Boeing

Last updated

The Boeing Company
Formerly
  • Pacific Aero Products Co. (19161917)
  • Boeing Airplane Company (19171961) [1] [2]
Company type Public
Industry Aerospace
FoundedJuly 15, 1916;107 years ago (1916-07-15) in Seattle
Founder William E. Boeing
Headquarters,
U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Production output
  • Increase2.svg 528 commercial aircraft,
  • Decrease2.svg 157 military aircraft,
  • Steady2.svg 5 satellites (2023)
RevenueIncrease2.svg US$77.79 billion (2023)
Increase Negative.svgUS$773 million (2023)
Increase Negative.svgUS$2.24 billion (2023)
Total assets Decrease2.svgUS$137.01 billion (2023)
Total equity Decrease2.svgUS$17.23 billion (2023)
Number of employees
Increase2.svg 170,688 (2023)
Divisions
Subsidiaries
Website www.boeing.com
Footnotes /references
Financials as of December 31,2023.
References: [3] [4]

The Boeing Company (or simply Boeing) ( /ˈbɪŋ/ ) is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide. [5] The company also provides leasing and product support services. Boeing is among the largest global aerospace manufacturers; it is the fourth-largest defense contractor in the world based on 2022 revenue [6] and is the largest exporter in the United States by dollar value. [7] Boeing was founded by William Boeing in Seattle, Washington, on July 15, 1916. [8] The present corporation is the result of the merger of Boeing with McDonnell Douglas on August 1, 1997.

Contents

As of 2023, the Boeing Company's corporate headquarters is located in the Crystal City neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia. [9] The company is organized into three primary divisions: Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA), Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS) and Boeing Global Services (BGS). In 2021, Boeing recorded $62.3 billion in sales. [10] Boeing is ranked 54th on the Fortune 500 list (2020), [11] and ranked 121st on the Fortune Global 500 list (2020). [12]

History

Origins

The Boeing Company was started in 1916, when American lumber industrialist William E. Boeing founded Pacific Aero Products Company in Seattle, Washington. Shortly before doing so, he and Conrad Westervelt created the "B&W" seaplane. [13] In 1917, the organization was renamed Boeing Airplane Company, with William Boeing forming Boeing Airplane & Transport Corporation in 1928. [14] In 1929, the company was renamed United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, followed by the acquisition of several aircraft makers such as Avion, Chance Vought, Sikorsky Aviation, Stearman Aircraft, Pratt & Whitney, and Hamilton Metalplane. [2]

In 1931, the group merged its four smaller airlines into United Airlines. In 1934, aircraft manufacturing was required to be separate from air transportation. [15] Therefore, Boeing Airplane Company became one of three major groups to arise from the dissolution of United Aircraft and Transport; the other two entities were United Aircraft (later United Technologies) and United Airlines. [2] [15]

In 1960, the company bought Vertol Aircraft Corporation, which at the time, was the biggest independent manufacturer of helicopters. [16] During the 1960s and 1970s, the company diversified into industries such as outer space travel, marine craft, agriculture, energy production and transit systems. [2]

Sea Launch

In 1995, Boeing partnered with Russian, Ukrainian, and Anglo-Norwegian organizations to create Sea Launch, a company providing commercial launch services sending satellites to geostationary orbit from floating platforms. [17] In 2000, Boeing acquired the satellite segment of Hughes Electronics. [2] [18]

Merger with McDonnell Douglas

In December 1996, Boeing announced its intention to merge with McDonnell Douglas, which, following regulatory approval, was completed on August 4, 1997. [19] The delay was caused by objections from the European Commission, which ultimately placed three conditions on the merger: exclusivity agreements with three US airlines would be terminated, separate accounts would be maintained for the McDonnell-Douglas civil aircraft business, and some defense patents were to be made available to competitors. [20] In 2020, Quartz reported that after the merger there was a "clash of corporate cultures, where Boeing's engineers and McDonnell Douglas's bean-counters went head-to-head", which the latter won, and that this may have contributed to the events leading up to the 737 MAX crash crisis. [21]

Corporate headquarters moves

Boeing's corporate headquarters moved from Seattle to Chicago in 2001. [22] In 2018, the company opened its first factory in Europe at Sheffield, UK, reinforced by a research partnership with the University of Sheffield. [23]

In May 2020, the company cut over 12,000 jobs due to the drop in air travel during the COVID-19 pandemic with plans for a total 10% cut of its workforce or approximately 16,000 positions. [24] In July 2020, Boeing reported a loss of $2.4 billion as a result of the pandemic and the Boeing 737 MAX groundings, and that it was in response planning to make more job and production cuts. [25] On August 18, 2020, CEO Dave Calhoun announced further job cuts; [26] on October 28, 2020, nearly 30,000 employees were laid off, as the airplane manufacturer was increasingly losing money due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [27]

In May 2022, Boeing announced plans to move its global headquarters from Chicago to Arlington, Virginia, a suburb of Washington, D.C. The company said that this decision was made in part to concentrate on its defense work with "proximity to our customers and stakeholders." [28] [29] After the January 2024 Alaska Airlines Flight 1282 and other incidents, one shareholder proposed relocating the corporate headquarters back to the Seattle area in hopes of getting engineering and quality control teams on-site access to key decision-makers. Boeing's board soundly dismissed the attempt. [30] [31]

In February 2023, Boeing announced plans for laying off approximately 2,000 of its workers from finances and human resources. [32]

In May 2023, Boeing acquired autonomous eVTOL air taxi startup Wisk Aero. [33]

Divisions

Assembly of a 737 in the Boeing Renton Factory Boeing Plant in Renton, 5-18-2010 (4622746048).jpg
Assembly of a 737 in the Boeing Renton Factory

The company's three divisions are: Commercial Airplanes; Defense, Space & Security; and Global Services. [34]

Final assembly of a Boeing 737 airplane, 1975 Final assembly of Boeing 737 airplane (1975).jpg
Final assembly of a Boeing 737 airplane, 1975

Safety defects and airplane crashes

Boeing 737 MAX crashes and groundings

In 2018 and 2019, two Boeing 737 MAX narrow-body passenger airplanes crashed, leaving 346 people dead and no survivors. In response, aviation regulators and airlines around the world grounded all 737 MAX airliners. [35] A total of 387 aircraft were grounded. [36] Boeing's reputation, business, and financial rating suffered after the groundings, as Boeing's strategy, governance, and focus on profits and cost efficiency were questioned. [37] [38] [39] In 2022, Netflix released an exposé, Downfall: The Case Against Boeing , claiming Boeing's corporate merger with McDonnell Douglas led to the crashes through a disintegration of workplace morale. [40] [41] [42] [43] [44]

In June 2020, the Federal Aviation Administration found several 737 MAX defects that Boeing deferred to fix, in violation of regulations. [45] In September 2020, the U.S. House of Representatives concluded its own investigation and cited numerous instances where Boeing dismissed employee concerns with a 737 MAX flight stabilizing feature (MCAS) that caused the two fatal accidents, prioritized deadline and budget constraints over safety, and lacked transparency in disclosing essential information to the FAA. It further found that the assumption that simulator training would not be necessary had "diminished safety, minimized the value of pilot training, and inhibited technical design improvements". [46] On January 7, 2021, Boeing settled to pay over $2.5 billion after being charged with fraud over the company's hiding of information from the safety regulators: a criminal monetary penalty of $243.6 million, $1.77 billion of damages to airline customers, and a $500 million crash-victim beneficiaries fund. [47]

In September 2022, Boeing was ordered to pay a further $200 million over charges of misleading investors about safety issues related to these crashes. [48] In March 2023, Boeing disputed in court filings that the victims of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 (the 2019 crash) experienced any pain and suffering in the final six minutes as the plane was nosediving into the ground, citing "speed of sound" as a defence. Boeing's claim was described as "preposterous" by Huffington Post : [49]

Passengers aboard the plane, the plaintiffs argued in court, "undeniably suffered horrific emotional distress, pain and suffering, and physical impact/injury while they endured extreme G-forces, braced for impact, knew the airplane was malfunctioning, and ultimately plummeted nose-down to the ground at terrifying speed."

While the investigations into the crashes of the 737 MAX were proceeding, the Boeing 777X, the company's largest capacity twin jet and the largest ever built, made its maiden flight on January 25, 2020, [50] but also experienced problems. Following an incident during flight testing in 2021, the estimated first delivery of the aircraft was delayed until 2024. [51] After further technical problems were discovered in the aircraft in 2022, the release was delayed again until 2025, six years after the original date. [52] [53]

Alaska Airlines Flight 1282

On January 5, 2024, on Alaska Airlines Flight 1282, a door plug blowout [54] [55] occurred on a 737 MAX 9 jetliner after the plane had reached just over 16,000 feet, leaving a door-sized hole in the fuselage and the aircraft made an emergency landing at Portland International Airport successfully with several people onboard injured, although all had subsequently been "medically cleared". [56] The FAA mandated immediate inspections of all 737 MAX 9s fitted with door plugs, thereby grounding 171 aircraft. [57] [58] [59] United Airlines found loose bolts on jets grounded by the FAA, raising questions about possible systemic problems with the Boeing 737 MAX 9. [60] The FAA announced on January 12 that it was expanding its scrutiny of Boeing, with a production audit of the 737 MAX 9. [61] On February 6, the National Transportation Safety Board released a preliminary report indicating that four bolts used to secure the panel had been removed, and appeared not to have been replaced, at Boeing’s factory in Renton, Washington. [62]

In March 2024, the Justice Department opened a criminal investigation into the Alaska Airlines blowout. [63] In March 2024, CEO Dave Calhoun and board chairman Larry Kellner both announced they would be stepping down from their positions. [64]

Environmental record

In 2006, the UCLA Center for Environmental Risk Reduction released a study showing that Boeing's Santa Susana Field Laboratory, a site that was a former Rocketdyne test and development site in the Simi Hills of eastern Ventura County in Southern California, had been contaminated by Rocketdyne with toxic and radioactive waste. Boeing agreed to a cleanup agreement with the EPA in 2017. [65] Clean-up studies and lawsuits are in progress. [66]

On July 19, 2022, Boeing announced a renewed partnership with Mitsubishi to innovate carbon-neutral and sustainable solutions. [67]

Jet biofuels

Boeing Everett Factory, the assembly facility for most of the company's wide-body aircraft Boeing Everett Plant.jpg
Boeing Everett Factory, the assembly facility for most of the company's wide-body aircraft

The airline industry is responsible for about 11% of greenhouse gases emitted by the U.S. transportation sector. [68] Aviation's share of the greenhouse gas emissions was poised to grow, as air travel increases and ground vehicles use more alternative fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. [68] Boeing estimates that biofuels could reduce flight-related greenhouse-gas emissions by 60 to 80%. [68] The solution blends algae fuels with existing jet fuel. [68]

Boeing executives said the company was collaborating with Brazilian biofuels maker Tecbio, Aquaflow Bionomic of New Zealand, and other fuel developers around the world. As of 2007, Boeing had tested six fuels from these companies, and expected to test 20 fuels "by the time we're done evaluating them". [68] Boeing also joined other aviation-related members in the Algal Biomass Organization (ABO) in June 2008. [69]

Air New Zealand and Boeing are researching the jatropha plant to see if it is a sustainable alternative to conventional fuel. [70] A two-hour test flight using a 50–50 mixture of the new biofuel with Jet A-1 in a Rolls-Royce RB-211 engine of a 747–400 was completed on December 30, 2008. [71] The engine was then removed to be studied to identify any differences between the Jatropha blend and regular Jet A1. No effects on performances were found. [71]

On August 31, 2010, Boeing worked with the U.S. Air Force to test the Boeing C-17 running on 50% JP-8, 25% hydro-treated renewable jet fuel, and 25% of Fischer–Tropsch fuel with successful results. [72]

Electric propulsion

For NASA's N+3 future airliner program, Boeing has determined that hybrid electric engine technology is by far the best choice for its subsonic design. Hybrid electric propulsion has the potential to shorten takeoff distance and reduce noise. Boeing created a team to study electric propulsion in future generation of subsonic commercial aircraft. SUGAR for Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research includes BR&T, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, General Electric, and Georgia Tech. There are five main concepts the team is reviewing. SUGAR-Free and Refined SUGAR, are two concepts based on conventional aircraft similar to the 737. SUGAR High and SUGAR Volt, are both high-span, strut-based wing concepts. The final concept is SUGAR Ray, which is a wing-body hybrid. The SUGAR Volt concept has resulted in a drop in fuel burn by more than 70 percent and a reduction of total energy use by 55%. This reduction is the result of adding an electric battery gas turbine hybrid propulsion system. [73]

Sustainability

Partnership in Middle East, Turkey, and Africa

As of November 2023, Boeing has partnered with key stakeholders to promote sustainability in the Middle East, Turkey, and Africa. Their goal is to reach net zero emissions by 2050. The partnerships is focused on innovation, continuous improvement of operational efficiency, and sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). SAF can reduce lifecycle carbon dioxide by 85%, and provides a unique opportunity for the airline company to rely more on renewable resources. [74]

Santa Susana restoration

The former Santa Susana Field Laboratory is a 2,850-acre (1,150 ha) rocket engine and energy test center. Just about every major U.S. space program owes part of its success to the field lab in California's Simi Hills. [75] Boeing bought the land and secured the future of nearly 2,400-acre (970 ha) as permanent open space habitat to benefit wildlife and the community. [76]

Political contributions, federal contracts, advocacy

Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg and US President Donald Trump at the 787-10 Dreamliner rollout ceremony in 2017 Boeing 787-10 rollout with President Trump (32335755473) (cropped).jpg
Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg and US President Donald Trump at the 787-10 Dreamliner rollout ceremony in 2017

In 2008 and 2009, Boeing was second on the list of Top 100 US Federal Contractors, with contracts totaling US$22 billion and US$23 billion respectively. [77] [78] Between 1995 and early 2021, the company agreed to pay US$4.3 billion to settle 84 instances of misconduct, including US$615 million in 2006 in relation to illegal hiring of government officials and improper use of proprietary information. [79] [80] [81]

Boeing secured the highest-ever tax breaks at the state level in 2013. [82]

Boeing's spent US$16.9 million on lobbying expenditures in 2009. [83] [84] In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama "was by far the biggest recipient of campaign contributions from Boeing employees and executives, hauling in US$197,000 – five times as much as John McCain, and more than the top eight Republicans combined". [85]

Boeing has a corporate citizenship program centered on charitable contributions in five areas: education, health, human services, environment, the arts, culture, and civic engagement. [86] In 2011, Boeing spent US$147.3 million in these areas through charitable grants and business sponsorships. [87] In February 2012, Boeing Global Corporate Citizenship partnered with the Insight Labs to develop a new model for foundations to more effectively lead the sectors they serve. [88]

The company is a member of the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, a Washington D.C.-based coalition of more than 400 major companies and NGOs that advocate a larger International Affairs Budget, which funds American diplomatic and development efforts abroad. [89] A series of U.S. diplomatic cables show how U.S. diplomats and senior politicians intervene on behalf of Boeing to help boost the company's sales. [90]

In 2007 and 2008, the company benefited from over US$10 billion of long-term loan guarantees, helping finance the purchase of their commercial aircraft in countries including Brazil, Canada, Ireland, and the United Arab Emirates, from the Export-Import Bank of the United States, some 65% of the total loan guarantees the bank made in the period. [91]

Criticism

In December 2011, the non-partisan organization Public Campaign criticized Boeing for spending US$52.29 million on lobbying and not paying taxes during 2008–2010, instead getting US$178 million in tax rebates, despite making a profit of US$9.7 billion, laying off 14,862 workers since 2008, and increasing executive pay by 31% to US$41.9 million in 2010 for its top five executives. [92]

Boeing has been accused of unethical practices (in violation of the Procurement Integrity Act) while attempting to submit a revised bid to NASA for their lunar landing project. [93]

War profiteering

The firm has been criticized for supplying and profiting from wars, including the war in Yemen where its missiles were found to be used for indiscriminate attacks, killing many civilians. [94] [95]

In 2023, it was reported that Boeing sent 1,000 small diameter bombs for the first week of Israeli air attacks on Gaza that were shipped from a US Air Force base by Israeli Air Force. [96] During the Israel-Gaza war (2023-present), demonstrations sought to block shipments of weapons for the Israel Defense Forces at Boeing facilities in St. Charles, Missouri, [97] Tukwila, Washington, [98] and Gresham, Oregon. [99] Students at Florida State University, [100] University of Washington, [101] Saint Louis University, University of Missouri–St. Louis, and Washington University in St. Louis [102] called for their institutions to break partnerships with Boeing. Research estimates that Boeing has made between $50 billion to $100 billion from weapon sales to Israel. [99]

In 2024, students on hunger strike at Brown University named Boeing among the list of corporations to divest from. [103] Five protesters in solidarity with the Palestinian cause were arrested on felony charges after blocking entrances to a Boeing facility in Heath, Ohio. [104] The student union at Washington University in St. Louis passed a resolution calling on the university to divest from Boeing. [105]

Financials

Sales by business (2023) [106]
BusinessSales in billion $share
Commercial Airplanes33.943.6%
Defense, Space and Security24.932.1%
Global Services19.124.6%
Unallocated Items, Eliminations and Other-0.2-0.2%
Sales by region (2023) [106]
RegionSales in billion $share
United States45.458.3%
Europe10.513.5%
Asia10.012.9%
Middle East6.68.5%
Oceania1.72.1%
Latin America, Caribbean and Other1.52.0%
Canada1.31.6%
Africa0.81.1%
Global0.030.0%

The key trends of Boeing are (as at the financial year ending December 31): [107]

YearRevenue in billion US$ [108] Net Income in billion US$Price per Share
(US$)[ citation needed ]
EmployeesRefs
200553.62.549.94 [109]
200661.52.257.26 [110]
200766.34.068.72 [111]
200860.92.649.09 [112]
200968.21.334.57 [113]
201064.33.252.13 [114]
201168.74.056.29 [115]
201281.63.960.6 [116]
201386.64.587.44168,400 [117]
201490.75.4110.97165,500 [118]
201596.15.1127.13161,400 [119]
201694.54.8121.56150,500 [120]
201793.38.1202.99140,800 [121]
201810110.4331.9153,000 [122]
201976.5–0.63358.8161,000 [123]
202058.1–11.9196.87141,014 [124]
202162.2–4.2224.54140,000 [125]
202266.6–5.1166.18156,000 [126]
202377.7–2.2212.07171,000 [4]

Between 2010 and 2018, Boeing increased its operating cash flow from $3 to $15.3 billion, sustaining its share price, by negotiating advance payments from customers and delaying payments to its suppliers. This strategy is sustainable only as long as orders are good and delivery rates are increasing. [127]

From 2013 to 2019, Boeing spent over $60 billion on dividends and stock buybacks, twice as much as the development costs of the 787. [128]

In 2020, Boeing's second quarter revenue was $11.8 billion as a result of the pandemic slump. Due to higher sales in other divisions and an influx in deliveries of commercial jetliners in 2021, second quarter revenue increased by 44%, reaching nearly $17 billion. [129]

Employment numbers

The company's employment totals are listed below.

Approximately 1.5% of Boeing employees are in the Technical Fellowship program, a program through which Boeing's top engineers and scientists set technical direction for the company. [131] The average salary at Boeing is $76,784, reported by former employees. [132]

Corporate governance

In 2022, Rory Kennedy made a documentary film, Downfall: The Case Against Boeing , streamed by Netflix. [40] She said about the 21st-century history of Boeing "There were many decades when Boeing did extraordinary things by focusing on excellence and safety and ingenuity. Those three virtues were seen as the key to profit. It could work, and beautifully. And then they were taken over by a group that decided Wall Street was the end-all, be-all." [41]

On May 5, 2022, Boeing announced that it would be moving its headquarters from Chicago to Arlington, Virginia in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. Additionally, it plans to add a research and technology center in Northern Virginia. [133]

Board

As of 2022, Boeing is headed by a President who also serves as the chief executive officer. The roles of chair of the board and CEO were separated in October 2019. [134]

Chair of the Board
NameBackground
Steve MollenkopfFormer CEO, Qualcomm
Board of Directors
NameBackground
Robert A. Bradway Chair and CEO, Amgen
Dave Calhoun [lower-alpha 1] President and CEO, The Boeing Company
Lynne M. DoughttieFormer U.S. chair and CEO, KPMG
Edmund Giambastiani Former Vice-chair, U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff
Former Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO
Lynn Good Chair, President and CEO, Duke Energy
Stayce Harris Former United Airlines Pilot
Former Inspector General, U.S. Air Force
Akhil JohriFormer Executive Vice-president and CFO, United Technologies Corporation
David L. JoyceFormer President and CEO, GE Aviation
Former Vice-chair, General Electric Company
Larry Kellner [lower-alpha 2] Former chair and CEO, Continental Airlines
John M. Richardson Former Chief of Naval Operations, U.S. Navy
Former Director of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, U.S. Navy
Ron Williams Former chair, President and CEO, Aetna

Past leadership

Chief Executive OfficerPresidentChairman
N/APosition not createdN/APosition not created1916–1934 William Boeing
1922–1925 Edgar Gott [135]
1926–1933 Philip G. Johnson
1933–1939 Claire Egtvedt [136] 1933–1939Claire Egtvedt1934–1968Claire Egtvedt
1939–1944Philip G. Johnson1939–1944Philip G. Johnson
1944–1945Claire Egtvedt1944–1945Claire Egtvedt
1945–1968 William M. Allen 1945–1968William M. Allen
1969–1986 Thornton Wilson 1968–1972Thornton Wilson1968–1972William M. Allen
1972–1985 Malcolm T. Stamper 1972–1987Thornton Wilson
1986–1996 Frank Shrontz [137] 1985–1996Frank Shrontz1985–1996Frank Shrontz
1996–2003 Philip M. Condit 1996–1997Philip M. Condit1997–2003Philip M. Condit
2003–2005Harry Stonecipher1997–2005 Harry Stonecipher 2003–2005 Lewis E. Platt
2005–2015 James McNerney 2005–2013James McNerney2005–2016James McNerney
2015–2019 Dennis Muilenburg [138] 2013–2019Dennis Muilenburg [139] 2016–2019Dennis Muilenburg
2019Dave Calhoun
2020–2024 Dave Calhoun [lower-alpha 1] 2020–2024Dave Calhoun [lower-alpha 1] 2019–2024Lawrence Kellner
2024–presentSteve Mollenkopf

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Calhoun has announced that he will retire at the end of 2024.
  2. Kellner has announced that he will not stand for re-election at the next Annual Shareholder meeting.

Related Research Articles

Southwest Airlines Co. is a major airline in the United States that operates on a low-cost carrier model. It is headquartered in Love Field, Dallas, Texas, within the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, and has scheduled service to 121 destinations in the United States and 10 additional countries. As of 2018, Southwest carried more domestic passengers than any other United States airline. It is currently the third largest airline in North America based on passengers flown.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 737</span> Single-aisle airliner family by Boeing

The Boeing 737 is an American narrow-body airliner produced by Boeing at its Renton factory in Washington. Developed to supplement the Boeing 727 on short and thin routes, the twinjet retained the 707 fuselage width and six abreast seating but with two underwing turbofans instead of four. Envisioned in 1964, the initial 737-100 made its first flight in April 1967 and entered service in February 1968 with Lufthansa. The lengthened 737-200 entered service in April 1968, and evolved through four generations, offering several variants for 85 to 215 passengers.

Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, trading as Norwegian, is a Norwegian low-cost airline and Scandinavia's second-largest airline, behind Scandinavian Airlines. It is the fourth largest low-cost carrier in Europe behind Wizz Air, easyJet and Ryanair, the largest airline in Norway, and the ninth-largest airline in Europe in terms of passenger numbers. It offers a high-frequency domestic flight schedule within Scandinavia and Finland, and to business destinations such as London, as well as to holiday destinations in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands, transporting over 30 million people in 2016. The airline is known for its distinctive livery of white with a red nose, with portraits of high achievers on the tail fins of its aircraft.

Alaska Airlines is a major airline in the United States headquartered in SeaTac, Washington, within the Seattle metropolitan area. It is the fifth-largest airline in North America when measured by scheduled passengers carried. Alaska, together with its regional partners Horizon Air and SkyWest Airlines operates a route network primarily focused on connecting cities along the West Coast of the United States to over 100 destinations in the contiguous United States, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Mexico.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Air Maroc</span> Flag carrier of Morocco

Royal Air Maroc, more commonly known as RAM, is the Moroccan national carrier, as well as the country's largest airline, ranking among the largest in Africa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing Commercial Airplanes</span> Division of the Boeing Company that builds commercial jet airplanes

Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is a division of the Boeing Company. It designs, assembles, markets, and sells commercial aircraft, including the 737, 767, 777, and 787, along with freighter and business jet variants of most. The division employs nearly 35,000 people, many working at the company's division headquarters in Renton, Washington or at more than a dozen engineering, manufacturing, and assembly facilities, notably the Everett Factory and Renton Factory, and the South Carolina Factory.

SpiceJet is an Indian low-cost airline headquartered in Gurgaon, Haryana. As of November 2023, it is the fourth largest airline in India by number of domestic passengers carried, with a market share of 6.2% and connects 73 destinations, including 60 Indian and 13 international from its bases at Delhi and Hyderabad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flair Airlines</span> Ultra-low-cost airline of Canada

Flair Airlines is a Canadian ultra low-cost carrier (ULCC) headquartered in Edmonton, Alberta. The airline operates scheduled passenger and chartered services with a fleet of Boeing 737 aircraft. The company slogan is Plane and Simple. The airline promotes itself as being Canada's leading independent ULCC.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Competition between Airbus and Boeing</span> Rivalry between the two biggest aircraft manufacturers

The competition between Airbus and Boeing has been characterized as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market since the 1990s.

Vietjet Aviation Joint Stock Company, operating as VietJet Air or Vietjet, is a Vietnamese low-cost airline based in Hanoi. It was the first privately owned airline to be established in Vietnam, being granted its initial approval to operate by the Vietnamese Minister of Finance in November 2007. As of its launch in December 2011, it became the second private airline to offer domestic service in Vietnam, as well as the fifth airline overall to offer civil domestic flights. VietJet Air is owned by Sovico Holdings, HDBank, other organisational investors, and individual stakeholders.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 737 Next Generation</span> Single-aisle airliner family by Boeing

The Boeing 737 Next Generation, commonly abbreviated as 737NG, or 737 Next Gen, is a twin-engine narrow-body aircraft produced by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Launched in 1993 as the third generation derivative of the Boeing 737, it has been produced since 1997.

Dubai Aviation Corporation, operating as Flydubai, is an Emirati government-owned airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The airline mainly operates out of Terminal 2 at Dubai International Airport, though some flights fly out from Terminal 3. The airline operates a total of 124 destinations, serving the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe from Dubai. The company slogan is Get Going.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 737 MAX</span> Single-aisle airliner family by Boeing

The Boeing 737 MAX is the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, a narrow-body airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, a division of American company Boeing. It succeeds the Boeing 737 Next Generation (NG) and competes with the Airbus A320neo family. The new series was announced in August 2011. It took its maiden flight in January 2016 and was certified by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in March 2017. The first delivery was a MAX 8 in May 2017 to Malindo Air, with which it commenced service in May 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 777X</span> Next generation of the Boeing 777

The Boeing 777X is the latest series of the long-range, wide-body, twin-engine jetliners in the Boeing 777 family from Boeing Commercial Airplanes. The 777X features new GE9X engines, new composite wings with folding wingtips, greater cabin width and seating capacity, and technologies from the Boeing 787. The 777X was launched in November 2013 with two variants: the 777-8 and the 777-9. The 777-8 provides seating for 384 passengers and has a range of 8,745 nautical miles [nmi] while the 777-9 has seating for 426 passengers and a range of over 7,285 nmi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302</span> 2019 plane crash near Bishoftu, Ethiopia

Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. On 10 March 2019, the Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft which operated the flight crashed near the town of Bishoftu six minutes after takeoff, killing all 157 people aboard.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 737 MAX groundings</span> 2019–20 worldwide grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX

The Boeing 737 MAX passenger airliner was grounded worldwide between March 2019 and December 2020 – longer in many jurisdictions – after 346 people died in two similar crashes: Lion Air Flight 610 on October 29, 2018, and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 on March 10, 2019. The Federal Aviation Administration initially affirmed the MAX's continued airworthiness, claiming to have insufficient evidence of accident similarities. By March 13, the FAA followed behind 51 concerned regulators in deciding to ground the aircraft. All 387 aircraft delivered to airlines were grounded by March 18.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Boeing</span> History of the aerospace and defense corporation

This is the history of American aerospace manufacturing company Boeing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reactions to the Boeing 737 MAX groundings</span>

The two fatal Boeing 737 MAX crashes in October 2018 and March 2019 which were similar in nature – both aircraft were newly delivered and crashed shortly after takeoff – and the subsequent groundings of the global 737 MAX fleet drew mixed reactions from multiple organizations. Boeing expressed its sympathy to the relatives of the Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 crash victims, while simultaneously defending the aircraft against any faults and suggesting the pilots had insufficient training, until rebutted by evidence. After the 737 MAX fleet was globally grounded, starting in China with the Civil Aviation Administration of China the day after the second crash, Boeing provided several outdated return-to-service timelines, the earliest of which was "in the coming weeks" after the second crash. On October 11, 2019, David L. Calhoun replaced Dennis Muilenburg as chairman of Boeing, then succeeded Muilenburg's role as chief executive officer in January 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boeing 737 MAX certification</span> Certification of aircraft

The Boeing 737 MAX was initially certified in 2017 by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Global regulators grounded the plane in 2019 following fatal crashes of Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302. Both crashes were linked to the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS), a new automatic flight control feature. Investigations into both crashes determined that Boeing and the FAA favored cost-saving solutions, which ultimately produced a flawed design of the MCAS instead. The FAA's Organization Designation Authorization program, allowing manufacturers to act on its behalf, was also questioned for weakening its oversight of Boeing.

References

  1. Jarrell, Howard R. (1993). Directory of Corporate Name Changes . Scarecrow Press. pp.  43. ISBN   0-8108-2761-1 via Internet Archive.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Stanley I. Weiss and Amir R. Amir. "Boeing Company – Description, History, & Aircraft". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on July 18, 2019.
  3. "Boeing: The Boeing Company: General Information".
  4. 1 2 "The Boeing Co. 2023 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 31, 2024.
  5. Bernal, Kyle (December 23, 2022). "What Are the Top Boeing Government Contracts?" . Retrieved June 8, 2023.
  6. "The SIPRI Top 100 arms-producing and military services companies in the world, 2022 | SIPRI". www.sipri.org. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  7. "Boeing says it's flying high despite recession". USA Today . March 27, 2009. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012.
  8. "Boeing history chronology" (PDF). Boeing. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 8, 2018.
  9. Hansen, Drew (February 21, 2023). "Boeing offers CEO Dave Calhoun more than $5M in additional stock awards to stay on". American City Business Journals.
  10. "Boeing's worldwide revenue from FY 2007 to FY 2021". Statista. February 3, 2023.
  11. "Boeing". Fortune. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  12. "Boeing". Fortune. Archived from the original on November 16, 2021. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  13. Petrauskaite, Gabriele (October 11, 2022). "The story of Boeing: from single plane to aerospace giant". aerotime.aero. Retrieved May 3, 2023.
  14. Schultz, John; Wilma, David (December 21, 2006). "Boeing, William Edward (1881–1956)". HistoryLink .
  15. 1 2 "United Airlines | American corporation". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on May 10, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  16. "Crash Landing". The Commentator. December 22, 2019. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  17. "What Happened to Sea Launch". Space Daily. Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  18. Pollack, Andrew (January 13, 2000). "$3.75 Billion Boeing-Hughes Satellite Deal Expected" . The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  19. Skapinker, Michael (August 5, 1997). "Boeing completes McDonnell Douglas takeover". Financial Times. London.
  20. Skapinker, Michael (September 23, 1997). "World's skies are dominated by US". Financial Times. London.
  21. Frost, Natasha (January 3, 2020). "The 1997 merger that paved the way for the Boeing 737 Max crisis". yahoo!finance. Originally published by Quartz. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  22. Historylink.org, David Wilma (September 4, 2018). "On this day: Boeing moves corporate headquarters to Chicago in 2001". KIRO. Archived from the original on September 10, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  23. Barton, Sean, ed. (February 4, 2021). "Boeing and University of Sheffield AMRC renew partnership for five more years" (Press release). University of Sheffield.
  24. Schaper, David (May 27, 2020). "Boeing Cuts More Than 12,000 Jobs Due To Drop In Air Travel". NPR . Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  25. Cameron, Doug; Tangel, Andrew (July 29, 2020). "Boeing Plans Deeper Job and Production Cuts". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  26. Chris Isidore (August 18, 2020). "Boeing plans more job cuts on top of 16,000 announced this spring". CNN. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  27. Schaper, David (October 28, 2020). "Citing 'Devastating' Pandemic Impact, Boeing To Lay Off 7,000 More Workers". NPR. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  28. "Boeing Names Northern Virginia Office Its Global Headquarters; Establishes Research & Technology Hub". Boeing. Archived from the original on May 5, 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  29. Taylor Telford; Ian Duncan; Laura Vozzella; Teo Armus (May 5, 2022). "Boeing to move headquarters from Chicago to Arlington, Va". The Washington Post . Washington, D.C. ISSN   0190-8286. OCLC   1330888409. Archived from the original on May 6, 2022. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  30. Syme, Pete. "Boeing's board shut down a shareholder's bid to move its headquarters back to Seattle". Business Insider. Retrieved March 12, 2024. Federal Aviation Administration released the findings of its resulting investigation into Boeing… said there is "a disconnect between Boeing's senior management and other members of the organization on safety culture." Many critics have pointed to Boeing moving its headquarters to Chicago in 2001 as the start of a decline. The company is now headquartered in Virginia, and the 737 Max factory is near Seattle.
  31. "Boeing board blocks shareholder push to bring HQ back to Seattle". The Seattle Times. February 26, 2024. Retrieved March 12, 2024.
  32. "Boeing: Plane maker plans to cut 2,000 office jobs this year". BBC News. February 7, 2023. Retrieved February 7, 2023.
  33. Root, Al (May 31, 2023). "Boeing Buys Self-Driving Air Taxi Start-Up Wisk". Barron's . Archived from the original on June 1, 2023.
  34. "Boeing in Brief". Boeing. Archived from the original on February 18, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  35. Gelles, David; Kitroeff, Natalie; Ahmed, Hadra (March 12, 2019). "Boeing Scrambles to Contain Fallout From Deadly Ethiopia Crash". The New York Times. The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 6, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  36. "Where the grounded 737 MAX are stored". Flightradar24 Blog. March 16, 2019. Archived from the original on June 6, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  37. Andrew Tangel and Andy Pasztor (October 2, 2019). "Boeing Prioritized Costs Over Safety, Engineer Alleges". WSJ . Archived from the original on October 15, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  38. Claudia Assis (October 22, 2019). "Boeing's credit-rating outlook downgraded by S&P Global". MarketWatch. Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  39. Leslie Josephs and Thomas Franck (October 22, 2019). "Boeing survey showed employees felt pressure from managers on safety approvals". CNBC . Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  40. 1 2 "DOWNFALL: The Case Against Boeing" . Netflix. 2022.
  41. 1 2 Bramesco, Charles (February 22, 2022). "'All those agencies failed us': inside the terrifying downfall of Boeing". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved January 8, 2024.
  42. Hurt III, Harry (November 20, 2010). "The Pain of Change at Boeing". The New York Times .
  43. Frost, Natasha (January 3, 2020). "The 1997 merger that paved the way for the Boeing 737 Max crisis". Quartz (publication) .
  44. Smart, Jon (January 28, 2021). "Lack of Psychological Safety at Boeing". itrevolution.com.
  45. "FAA Probing Boeing's Alleged Pressure on Designated Inspectors". BNN Bloomberg. July 9, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  46. "Final Committee Report on the Design, Development, and Certification of the Boeing 737 MAX". The House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. September 15, 2020. p. 141.[ permanent dead link ]
  47. Josephs, Leslie (January 7, 2021). "Boeing to pay more than $2.5 billion to settle criminal conspiracy charge over 737 Max". CNBC .
  48. "737 MAX: Boeing to pay $200m over charges it misled investors". BBC News. September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  49. "Did Victims In 737 Max Crash Suffer Before They Died? Boeing Lawyers Say No". Huffpost. March 17, 2023. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  50. Josephs, Leslie (January 25, 2020). "Boeing's 777X, the world's largest twin-engine jet, completes maiden flight". CNBC. Archived from the original on November 28, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  51. Gates, Dominic (June 27, 2021). "Citing a serious flight test incident and lack of design maturity, FAA slows Boeing 777X certification". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on June 12, 2022. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
  52. Meier, Ricardo (November 30, 2022). "Boeing acknowledges 777X engine problem after grounding flights two months ago". Air Data News. Retrieved January 7, 2024.
  53. "Emirates' Clark: No A380 or B747 will lead to rising fares". aerotime.aero. November 29, 2022. Retrieved January 7, 2024.
  54. Edmonds, Colbi; Carballo, Rebecca (January 7, 2024). "The Frightful Minutes Aboard Flight 1282" . The New York Times .
  55. Sephton, Connor (January 7, 2024). "Alaska Airlines blowout: 197 planes grounded after dramatic mid-air incident on new aircraft stuns aviation experts". Sky News .
  56. "Information about Alaska Airlines Flight 1282". Alaska Airlines News. January 18, 2024. Retrieved January 20, 2024.
  57. Federal Aviation Authority, The. "FAA Statement on Temporary Grounding of Certain Boeing 737 MAX 9 Aircraft".
  58. McAvoy, Audrey; Koenig, David (January 7, 2024). "Federal officials order grounding of some Boeing 737 Max 9 jetliners after plane suffers a blowout". Associated Press News .
  59. Shepardson, David; Insinna, Valerie; Hepher, Tim (January 7, 2024). "US grounds some Boeing MAX planes for safety checks after cabin emergency". Reuters .
  60. Aratani, Lori; Cho, Kelly Kasulis (January 8, 2024). "United finds loose bolts on Boeing jets grounded after blowout incident" . Washington Post .
  61. Chokshi, Niraj (January 12, 2024). "The F.A.A. to Increase Oversight of Boeing and Audit 737 Max 9 Production" . The New York Times .
  62. Ember, Sydney; Walker, Mark (February 6, 2024). "Alaska Airlines 737 May Have Left Boeing Factory Missing Bolts, N.T.S.B. Says" . The New York Times .
  63. Sider, Andrew Tangel, Dave Michaels and Alison. "Justice Department Opens Probe, Interviews Crew in Alaska Airlines Blowout". WSJ. Retrieved March 10, 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  64. Reeder, Phil LeBeau,Leslie Josephs,Meghan (March 25, 2024). "Boeing CEO Dave Calhoun to step down; board chair and commercial airplane head replaced in wake of 737 Max crisis". CNBC. Retrieved March 25, 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  65. "Agreement Reached on Santa Susana Field Laboratory Examination Ahead of Cleanup". NBC Los Angeles. September 20, 2019. Archived from the original on July 22, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  66. "Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) Main Page". Department of Toxic Substances Control. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  67. "Boeing Partner Mitsubishi to Advance Sustainable Air Travel – Travel Radar". July 20, 2022. Archived from the original on July 21, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  68. 1 2 3 4 5 Ángel González (August 30, 2007). "To go green in jet fuel, Boeing looks at algae". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on April 5, 2009. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
  69. "First Airlines and UOP Join Algal Biomass Organization". Green Car Congress. June 19, 2008. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008.
  70. "Air New Zealand to use jatropha jet fuel | Biomassmagazine.com". www.biomassmagazine.com. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  71. 1 2 Jha, Alok; correspondent, green technology (December 30, 2008). "Air New Zealand jet completes world's first second-generation biofuel flight". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on July 22, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  72. "C-17 conducts flight test with biofuel". U.S. Air Force. September 3, 2010. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  73. "Boeing Feature Story: Envisioning tomorrow's aircraft". Boeing. August 16, 2010. Archived from the original on September 6, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  74. "Boeing: Sustainability: Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG)". boeing.com. Retrieved March 27, 2024.
  75. "About SSFL". Santa Susana Field Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on April 29, 2024. Retrieved May 19, 2024.
  76. "Santa Susana". Boeing. Archived from the original on March 26, 2024. Retrieved May 19, 2024.
  77. "Top 100 Contractors Report – Fiscal Year 2009". fpds.gov. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  78. "Top 100 Contractors Report – Fiscal Year 2008". fpds.gov. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
  79. "Federal Contractor Misconduct Database". Project on Government Oversight. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
  80. "Contractor Case – Boeing Company". Project on Government Oversight. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  81. "Federal Contractor Misconduct Database". Project on Government Oversight. Archived from the original on May 8, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  82. Berman, Jillian (November 15, 2013). "Biggest Tax Break In U.S. History May Not Be Enough For Boeing". Huffington Post . Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  83. "Boeing Co Lobbying Expenditure". OpenSecrets. Archived from the original on July 21, 2022. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  84. "Lobbying Disclosure Act Database". United States Senate. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  85. Carney, Timothy (April 24, 2011). "Boeing lives by big government, dies by big government". Washington Examiner . Archived from the original on September 7, 2015.
  86. "Boeing Corporate Citizenship Programme". fundsforngos.org. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  87. "Boeing Corporate Citizenship Report 2011". Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  88. "No 30: Boeing Global Corporate Citizenship". Insight Labs . February 2012.
  89. "U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, Global Trust members". Usglc.org. Archived from the original on July 27, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  90. Lipton, Eric; Clark, Nicola; Lehren, Andrew W. (January 2, 2011). "Diplomats Help Push Sales of Jetliners on the Global Market". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  91. "Pew Analysis Shows More than 60% of Export-Import Bank Loan Guarantees Benefitted Single Company". The Pew Charitable Trusts. Archived from the original on May 5, 2011. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  92. Portero, Ashley (December 9, 2011). "30 Major U.S. Corporations Paid More to Lobby Congress Than Income Taxes, 2008–2010". International Business Times . Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  93. Davenport, Christian (November 17, 2020). "A NASA official asked Boeing if it would protest a major contract it lost. Instead, Boeing resubmitted its bid". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
  94. Kane, Alex. "Here's Exactly Who's Profiting from the War on Yemen". inthesetimes.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  95. LaForgia, Michael; Bogdanich, Walt (May 16, 2020). "Why Bombs Made in America Have Been Killing Civilians in Yemen" . The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 16, 2020. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  96. Capaccio, Anthony (October 10, 2023). "Boeing Sped 1,000 Smart Bombs to Israel After Hamas Attacks". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  97. Munoz, Brian; Goodwin, Jeremy D. (November 7, 2023). "Protesters block Boeing plant in Missouri that produces weapons used in Israel-Hamas war". KCUR – Kansas City news and NPR. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  98. Hart, Daniel (November 14, 2023). "Hundreds Gather in Tacoma and Tukwila to Protest U.S. Weapons Bound for Israel". South Seattle Emerald. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  99. 1 2 Foster, Kevin. "Protesters Picket Boeing Over Weapons Shipments to Israel". Portland Mercury. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  100. Casale, Christian (November 10, 2023). "FSU students demonstrate for Palestine; demand trustees divest from Israel". Florida Phoenix. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  101. Harris, Jeremy (December 7, 2023). "UW police detain 36 pro-Palestine protesters engaging in sit-in". KOMO. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  102. Davis, Chad (December 4, 2023). "St. Louis-area college student groups want universities to sever ties with Boeing". STLPR. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  103. Gabbatt, Adam (February 7, 2024). "Students on hunger strike call for Brown University to divest from pro-Israel companies". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved February 13, 2024.
  104. Gallion, Bailey (March 11, 2024). "Pro-Palestinian demonstrators arrested while blocking Boeing plant entrances, police say". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved March 12, 2024.
  105. Moore, Quinn; Khatri, Hadia; Mediratta, Aliana; Holzman, Avi (March 21, 2024). "SU Senate votes for resolution calling for University to divest from Boeing". Student Life. Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  106. 1 2 "Boeing: Shareholders Board Members Managers and Company Profile | US0970231058 | MarketScreener". www.marketscreener.com. Retrieved March 6, 2024.
  107. "Boeing Fundamentalanalyse | KGV | Kennzahlen". boerse.de (in German). Retrieved March 25, 2024.
  108. "Boeing Revenue 2006–2018 | BA". macrotrends.net. Archived from the original on October 27, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  109. "Boeing 2005 Annual Report Download – page 1". www.annualreportowl.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  110. "Boeing 2006 Annual Report Download". www.annualreportowl.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  111. "Boeing 2007 Annual Report Download – page 2". www.annualreportowl.com. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  112. "Boeing Annual Report 2008" (PDF). annualreports.com. Retrieved March 25, 2024.
  113. "The Boeing Company 2009 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  114. "The Boeing Company 2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  115. "The Boeing Company 2011 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  116. "The Boeing Company 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  117. "The Boeing Company 2013 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 3, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  118. "The Boeing Company 2014 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  119. "The Boeing Company 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 13, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  120. "The Boeing Company 2016 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  121. "The Boeing Company 2017 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  122. "The Boeing Company 2018 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on April 15, 2019.
  123. "Boeing Reports Fourth-Quarter Results". January 29, 2020. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  124. "Boeing Reports Fourth-Quarter Results". MediaRoom. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  125. "Boeing Reports Fourth-Quarter Results". Boeing. January 26, 2022. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  126. "The Boeing Co. 2022 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 27, 2023.
  127. Dominic Gates (February 8, 2019). "For Boeing, juggling cash flow often means "another 'Houdini moment'"". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  128. Tkacik, Maureen (September 18, 2019). "Crash Course". The New Republic. ISSN   0028-6583. Archived from the original on September 19, 2019. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  129. Josephs, Leslie (July 28, 2021). "Boeing posts surprise profit as aircraft demand rebounds from pandemic slump". CNBC. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  130. 1 2 "Boeing: The Boeing Company: General Information". boeing.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2024. Retrieved May 4, 2024.
  131. "Go To Gang Boeing Frontiers Magazine" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  132. "Top 10 Best Companies for U.S. Veterans: Boeing". Archived from the original on May 30, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  133. "Boeing Names Northern Virginia Office Its Global Headquarters; Establishes Research & Technology Hub" (Press release). Boeing. May 5, 2022. Archived from the original on May 5, 2022. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  134. "Boeing Board of Directors Separates CEO and chair Roles" (Press release). Boeing. October 11, 2021. Archived from the original on October 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  135. "Boeing: History -- Biographies - Boeing: Edgar N. Gott". Boeing. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008.
  136. "Boeing: Clairmont L. Egtvedt". Boeing. Archived from the original on August 20, 2016.
  137. "Boeing: History -- Biographies - Boeing: Frank Shrontz". Boeing. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007.
  138. "Boeing Promotes Dennis Muilenburg To Top Job". Forbes. July 23, 2015. Archived from the original on July 29, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  139. "Executive Biography of Dennis A. Muilenburg". Boeing. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2015.

Further reading