Bonaparte at the Pont d'Arcole

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Bonaparte at the Pont d'Arcole
1801 Antoine-Jean Gros - Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole.jpg
Artist Antoine-Jean Gros
Year1796
Medium Oil on canvas
Dimensions130 cm× 94 cm(51 in× 37 in)
Location Palace of Versailles, Versailles

Bonaparte at the Pont d’Arcole (French : Bonaparte au Pont d’Arcole) is a 1796 painting by Antoine-Jean Gros, showing an episode during the Battle of Arcole in November 1796, with General Napoleon Bonaparte leading his troops to storm the bridge.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Antoine-Jean Gros French painter

Antoine-Jean Gros, titled as Baron Gros in 1824, was a French painter. His work was in the genres of history and neoclassical painting.

Battle of Arcole battle

The Battle of Arcole or Battle of Arcola was a battle fought between French and Austrian forces 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Verona during the War of the First Coalition, a part of the French Revolutionary Wars.

Contents

Description

Bonaparte au pont d'Arcole, preparatory study of 1796 for the Versailles portrait (Paris Musee du Louvre), considered superior to the final painting Antoine-Jean Gros 001.jpg
Bonaparte au pont d'Arcole, preparatory study of 1796 for the Versailles portrait (Paris Musée du Louvre), considered superior to the final painting
Version on show at the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. Gros, Antoine-Jean, baron - Napoleon Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole.jpg
Version on show at the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.

The painting presents a three-quarter-length image of Bonaparte, holding the flagstaff of the Armée d'Italie in his left hand and his sword in his right - on its blade is the inscription Bonaparte, Armée d'Italie. He is dressed in the dark blue trousers and tunic of a general of the First French Republic, with a gold-embroidered red collar. Beneath them he wears a white shirt and a black neckscarf. He also wears a gold-fringed tricolor cummerbund and a square-buckled belt bearing his empty scabbard. The background suggests the smoke of battle, with a few houses in the distance on the left. The land bordering the river is painted in dark tones, with a smoking cannonball still visible.

History

Painted in Naples in 1796, the painting passed through the collections of Napoleon himself and of Napoleon III before being sequestered after the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870. It was then reacquired by Napoleon III's wife Eugénie de Montijo in 1871, who eight years later gave it to the Louvre (now inventory number RF271). It passed to the château de Compiègne in 1901, then finally the Palace of Versailles in 1938 (inventory number MV 6314).

Napoleon III French emperor, president, and member of the House of Bonaparte

Napoleon III was the first elected President of France from 1848 to 1852. When he could not constitutionally be re-elected, he seized power in 1851 and became the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870. He founded the Second French Empire and was its only emperor until the defeat of the French army and his capture by Prussia and its allies in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. He worked to modernize the French economy, rebuilt the center of Paris, expanded the overseas empire, and engaged in the Crimean War and the war for Italian unification. After his defeat and downfall he went into exile and died in England in 1873.

Second French Empire government of France under Napoleon III, from 1852 to 1870

The Second French Empire, officially the French Empire, was the regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.

Eugénie de Montijo Last Empress consort of the French as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French

DoñaMaría Eugenia Ignacia Augustina de Palafox y KirkPatrick, 16th Countess of Teba, 15th Marchioness of Ardales, known as Eugénie de Montijo, was the last Empress Consort of the French (1853–70) as the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.

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Arenenberg is an estate with a small chateau, Schloss Arenenberg, in the municipality of Salenstein at the shore of Lake Constance in Thurgau, Switzerland that is famous as the final domicile of Hortense de Beauharnais. Today it houses the Napoleonmuseum. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.

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The State Hermitage Museum is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The second-largest art museum in the world, it was founded in 1764 when Empress Catherine the Great acquired an impressive collection of paintings from the Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky. The museum celebrates the anniversary of its founding each year on 7 December, Saint Catherine's Day. It has been open to the public since 1852.

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References

  1. D. O Brien (2006,Antoine Jean gros, peintre de napoléon p.32
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-18. Retrieved 2015-11-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Bibliography

Jean-Baptiste Delestre was a French artist and writer upon art. His painting "Scene during the eruption of Vesuvius" is displayed in the Museum of Nantes.

Raymond Escholier French art historian and writer

Raymond Escholier, real name Raymond-Antoine-Marie-Emmanuel Escolier, was a French journalist, novelist and art critic. He was curator of the Maison de Victor Hugo and of the Petit Palais.

Petit Palais museum in Paris, France

The Petit Palais is an art museum in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France.