Bokn

Last updated
Bokn kommune
Alvestadkroken.jpg
View of Alvestadkroken in Bokn
Norway Counties Rogaland Position.svg
NO 1145 Bokn.svg
Bokn within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°12′01″N05°25′23″E / 59.20028°N 5.42306°E / 59.20028; 5.42306 Coordinates: 59°12′01″N05°25′23″E / 59.20028°N 5.42306°E / 59.20028; 5.42306
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Haugaland
Established1849
  Preceded by Skudenes Municipality
Administrative centre Føresvik
Government
  Mayor (2019)Osmund Våga (Sp)
Area
  Total47.17 km2 (18.21 sq mi)
  Land44.57 km2 (17.21 sq mi)
  Water2.60 km2 (1.00 sq mi)  5.5%
  Rank#348 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
  Total852
  Rank#343 in Norway
  Density19.1/km2 (49/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
Increase2.svg +2.5%
Demonym(s) Boknar [1]
Official language
[2]
   Norwegian form Nynorsk
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-1145
Website Official website

Bokn is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Haugaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Føresvik, the only urban area in Bokn. Other villages in Bokn include Arsvågen, Trosnavåg, and Loten. The island municipality is mostly located on the three islands of Ognøya, Vestre Bokn, and Austre Bokn. All three main islands are connected to the mainland via a network of bridges.

Contents

The 47-square-kilometre (18 sq mi) municipality is the 348th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Bokn is the 343rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 852. The municipality's population density is 19.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (49/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.5% over the previous ten-year period. [3] [4]

General information

View of Vestre Bokn island Bokn 033.jpg
View of Vestre Bokn island
View of Bokn Church Bokn kyrkje.JPG
View of Bokn Church

The municipality of Bokn (historically spelled Bukken) was established in 1849 when it was separated from the large municipality of Skudenes. Initially, Bokn had 1,035 residents. The borders of Bokn have not changed since that time. [5]

Name

The municipality is named after the islands of Austre Bokn and Vestre Bokn (Old Norse : Bókn). The name is probably very old and its meaning is unknown. Before 1889, the name was written "Bukken". [6]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 8 August 1986. The arms are blue with six silver/white circles in the shape of a triangle. The blue background represents the sea and the 6 circles represent silver coins, which symbolize the richness from the sea since it is an island municipality and therefore dependent on fishing and sailing. [7]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bokn. It is part of the Haugaland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Bokn
Parish (sokn)Church nameLocation of the churchYear built
Bokn Bokn Church Føresvik 1847

Buildings and structures

There is a 168-metre (551 ft) tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting at located at 59°13′13″N5°25′42″E / 59.220156°N 5.428281°E / 59.220156; 5.428281 .

Geography

Aerial view of the islands of Bokn Austre- og Vestre Bokn.JPG
Aerial view of the islands of Bokn

The island municipality of Bokn is located on the northern side of the Boknafjorden, at the southern end of the Karmsundet strait. The island of Karmøy lies to the west and the mainland of Tysvær is located to the northeast. The island municipality of Kvitsøy lies south of Bokn and the island municipality of Rennesøy lies to the southeast of Bokn.

Bokn is one of the smallest municipalities in Rogaland, consisting of three main islands: Ognøya, Austre Bokn, and Vestre Bokn. There are also some smaller, uninhabited islands surrounding the main islands.

The islands are rugged with many small hills with small lakes in the valleys. The hills are largely covered with heather, but bushes and trees are increasingly competing, especially birch. The highest point is the 297-metre (974 ft) high Boknafjellet, a small mountain on Vestre Bokn island.

Climate

Climate data for Foresvik, Bokn
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °C (°F)1.7
(35.1)
1.3
(34.3)
2.7
(36.9)
5.2
(41.4)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
11.7
(53.1)
9.0
(48.2)
5.3
(41.5)
3.1
(37.6)
7.5
(45.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)120
(4.7)
85
(3.3)
105
(4.1)
70
(2.8)
75
(3.0)
85
(3.3)
95
(3.7)
130
(5.1)
180
(7.1)
175
(6.9)
170
(6.7)
145
(5.7)
1,435
(56.5)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute [8]

Government

View of Austre Bokn island Austre Bogn.JPG
View of Austre Bokn island

All municipalities in Norway, including Bokn, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. [9] The municipality falls under the Haugaland District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bokn is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Bokn Kommunestyre 20202024 [10]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 20152019 [11]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 20122015 [12]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
  Conservative Party (Høgre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 20082011 [11]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 20042007 [11]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)7
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 20002003 [11]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)5
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19961999 [13]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19921995 [14]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19881991 [15]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19841987 [16]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)4
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19801983 [17]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Conservative Party (Høgre)6
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19761979 [18]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)1
  Conservative Party (Høgre)3
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19721975 [19]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
  Conservative Party (Høgre)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19681971 [20]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
  Conservative Party (Høgre)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
  Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:17
Bokn Kommunestyre 19641967 [21]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
  Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:17
Bokn Heradsstyre 19601963 [22]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:13
Bokn Heradsstyre 19561959 [23]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)11
Total number of members:13
Bokn Heradsstyre 19521955 [24]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 19481951 [25]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
5
  Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)4
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 19451947 [26]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Bokn Heradsstyre 19381941* [27]   
Party Name (in Nynorsk)Number of
representatives
  Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Transportation

Bridge connecting Austre and Vestre Bokn islands Bokn fra Austre Bokn.JPG
Bridge connecting Austre and Vestre Bokn islands

The three islands of Bokn are now linked via bridges to Tysvær municipality on the mainland. These bridges are part of the European route E39 highway and they are part of the main coastal highway between the cities of Stavanger and Bergen. There is a ferry connection southward across the Boknafjorden to Rennesøy which is connected by road to Stavanger. The planned Rogfast undersea tunnel will directly connect both sides of the Boknafjorden from Stavanger to Bokn, with a planned completion date of 2023.

Economy

Apart from a factory producing various tanks made of glassfiber-reinforced plastic (Bokn Plast), there is no industry on the islands other than some fish farming. People have traditionally lived off fishing and farming, but more recently, some work has been in the North Sea petroleum industry. Tourism is likely to play a bigger part in the future.

Notable people

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