Bonfim, Roraima

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Bonfim
Municipality
The Municipality of Bonfim
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Bandeira Bonfim RR.jpg
Flag
Brasao Bonfim RR.jpg
Seal
Roraima Municip Bonfim.svg
Location of Bonfim in the State of Roraima
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Red pog.svg
Bonfim
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 03°21′36″N59°49′58″W / 3.36000°N 59.83278°W / 3.36000; -59.83278 Coordinates: 03°21′36″N59°49′58″W / 3.36000°N 59.83278°W / 3.36000; -59.83278
CountryFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Region North
State Bandeira de Roraima.svg Roraima
Founded1 June 1982
Government
  MayorJoner Chagas (PRTB)
Area
  Total8,095 km2 (3,125 sq mi)
Elevation
92 m (302 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1] )
  Total12,557
  Density1.6/km2 (4.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4
Demonym bonfinense
Website bonfim.rr.gov.br

Bonfim (Portuguese pronunciation:  [bõˈfĩ] ) is a municipality located in the mideast of the state of Roraima in Brazil. Its population is 12,557 and its area is 8,095 km². [2] The city lies opposite the Takutu River from Lethem, Guyana. The Takutu River Bridge links Bonfim and Roraima with the town of Lethem and the Atlantic port of Georgetown, Guyana. [3]

Contents

Overview

In 1775, the Portuguese built Fort São Joaquim at the confluence of the Uraricoera and the Takutu River to prevent the Dutch from advancing into the area. [4] The ruins of the fort can still be seen. [5] In 1790, the Amerindians revolted, and the Portuguese retreated from the region. [4]

Bonfim started with the compound of a religious mission from the United States. [5] On 1 July 1982 it became a municipality [5] by Federal Bill Nº 7.009. On 28 March 2007 it was declared a free port for international trade by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. [6]

The indigenous village of Moscou Moscou em Bonfim.JPG
The indigenous village of Moscou

The municipality is home to Amerindians of the Wapishana and Macushi tribes who live in the Wapixana, Macuxi, and Jabuti Indigenous Territories. Many of the indigenous community are tri-lingual speaking their own language, Portuguese and English. [5]

The economy is mainly based on livestock in particular cattle ranching and agriculture which an emphasis on cassava, bananas and cashew. [5]

Transport

Bonfim is connected to the BR-401 which links the road network of Guyana to Boa Vista, the capital of Roraima, located 115 kilometres from Bonfim. [7]

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References

  1. IBGE 2020
  2. "Bonfim". IBGE (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  3. Stabroek News at http://gosouthamerica.about.com/b/a/257968.htm%5B%5D as of 16 March 2007
  4. 1 2 "Macuxi". Socio Ambiental. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Historia da Cidade". Government of Bonfim (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  6. "LEI Nº 11.732, DE 30 DE JUNHO DE 2008". Planalto.gov.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  7. Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa and Ciro Campos (2001). "Detection and geographical distribution of clearing areas in the savannas ('lavrado') of Roraima using Google Earth web tool". Journal of Geography and Regional Planning: 125. ISSN   2070-1845.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)