Book of Zhou

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Book of Zhou
Traditional Chinese 周書
Simplified Chinese 周书

The Book of Zhou (Zhōu Shū) records the official history of the Chinese/Xianbei ruled Western Wei and Northern Zhou dynasties, and ranks among the official Twenty-Four Histories of imperial China. Compiled by the Tang Dynasty historian Linghu Defen, the work was completed in 636 CE and consists of 50 chapters, some of which have been lost and replaced from other sources.


The book was criticised by Liu Zhiji for its attempt to glorify the ancestors of Tang Dynasty officials of the time. [1]


Compilation began with Liu Qiu 柳虯 (502-555) in the Western Wei, who was Vice-Director of the Palace Library. [2] Liu Qiu was assigned to compile the imperial diary in 550. Liu Qiu was succeeded by Niu Hong 牛弘 (545-610) who also worked on the imperial diary and later became Director of the Palace Library. Niu Hong compiled an incomplete history of the Western Wei and Northern Zhou. In 629 Emperor Taizong of Tang appointed a team headed by Linghu Defen to work on compiling the Book of Zhou. The other team members were Cen Weben and Cui Renshi.


Two partial translations have been published. Dien provides a translation of volume 11 on the biography of Yü-Wen Hu. [3] Miller provides a partial translation of volume 50 on accounts of Western nations. [4]


Annals (帝紀)

Volume 1 帝紀第1 文帝上 Emperor Wen
Volume 2 帝紀第2 文帝下Emperor Wen
Volume 3 帝紀第3 孝閔帝 Emperor Xiaomin
Volume 4 帝紀第4 明帝 Emperor Ming
Volume 5 帝紀第5 武帝上 Emperor Wu
Volume 6 帝紀第6 武帝下Emperor Wu
Volume 7 帝紀第7 宣帝 Emperor Xuan
Volume 8 帝紀第8 靜帝 Emperor Jing

Biographies (列傳)

Volume 9 列傳第1 皇后Empresses
Volume 10 列傳第2 邵惠公顥 杞簡公連 莒荘公洛生 虞國公仲Yuwen Hao
Volume 11 列傳第3 晉蕩公護 Yuwen Hu
Volume 12 列傳第4 齊煬王憲 Yuwen Xian
Volume 13 列傳第5 文閔明武宣諸子Princes of Wen; Princes of Xiaomin; Princes of Ming; Princes of Wu; Princes of Xuan
Volume 14 列傳第6 賀拔勝 賀拔允 賀拔岳 侯莫陳悅 念賢Heba Sheng; Heba Yue; Houmochen Yue
Volume 15 列傳第7 寇洛 李弼 李輝 李耀 于謹 Li Bi; Yu Jin
Volume 16 列傳第8 趙貴 獨孤信 侯莫陳崇Zhao Gui; Dugu Xin; Houmochen Chong
Volume 17 列傳第9 梁禦 若干惠 怡峯 劉亮 王德Ruogan Hui
Volume 18 列傳第10 王羆 王慶遠 王述 王思政 Wang Pi [ citation needed ]; Wang Shu; Wang Sizheng
Volume 19 列傳第11 達奚武 侯莫陳順 豆盧寧 豆盧永恩 宇文貴 楊忠 王雄Daxi Wu; Yuwen Gui; Yang Zhong; Wang Xiong
Volume 20 列傳第12 王盟 王勵 王懋 賀蘭祥 尉遲綱 叱列伏龜 閻慶Wang Ming; Wang Li; Helan Xiang; Yuchi Gang
Volume 21 列傳第13 尉遲迥 王謙 司馬消難 Yuchi Jiong; Wang Qian; Sima Xiaonan
Volume 22 列傳第14 周惠達 楊寬 楊鈞 柳慶 柳機 柳弘Zhou Huida; Yang Kuan; Liu Qing
Volume 23 列傳第15 蘇綽Su Chuo
Volume 24 列傳第16 盧弁Lu Bian
Volume 25 列傳第17 李賢Li Xian (Northern Zhou); Li Yuan (Northern Zhou)
Volume 26 列傳第18 長孫儉 長孫紹遠 斛斯徵Zhangsun Jian
Volume 27 列傳第19 赫連達 韓果 蔡祐 常善 辛威 厙狄昌 田弘 梁椿 梁台 宇文測
Volume 28 列傳第20 史寧 陸騰 賀若敦 權景宣Shi Ning; Lu Teng; Heruo Dun
Volume 29 列傳第21 王傑 王勇 宇文虯 宇文盛 耿豪 高琳 李和 伊婁穆 楊紹 王雅 達奚寔 劉雄 侯植
Volume 30 列傳第22 竇熾 竇善 于翼Dou Chi; Yu Yi
Volume 31 列傳第23 韋孝寬 韋敻 梁士彥 Wei Xiaokuan; Wei Xiong; Liang Shiyan
Volume 32 列傳第24 申徽 陸通 柳敏 盧柔 唐瑾
Volume 33 列傳第25 厙狄峙 楊薦 趙剛 王慶 趙昶 王悅 趙文表
Volume 34 列傳第26 趙善 元定 楊摽 裴寬 楊敷
Volume 35 列傳第27 鄭孝穆 崔謙 崔猷 裴俠 薛端 薛善
Volume 36 列傳第28 鄭偉 楊纂 段永 王士良 崔彥穆 令狐整 司馬裔 裴果Zheng Wei
Volume 37 列傳第29 寇儁 韓褒 趙肅 徐招 張軌 李彥 郭彥 裴文舉
Volume 38 列傳第30 蘇亮 柳虯 呂思禮 薛憕 薛真 李昶 元偉
Volume 39 列傳第31 韋瑱 梁昕 皇甫璠 辛慶之 王子直 杜杲Wei Tian
Volume 40 列傳第32 尉遲運 王軌 宇文神舉 宇文孝伯 顏之儀Yuchi Yun; Wang Gui; Yuwen Shenju; Yuwen Xiaobo; Yan Zhiyi
Volume 41 列傳第33 王褒 庾信Wang Bao; Yu Xin
Volume 42 列傳第34 蕭撝 蕭世怡 蕭圓肅 蕭大圜 宗懍 劉璠 柳霞Xiao Hui; Xiao Yuansu; Xiao Dahuan; Liu Fan
Volume 43 列傳第35 李延孫 韋祐 韓雄 陳忻 魏玄
Volume 44 列傳第36 泉企 李遷哲 楊乾運 扶猛 陽雄 席固 任果
Volume 45 列傳第37 儒林Confucian Scholars
Volume 46 列傳第38 孝義Filial Piety
Volume 47 列傳第39 藝術Artists
Volume 48 列傳第40 蕭詧 Xiao Cha; Xiao Kui; Xiao Cong
Volume 49 列傳第41 異域上 Goguryeo; Baekje; Nanman; Rau peoples; Tanchang; Bailan [ clarification needed ]; Di (Five Barbarians); Kumo Xi
Volume 50 列傳第42 異域下 Turkic Khaganate; Tuyuhun; Gaochang; Shanshan; Karasahr; Kucha; Kingdom of Khotan; Hephthalite Empire; Sogdia; Parthian Empire; Sasanian Empire

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  1. Pearce (2015), pp. 511-512.
  2. Pearce (2015), pp. 510-511.
  3. Dien (1962).
  4. Miller (1959).

Works cited