Bondowoso Regency

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Bondowoso Regency

Kabupaten Bondowoso
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Assistent-Residentshuis Bondowoso TMnr 10020829.jpg
assistent resident Bondowoso in 1930
(90 years ago)
 (1930)
Lambang Bondowoso.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
Swasthi Bhuwana Krta
Locator kabupaten bondowoso.png
Location within East Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bondowoso Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bondowoso Regency
Bondowoso Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°56′25″S113°59′00″E / 7.9404°S 113.9834°E / -7.9404; 113.9834
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province East Java
Capital Bondowoso
Government
  RegentAmin Said Husni
  Vice RegentSalwa Arifin
Area
  Total1,525.97 km2 (589.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
  Total757,468
  Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (IWST)
Area code (+62) 332
Website bondowosokab.go.id

Bondowoso Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. [1] It covers an area of 1,525.97 km2, and had a population of 736,772 at the 2010 Census; [2] the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 757,468. The most common languages are Madurese and Javanese, although Madurese is the majority. The nearest large city is Surabaya, approximately five hours' drive away.

Contents

The administrative centre of the regency is the small provincial town of Bondowoso, after which the regency in named. Common in most provincial towns is a park in the city center, called "Alun-Alun"; Bondowoso is no exception. In the backdrop of the park is a view of a mountain ("gunung").

Tourist spots include Kawah Ijen, a crater lake. Kawah Ijen is managed jointly by two local governments, Bondowoso Regency and Banyuwangi Regency. [3] In addition to the crater, other tourist destinations in Bondowoso are Tancak Kembar in Pakem and Air Terjun Belawan Sempol. A hike or climb to the crater takes around 1.5 to 3 hours.[ citation needed ] Other spots are Gunung Merapi and waterfalls.

Bondowoso town is known for its dessert, "tape" (pronounced "tah-peh"), to the extent that it is named "Tape city". Tape is tapioca with a kind of flour added that acts as a preservative. Medium-sized slices of tape are wrapped in banana leaves and kept in a light container for five days to be fermented prior to being consumed.

There is an Arabic community living in the area for some time, since before the Dutch occupation. They live in a place called "Kampung Arab" (Arabs Compound) on Imam Bonjol Street.[ citation needed ]

Megalithic artifacts

There are more than 1000 megalithic artifacts found in the villages around Bondowoso, such as menhirs (standing stones), sarcophagi, statues, dolmens (lying stones or tomb tables) and caves. A common megalith type found in Indonesia is the batu kenong with a shape resembling a local musical instrument. The Bondowoso Regency contains up to 400 batu kenong, the highest concentration in Indonesia. An easily accessible location with a wide variety of megaliths is the Pekauman Site at kilometer 8 on the Jember-Bondowoso road. [4]

Climate

Bondowoso has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from May to October and heavy to very heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Bondowoso
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.1
(86.2)
30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.3
(86.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.7
(89.1)
32.3
(90.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75.0)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
Average low °C (°F)19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.6
(67.3)
19.0
(66.2)
18.1
(64.6)
17.0
(62.6)
17.3
(63.1)
17.7
(63.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.7
(65.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches)377
(14.8)
333
(13.1)
306
(12.0)
168
(6.6)
107
(4.2)
42
(1.7)
39
(1.5)
27
(1.1)
35
(1.4)
87
(3.4)
169
(6.7)
295
(11.6)
1,985
(78.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org [5]

See also

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References

  1. Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th ed.). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 292–293, 294. ISBN   1-74059-154-2.
  2. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. bondowoso
  4. Alez Kurniawan (December 9, 2014). "In search of megaliths in Bondowoso".
  5. "Climate: Bondowoso". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.

Coordinates: 7°56′25″S113°59′00″E / 7.9404°S 113.9834°E / -7.9404; 113.9834