Bolgatanga

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Bolgatanga
Bolgatanga Montage.jpg
First-top picture: Avenue Landscape and Hotel in Bolgatanga • First-bottom picture: Highway in Bolgatanga • Second-bottom picture: Restaurant in Bolgatanga.
Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly (BMA) logo.JPG
Logo of the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly
Ghana adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bolgatanga
Location of Bolgatanga in Upper.East region
Coordinates: 10°47′00″N00°51′00″W / 10.78333°N 0.85000°W / 10.78333; -0.85000
CountryFlag of Ghana.svg  Ghana
Region Upper East Region
District Bolgatanga Municipal District
Elevation
[1]
177 m (581 ft)
Population
 (2012)
  Total66,685 [2]
Time zone GMT
  Summer (DST) GMT
Area code(s) 039

Bolgatanga, colloquially known as Bolga, is a town and the capital of the Bolgatanga Municipal District and Upper East Region of Ghana, [3] adjacent to the border with Burkina Faso. Bolgatanga has over 2012 settlement and a population of about 66,685 people. [2] Bolgatanga is 161 km (about 100 miles) to the north of Tamale. Bolgatanga lies in the Red Volta River Valley (which serves as a major migration route of elephants), with the White Volta River and the cliffs of the Gambaga Escarpment to the south of the town forming the southern boundary of the Upper East Region. [4]

Contents

History of Bolgatanga

Ancient style painted bungalow house in the suburb of Bolgatanga 2008 ghana painted house.jpg
Ancient style painted bungalow house in the suburb of Bolgatanga

The name Bolgatanga was derived from the Frafra words bolga "rock" and tẽŋa "city." Historically Bolgatanga was situated at the southern terminus of the ancient Trans-Saharan trade route. The eastern route converged with the Sahelian route, near Bolgatanga. Along the route, handicrafts—especially straw baskets, hats and fans, as well as leather goods, metal jewellery, and indigenous attires — were exchanged for kola nuts and salt. The Upper East Region, where Bolgatanga lies, is part of what used to be known as the Upper Region. Between 1902 and 1960 the Northern Territory was a British protectorate; it was separated into the Northern and Upper Region on July 1, 1960. The Upper Region was apportioned into Upper East and Upper West Region in 1983.

.The inhabitants of Bolgatanga migrated from Yoa a community in the kasena nankana east municipal.

The Apoka biisi's of Bukere a community in Bolgatanga were led by Apoka kariyane.

Life in Bolgatanga

Street in Bolgatanga Bolgatanga Street.jpg
Street in Bolgatanga

Bolgatanga is known as the crafts centre of Upper East Region, with a large central market. Apart from items found elsewhere in Upper East Region, the so-called "Bolga hats" are made and sold in Bolgatanga. Bolgatanga and its surrounding suburbs also comprise the largest producers of leather works, straw baskets and smocks. The artists sell their works at the Bolgatanga Market, which is open every third day. [5] There is also a museum in the town which houses objects of historical importance of the Upper East Region. [5]

Climate

Bolgatanga has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh).

Climate data for Bolgatanga
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)32.9
(91.2)
36.0
(96.8)
37.9
(100.2)
37.6
(99.7)
35.8
(96.4)
32.3
(90.1)
30.0
(86.0)
29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
33.7
(92.7)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
33.6
(92.5)
Average low °C (°F)18.8
(65.8)
20.6
(69.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
22.7
(72.9)
21.9
(71.4)
21.5
(70.7)
21.4
(70.5)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
18.0
(64.4)
21.7
(71.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.1
(0.2)
5.1
(0.2)
18
(0.7)
25
(1.0)
56
(2.2)
94
(3.7)
140
(5.6)
210
(8.1)
120
(4.7)
38
(1.5)
7.6
(0.3)
5.1
(0.2)
720
(28.4)
Source: Meoweather.com [6]

Occupation & food

Farming is the Main occupation of the people of Bolga. They engage in subsistence farming of millet, maize, guinea-corn, rice, beans, groundnuts and sweet potatoes during the raining season and irrigation farming of onions, tomatoes, and pepper during the dry season. almost every farmer rears at least a bird or animal.

the main food of the people of Bolga is Tuo Zaafi (TZ)

Tourism

Architecture and sights of Bolgatanga

Schools in Bolgatanga

Bolgatanga Library

The Bolgatanga library is a notable design of award-winning American architect J. Max Bond, Jr., who was influenced by Le Corbusier. Bond lived in Ghana for four years in the 1960s. [5] The Bolgatanga library was his first major project while working for the national construction company. The design features perforated walls and an "umbrella" shaped roof, so the structure remains cool and well ventilated. [5]

Paga crocodile ponds

Forty kilometres (about 25 miles) from Bolgatanga, is Paga, home to the sacred crocodile ponds. [5] These are purportedly the "friendliest" crocodiles in Ghana, and it is said that the souls of the royal family reside in them. The crocodiles roam freely throughout the ponds and it is unthinkable that anyone should harm them. [5]

Related Research Articles

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Bolgatanga Municipal District Municipal District in Upper East Region

Bolgatanga Municipal District is one of the fifteen districts in Upper East Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988 when it was known as Bolgatanga District; which was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 1438. Later, part of the district was split off by a decree of president John Agyekum Kufuor on August 2004 to create Talensi-Nabdam District; thus the original remaining part was upgraded to municipal district assembly status on the same year to become Bolgatanga Municipal District. Another part of the district was later split off to create Bolgatanga East District on 15 March 2018. The municipality is located in the central part of Upper East Region and has Bolgatanga as its capital town, which also serves as the capital of the Upper East Region.

Zuarungu Place in Upper East Region, Ghana

Zuarungu is a town in the Upper East Region of Ghana east of Bolgatanga. The village is the capital of the Bolgatanga East District. The people living in Zuarungu are part of the Frafra-Tribe so additionally to speaking English many of them can also speak Frafra

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Pobaga is a small village in the Bolgatanga Municipal District. Pobaga is located in the regional capital, Upper East Region. The Intercity STC Bus Station in Bolgatanga is located in Pobaga. Other villages near Pobaga are Damweo, Tindonmolgo and Gambibgo. The nearest villages are Tindonmolgo and Damweo. The name Pobaga is accredit to a deity or god called Apobaga, reverenced by the people of Tindonmolgo. The people of Pobaga are (Gurunsi) Frafra people. The Pobaga community is blessed with a high school and several basic schools.

Bolgatanga Girls Senior High School is an all female second cycle institution in Bolgatanga in the Upper East Region of Ghana, established in 1956 as a girls' middle boarding school and converted to a women's teaching college in 1965 and to a girls' senior high school in 1973.

Bolgatanga Central (Ghana parliament constituency) Ghanaian parliamentary constituency

Bolgatanga Central is one of the constituencies represented in the Parliament of Ghana. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The Bolgatanga Central constituency is located in the Bolgatanga Municipal District of the Upper East Region of Ghana.

Bolgatanga East (Ghana parliament constituency)

Bolgatanga East is one of the constituencies represented in the Parliament of Ghana. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The Bolgatanga East constituency is located in the Bolgatanga Municipal District of the Upper East Region of Ghana.

Dominic Akuritinga Ayine is a Ghanaian politician and member of the Seventh Parliament of the Fourth Republic of Ghana representing the Bolgatanga East Constituency in the Upper East Region on the ticket of the National Democratic Congress.

Bolgatanga Senior High School is a co-educational institution located in Winkongo, a community in the Upper East Region of Ghana.

Zuarungu Senior High School is a second cycle co-educational institution in the Upper East region of Ghana. It is located in Bolgatanga East District in the Upper East region of Ghana.

The N11 or National Highway 11 is a national highway in Ghana that begins at Bolgatanga in the Upper East Region (N10) and runs east to Bawku, where it intersects with the N2. The N11 is 110.8 km long.

Emmanuel Opam-Brown Akolbire is a Ghanaian politician and member of the Sixth Parliament of the Fourth Republic of Ghana representing the Bolgatanga Central Constituency in the Upper East Region on the ticket of the National Democratic Congress.

Bolgatanga District Former District in Upper East Region

Bolgatanga District is a former district that was located in Upper East Region, Ghana. Originally created as an ordinary district assembly in 1988; until part of the district was split off to become Talensi-Nabdam District on August 2004; thus the original remaining part was elevated to municipal district assembly status on the same year to become Bolgatanga Municipal District. The district assembly was located in the central part of Upper East Region and had Bolgatanga as its capital town.

References

  1. "Traffic Rescue". Traffic Rescue. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. 1 2 "World Gazetteer online". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11.
  3. "Upper East Regional Police Command acquires 3 motorbikes to increase patrols". Graphic Online. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  4. "Ghana » Upper East Region » Bolgatanga Municipal". Bolga.ghanadistricts.gov.gh. 2014-03-12. Archived from the original on 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Upper East Region Attractions - Ghana Tourism Homepage". Touringghana.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  6. "Bolgatanga Weather Averages". Meoweather. 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.

Coordinates: 10°47′N00°51′W / 10.783°N 0.850°W / 10.783; -0.850