Bonne of Luxembourg

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Bonne of Luxembourg
Duchess of Normandy
Bonne of Luxembourg, with her husband Jean.jpg
Bonne of Luxembourg with her husband
Reign1332–1349
Born20 May 1315
Prague, Bohemia
Died11 September 1349 (aged 34)
Maubuisson, France
Burial
Spouse John II, King of France
Issue Charles V, King of France
Louis I, Duke of Anjou
John, Duke of Berry
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Joan, Queen of Navarre
Marie, Duchess of Bar
Isabella, Lady of Milan
House Luxembourg
Father John, King of Bohemia
Mother Elizabeth of Bohemia

Bonne of Luxemburg or Jutta of Luxemburg (20 May 1315 11 September 1349), was born Jutta (Judith), the second daughter of John the Blind, king of Bohemia, [1] and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bohemia. [2] She was the first wife of King John II of France; however, as she died a year prior to his accession, she was never a French queen. Jutta was referred to in French historiography as Bonne de Luxembourg. She was a member of the House of Luxembourg. Among her children were Charles V of France, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Joan, Queen of Navarre.

Contents

Biography

In June or July 1315, Jutta was betrothed to Kazimierz III Wielki, son of Władysław Łokietek. [3]

In 1326, Jutta was originally betrothed to Henry of Bar; however this arrangement was broken and she stayed at the abbey of Saint-Esprit until her marriage to John, Duke of Normandy. [4]

The family of King John. Jan Jitka.jpg
The family of King John.

Jutta was married to John, Duke of Normandy on 28 July 1332 [4] at the Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame, Melun. She was 17 years old, and the future king was 13. Her name Jutta (or Guta), translatable into English as Good (in the feminine case), was changed by the time of her marriage to Bonne (French) or Bona (Latin). Upon marriage, Bonne was the wife of the heir to the French throne, becoming Duchess of Normandy, and Countess of Anjou and of Maine. The wedding was celebrated in the presence of six thousand guests. The festivities were prolonged by a further two months when the young groom was finally knighted at the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris. John was solemnly granted the arms of a knight in front of a prestigious audience bringing together the kings of Bohemia and Navarre, and the dukes of Burgundy, Lorraine and the Brabant.

Bonne was a patron of the arts, the composer Guillaume de Machaut being one of her favorites. [5]

She died on 11 September 1349 of the bubonic plague in Maubuisson, France at the age of thirty-four. [1] She was buried in the Abbey of Maubuisson. [6]

Less than six months after Bonne's death, John married Joan I, Countess of Auvergne.

Issue

John and Bonne had the following children together:

Ancestors

Related Research Articles

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John II of France King of France

John II, called John the Good, was King of France from 1350 until his death. When he came to power, France faced several disasters: the Black Death, which killed nearly half of its population; popular revolts known as Jacqueries; free companies of routiers who plundered the country; and English aggression that resulted in catastrophic military losses, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured.

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Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy

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Philip I, Count of Auvergne

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Catherine I, also Catherine of Courtenay, was the recognised Latin Empress of Constantinople from 1283 to 1307, although she lived in exile and only held authority over Crusader States in Greece. In 1301, she became the second wife of Charles of Valois, by whom she had one son and three daughters; the eldest of these, Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea succeeded her as titular empress.

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Joan III, Countess of Burgundy Countess of Burgundy and Artois

Joan III of Burgundy, also known as Joan of France was a reigning Countess of Burgundy and Artois in 1330–1349, She was also Duchess of Burgundy by marriage to Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of King Philip V of France and Countess Joan II of Burgundy.

Robert, Duke of Bar

Robert I of Bar was Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson and Count and then Duke of Bar. He succeeded his elder brother Edward II of Bar as count in 1352. His parents were Henry IV of Bar and Yolande of Flanders.

Beatrice of Bourbon, Queen of Bohemia Queen consort of Bohemia

Beatrice of Bourbon was a French noblewoman. A member of the House of Bourbon, she was by marriage Queen of Bohemia and Countess of Luxembourg.

Margaret of Bohemia, also known as Margaret of Luxembourg, was a Queen consort of Hungary by her marriage to Louis I of Hungary. She was the second child of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor by his first wife Blanche of Valois. She was a member of the House of Luxembourg.

Joan of Armagnac Duchess of Berry

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Maubuisson Abbey

Maubuisson Abbey is a Cistercian nunnery at Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône, in the Val-d'Oise department of France. It was founded in A.D. 1236 by Blanche of Castile, Queen of France, who may have been buried there in 1252. The site is now within the north-western suburbs of Paris. The surviving buildings are listed as a monument historique.

References

  1. 1 2 Nicolle 2004, p. 17.
  2. 1 2 3 Boehm & Fajt 2005, p. xvi.
  3. Kazimierz Jasiński: Polityka małżeńska Władysława Łokietka. In: Genealogia - rola związków rodzinnych i rodowych w życiu publicznym w Polsce średniowiecznej na tle porównawczym, p. 14.
  4. 1 2 Hand 2013, p. 12.
  5. Robertson 2002, p. 3.
  6. Perrot & Reinach 1907, p. 448–449.
  7. 1 2 3 d'Arras 2012, p. 234.
  8. Vaughan 2005, p. 152.

Sources