Boden, Sweden

Last updated
Boden
Rodberget38d.jpg
Rödberget Fort, part of Boden Fortress
Sweden Norrbotten location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Boden
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Boden
Coordinates: 65°49′32″N21°41′26″E / 65.82556°N 21.69056°E / 65.82556; 21.69056 Coordinates: 65°49′32″N21°41′26″E / 65.82556°N 21.69056°E / 65.82556; 21.69056
Country Sweden
Province Norrbotten
County Norrbotten County
Municipality Boden Municipality
Charter 1919
Area
[1]
  Total14.17 km2 (5.47 sq mi)
Elevation
46 m (151 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2018) [1]
  Total16,847
  Density1,189/km2 (3,080/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
961 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 921
Website Official website

Boden (Swedish:  [ˈbǔːdɛn] , outdatedly [ˈbûːdɛn] ) [2] is a locality and the seat of Boden Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden with 16,847 inhabitants in 2018. [1] It is part of the larger area around coastal city Luleå some 36 kilometres (22 mi) southeast. [3] After Kiruna, it is the second largest town in Northern Sweden's interior.

Contents

History

The town of Boden started as a railway junction where the Northern Line ( Norra stambanan , opened 1894) met with the Ore Line ( Malmbanan ) from the rich iron ore fields in northern Sweden.

The town experienced increased growth when the Boden Fortress was constructed in the beginning of the 20th century. The purpose of the fortress was to defend Sweden from a possible attack from the east, where Russia was considered the most dangerous threat.

The first official writings about Boden, was in a 1500~ tax paper, where the mention of "Boden village" with 7 homes. Boden got the title of city in 1919. This title became obsolete in 1971 and Boden is now the seat of Boden Municipality.

Industry

Today (2007) Boden is still a military stronghold, and houses the largest garrison of the Swedish Army.

The army and the municipality are the two largest employers in Boden. As the military is continuously disarming, with the five regiments united into one garrison, the population has decreased by 2,000 people over the past ten years.

The famous Fällkniven knives are from Boden.

Well-known Boden citizens, former or current

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Boden is twinned with:

Sports

The following sports clubs are located in Boden:

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Boden Garrison

Boden Garrison is a major garrison in Sweden, located in and around Boden in Norrbotten County. The garrison has during the 20th century been, and still is, the largest garrison in Sweden, consisting of several units of the Swedish Armed Forces as well as Boden Fortress.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Statistiska tätorter 2018, befolkning, landareal, befolkningstäthet per tätort" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 5.
  3. "Avstånd från Boden" (in Swedish). Avståndstabell.se. Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  4. "Altas vennskapsbyer" (in Norwegian). Alta municipality. Retrieved 26 April 2012.