Bob Tizard

Last updated


Bob Tizard

Bob Tizard, 1963.jpg
6th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
In office
10 September 1974 12 December 1975
Prime Minister Bill Rowling
Preceded by Hugh Watt
Succeeded by Brian Talboys
Member of Parliament
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Tamaki
In office
30 November 1957   30 November 1960
Prime Minister Keith Holyoake
Preceded by Eric Halstead
Succeeded by Robert Muldoon
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Otahuhu
In office
16 March 1963   30 November 1963
Preceded by James Deas
Succeeded bySeat abolished 1963
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Pakuranga
In office
30 November 1963   25 November 1972
Preceded byCreated 1963
Succeeded by Gavin Downie
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Otahuhu
In office
25 November 1972   14 July 1984
Preceded byRe-established 1972
Succeeded bySeat Abolished 1984
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Panmure
In office
14 July 1984   27 October 1990
Preceded bySeat Created 1984
Succeeded by Judith Tizard
Personal details
Born
Robert James Tizard

(1924-06-07)7 June 1924
Auckland, New Zealand
Died28 January 2016(2016-01-28) (aged 91)
Auckland, New Zealand
Political party Labour
Spouse(s)
Catherine Anne Maclean
(m. 1951;div. 1980)

Mary Nacey (div.)
Beryl Vignale(m. 1989)
Relatives Judith Tizard (daughter)
Military service
Branch/serviceAir Force Ensign of New Zealand.svg Royal New Zealand Air Force
Years of service1943–45
Rank UK-Air-OF1B infobox.svg Flying Officer
Battles/wars World War II

Robert James Tizard CNZM (7 June 1924 – 28 January 2016) was a Labour politician from New Zealand. He served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance, Minister of Health and Minister of Defence.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand

The Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand is the second-most senior minister in the Government of New Zealand, although this seniority does not necessarily translate into power. The office was created as a ministerial portfolio in 1954. The officeholder usually deputises for the prime minister at official functions. The current Deputy Prime Minister is Winston Peters, the Leader of New Zealand First.

Minister of Finance (New Zealand) in New Zealand

The Minister of Finance, originally known as Colonial Treasurer, is a senior figure within the Government of New Zealand and head of the New Zealand Treasury. The position is often considered to be the most important cabinet post after that of the Prime Minister. The Minister of Finance is responsible for producing an annual New Zealand budget outlining the government's proposed expenditure.

Contents

Early life and family

Born in Auckland on 7 June 1924, Tizard was the son of Jessie May Tizard (née Phillips) and Henry James Tizard. [1] [2]

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

He was educated at Meadowbank School and Auckland Grammar School, and earned a university scholarship in 1940. [3] In March 1943 he joined the Royal New Zealand Air Force. A navigator, he was commissioned as a pilot officer in February 1945, [3] [4] and promoted to flying officer in August 1945. [5]

Meadowbank, New Zealand Suburb in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Meadowbank is a suburb of Auckland city, in the North Island of New Zealand.

Auckland Grammar School state secondary school in New Zealand

Auckland Grammar School (AGS) is a state secondary school for years 9 to 13 boys in Auckland, New Zealand. It has a roll of 2577 as of March 2019, including a number of boarders who live in nearby Tibbs' House, making it New Zealand's largest single-sex school and placing it among the six largest schools in the country.

Royal New Zealand Air Force Air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force

The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force. It was formed from New Zealand elements of the British Royal Air Force, becoming an independent force in 1923, although many RNZAF aircrew continued to serve in the Royal Air Force until the end of the 1940s. The RNZAF fought in World War II, Malaya, Korean War, Vietnam and the Gulf War plus various United Nations peacekeeping missions. From a 1945 peak of over 1,000 combat aircraft the RNZAF has shrunk to a strength of around 51 aircraft in 2016, focusing on maritime patrol and transport duties in support of the Royal New Zealand Navy and the New Zealand Army. The RNZAF's air combat capability ended in 2001 with the disbanding of the A-4 Skyhawk squadrons. The Air Force is led by an air vice-marshal who holds the appointment of Chief of Air Force.

After the war, Tizard studied at Auckland University College, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in 1948 and a Master of Arts in 1950. [6] His MA thesis was entitled Mr H.E. Holland's Blueprint for New Zealand and the World, [7] Harry Holland having been a previous leader of the New Zealand Labour Party.[ citation needed ]

University of Auckland University in New Zealand

The University of Auckland is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland. It is the highest-ranked university in the country, being ranked 85th worldwide in the 2018/19 QS World University Rankings. Established in 1883 as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, the university is made up of eight faculties; these are spread over six campuses. It has more than 40,000 students, and more than 30,000 "equivalent full-time" students.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

A Master of Arts is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech. The degree is usually contrasted with the Master of Science. Those admitted to the degree typically study linguistics, history, communication studies, diplomacy, public administration, political science, or other subjects within the scope of the humanities and social sciences; however, different universities have different conventions and may also offer the degree for fields typically considered within the natural sciences and mathematics. The degree can be conferred in respect of completing courses and passing examinations, research, or a combination of the two.

While at university, Tizard met future wife Catherine Maclean, while he was president of the Auckland University Students Association. On their second date Tizard told Maclean he was "going into politics. And I'm going to marry you." [8] They married in 1951, and Tizard unsuccessfully ran for the Remuera electorate later that year at the general election and again at the 1954 general election.[ citation needed ]

Catherine Tizard Viceroy, academic, public administrator

Dame Catherine Anne Tizard is a New Zealand politician who served as Mayor of Auckland City from 1983 to 1990, and the 16th Governor-General of New Zealand from 1990 to 1996. She was the first woman to hold either office.

Remuera (New Zealand electorate) Former New Zealand electorate

Remuera is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1938, when it replaced the Parnell electorate, until 1996. It was consistently held by members of the National Party.

He was finally successful at the 1957 election, winning in Tamaki, but was defeated three years later by Robert Muldoon. The couple moved to Avondale and started a family, with his wife having four children in six years starting at the age of 21 with Anne, followed by Linda, Judith and Nigel. They moved in 1957 to Glendowie in the Tamaki electorate. Tizard ran for and won the Pakuranga electorate at the general election in 1963. His wife then returned to university to complete her degree in zoology, [8] and later began teaching at Auckland university. The couple divorced in 1980. [8]

Robert Muldoon 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Robert David Muldoon, also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.

Judith Tizard New Zealand politician

Judith Ngaire Tizard is a former New Zealand politician, and a member of the Labour Party.

Catherine Tizard was Mayor of Auckland from 1983–90 and Governor-General of New Zealand from 1990 to 1996. He is the father of former Consumer Affairs minister Judith Tizard, who succeeded her father as the Member of Parliament for Panmure in 1990.[ citation needed ]

Tizard later married Mary Nacey, with whom he had a son, Joe. They subsequently divorced. He married Beryl Vignale of Canada in 1989. The couple had been engaged during World War II. [9]

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateParty
1957 1960 32nd Tamaki Labour
1963 33rd Otahuhu Labour
1963 1966 34th Pakuranga Labour
1966 1969 35th Pakuranga Labour
1969 1972 36th Pakuranga Labour
1972 1975 37th Otahuhu Labour
1975 1978 38th Otahuhu Labour
1978 1981 39th Otahuhu Labour
1981 1984 40th Otahuhu Labour
1984 1987 41st Panmure Labour
1987 1990 42nd Panmure Labour

Tizard was the Member of Parliament for Tamaki from 1957 to 1960, when he was defeated by National's Robert Muldoon. [8] He returned to parliament in a 1963 by-election in the Otahuhu electorate, but in the 1963 general election was elected MP for Pakuranga. When United States Vice President Spiro Agnew visited Wellington in mid-January 1970, Tizard along with several other Labour Members of Parliament including Arthur Faulkner, Jonathan Hunt, and Martyn Finlay boycotted the state dinner to protest American policy in Vietnam. However, other Labour MPs including Opposition Leader Norman Kirk attended the function which dealt with the Nixon Doctrine. [10] In 1972 he became MP for Otahuhu again. In 1984 he became MP for Panmure, until he retired in 1990.

Cabinet minister

Tizard was appointed as Minister of Health when the Kirk Labour Government was elected in 1972. Following the death of Kirk in 1974, he became Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister, replacing Bill Rowling (who the caucus elected Prime Minister) in both roles. As Minister of Finance, Tizard's budget introduced a number of progressive measures, such as an expansion of spending on education which provided a standard bursary for all students in tertiary studies. [11] In the Lange Government he held the Defence portfolio as well as the Science and Technology portfolio.

Life after politics

In 2009, at the age of 85, Bob Tizard was asked to speak, as a historian, on aspects of World War II at a dinner held to honour Captain Jack Lyon, a New Zealand war hero and former Labour Party Member of Parliament. An mp3 recording of the 25 minute speech is available here. [12]

In 2007 Tizard announced his candidacy for the Auckland District Health Board. [13] He was elected to the board, at the age of 83. [14]

Death

Bob Tizard died in Auckland on 28 January 2016, aged 91. [15]

Related Research Articles

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Panmure (New Zealand electorate) Former New Zealand electorate

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References

  1. International Biographical Centre (1989). Who's who in Australasia and the Far East. International Biographical Centre. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  2. "Births". Auckland Star. 9 June 1924. p. 1. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  3. 1 2 "Untitled". Auckland Star. 27 February 1945. p. 4. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  4. "New Zealand, World War II appointments, promotions, transfers and resignations, 1939–1945" . Ancestry.com Operations. 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  5. "New Zealand, World War II appointments, promotions, transfers and resignations, 1939–1945" . Ancestry.com Operations. 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  6. "NZ university graduates 1870–1961: T" . Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  7. "Mr H.E Holland's Blueprint for New Zealand and the World". Bob Tizard. 1949. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Catherine Tizard (2010). Cat Amongst the Pigeons, A Memoir. Random House. ISBN   978-1-86979-300-5.
  9. "NZ minister finally weds war-time sweetheart". Straits Times. Singapore. 29 September 1989. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  10. Rabel, Roberto (2005). New Zealand and the Vietnam War: Politics and Diplomacy. Auckland: Auckland University Press. p. 299-300. ISBN   1-86940-340-1.
  11. A Lifetime In Politics: The Memoirs Of Warren Freer by W. W. Freer
  12. "Jack Lyon – soldier, democrat, internationalist". Phil Twyford. Red Alert. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  13. Wayne Thompson (28 August 2007). "Tizard's fighting fit to campaign at 83". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
  14. Errol Kiong (15 October 2007). "Bob Tizard back in political leadership role at the age of 83". The New Zealand Herald.
  15. "Former deputy Prime Minister Bob Tizard dies age 91". The New Zealand Herald . 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Eric Halstead
Member of Parliament for Tamaki
1957–1960
Succeeded by
Robert Muldoon
Preceded by
James Deas
Member of Parliament for Otahuhu
1963
1972–1984
Vacant
Constituency abolished, recreated in 1972
Title next held by
himself
Vacant
Constituency recreated after abolition in 1963
Title last held by
himself
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Pakuranga
1963–1972
Succeeded by
Gavin Downie
Member of Parliament for Panmure
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Judith Tizard
Political offices
Preceded by
Lance Adams-Schneider
Minister of Health
1972–1974
Succeeded by
Tom McGuigan
Preceded by
Hugh Watt
Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
1974–1975
Succeeded by
Brian Talboys
Party political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Watt
Deputy-Leader of the Labour Party
1974–1979
Succeeded by
David Lange