|Book of Northern Qi|
The Book of Northern Qi (Chinese: 北齊書, pinyin Běi Qí Shū), was the official history of the Chinese dynasty Northern Qi. It was written by the Tang Dynasty historian Li Baiyao (李百藥) and was completed in 636. It is listed among the official Twenty-Four Histories of China. The original book contained 50 chapters but it was found during the Song Dynasty that only 17 chapters were intact. The rest are lost.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.
Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty, during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was mentioned as the twenty-first Shang king by the same. Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian and the Bamboo Annals describe a Xia dynasty before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period, and Shang writings do not indicate the existence of the Xia. The Shang ruled in the Yellow River valley, which is commonly held to be the cradle of Chinese civilization. However, Neolithic civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River and Yangtze River. These Yellow River and Yangtze civilizations arose millennia before the Shang. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest civilizations, and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization.
|Volume 1||帝紀第1 神武帝上||Emperor Shenwu|
|Volume 2||帝紀第2 神武帝下||Emperor Shenwu|
|Volume 3||帝紀第3 文襄帝||Emperor Wenxiang|
|Volume 4||帝紀第4 文宣帝||Emperor Wenxuan|
|Volume 5||帝紀第5 廢帝||Emperor Fei|
|Volume 6||帝紀第6 孝昭帝||Emperor Xiaozhao|
|Volume 7||帝紀第7 武成帝||Emperor Wucheng|
|Volume 8||帝紀第8 後主 幼主||Houzhu; Youzhu|
|Volume 9||列傳第1 後宮||Empresses and Consorts|
|Volume 10||列傳第2 高祖十一王||Eleven Princes of Shenwu|
|Volume 11||列傳第3 文襄六王||Six Princes of Wenxiang|
|Volume 12||列傳第4 文宣四王 孝昭六王 武成十二王 後主五男||Four Princes of Wenxuan; Six Princes of Xiaozhao; Twelve Princes of Wucheng; Five Princes of Houzhu|
|Volume 13||列傳第5 趙郡王琛 子叡 清河王岳 子勱||Gao Chen; Gao Rui (Northern Qi); Gao Yue (Northern Qi); Gao Mai|
|Volume 14||列傳第6 廣平公盛 陽州公永樂 弟長弼 襄樂王顯國 上洛王思宗 子元海 弟思好 平秦王歸彥 武興王普 長樂太守靈山 嗣子伏護||Guangping Gongcheng; Yangzhou Gong Yongle; Di Zhangbi; Prince of Xiangle, Xiang Guo; Prince of Shangluo, Si Zong; Zi Yuanhai; Di Sihao; Prince of Pingqin, Guiyan; Prince Pu of Wuxing; Changle, Governor of Lingshan; Sizi Fuhu|
|Volume 15||列傳第7 竇泰 尉景 婁昭 兄子叡 厙狄干 子士文 韓軌 潘樂||Dou Tai; Wei Jing; Lou Zhao; Lou Rui; Han Gui; Pan Le|
|Volume 16||列傳第8 段榮 子韶||Duan Rong; Duan Shao|
|Volume 17||列傳第9 斛律金 子光 羨||Hulü Jin; Hulü Guang; Hulü Xian|
|Volume 18||列傳第10 孫騰 高隆之 司馬子如||Sun Teng; Gao Longzhi; Sima Ziru|
|Volume 19||列傳第11 賀拔允 蔡儁 韓賢 尉長命 王懷 劉貴 任延敬 莫多婁貸文 高市貴 厙狄迴洛 厙狄盛 薛孤延 張保洛 侯莫陳相||He Bayun; Cai Jun; Wei Zhangming; Wang Huai; Liu Gui; Ren Yanjing; Moduoluo Daiwen; Gao Shigui; Shidi Huiluo; She Dicheng; Xue Guyan; Zhang Baoluo; Houmo Chenxiang|
|Volume 20||列傳第12 張瓊 斛律羌 堯雄 宋顯 王則 慕容紹宗 薛脩義 叱列平 步大汗薩 慕容儼||Zhang Qiong; Hu Luqiang; Yao Xiong; Song Xian; Wang Ze; Murong Shaozong; Xue Xiuyi; Chi Lieping; Buda Hansa; Murong Yan|
|Volume 21||列傳第13 高乾 封隆之||Gao Gan (Northern Qi); Feng Longzhi|
|Volume 22||列傳第14 李元忠 盧文偉 李義深||Li Yuanzhong|
|Volume 23||列傳第15 魏蘭根 崔悛||Wei Lan'gen|
|Volume 24||列傳第16 孫搴 陳元康 杜弼||Sun Qian (Eastern Wei); Chen Yuankang|
|Volume 25||列傳第17 張纂 張亮 張耀 趙起 徐遠 王峻 王紘||Zhang Zuan; Zhang Liang; Zhang Yao; Zhang Qi; Xu Yuan; Wang Jun; Wang Hong|
|Volume 26||列傳第18 薛琡 敬顯儁 平鑒||Xue Chu; Jing Xianjun; Ping Jian|
|Volume 27||列傳第19 万俟普 劉豐 破六韓常 金祚 韋子粲||Moqi Pu; Liu Feng; Poliuhan Chang; Jin Zuo; Wei Zican|
|Volume 28||列傳第20 元坦 元斌 元孝友 元暉業 元弼 元韶||Yuan Tan (Eastern Wei); Yuan Bin; Yuan Bi; Yuan Shao (Eastern Wei)|
|Volume 29||列傳第21 李渾 李璵 鄭述祖 子元德||Li Hun; Li Yu; Zheng Shuzu; Zi Yuande|
|Volume 30||列傳第22 崔暹 高德政 崔昂||Cui Xian; Gao Dezheng; Cui Ang|
|Volume 31||列傳第23 王昕 弟晞||Wang Xin; Wang Xi|
|Volume 32||列傳第24 陸法和 王琳||Lu Fahe; Wang Lin (general)|
|Volume 33||列傳第25 蕭明 蕭祗 蕭退 蕭放 徐之才||Xiao Yuanming; Xiao Zhi (Liang); Xiao Tui; Xiao Fang (Liang); Xu Zhicai|
|Volume 34||列傳第26 楊愔 燕子獻 宋欽道 鄭頤||Yang Yin; Yan Zixian; Song Qindao; Zheng Yi|
|Volume 35||列傳第27 裴讓之 李構 張宴之 陸卬 王松年 劉禕||Pei Rangzhi; Li Guo; Zhang Yanzhi; Lu Ang; Wang Songnian; Liu Yi|
|Volume 36||列傳第28 邢卲||Xing Shao|
|Volume 37||列傳第29 魏收||Wei Shou|
|Volume 38||列傳第30 辛術 元文遙 趙彥深||Xin Shu; Yuan Wenyao; Zhao Yanshen|
|Volume 39||列傳第31 崔季舒 祖珽||Cui Jishu; Zu Ting|
|Volume 40||列傳第32 尉瑾 馮子琮 赫連子悅 唐邕 白建||Yu Jin (Northern Qi); Feng Zicong; Helian Ziyue; Tang Yong; Bai Jian|
|Volume 41||列傳第33 暴顯 皮景和 鮮于世榮 綦連猛 元景安 獨孤永業 傅伏 高保寧||Bao Xian; Pi Jinghe; Xianyu Shirong; Qilian Meng; Yuan Jing'an; Dugu Yongye; Fu Fu; Gao Baoning|
|Volume 42||列傳第34 陽斐 盧潛 崔劼 盧叔武 陽休之 袁聿修||Yang Fei; Lu Qian (Northern Qi); Cui Jie (Northern Qi); Yang Xiuzhi; Yuan Yuxiu|
|Volume 43||列傳第35 李稚廉 封述 許惇 羊烈 源彪||Li Zhilian; Feng Shu; Xu Dun; Yang Lie; Yuan Biao|
|Volume 44||列傳第36 儒林||Confucian Scholars|
|Volume 45||列傳第37 文苑||Writers|
|Volume 46||列傳第38 循吏||Good Officials|
|Volume 47||列傳第39 酷吏||Cruel Officials|
|Volume 48||列傳第40 外戚||Imperial Affines|
|Volume 49||列傳第41 方伎||Arts|
|Volume 50||列傳第42 恩倖||Minion|
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