill Mighels Davis, the first woman to report a prize fight. [25]

Fitzsimmons spent the rest of 1897 and 1898 doing stage tours.[ clarification needed ] In 1899, Fitzsimmons fought James J. Jeffries at the Coney Island Athletic Club near Brooklyn, New York. Most people gave Jeffries little chance, even though at over 15 stones (95 kg) he massively outweighed his opponent and was far younger, but Jeffries lifted the World Heavyweight Championship from Fitzsimmons with an 11th-round knockout.

In June 1901 Fitzsimmons took part in a wrestling match against Gus Ruhlin. He lost and went back to boxing. He then enjoyed legitimate boxing knockouts of leading contenders Ruhlin and Tom Sharkey.

In 1901 he published a book Physical Culture and Self-Defense (Philadelphia: D. Biddle). In 1902, he and Jeffries had a rematch, once again with the World Heavyweight Champion at stake. Fitzsimmons battered Jeffries, who suffered horrible punishment. With his nose and cheek bones broken, most would have sympathized with Jeffries had he quit, but he kept going until his enormous strength and youth wore down Bob and he knocked him out cold in round eight.

Winning the Light Heavyweight title

In November 1903, Fitzsimmons made history by defeating World Light Heavyweight Champion George Gardiner (also known as Gardner) by a decision in 20 rounds, [16] [26] becoming the first boxer to win titles in three weight-divisions. [2]

Soon afterward, he went back to the Heavyweights, where he kept fighting until 1914, with mixed results. In 1907 at age 44, Fitzsimmons fought much younger Jack Johnson, during the time period in which reigning champion James J. Jeffries refused to fight Johnson. The bout between Johnson and Fitzsimmons ended in victory for Johnson with a second round knockout. [27]

Retirement

Although Fitzsimmons became a world champion in each of the Middleweight, Light Heavyweight and Heavyweight divisions, historians do not consider him the first world Light Heavyweight Champion to become World Heavyweight Champion, because he won the Heavyweight title before winning the Light Heavyweight belt. Michael Spinks counts as the first Light Heavyweight World Champion to win the Heavyweight belt as well. However, Fitzsimmons was the first Middleweight Champion to win the Heavyweight title and the only Heavyweight Champion to drop down and win the Light Heavyweight title. Fitzsimmons and later Henry Armstrong were the only men to win undisputed world championships in three different weight classes.

Fitzsimmons had a final professional record of 66 wins with 59 by knockout, 8 losses, 4 draws, 19 no contests and 2 no decisions (Newspaper Decisions: 2–0–0).

Fitzsimmons's exact record remains unknown, as the boxing world often kept records poorly during his era, but Fitzsimmons said he had had more than 350 fights (which could have involved exaggeration on his part).[ citation needed ] It's also possible that Bob may have included his many exhibition bouts in his total.

Death and legacy

Fitzsimmons died of pneumonia on 22 October 1917 in Chicago, survived by his fourth wife. His grave lies in the Graceland Cemetery, Uptown. Having four wives, a gambling habit and a susceptibility to confidence tricksters, he did not hold on to the money he made.

The statue Peace on the Dewey Arch was modelled on Fitzsimmons by the sculptor Daniel Chester French.[ citation needed ] A statue of Fitzsimmons has also stood in the city centre of Timaru, New Zealand, since 1987. It was commissioned by New Zealand millionaire boxing fan Bob Jones and sculpted by Margriet Windhausen. [28]

The International Boxing Hall of Fame has made Fitzsimmons a member in its "Old Timer" category.

In 2003 The Ring named Fitzsimmons number eight of all time among boxing's best punchers. [29]


Works


Personal life

Fitzsimmons married four times and had six children, four of whom survived infancy. [30]



Unofficial Professional boxing record

Professional record summary
101 fights69 wins12 losses
By knockout577
By decision124
By disqualification01
Draws14
No contests6

Record with the inclusion of Newspaper decisions to the win/loss/draw column

No.ResultRecordOpponentTypeRoundDateLocationNotes
101Win69–12–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jersey BellewNWS620 Feb 1914 Flag of the United States.svg Municipal Hall, South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, U.S.
100Win68–12–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Dan SweeneyNWS629 Jan 1914 Flag of the United States.svg Athletic Club, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S.
99Loss67–12–14 (6) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Lang KO12 (20)27 Dec 1909 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney Stadium, Sydney, AustraliaFor Australian heavyweight title
98Loss67–11–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Johnson KO2 (6)17 Jul 1907 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Sports Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
97Win67–10–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Charlie HagheyKO4 (6)31 Jan 1906 Flag of the United States.svg Webster, Massachusetts, U.S.
96Loss66–10–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Jack O'Brien RTD13 (20)20 Dec 1905 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.Lost world light-heavyweight title
95Win66–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Jack O'Brien NWS623 Jul 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Baker Bowl, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
94Win65–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg George Gardiner PTS2025 Nov 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.Won world light-heavyweight title
93Win64–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Grim NWS614 Oct 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Southern Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
92Win63–9–14 (6) Flag of Ireland.svg Con CoughlinTKO1 (6), 2:5230 Sep 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Sporting Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
91Win62–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Mike RankeKO2 (4), 0:1527 Dec 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Bozeman, Montana, U.S.
90Win61–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg StewardKO1 (4)19 Dec 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Butte, Montana, U.S.
89Loss60–9–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries KO8 (20)25 Jul 1902 Flag of the United States.svg San Francisco Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.For world heavyweight title
88Win60–8–14 (6) Flag of Ireland.svg Tom Sharkey KO2 (25), 2:0624 Aug 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Coney Island Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
87Win59–8–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Gus RuhlinKO6 (25), 2:1010 Aug 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
86Win58–8–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Ed DunkhorstKO2 (25), 2:2530 Apr 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Hercules Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
85Win57–8–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jim DalyTKO1 (6)27 Mar 1900 Flag of the United States.svg First Regiment Armory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
84Win56–8–14 (6) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Geoff ThorneKO1 (6)28 Oct 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersalls, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
83Loss55–8–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries KO11 (20), 1:329 Jun 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Coney Island Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.Lost world heavyweight title
82Win55–7–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Lew JoslinKO2 (4)5 Jun 1897 Flag of the United States.svg Leadville, Colorado, U.S.
81Win54–7–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Corbett KO14 (?)17 Mar 1897 Flag of the United States.svg The Race Track Arena, Carson City, Nevada, U.S.Won world heavyweight title
80Loss53–7–14 (6) Flag of Ireland.svg Tom Sharkey DQ8 (10) 2 Dec 1896 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California U.S.Billed as the world heavyweight title
79Win53–6–14 (6) Flag of Ireland.svg Peter Maher KO1 (?), 1:35 21 Feb 1896 Flag of Mexico.svg Coahuila de Zaragoza, MexicoBilled as the world heavyweight title;
A finish fight
78Win52–6–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Mike ConnorsKO1 (4)19 Apr 1895 Flag of the United States.svg New York City, New York, U.S.
77Win51–6–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Al AllichKO3 (4)16 Apr 1895 Flag of the United States.svg New York City, New York, U.S.
76Win50–6–14 (6) Flag of New Zealand.svg Dan Creedon KO2 (25), 1:4026 Sep 1894 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Retained world middleweight title
75Win49–6–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Frank KellarKO2 (4)28 Jul 1894 Flag of the United States.svg Buffalo Driving Park, Buffalo, New York, U.S.
74Draw48–6–14 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Choynski PTS5 (8)18 Jun 1894 Flag of the United States.svg The Boston Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
73Win48–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack HickeyTKO3 (4)5 Sep 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Caledonian Park, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
72Win47–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Dan ConerKO1 (4)30 May 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
71Win46–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Mike BrennanKO4 (4)6 May 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
70Win45–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Joe GodfreyKO1 (4)21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
69Win44–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Mike MonoghanKO1 (4)21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
68Win43–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Alexander KilpatrickKO4 (4)21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
67Win42–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack SheridanTKO1 (4)15 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
66Win41–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Dan CurryKO2 (4)12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
65Win40–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Hank SmithKO1 (4)12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
64Win39–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Alexander KilpatrickKO3 (4)12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
63Win38–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack WarnerTKO1 (4)31 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
62Win37–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Phil MayoKO2 (4)25 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg 2nd Regiment Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
61Draw36–6–13 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Dan BayliffPTS415 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
60Win36–6–12 (6) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall KO4 (?)8 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Crescent City Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Retained world middleweight title;
A finish fight
59Win35–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack BrittonRTD2 (4)10 Dec 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
58Win34–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Millard ZenderKO1 (4)3 Sep 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Anniston, Alabama, U.S.
57Win33–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Jerry SlatteryKO2 (4)11 May 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Miners 8th St Theater, New York City, New York, U.S.
56Win32–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Joe GodfreyRTD2 (4)6 May 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
55Win31–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg James FarrellKO2 (4)29 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
54Win30–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Thomas RobbinsRTD3 (4)28 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
53Win29–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Tom BurnsRTD3 (4)28 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
52Win28–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg James MaloneRTD2 (4)27 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
51Win27–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Charles PuffKO2 (4)26 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
50Win26–6–12 (6) Flag of Ireland.svg Peter Maher RTD12 (?)2 Mar 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A finish fight
49ND25–6–12 (6) Flag of the United States.svg Harris Martin ND41 May 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Rink, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
48Win25–6–12 (5) Flag of the United States.svg Abe CoughleTKO2 (3)27 Apr 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
47Win24–6–12 (5) Flag of Ireland.svg Nonpareil Dempsey RTD13 (?)14 Jan 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Won world middleweight title;
A finish fight
46Win23–6–12 (5) Flag of the United States.svg Arthur UphamKO9 (?)28 Jul 1890 Flag of the United States.svg Audubon Athletic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A finish fight
45Win22–6–12 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Billy McCarthyRTD10 (?)29 May 1890 Flag of the United States.svg California Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.A finish fight
44Win21–6–12 (5) Flag of the United States.svg Frank AllenRTD1 (3)17 May 1890 Flag of the United States.svg California Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.
43Win20–6–12 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Professor Jack WestKO1 (4)1 Mar 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
42Win19–6–12 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Edward Starlight Rollins TKO9 (?)22 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaA finish fight
41Loss18–6–12 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall KO4 (20)11 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaFor Australian middleweight title
40Draw18–5–12 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Edward Starlight Rollins NWS410 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
39Win18–5–11 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dave ConwayKO4 (15)1 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
38Win17–5–11 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dick EllisRTD3 (20)16 Dec 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Royal Standard Theatre, Sydney, Australia
37Win16–5–11 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Professor Jack WestKO1 (8)30 Nov 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
36Draw15–5–11 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pat KielyNWS426 Nov 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
35Win15–5–10 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall RTD5 (8)19 Jan 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaWon Australian middleweight title
34Win14–5–10 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McEwanNWS41 Dec 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
33Draw13–5–10 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS424 Nov 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
32Win13–5–9 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS410 Nov 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
31ND12–5–9 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick DooleyND41 May 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Amateur Athletic Club, Sydney, Australia
30Draw12–5–9 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill SlavinNWS417 Apr 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
29Draw12–5–8 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill SlavinNWS417 Mar 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
28Win12–5–7 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill SlavinTKO7 (8)5 Mar 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
27Draw11–5–7 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Billy McCarthyNWS411 Feb 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
26Draw11–5–6 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tom TaylorNWS426 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
25Draw11–5–5 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dan HickeyPTS423 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Centennial Hall, Sydney, Australia
24ND11–5–4 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Slavin ND41 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
23Win11–5–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dave TraversKO3 (?)24 Sep 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaA finish fight
22Loss10–5–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS428 May 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
21Win10–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg George EagerKO2 (4)4 Apr 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
20Win9–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill SlavinTKO5 (8)20 Mar 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
19Win8–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dick SandallRTD4 (4)1 Mar 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
18Win7–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg George SealePTS415 Feb 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
17Win6–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack BonnerNWS412 Feb 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
16Draw5–4–4 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Slavin NWS41 Jan 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
15Draw5–4–3 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack MalloyPTS44 Dec 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
14ND5–4–2 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McArdleND49 Oct 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
13ND5–4–2 (2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Billy SmithND47 Oct 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
12Loss5–4–2 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tom Lees NWS425 Aug 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
11Win5–3–2 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McArdleNWS47 Aug 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
10Loss4–3–2 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick DooleyNWS45 Jun 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
9Loss4–2–2 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick DooleyNWS42 Jun 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
8ND4–1–2 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Steve O'DonnellND422 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
7Loss4–1–2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick DooleyRTD3 (4)15 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
6Draw4–0–2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg BrinsleyNWS41 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
5Draw4–0–1 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pablo FanqueNWS31 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
4Win4–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pablo FanqueKO2 (4)Feb 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg The Green, Sydney, Australia
3Win3–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack GreentreeKO3 (4)Mar 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown
2Win2–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Alf BramsmeadKO2 (4)Apr 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown
1Win1–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Joe RiddlePTS4Mar 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown

Official Professional boxing record

Professional record summary
101 fights61 wins8 losses
By knockout577
By decision40
By disqualification01
Draws4
No contests6
Newspaper decisions/draws 22

All Newspaper decisions are regarded as “no decision” bouts as they have “resulted in neither boxer winning or losing, and would therefore not count as part of their official fight record."

No.Result Record Opponent Type Round, time Date Location Notes
101 Win 61–8–4 (28) Flag of the United States.svg Jersey Bellew NWS 6 20 Feb 1914 Flag of the United States.svg Municipal Hall, South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, U.S.
100 Win 61–8–4 (27) Flag of the United States.svg Dan Sweeney NWS 6 29 Jan 1914 Flag of the United States.svg Athletic Club, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S.
99 Loss 61–8–4 (26) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Lang KO 12 (20) 27 Dec 1909 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Sydney Stadium, Sydney, AustraliaFor Australian heavyweight title
98 Loss 61–7–4 (26) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Johnson KO 2 (6) 17 Jul 1907 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Sports Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
97 Win 61–6–4 (26) Flag of the United States.svg Charlie Haghey KO 4 (6) 31 Jan 1906 Flag of the United States.svg Webster, Massachusetts, U.S.
96 Loss 60–6–4 (26) Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Jack O'Brien RTD 13 (20) 20 Dec 1905 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.Lost world light-heavyweight title
95 Win 60–5–4 (26) Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Jack O'Brien NWS 6 23 Jul 1904 Flag of the United States.svg Baker Bowl, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
94 Win 60–5–4 (25) Flag of the United States.svg George Gardiner PTS 20 25 Nov 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.Won world light-heavyweight title
93 Win 59–5–4 (25) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Grim NWS 6 14 Oct 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Southern Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
92 Win 59–5–4 (24) Flag of Ireland.svg Con Coughlin TKO 1 (6), 2:5230 Sep 1903 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Sporting Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
91 Win 58–5–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Mike Ranke KO 2 (4), 0:1527 Dec 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Bozeman, Montana, U.S.
90 Win 57–5–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Steward KO 1 (4) 19 Dec 1902 Flag of the United States.svg Butte, Montana, U.S.
89 Loss 56–5–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries KO 8 (20) 25 Jul 1902 Flag of the United States.svg San Francisco Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.For world heavyweight title
88 Win 56–4–4 (24) Flag of Ireland.svg Tom Sharkey KO 2 (25), 2:0624 Aug 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Coney Island Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
87 Win 55–4–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Gus Ruhlin KO 6 (25), 2:1010 Aug 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
86 Win 54–4–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Ed Dunkhorst KO 2 (25), 2:2530 Apr 1900 Flag of the United States.svg Hercules Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
85 Win 53–4–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jim Daly TKO 1 (6) 27 Mar 1900 Flag of the United States.svg First Regiment Armory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
84 Win 52–4–4 (24) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Geoff Thorne KO 1 (6) 28 Oct 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Tattersalls, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
83 Loss 51–4–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Jeffries KO 11 (20), 1:329 Jun 1899 Flag of the United States.svg Coney Island Athletic Club, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.Lost world heavyweight title
82 Win 51–3–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Lew Joslin KO 2 (4) 5 Jun 1897 Flag of the United States.svg Leadville, Colorado, U.S.
81 Win 50–3–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg James J. Corbett KO 14 (?) 17 Mar 1897 Flag of the United States.svg The Race Track Arena, Carson City, Nevada, U.S.Won world heavyweight title
80 Loss 49–3–4 (24) Flag of Ireland.svg Tom Sharkey DQ8 (10) 2 Dec 1896 Flag of the United States.svg Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California U.S.
79 Win 49–2–4 (24) Flag of Ireland.svg Peter Maher KO 1 (?), 1:35 21 Feb 1896 Flag of Mexico.svg Coahuila de Zaragoza, MexicoBilled for the heavyweight championship;
A finish fight
78 Win 48–2–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Mike Connors KO 1 (4) 19 Apr 1895 Flag of the United States.svg New York City, New York, U.S.
77 Win 47–2–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Al Allich KO 3 (4) 16 Apr 1895 Flag of the United States.svg New York City, New York, U.S.
76 Win 46–2–4 (24) Flag of New Zealand.svg Dan Creedon KO 2 (25), 1:4026 Sep 1894 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Retained world middleweight title
75 Win 45–2–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Frank Kellar KO 2 (4) 28 Jul 1894 Flag of the United States.svg Buffalo Driving Park, Buffalo, New York, U.S.
74 Draw 44–2–4 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Choynski PTS 5 (8) 18 Jun 1894 Flag of the United States.svg The Boston Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
73 Win 44–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Hickey TKO 3 (4) 5 Sep 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Caledonian Park, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
72 Win 43–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Dan Coner KO 1 (4) 30 May 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia Athletic Club, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
71 Win 42–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Mike Brennan KO 4 (4) 6 May 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
70 Win 41–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Godfrey KO 1 (4) 21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
69 Win 40–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Mike Monoghan KO 1 (4) 21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
68 Win 39–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Alexander Kilpatrick KO 4 (4) 21 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Academy of Music, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
67 Win 38–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Sheridan TKO 1 (4) 15 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
66 Win 37–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Dan Curry KO 2 (4) 12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
65 Win 36–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Hank Smith KO 1 (4) 12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
64 Win 35–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Alexander Kilpatrick KO 3 (4) 12 Apr 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
63 Win 34–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Warner TKO 1 (4) 31 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
62 Win 33–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mayo KO 2 (4) 25 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg 2nd Regiment Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
61 Draw 32–2–3 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Dan Bayliff PTS 4 15 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
60 Win 32–2–2 (24) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall KO 4 (?) 8 Mar 1893 Flag of the United States.svg Crescent City Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Retained world middleweight title;
A finish fight
59 Win 31–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Britton RTD 2 (4) 10 Dec 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
58 Win 30–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Millard Zender KO 1 (4) 3 Sep 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Anniston, Alabama, U.S.
57 Win 29–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Slattery KO 2 (4) 11 May 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Miners 8th St Theater, New York City, New York, U.S.
56 Win 28–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Godfrey RTD 2 (4) 6 May 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
55 Win 27–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg James Farrell KO 2 (4) 29 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
54 Win 26–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Robbins RTD 3 (4) 28 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
53 Win 25–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Burns RTD 3 (4) 28 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
52 Win 24–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg James Malone RTD 2 (4) 27 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
51 Win 23–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Charles Puff KO 2 (4) 26 Apr 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
50 Win 22–2–2 (24) Flag of Ireland.svg Peter Maher RTD 12 (?) 2 Mar 1892 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A finish fight
49 ND 21–2–2 (24) Flag of the United States.svg Harris Martin ND 4 1 May 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Rink, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
48 Win 21–2–2 (23) Flag of the United States.svg Abe Coughle TKO 2 (3) 27 Apr 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
47 Win 20–2–2 (23) Flag of Ireland.svg Nonpareil Dempsey RTD 13 (?) 14 Jan 1891 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.Won world middleweight title;
A finish fight
46 Win 19–2–2 (23) Flag of the United States.svg Arthur Upham KO 9 (?) 28 Jul 1890 Flag of the United States.svg Audubon Athletic Club, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A finish fight
45 Win 18–2–2 (23) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Billy McCarthy RTD 10 (?) 29 May 1890 Flag of the United States.svg California Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.A finish fight
44 Win 17–2–2 (23) Flag of the United States.svg Frank Allen RTD 1 (3) 17 May 1890 Flag of the United States.svg California Athletic Club, San Francisco, California, U.S.
43 Win 16–2–2 (23) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Professor Jack West KO 1 (4) 1 Mar 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
42 Win 15–2–2 (23) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Edward Starlight Rollins TKO 9 (?) 22 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaA finish fight
41 Loss 14–2–2 (23) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall KO 4 (20) 11 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaFor Australian middleweight title
40 Draw 14–1–2 (23) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Edward Starlight Rollins NWS 4 10 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
39 Win 14–1–2 (22) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dave Conway KO 4 (15) 1 Feb 1890 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
38 Win 13–1–2 (22) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dick Ellis RTD 3 (20) 16 Dec 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Royal Standard Theatre, Sydney, Australia
37 Win 12–1–2 (22) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Professor Jack West KO 1 (8) 30 Nov 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
36 Draw 11–1–2 (22) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pat Kiely NWS 4 26 Nov 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
35 Win 11–1–2 (21) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall RTD 5 (8) 19 Jan 1889 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaWon Australian middleweight title
34 Win 10–1–2 (21) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McEwan NWS 4 1 Dec 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
33 Draw 10–1–2 (20) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS 4 24 Nov 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
32 Win 10–1–2 (19) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS 4 10 Nov 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
31 ND 10–1–2 (18) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick Dooley ND 4 1 May 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Amateur Athletic Club, Sydney, Australia
30 Draw 10–1–2 (17) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Slavin NWS 4 17 Apr 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
29 Draw 10–1–2 (16) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Slavin NWS 4 17 Mar 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
28 Win 10–1–2 (15) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Slavin TKO 7 (8) 5 Mar 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
27 Draw 9–1–2 (15) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Billy McCarthy NWS 4 11 Feb 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
26 Draw 9–1–2 (14) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tom Taylor NWS 4 26 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
25 Draw 9–1–2 (13) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dan Hickey PTS 4 23 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Centennial Hall, Sydney, Australia
24 ND 9–1–1 (13) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Slavin ND 4 1 Jan 1888 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
23 Win 9–1–1 (12) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dave Travers KO 3 (?) 24 Sep 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaA finish fight
22 Loss 8–1–1 (12) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Hall NWS 4 28 May 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
21 Win 8–1–1 (11) Flag of Australia (converted).svg George Eager KO 2 (4) 4 Apr 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
20 Win 7–1–1 (11) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Bill Slavin TKO 5 (8) 20 Mar 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
19 Win 6–1–1 (11) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dick Sandall RTD 4 (4) 1 Mar 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
18 Win 5–1–1 (11) Flag of Australia (converted).svg George Seale PTS 4 15 Feb 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
17 Win 4–1–1 (11) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Bonner NWS 4 12 Feb 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
16 Draw 4–1–1 (10) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Slavin NWS 4 1 Jan 1887 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
15 Draw 4–1–1 (9) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Malloy PTS 4 4 Dec 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
14 ND 4–1 (9) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McArdle ND 4 9 Oct 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
13 NC4–1 (8) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Billy Smith ND 4 7 Oct 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
12 Loss 4–1 (7) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tom Lees NWS 4 25 Aug 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
11 Win 4–1 (6) Flag of Australia (converted).svg McArdle NWS 4 7 Aug 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
10 Loss 4–1 (5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick Dooley NWS 4 5 Jun 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
9 Loss 4–1 (4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick Dooley NWS 4 2 Jun 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
8 ND4–1 (3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Steve O'Donnell ND 4 22 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
7 Loss 4–1 (2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mick Dooley RTD3 (4) 15 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
6 Draw 4–0 (2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Brinsley NWS 4 1 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
5 Draw 4–0 (1) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pablo Fanque NWS3 1 May 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, Australia
4 Win 4–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Pablo Fanque KO 2 (4) Feb 1886 Flag of Australia (converted).svg The Green, Sydney, Australia
3 Win 3–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Greentree KO 3 (4) Mar 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown
2 Win 2–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Alf Bramsmead KO 2 (4) Apr 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown
1 Win 1–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Joe Riddle PTS4 Mar 01, 1885 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Foley's Hall, Sydney, AustraliaExact date unknown

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. Most modern sources list these tournaments as happening a year apart, in 1880 and 1881. However, contemporary reports in the Timaru Herald suggest that they took place a few months apart in 1882. [12]

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References

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  4. Physical Freak Flattened Men "Like Texas Cyclone", The Barrier Miner, (Thursday, 25 November 1954), p.7.
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  8. Brett, Henry (1924). "White Wings (volume I)". Auckland, New Zealand: The Brett Printing Company Limited. p. 152.
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  10. Nicholson 2011, p. 46.
  11. Romanos, Joseph (5 September 2013). "Boxing and wrestling – Professional boxing". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  12. "[No title]". The Timaru Herald. 13 June 1882. p. 2 via Papers Past.Cite uses generic title (help)
  13. Pollack, Adam (2006). John L. Sullivan: The Career of the First Gloved Heavyweight Champion. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc. p. 65. ISBN   978-0-7864-2558-7.
  14. Kieza 2015, p. 30.
  15. "The Lineal Middlleweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  16. 1 2 3 "Box rec.com. boxer: Bob Fitzsimmons". Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  17. Toronto Star, 19 January 1895.
  18. Reilly, Joe. "Born To Uphold The Law: Frank Sulloway's Principles Applied to the Earp-Clanton Feud of 1879–1882" (PDF). Drexel E-Repository and Archive. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  19. Barra, Alan (26 November 1995). "BACKTALK;When Referee Wyatt Earp Laid Down the Law". New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  20. Carpenter, Les (22 July 2015). "The forgotten story of … Wyatt Earp and the 'fixed' heavyweight title fight". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  21. Rasmussen, Cecilia (4 June 2000). "LA Then and Now: Mrs. Wyatt Earp Packed Her Own Punch". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  22. Shillingberg, William B. (Summer 1976). "Wyatt Earp and the Buntline Special Myth". Kansas Historical Quarterly. 42 (2): 113–154. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012.
  23. Sonnichsen, C.L. (1968). Pass of the North: Four Centuries on the Rio Grande. Texas Western Press. pp. 358–362.
  24. "The Lineal Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009.
  25. "Nellie Mighels Davis". Nevada Women's History Project. University of Nevada, Reno. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  26. "The Lineal Light Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  27. Ken Burns, Unforgivable Blackness
  28. Romanos, J. "Statue of Bob Fitzsimmons, Timaru", Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand , 27 January 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  29. "Bob Fitzsimmons". The Ring Yearbook 2003 - The 100 Greatest Punchers of All-Time. The Ring. pp. 26–27.
  30. http://www.fitzsimmons.co.nz/html/genealogy.html

Bibliography

Further reading

Achievements
Preceded by
Nonpareil Jack Dempsey
World Middleweight Champion
14 January 1891 – 26 September 1894
Vacated
Succeeded by
Kid McCoy
Preceded by
James J. Corbett
World Heavyweight Champion
17 March 1897 – 9 June 1899
Succeeded by
James J. Jeffries
Preceded by
George Gardiner
World Light Heavyweight Champion
25 September 1903 – 20 December 1905
Succeeded by
Philadelphia Jack O'Brien
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Peter Maher
World Heavyweight Champion
21 February 1896 – 2 December 1896
Succeeded by
Tom Sharkey