Boneybefore

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Coordinates: 54°43′24″N5°46′56″W / 54.72333°N 5.78222°W / 54.72333; -5.78222

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Boneybefore, facing east. The Andrew Jackson Cottage is just visible to the right. Boneybefore facing east.jpg
Boneybefore, facing east. The Andrew Jackson Cottage is just visible to the right.

Boneybefore ( /ˈbɒnibɪˌfɔːr/ BON-ee-bi-for) is a village near Carrickfergus in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies between the A2 road and Belfast Lough. It is home to the Andrew Jackson Centre (also known as the Andrew Jackson Cottage), the ancestral home of Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States. [1]

History

In some historical references the name of the village was originally Bonnybefore and given the English name of Fair Prospect before being changed to Boneybefore to reflect the local Ulster pronunciation of the name. [2] It is also claimed that the name came from a French commander who landed in Boneybefore prior to the Battle of Carrickfergus and is alleged to have said: "A niver seen sich a bonny place before". [2] [3] Though Boneybefore was not formally recognised as a village until the 1820s, [4] in 1829 there were twenty-one houses in the area of Boneybefore including twelve identical cottages used as farmhouses. [4] [5]

United States associations

Andrew Jackson's cottage Andrew jackson diagonalview.jpg
Andrew Jackson's cottage

Boneybefore is the location of the ancestral home of the former President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. It was a thatched farmhouse constructed in the 1750s. [6] Though the original had been demolished to make way for the construction of railway lines, it was eventually restored in detail. [5] It was rebuilt by the Donaldson family who lived in it until 1979 when they sold it to Carrickfergus Borough Council. [7] It had been open to the public since 1984. [8] It temporarily closed in 2018 and underwent a ten-month £250,000 renovation project to fix the thatched roof and repair damage from damp before reopening in 2019. [1] [8]

Boneybefore also hosts a United States Army Rangers centre which was opened as a museum to pay tribute to the 1st Ranger Battalion who were activated in Northern Ireland in 1942 and based in nearby Carrickfergus. [6] [9] The museum opened in 1994 following a reunion of Rangers veterans to commemorate 50 years since the battalion's foundation and is operated by Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. [1]

Related Research Articles

Ulster Traditional province in the north of Ireland

Ulster is one of the four traditional Irish provinces, in the north of Ireland. It is made up of nine counties: six of these constitute Northern Ireland ; the remaining three are in the Republic of Ireland.

County Antrim Place in Antrim Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

Carrickfergus Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Carrickfergus is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It sits on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles (18 km) from Belfast. The town had a population of 27,998 at the 2011 Census. It is County Antrim's oldest town and one of the oldest towns in Ireland as a whole. Carrickfergus was the administrative centre for Carrickfergus Borough Council, before this was amalgamated into the Mid and East Antrim District Council in 2015, and forms part of the Belfast Metropolitan Area. It is also a townland of 65 acres, a civil parish and a barony.

Kilroot townland in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Kilroot is a townland, population centre and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies to the east of Eden, on the outskirts of Carrickfergus on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. It is within the Mid and East Antrim Bourgh council area.

Larne Town (and civil parish) in County Antrim, Northern Ireland

Larne from Irish: Latharna, the name of a Gaelic territory) Scots: Lairne is a seaport and industrial market town, as well as a civil parish, on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, with a population of 18,755 people at the 2011 Census. The Larne Local Government District had a population of 32,180 in 2011. It has been used as a seaport for over 1,000 years, and is today a major passenger and freight roll-on roll-off port. Larne is administered by Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. Together with parts of the neighbouring districts of Antrim and Newtownabbey and Causeway Coast and Glens, it forms the East Antrim constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly. The civil parish is situated in the historic barony of Glenarm Upper.

Greenisland Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Greenisland is a town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies 7 miles north-east of Belfast and 3 miles south-west of Carrickfergus. The town is on the coast of Belfast Lough and is named after a tiny islet to the west, the Green Island.

Whitehead, County Antrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Whitehead is a small seaside town on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, lying almost midway between the towns of Carrickfergus and Larne. It lies within the civil parish of Templecorran, the historic barony of Belfast Lower, and is part of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. Before the Plantation of Ulster its name was recorded as both Whitehead and Kinbaine.

Belfast Lough

Belfast Lough is a large, intertidal sea inlet on the east coast of Northern Ireland. At its head is the city and port of Belfast, which sits at the mouth of the River Lagan. The lough opens into the North Channel and connects Belfast to the Irish Sea.

Cullybackey

Cullybackey or Cullybacky is a village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies 3 miles north-west of Ballymena, on the banks of the River Main, and is part of Mid and East Antrim district. It is a predominantly Protestant area. It had a population of 2,569 people in the 2011 Census.

Monkstown, County Antrim electoral ward and townland

Monkstown is a townland and electoral ward in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is within the urban area of Newtownabbey and the Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council area. The townland was previously called Ballynamanagh It is also situated in the civil parish of Carnmoney and the historic barony of Belfast Lower.

Kells, County Antrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Kells is a village near Ballymena in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, that also encompasses the neighbouring village of Connor. As such it is also known as Kells and Connor in which they share a primary school, library, development association etc. It is in Mid and East Antrim District Council. Kells and Connor had a population of 2,053 people in the 2011 Census.

Battle of Carrickfergus (1597)

The Battle of Carrickfergus took place in November 1597, in the province of Ulster in what is now County Antrim, Northern Ireland, during the Nine Years War. It was fought between the crown forces of Queen Elizabeth I and the Gaelic clan of MacDonnell, with military support from Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone, and resulted in a defeat for the English.

Arthur Cottage in the village of Cullybackey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, is the ancestral home of Chester A. Arthur, the 21st President of the United States. It is situated 4 miles from Ballymena, only a short walk from the village of Cullybackey. The thatched cottage and interpretive centre detail the story of President Arthur and his road to the Presidency.

Knockmore railway station

Knockmore railway station was a station on the Belfast–Newry railway line. The station served the suburb of Knockmore in Lisburn, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The Great Northern Railway (GNR) opened Knockmore station as a halt in 1932. Northern Ireland Railways (NIR) closed the station on 25 March 2005.

Counties of Northern Ireland Former principal local government divisions of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is divided into six counties, namely: Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone. Six largely rural administrative counties based on these were among the eight primary local government areas of Northern Ireland from its 1921 creation until 1973. The other two local government areas were the urban county boroughs of Derry and Belfast.

Headquarters Northern Ireland

HQ Northern Ireland was the formation responsible for the British Army in and around Northern Ireland. It was established in 1922 and disbanded, replaced by a brigade-level Army Reserve formation, 38 (Irish) Brigade, in 2009.

Taylors Avenue is a football stadium in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is the home stadium of local football team Carrick Rangers F.C.. Taylors Avenue has a capacity of 6,000. There are two covered stands, with the rest of the ground made up of open terracing.

UDA South East Antrim Brigade

The UDA South East Antrim Brigade was previously one of the six brigades of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and are heavily involved in the drug trade. Antrim, Northern Ireland. A mural in support of the group lists its areas of activity as being Rathcoole, Rathfern, Monkstown, Glengormley and Whitewell, all of which are part of Newtownabbey, as well as Carrickfergus, the Shore Road, Greenisland, Ballymena, Whitehead, Antrim and Larne. A newer mural in the Cloughfern area of Newtownabbey and flags have updated the areas to include Ballycarry, Ballyclare, the rural hinterland of Ballymena called 'Braidside' and despite not being in County Antrim, the town of Newtownards. The Guardian has identified it as "one of the most dangerous factions". The Irish News described the brigade as 'powerful' and at one time being 'the most bloody and murderous gang operating within the paramilitary organisation'. Since 2007 the South East Antrim Brigade has operated independently of the UDA following a fall-out.

Carrickfergus (barony) Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Carrickfergus is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bounded on the south-east by Belfast Lough, and otherwise surrounded by the barony of Belfast Lower. It is coextensive with the civil parish of Carrickfergus or St Nicholas and corresponds to the former county of the town of Carrickfergus, a county corporate encompassing Carrickfergus town.

Andrew Jackson Centre Ancestral home of Andrew Jackson

The Andrew Jackson Centre, also known as the Andrew Jackson Cottage, is the ancestral home of Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States. It is located in the village of Boneybefore in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Ancestral home of US president closed for conservation works". News Letter. 2018-07-19. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  2. 1 2 "Hap-Scotch in Boneybefore - Ullans Nummer 5 Simmer 1997" (in Ulster-Scots). Ulster Scots Academy. Retrieved 2020-06-04.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. "French Invasion of Carrickfergus". Your Irish. 2011-07-04. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  4. 1 2 McSkimin, Samuel (1829). The history and antiquities of the county of the town of Carrickfergus (3rd ed.). Belfast. pp. 234–235. ASIN   B00945737K.
  5. 1 2 "Carrickfergus Walking Tours" (PDF). Mid and East Antrim Council: 29. Retrieved 2020-06-04.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. 1 2 "Donald Trump to visit Northern Ireland for 2019 open at Portrush". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  7. "Andrew Jackson Cottage and US Rangers Centre, Carrickfergus". Discover Northern Ireland. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  8. 1 2 "East Antrim's Andrew Jackson Cottage reopens after £0.25m restoration". Carrickfergus Times. 2019-06-27. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  9. "D-Day film brings US Rangers veterans to Carrickfergus". Carrickfergus Times. 2019-06-06. Retrieved 2020-06-04.