Borås

Last updated
Borås
Boras central-1.jpg
Borås railway station
Boras vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Textiletown
Sweden Vastra Gotaland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Borås
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Borås
Coordinates: 57°43′16″N12°56′25″E / 57.72111°N 12.94028°E / 57.72111; 12.94028 Coordinates: 57°43′16″N12°56′25″E / 57.72111°N 12.94028°E / 57.72111; 12.94028
Country Sweden
Province Västergötland
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Borås Municipality
Founded1621
Area
[1]
  Total31.40 km2 (12.12 sq mi)
Elevation
143 m (469 ft)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total66,273
  Density2,111/km2 (5,470/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
501 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 33
Climate Cfb
Website Official website
Boras and the river Viskan in winter. Boras.jpg
Borås and the river Viskan in winter.
Boras circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna. Suecia 3-043 ; Boras.png
Borås circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.
A view from Krokshall square onto Caroli church with Viskan in front. Boras Krokshallstorget.jpg
A view from Krokshall square onto Caroli church with Viskan in front.

Borås ( UK: /bʊˈrɔːs/ buu-RAWSS, US: /bˈrɔːs,bˈrs/ boo-RAWSS, boo-ROHSS, [3] [4] Swedish:  [bʊˈroːs] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city (officially, a locality) and the seat of Borås Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden. It had 66,273 inhabitants in 2010. [1]

Contents

Geography

Borås is located at the point of two crossing railways, among them the railway between Gothenburg and Kalmar, and is often considered[ citation needed ] the Swedish city gaining the most from the nationwide railway system laid between 1870 and 1910.

History

The city of Borås received its privileges in 1621 by King Gustav II Adolf. The reason was to give local pedlars a legal place for vending their merchandise (and for the government the ability to collect taxes on this trade). The city developed soon after it was founded. After a century it had increased to over 2,000 inhabitants. Borås has been ravaged by fires four times: in 1681, 1727, 1822 and 1827. The Caroli church is the oldest of Borås's buildings, and has withstood all fires.

In its 2017 report, Police in Sweden placed the Norrby, Hässleholmen and Hulta districts in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates. [5]

Industry

The city arms depicts two pairs of sheep shears, a tribute to the vast number of smiths in the town in early history. It currently holds the Swedish record in the number of established mail-order firms.

The company Swedac is based in the city, as well as Ericsson, which has a large manufacturing plant where Mini-Link microwave radios are manufactured. Worldwide clothing retailer H&M have their worldwide Online office based in the city as well.

Outside the city in the industrial park of Viared, there are many companies specializing in logistics. Industries in Borås have close collaboration with the University College of Borås as well as the SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, the largest technical research institute of Sweden, both located in Borås. Besides being the home of the official Swedish Kilogram-weight and the atomic clock that sets the national time, SP conducts various testing and research to promote consumer safety.

Transport

Railway

Borås is a railway junction. The Coast-to-Coast Line from Gothenburg to Kalmar runs through the city centre. At the Borås Railway Station it meets the Älvsborg Line (heading north to Herrljunga and Uddevalla) and the Viskadal Line (going south to Varberg). Continuous passenger trains often run through the city along the two latter lines.

As of 2019 SJ runs 3-4 daily trains in each direction between Gothenburg and Kalmar. The regional traffic agency Västtrafik runs frequent trains between Borås and Gothenburg, Herrljunga, and Varberg. All passenger trains stop at Borås railway station. Trains on the northern line to and from Herrljunga also stop at Knalleland halt within the city.

Sports

The most successful sports team is the football team IF Elfsborg, six times Swedish champions (1936, 1939, 1940,1961, 2006 and 2012) and three times winner of the Swedish cup (2001, 2003 and 2014). Elfsborg was founded in 1904, but received its current name in 1906. The team's home arena, since 2005, is Borås Arena (formerly Ryavallen Stadium) in Borås, with a capacity of 16000. Elfsborg play in yellow and black.

Other teams are Borås Hockey Club, M7 (a basketball team that worked with Magic Johnson for a short while) and Borås Rhinos which is an American football team.

The table tennis club, Mariedals IK, currently has three players in the Swedish youth team: Hampus Soderlund, Mattias Översjö and Jimmy Ojakangas.

Other sports that can be practiced in Borås are: archery, track and field, rowing, handball, table tennis, tennis, skiing, orienteering, sport shooting, swimming, golf, equestrian, bowling, cheerleading, floorball and various martial arts. Borås Judoclub has tried to create a national center for judo. Members from the club that have participated in the olympics include Per Kjellin and Lars Adolfsson (who competed twice).

Boråshallen is the largest indoor sports hall in Borås, where the Mariedal cup, an indoor football competition, is held annually in October or November. The competition started in 1978 in its current form.

Borås hosted the water polo events of the XIII FINA World Masters Championships 2010, from July 28 to August 6. [6]

The city also hosted the 2019 European Athletics U20 Championships.

Other sports clubs located in Borås include:

Culture

Every summer, a number of free outdoor concerts are held on the town square on Thursday evenings.

The city has lately been recognized as a city of outdoor sculptures, such as Catafalque by Sean Henry, Carl Fredrik Reuterswärd's knotted non-violence pistol and a huge bronze version of Pinocchio called Walking to Borås by the American pop artist Jim Dine.

During the holiday All Saints' Day, there is an annual gaming convention called Borås Spelkonvent, where people, mostly youths, meet to play various board games, Warhammer 40k and Magic: The Gathering among other games.

Climate

Borås has a cold oceanic climate, influenced by Atlantic trade winds travelling without major obstacles over the land, with low mean temperatures, compared to coastal areas and the more urban metropolis, Gothenburg, near to the west. Considering it being inland and quite far south, summer temperatures are rather subdued by Swedish standards, whilst winter average highs hover just above freezing. Being inland still enables severe extremes to sometimes occur, such as a 36 °C (97 °F) reading from July 1901, the warmest July temperature on record in Sweden, although not a national record (38 °C (100 °F) set on two different June dates and years on other stations). The coldest extreme was set in February 1966 with −34.1 °C (−29.4 °F), a severely cold temperature for southern Sweden.

By Swedish standards, the climate of Borås is very wet, with a precipitation average of 975 millimetres (38.4 in). This is also due to marine airflows coming from the Atlantic and easily being transported over lowland areas, where the precipitation eventually falls. This renders heavy solid or wet snowfall in winter and the freeze-thaw cycle is normally dominant, with irregular snow cover.

Climate data for Borås (2002–2018; extremes since 1901)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.0
(50.0)
16.4
(61.5)
20.0
(68.0)
27.5
(81.5)
30.0
(86.0)
33.1
(91.6)
36.0
(96.8)
33.2
(91.8)
28.0
(82.4)
22.5
(72.5)
13.6
(56.5)
11.2
(52.2)
36.0
(96.8)
Mean maximum °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
13.5
(56.3)
19.3
(66.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84.0)
27.6
(81.7)
22.9
(73.2)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
8.1
(46.6)
29.8
(85.6)
Average high °C (°F)0.9
(33.6)
1.4
(34.5)
5.4
(41.7)
11.7
(53.1)
17.0
(62.6)
19.8
(67.6)
22.3
(72.1)
20.7
(69.3)
17.0
(62.6)
10.7
(51.3)
5.9
(42.6)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
1.4
(34.5)
6.6
(43.9)
11.6
(52.9)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
16.3
(61.3)
12.8
(55.0)
7.5
(45.5)
3.7
(38.7)
0.6
(33.1)
7.5
(45.4)
Average low °C (°F)−3.9
(25.0)
−4.2
(24.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.5
(34.7)
6.1
(43.0)
9.5
(49.1)
12.3
(54.1)
11.8
(53.2)
8.6
(47.5)
4.2
(39.6)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.6
(38.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F)−14.8
(5.4)
−13.5
(7.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.1
(39.4)
7.5
(45.5)
5.9
(42.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−17.9
(−0.2)
Record low °C (°F)−29.0
(−20.2)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−17.0
(1.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−34.1
(−29.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)106.4
(4.19)
67.2
(2.65)
57.2
(2.25)
51.1
(2.01)
67.4
(2.65)
94.7
(3.73)
100.5
(3.96)
126.3
(4.97)
93.3
(3.67)
110.8
(4.36)
109.0
(4.29)
133.0
(5.24)
1,116.9
(43.97)
Source 1: SMHI [7]
Source 2: SMHI Monthly Data 2002–2018 [8]

Districts

Municipal subdistrict Göta
Municipal subdistrict Sjöbo
Municipal subdistrict Brämhult
Municipal subdistrict Norrby
Municipal subdistrict Centrum (city)
Municipal subdistrict Sandhult

Notable people

Schools

See also University of Borås

High schools

Related Research Articles

Älvsborg is the name of a geographical region in Sweden, which can refer to:

IF Elfsborg association football club in Borås, Sweden

Idrottsföreningen Elfsborg, more commonly known as IF Elfsborg or simply Elfsborg, is a professional football club based in Borås, Sweden, and is affiliated to the Västergötlands Fotbollförbund. They play in the Allsvenskan and have spent most of their history in the top tier of Swedish football. Their homeground is Borås Arena, where they have played since 17 April 2005.

Varberg Place in Halland, Sweden

Varberg is a locality and the seat of Varberg Municipality, Halland County, Sweden with 27,602 inhabitants in 2010.

Halmstad Place in Halland, Sweden

Halmstad is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the Nissan river, in the province of Halland on the Swedish west coast. Halmstad is the seat of Halmstad Municipality and the capital of Halland County. The city had a population of 92,797 in 2012, out of a municipal total of over 90,000. Halmstad is Sweden's 20th-largest city by population and located about midway between Gothenburg and Malmö. Timber framing architecture is common.

Stockholm Central Station railway station in Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm Central Station is a railway station in Stockholm, Sweden. It is situated in the district of Norrmalm at Vasagatan/Central Plan. The station opened on 18 July 1871 and it had over 200,000 visitors daily, of which about 170,000 were travellers, until 10 July 2017 when the local commuter trains started to call at the nearby Stockholm City Station.

The Swedish Swimming Championships are held annually in the Swedish summer in outdoor 50 m pool. The championships sometimes also works as trials for the Summer Olympics, World Championships and European Championships. Swimmers representing Swedish swim teams may participate.

Johan Wiland Swedish footballer

Johan Wiland is a Swedish former footballer who played as a goalkeeper. Wiland played professionally in Sweden and Denmark, representing Elfsborg, Copenhagen, Malmö FF and Hammarby IF. He represented the Sweden national team a total of 9 times and was a part of Sweden's UEFA Euro 2008 and 2012 squads.

Coast-to-Coast Line Train line in southern Sweden

The Coast-to-Coast Line is a 410-kilometre (250 mi) long Y-shaped electric railway line between Gothenburg via Emmaboda to Kalmar and Karlskrona in southern Sweden.

Per Johan Sjöberg is a retired Swedish footballer who played as a defender. His last club was IF Elfsborg.

The 2010 season in Swedish football, started January 2010 and ended December 2010:

The 2011 season in Swedish football, started in January 2011 and ended in December 2011.

There are several derbies in the Allsvenskan and in the lower divisions of the Swedish football pyramid.

The 2012 Allsvenskan, part of the 2012 Swedish football season, was the 88th season of Allsvenskan since its establishment in 1924. The 2012 fixtures were released on 12 December 2011. The season started on 31 March 2012 and ended on 4 November 2012. There was a five-week-long break between 24 May and 30 June during the UEFA Euro 2012. Helsingborgs IF were the defending champions, having won their fifth Swedish championship and their seventh Allsvenskan title the previous season.

The 2014 season was the 117th season of competitive football in Sweden. The competitive started with the group stage of Svenska Cupen on 1 March. League competition started late March and early April with Allsvenskan on 30 March, Superettan on 6 April, Damallsvenskan on 13 April and Division 1 on 20 April. Svenska Cupen ended with the final on 18 May. Damallsvenskan ended on 19 October, Allsvenskan and Division 1 ended on 1 November, Superettan one day later on 2 November and lower men's leagues on the weekend before. Qualification play-offs were held after the end of league play with the Allsvenskan and Superettan play-offs being held on 6 and 9 November. Svenska Supercupen was held on 9 November and was contested by the winner of Allsvenskan and Svenska Cupen. Sweden participated in qualifying for the UEFA Euro 2016.

Hans Rosenfeldt Swedish writer

Hans Rosenfeldt is a Swedish screenwriter, radio presenter, novelist and actor. He co-created the Swedish series De drabbade (2003) and Oskyldigt dömd (2008–09), and created the Scandinavian series The Bridge (2011–2018) and the ITV/Netflix series Marcella (2016–).

The 2017–18 Svenska Cupen was the 62nd season of the Svenska Cupen and the sixth season with the current format. The winners of the competition earned a place in the second qualifying round of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League, unless they had already qualified for European competition in the 2018–19 season, in which case the qualification spot went to fourth-placed team of the 2017 Allsvenskan. A total of 96 clubs entered the competition.

Hallandstrafiken public transport company in Halland County, Sweden

Hallandstrafiken AB is the local transit authority in Halland, Sweden. Their main office is located in Falkenberg.

The 2020 season will be Malmö FF's 109th in existence, their 85th season in Allsvenskan and their 20th consecutive season in the league.

The 2020 Allsvenskan, part of the 2020 Swedish football season, will be the 96th season of Allsvenskan since its establishment in 1924. A total of 16 teams will participate. Djurgårdens IF are the defending champions after winning the title in the previous season.

References

  1. 1 2 "Localities 2010, area, population and density in localities 2005 and 2010 and change in area and population". Statistics Sweden. 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013.
  2. http://www.scb.se/Statistik/MI/MI0810/2010A01T/MI0810_To_So_Kommun2010.xls
  3. "Borås" (US) and "Borås". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press . Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  4. "Borås". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  5. Utsatta områden - Social ordning, kriminell struktur och utmaningar för polisen / Dnr HD 44/14A203.023/2016 (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella operativa avdelningen - Underrättelseenheten. June 2017. p. 41. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  6. - XIII FINA World Masters Championships 2010 website
  7. "Open Data for Borås" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  8. "Monthly & Yearly Data" (in Swedish). SMHI. 15 April 2019.
  9. "Player's portraits 2008". svenskfotboll.se. Archived from the original on 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  10. "Official Website".
  11. sv:Johan Hallgren
  12. "Marcus Hansson homepage". bubben.com. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  13. "Detroit's Mr. Do-It-All". Interlink Magazines, LLC. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
  14. "Hans Rosenfeldt". World Conference of Screenwriters. 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-01-10. Retrieved 10 January 2015.