Book of Ballymote

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Book of Ballymote
Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 P 12
Book of Ballymote 008r.jpg
Book of Ballymote, f.  8r
Also known asLeabhar Bhaile an Mhóta
TypeMiscellany
Date1390–1391
Place of origin Ballymote
Language(s) Middle Irish, with some Latin
Scribe(s)Solamh Ó Droma, Roibéard Mac Síthigh, Maghnus Ó Duibheannáin
PatronTomaltagh McDonagh
Material Parchment
Size40 × 26 cm
Format Folio
ConditionImperfect
ScriptIrish minuscule
ContentsGenealogy, history, hagiography, topography
Illumination(s) Interlace initials, mainly zoomorphic, tinted with coloured washes [1]
Island of Ireland relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Ballymote
Location of Ballymote in Ireland

The Book of Ballymote (Irish : Leabhar Bhaile an Mhóta, RIA MS 23 P 12, 275 foll.), was written in 1390 or 1391 in or near the town of Ballymote, now in County Sligo, but then in the tuath of Corann.

Contents

Production and history

This book was compiled towards the end of the 14th century at the castle of Ballymote for Tonnaltagh McDonagh, who was then in occupation of the castle. The chief compiler was Manus O'Duignan, one of a family who were ollavs and scribes to the McDonagh and the McDermots. Other scribes of the book were Solomon O'Droma, a member of a famous Co. Fermanagh family, and a Robert McSheedy. The book is a compilation of older works, mostly loose manuscripts and valuable documents handed down from antiquity that came into possession of McDonagh.

The first page of the work contains a drawing of Noah's Ark as conceived by the scribe. The first written page is missing and the second opens with a description of the ages of the world. Patrick and his household; Cormac's instructions to a king; and a physical and geological survey of Ireland. Part of the work is devoted to the sagas of Finn and Brian Boru, and the Lebor na Cert (Book of Rights). It also contains treatises on the metre and the profession of a poet, and on the Ogham writing and language. The book ends with several translations from Greek: the destruction of Troy and the wanderings of Ulysses, followed by a resume of Virgil's 'Aeneid', beginning with Nestor's speech to the Greeks.

The Book of Ballymote, like many of its kind, has made history by its wanderings. For over a hundred years it was a treasured possession of the McDonaghs of Corran. About the beginning of the 16th century, it fell into the possession of the O'Donnells with whom it remained until the Flight of the Earls in 1603. From 1620 until 1767 it was in the library of Trinity College, Dublin. It disappeared from the library and was later found in Burgundy, France. In 1785 it was returned to the Royal Irish Academy where it remained as one of the Academy's most treasured possessions. The work was photographed by the Academy in 1887 and two hundred copies of it were made. One copy is in the diocesan archives and others in libraries.[ citation needed ]

Description

The first page of the work contains a drawing of Noah's Ark. The first written page is lost, and the second page describes the ages of the world.

The book ends with various Greek and Latin fragments on the fall of Troy, including a fragment of the Aeneid .

Editions

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References

  1. Royal Irish Academy. "MS 23 P 12 (The Book of Ballymote)". Meamram Páipéar Ríomhaire / Irish Script on Screen. Retrieved 11 February 2022.