Bohuslav

Last updated
Bohuslav

Богуслав
City
Boguslav iz pravogo berega Rosi. Foto Romana Malenkova.jpg
Skyline of Bohuslav across the Ros' River
Boguslav town prapor.gif
Flag
Gerb-boguslav.png
Seal
Kiev oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bohuslav
Location of Bohuslav in Ukraine
Ukraine adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bohuslav
Bohuslav (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°32′48″N30°52′22″E / 49.54667°N 30.87278°E / 49.54667; 30.87278 Coordinates: 49°32′48″N30°52′22″E / 49.54667°N 30.87278°E / 49.54667; 30.87278
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Kiev Oblast.svg  Kyiv Oblast
Raion Bohuslav Raion
MunicipalityCity council
First mentioned1032
Area
  Total71 km2 (27 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total16,190
  Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
09700 — 09702
Area code(s) +380 4561

Bohuslav (Ukrainian : Богуслав) is a city of district significance on the Ros River in Kyiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It is the administrative centre of Bohuslav Raion. Population: 16,190(2020 est.) [1] . The population in 2001 was 17,135.

Contents

It is known as Boslov by some of its Yiddish speaking residents and Boguslav (by the Russophones). Prominent Americans who trace their family roots to Bohuslav include the late Congressman Herman Toll (1907–1967), who emigrated from the region with his family around 1910, and his nephews Robert (Bob) and Bruce Toll, founders of publicly traded homebuilder Toll Brothers.

Brief description

The city's year of establishment and source of name is uncertain. It is mentioned by Hypatian Codex as earlier as 1032 which is assumed as the year of establishment. In official documents it is mentioned as earlier as 1195 when Bohuslavl was handed over by the Grand Prince of Kyiv Rurik II to the Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal Vsevolod III who preceded him on Kyivan throne several years earlier.

In 1240 Bohuslav was destroyed by the Mongol invasion. In 1362 it was liberated by forces of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ruthenia, and Samogitia. In 1569 Bohuslav was passed to the Polish Crown and in 1620 it received its Magdeburg rights and its city banner. Since 1591 Bohuslav belonged to Janusz Ostrogski, the voivode of Volhynia. From 1648 to 1667 it was part of the Cossack Hetmanate and after the Treaty of Andrusovo was once again returned to Poland. In 1685 it was occupied by Samiylo Samus whom Ivan Mazepa appointed the appointed Hetman of Right-bank Ukraine when Poland allowed to restore cossacks' liberties.

Since that time and until 1704 Bohuslav became a residence of the appointed Hetman. In 1704 Samus surrendered his authority to Mazepa. After withdrawal of the Russian armed forces in 1708 from Poland, Samus continued to self-govern unlawfully in the region. In 1711 he joined forces with Pylyp Orlyk, however after number of unsuccessful storms of Bila Tserkva, Orlyk withdrew to Moldova. Samus was left to defend Bohuslav on his own now against the united armies of Russia and Poland (bound by the Treaty of Narva). In 1712 Samus was arrested and exiled to Siberia. Bohuslav regiment was liquidated and the city was returned once again under the Polish administration.

After the first partition of Poland the city was passed to the Russian Empire and until 1837 it was a center of Bohuslav county. The county was restored once again after the establishment of the Soviet regime in 1919 and 1923 it was transformed into the Bohuslav Raion.

It had a large Jewish community. According to the 1897 census, on a total of 11,372 inhabitants, 7445 people were Jews whose community was destroyed in the Holocaust. [2]

Landmarks

Prominent personalities

Related Research Articles

Zaporozhian Cossacks

The Zaporozhian Cossacks, Zaporozhian Cossack Army, Zaporozhian Host or simply Zaporozhians were Cossacks who lived beyond the Dnieper Rapids, the land also known under the historical term Wild Fields in today's Central Ukraine. Today much of its territory is flooded by the waters of Kakhovka Reservoir.

Ivan Mazepa Hetman of Ukrainian Cossacks

Ivan Stepanovych Mazepa served as the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host in 1687–1708. He was awarded a title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire in 1707 for his efforts for the Holy League. The historical events of Mazepa's life have inspired many literary, artistic and musical works. He was famous as a patron of the arts.

Bila Tserkva City in Kyiv Oblast in central Ukraine

Bila Tserkva is a city in central Ukraine, the largest city in Kyiv Oblast. Bila Tserkva is located on the Ros River approximately 80 km (50 mi) south of Kyiv. The city has an area of 67.8 square kilometres (26.2 sq mi). Its population is approximately 209,238 (2020 est.) .

Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks

Hetman of Zaporizhian Cossacks is a historical term that has multiple meanings.

Hlukhiv City of regional significance in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine

Hlukhiv or Glukhov is a small historic town on the Esman River. Currently it is a city of regional significance in the Sumy region of Ukraine, just south of the Russian border. Hlukhiv is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Hlukhiv Municipality includes Hlukhiv and the village of Sliporod. Hlukhiv also serves as administrative center of Hlukhiv Raion but does not belong to the raion. Population: 32,686 (2020 est.)

Chyhyryn Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Chyhyryn is a city and historic site located in Cherkasy Raion of Cherkasy Oblast of central Ukraine. From 1648 to 1669 the city was a Hetman residence. After a forced relocation of the Ruthenian Orthodox metropolitan see from Kyiv in 1658, it became a full-fledged capital of the Cossack Hetmanate. Chyhyryn also became a traditional place for the appointment to the office of Hetman of Zaporizhian Host. It hosts the administration of Chyhyryn urban hromada, one of the amalgamated hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 8,655 (2020 est.)

Cossack Hetmanate 1649–1764 Cossack host in the region of Central Ukraine

The Cossack Hetmanate, officially known as the Zaporizhian Host was a Cossack state in the region of Central Ukraine between 1648 and 1764.

Vasily Kochubey

Vasily Leontiyevich Kochubey was a Ukrainian Cossack-born Russian Imperial state figure of Crimean Tatar descent. His great-grandson was the eminent Imperial Statesman Viktor Kochubey. The family name is also spelled Kotchoubey (French) and Kotschoubey.

Pylyp Orlyk

Pylyp Stepanovych Orlyk (born on October 11, 1672 in Kosuta, Ashmyany county, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, died on May 26, 1742 in Jassy, Principality of Moldavia was a Zaporozhian Cossack starshyna, Hetman of Ukraine in exile, diplomat, secretary and close associate of Hetman Ivan Mazepa.

History of the Jews in Ukraine History of Ukrainian Jews, from 11th c. to modern times

The history of the Jews in Ukraine goes back over a thousand years. Jewish communities have existed in the territory of Ukraine from the time of Kievan Rus' and developed many of the most distinctive modern Jewish theological and cultural traditions such as Hasidism. According to the World Jewish Congress, the Jewish community in Ukraine constitutes the third-largest Jewish community in Europe and the fifth-largest in the world.

Pavlo Polubotok

Pavlo Polubotok, was a Ukrainian Cossack political and military leader and Acting Hetman of Left-bank Ukraine between 1722 and 1724.

Bakhmach Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bakhmach is a city located in Chernihiv Oblast (province), in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Bakhmach Raion (district). It has a population of 17,410 (2020 est.).

Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk

The Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk was a 1710 constitutional document written by Hetman Pylyp Orlyk, a Cossack of Ukraine.

Bolekhiv Urban locality in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine

Bolekhiv is a regional city in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It was once home to a large Jewish community, very few of whom survived World War II. Administratively, Bolekhiv is incorporated as a city of regional significance. Population: 10,399 (2020 est.) .

Sweden–Ukraine relations Diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Sweden and Ukraine

Sweden–Ukraine relations are foreign relations between Sweden and Ukraine. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on 13 January 1992. Sweden has an embassy in Kyiv and an honorary consulate in Kakhovka. Ukraine has an embassy in Stockholm.

Pavlo Semenovych Hertsyk was a Ukrainian Cossack officer of Jewish origin, the colonel of the Poltava Regiment of the Cossack Hetmanate. He and his sons were important allies of Hetman Ivan Mazepa.

Grégoire Orlyk, also Hryhor Orlyk, was a French military commander, special envoy and member of Louis XV's secret intelligence service. Grégoire Orlyk was born in Ukraine, the son of Ukrainian hetman in exile Pylyp Orlyk and Hanna Hertsyk. He received a good education in Sweden, served in Poland and Saxony, and participated in the secret efforts of France to restore Stanisław Leszczyński to the Polish throne. He later commanded the king's regiment of Royal suedois. For his intelligence work and military exploits he was given the title of comte and promoted to the general's rank of Maréchal de camp. Grégoire Orlyk was an acquaintance of the French philosopher Voltaire, and championed the Ukrainian cause in France and other countries.

Bila Tserkva Regiment

The Bila Tserkva Regiment was one of the seventeen territorial-administrative subdivisions of the Hetman State. The regiment's capital was the city of Bila Tserkva, now in the Kyiv Oblast of central Ukraine. Other major cities of the regiment were Hermanivka, Fastiv, Bohuslav, and Skvyra.

Miriam Weiner (genealogist)

Miriam Weiner is an American genealogist, author, and lecturer who specializes in the research of Jewish roots in Poland and the former Soviet Union. Weiner is considered to be one of the pioneers of contemporary Jewish genealogy through her work to open up archives and is described as a trail-blazing, highly respected guide and leading authority on archival holdings and resources in pre-war Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, and Ukraine.

Hanna Hertsyk, was a Ukrainian Hetmana by marriage to Pylyp Orlyk, Hetman of Ukraine. She is known for her support of her spouse in the fight for an independent Ukraine during the Great Northern War and took responsibility for his affairs during his diplomatic missions in Europe. She joined him in exile and lived in Sweden in 1709–21, during which she corresponded with several rulers in Europe to support her husband's cause. She was the daughter of Pavlo Semenovych Hertsyk.

References

  1. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. рос. дореф. Населенныя мѣста Россійской Имперіи в 500 и болѣе жителей съ указаніем всего наличнаго въ них населенія и числа жителей преобладающихъ вѣроисповѣданій по даннымъ первой всеобщей переписи 1897 г. С-Петербург. 1905. — IX + 270 + 120 с., (стор. 1-79)

Further reading