Bolsover (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Bolsover
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Bolsover2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Bolsover in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election
EnglandDerbyshire.svg
Location of Derbyshire within England
County Derbyshire
Population94,473 (2011 census) [1]
Electorate 72,162 (December 2010) [2]
Major settlements Bolsover, Shirebrook, Clowne, South Normanton
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Mark Fletcher (Conservative Party (UK))
SeatsOne
Created from Clay Cross and North East Derbyshire

Bolsover ( /ˈbɒlsˌvər/ , /ˈbɒlzˌvər/ and commonly /bzər/ ) is a constituency in Derbyshire, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Mark Fletcher, a member of the Conservative Party. The constituency was created in 1950, and is centred on the town of Bolsover.

Contents

Between 1970 and 2019, the constituency was represented by Labour's Dennis Skinner, who by 2019 was the oldest member of the House of Commons and the second longest-serving. At the constituency's inception it was one of the safest Labour seats in the country, but over the following half century Skinner's vote share dropped from 77% in 1970, still holding a high vote share of 65% in 2005, to only 36% in 2019, with the result that he lost the seat to the Conservatives by a margin of 11%.

History

Before the Reform Act 1832, relatively wealthy people (forty-shilling freeholders) of the whole county could attend elections when there was an opposition candidate. From 1868 until 1885 the area formed part of the East Derbyshire constituency, redrawn out of the North Derbyshire constituency formed in 1832. The Bolsover constituency was created in 1950 from parts of the constituencies of North East Derbyshire, formed in 1885, and Clay Cross, formed in 1918.

Boundaries

Bolsover (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries
Boundaries of Bolsover from 1983 to 2010 BolsoverConstituency.svg
Boundaries of Bolsover from 1983 to 2010

1950–1983: The Urban District of Bolsover, and the Rural Districts of Blackwell and Clowne.

1983–2010: The District of Bolsover, and the District of North East Derbyshire wards of Morton, Pilsley, Shirland, and Sutton.

2010–present: The District of Bolsover, and the District of North East Derbyshire wards of Holmewood and Heath, Pilsley and Morton, Shirland, and Sutton.

Constituency profile

The seat includes many former mining communities. Before 2019 it was a Labour Party stronghold, although the then MP Dennis Skinner's share of the popular vote dropped to 50% in the 2010 election from a high of 77.5% (see below), amongst social and boundary changes. Its economy faced struggles after the last closures in the early 1990s of the coal pits upon which the area thrived for many years. Bolsover's tourism industry has emerged in recent years, including accommodation and tours involving Bolsover Castle, owned by English Heritage, and Hardwick Hall, home of Bess of Hardwick.

Skinner, who held the seat from 1970 until 2019, was between 2017 and 2019 the second longest serving MP in the Commons after Kenneth Clarke. [3] In the 2010 reforms to the constituency, Labour won 50% of the votes cast. At the 2017 general election, Skinner's majority was cut to little more than 5,000, the first time the Labour majority in the seat had ever been lower than 10,000. He lost his bid to be re-elected in 2019 losing to Conservative candidate Mark Fletcher.

The majority of voters in the area voted in favour of Brexit during the 2016 referendum; this was the preferred outcome of the then local MP Dennis Skinner. This considerable turn out in favour of Brexit resulted in Reform UK to include it in its priority list of constituencies for the next General Election.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [4] Party
1950 Harold Neal Labour
1970 Dennis Skinner
2019 Mark Fletcher Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2020s

Next United Kingdom general election: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Fletcher
Labour Natalie Fleet
Majority
Turnout

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Bolsover [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Mark Fletcher 21,791 47.4 +6.9
Labour Dennis Skinner 16,49235.9−16.0
Brexit Party Kevin Harper4,1519.0New
Liberal Democrats David Hancock1,7593.8+0.9
Green David Kesteven7581.7New
Independent Ross Walker5171.1New
Independent Natalie Hoy4701.0New
Majority5,29911.5N/A
Turnout 45,93861.1−2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +11.5
General election 2017: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 24,153 51.9 +0.7
Conservative Helen Harrison18,86540.5+16.0
UKIP Philip Rose2,1294.6−16.4
Liberal Democrats Ross Shipman1,3722.9−0.4
Majority5,28811.4−15.3
Turnout 46,51963.3+2.2
Labour hold Swing −7.7
General election 2015: Bolsover [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 22,542 51.2 +1.2
Conservative Peter Bedford10,76424.5-0.1
UKIP Ray Calladine9,22821.0+17.1
Liberal Democrats David Lomax1,4643.3-12.2
Majority11,77826.7+1.3
Turnout 43,99861.1+0.6
Labour hold Swing +0.7
General election 2010: Bolsover [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 21,995 50.0
Conservative Lee Rowley 10,81224.6
Liberal Democrats Denise Hawksworth6,82115.5
BNP Martin Radford2,6406.0New
UKIP Ray Calladine1,7213.9New
Majority11,18325.4
Turnout 43,98960.5+3.2
Labour win (new boundaries)

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Bolsover [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 25,217 65.2 −3.4
Liberal Democrats Denise Hawksworth6,78017.5+5.6
Conservative Hasan Imam6,70217.3−2.2
Majority18,43747.7-1.4
Turnout 38,69957.3+0.8
Labour hold Swing −4.5
General election 2001: Bolsover [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 26,249 68.6 −5.4
Conservative Simon Massey7,47219.5+2.8
Liberal Democrats Marie Bradley4,55011.9+2.6
Majority18,77749.1-7.8
Turnout 38,27156.5−14.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Bolsover [10] [11] [12] [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 35,073 74.0 +9.5
Conservative Richard Harwood7,92416.7−8.6
Liberal Democrats Ian Cox4,4179.3−0.9
Majority27,14957.3+18.1
Turnout 47,41471.3-7.8
Labour hold Swing +9.1
General election 1992: Bolsover [14] [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 33,978 64.5 +8.3
Conservative Timothy D.R. James13,32325.3−3.0
Liberal Democrats Susan P. Barber5,36810.2−5.3
Majority20,65539.2+11.3
Turnout 52,66979.1+1.8
Labour hold Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Bolsover [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 28,453 56.2 -0.1
Conservative Michael Lingens14,33328.3+1.4
SDP Mark Fowler7,83615.5-1.3
Majority14,12027.9-1.5
Turnout 50,62277.3+4.6
Labour hold Swing -0.7
General election 1983: Bolsover [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 26,514 56.3
Conservative S. Roberts12,66626.9
SDP S. Reddish7,88616.8
Majority13,84829.4
Turnout 47,06672.7-5.6
Labour win (new boundaries)

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 27,49566.58
Conservative Anthony Favell 10,11624.49
Liberal James Ian Frost3,6888.93
Majority17,37942.09
Turnout 41,29978.31
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 27,27570.55
Conservative C.L. Sternberg6,20916.06
Liberal M. Taylor5,17613.39New
Majority21,06654.49
Turnout 38,66074.52
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 30,78776.47-1.03
Conservative A.R. Dix9,47423.53+1.03
Majority21,31352.94-2.06
Turnout 40,26178.38
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dennis Skinner 28,83077.50
Conservative Ivor J Humphrey8,37122.50
Majority20,45955.00
Turnout 37,20170.76
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 30,11481.55
Conservative Peter C Coleman6,81518.45
Majority23,29963.10
Turnout 36,92974.62
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 31,23479.34
Conservative Patrick Cormack 8,13120.66
Majority23,10358.68
Turnout 39,36578.89
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 32,536 78.2 -0.7
Conservative Robin Marlar 9,07621.8+0.7
Majority23,46056.4-1.3
Turnout 41,61282.5+4.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 30,07478.87
Conservative Brian RO Bell8,05521.13
Majority22,01957.74
Turnout 38,12977.57
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 33,66179.89
Conservative John Cordeaux 8,47220.11
Majority25,18959.78
Turnout 42,13385.36
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Bolsover
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Harold Neal 34,017 80.6
Conservative John Cordeaux 8,18419.4
Majority25,83361.2
Turnout 42,20186.2
Labour win (new seat)

See also

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References

  1. "Bolsover: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  2. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. "Labour legend Dennis Skinner facing shock general election defeat, says new polling". 5 November 2019.
  4. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
  5. "Election Nominees 2019" (PDF). Bolsover District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  6. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  8. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  9. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  10. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  11. "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
  12. C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.36 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  13. The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  14. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  16. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 53°14′N1°18′W / 53.23°N 1.30°W / 53.23; -1.30