Boris Grigoriev (Russian : Бори́с Дми́триевич Григо́рьев; 11 July 1886 – 7 February 1939) was a Russian painter, graphic artist, and author.
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. The final work is also called a painting.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography, and illustration. The field is considered a subset of visual communication and communication design, but sometimes the term "graphic design" is used synonymously. Graphic designers create and combine symbols, images and text to form visual representations of ideas and messages. They use typography, visual arts, and page layout techniques to create visual compositions. Common uses of graphic design include corporate design, editorial design, wayfinding or environmental design, advertising, web design, communication design, product packaging, and signage.
Grigoriev was born in Rybinsk and studied at the Stroganov Art School from 1903 to 1907 with Dmitry Shcherbinovsky.Grigoriev went on to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg under Alexander Kiselyov, Dmitry Kardovsky and Abram Arkhipov from 1907 to 1912. He began exhibiting his work in 1909 as a member of the Union of Impressionists group, and became a member of the World of Art movement in 1913. At that time he also wrote a novel, Young Rays.
Rybinsk is the second largest city of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, which lies at the confluence of the Volga and Sheksna Rivers. Population: 200,771 (2010 Census); 222,653 (2002 Census); 251,442 (1989 Census).
Dmitry Anfimovich Shcherbinovsky was a Russian Impressionist painter and art teacher; associated with the Peredvizhniki.
The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by the founder of the Imperial Moscow University Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts. Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned a new building, completed 25 years later in 1789 by the Neva River. The academy promoted the neoclassical style and technique, and sent its promising students to European capitals for further study. Training at the academy was virtually required for artists to make successful careers.
After his return to Saint Petersburg in 1913 [ citation needed ]he became part of the Bohemian scene in St. Petersburg and was close to many artists and writers of the time, such as Sergey Sudeykin, Velimir Khlebnikov and the poet Anna Akhmatova, often painting their portraits.
Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people and with few permanent ties. It involves musical, artistic, literary or spiritual pursuits. In this context, Bohemians may or may not be wanderers, adventurers, or vagabonds.
Sergey Yurievich Sudeikin, also known as Serge Soudeikine, was a Russian artist and set-designer associated with the Ballets Russes and the Metropolitan Opera.
Viktor Vladimirovich Khlebnikov, better known by the pen name Velimir Khlebnikov, was a Russian poet and playwright, a central part of the Russian Futurist movement, but his work and influence stretch far beyond it.
Grigoriev was also interested in the Russian countryside, its peasants and village life. From 1916 to 1918 he created a series of paintings and graphic works, Russia (Raseja, Russian : Расея), depicting the poverty and strength of rural Russia. The album started with Grigoriev's poem To her stepsons. The album won a praise from influential art-critic Alexandre Benois. According to Benois, Grigoriev had shown the very essence of Russia in the period before the revolutionary upheaval. The leaderless workshop he organised in September 1919 led to the creation of the Society of Young Artists.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer without land ownership, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees, or services to a landlord. In Europe, peasants were divided into three classes according to their personal status: slave, serf, and free tenant. Peasants either hold title to land in fee simple, or hold land by any of several forms of land tenure, among them socage, quit-rent, leasehold, and copyhold.
Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois was a Russian artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva, an art movement and magazine. As a designer for the Ballets Russes under Sergei Diaghilev, Benois exerted what is considered a seminal influence on the modern ballet and stage design.
The Society of Young Artists (OBMOKhU) was a collective of artists in revolutionary Russia. They experimented with spatial constructions and the properties of industrial materials. The group existed 1919-22.
However in 1919, Grigoriev travelled and lived abroad in many countries including Finland, Germany, France,the United States, Central and South Americas. Grigoriev lived for a time in Paris, where he attended the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. In Paris he was strongly influenced by Paul Cézanne. It was either at this time, or while he lived in New York - there are conflicting reports - that he had an affair with the young painter Martha Visser't Hooft, then Martha Hamlin.
The Académie de la Grande Chaumière is an art school in the Montparnasse district of Paris, France.
Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects.
Martha Visser't Hooft was an American painter and teacher. She was known for her modernist paintings, as well as contributions to artists societies in Buffalo, NY.
In 1934 he published his poem Russia (Расея) in the American Russian-language newspaper Novoye Russkoye Slovo. The poem was a poetic reflection of his famous Russia series of paintings. He also wrote a poem, America, which was not published until 2003.
Grigoriev died in Cagnes-sur-Mer in 1939.
Mir iskusstva was a Russian magazine and the artistic movement it inspired and embodied, which was a major influence on the Russians who helped revolutionize European art during the first decade of the 20th century. In fact, few Europeans outside Russia actually saw issues of the magazine itself.
Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev was a Russian and Soviet painter and stage designer.
Yevgeny Yevgenyevich Lansere, also spelled Eugene Lanceray, was a Russian graphic artist, painter, sculptor, mosaicist, and illustrator, associated stylistically with Mir iskusstva.
Vladimir Ivanovich Ovchinnikov was a Soviet, Russian painter, lived and worked in Leningrad, member of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation, regarded by art historian Sergei Ivanov as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his landscape paintings.
Nadezhda Pavlovna Shteinmiller was a Russian Soviet realist painter, graphic artist, art teacher, scenographer, and stage designer who lived and worked in Leningrad. She was a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, regarded as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad School of Painting.
Tavricheskaya Art School is a secondary art school in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad). From 1919 to 1961, it was located in a building at Tavricheskaya Street, 35. This was the informal name of the art school. From 1930 to 1950 Tavricheskaya Art School played an important role in the preparation of Leningrad artists and the formation of the Leningrad school of painting. In the 20th century the Tavricheskaya Art School repeatedly altered its official name and address. Since 1992, the art school which had been called the Saint Petersburg Art School was renamed after Nicholas Roerich.
The year 1957 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian fine arts.
Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebriakova was a Russian painter.
The year 1973 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian Fine Arts.
The year 1922 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian Fine Arts.
The year 1939 was marked by many events that left an imprint on the history of Soviet and Russian fine arts.
The Fine Arts of Leningrad retrospective exhibition became the largest showing of Leningrad artists in the Soviet History outside the city, as well as in total one of the most important art exhibitions in USSR of the 1970s. The exhibition took place in the Moscow Manezh.
Second National Art Exhibition "Soviet Russia" was one of the largest Soviet art exhibitions of the 1960s. The exhibition took place in Manezh Exhibition Hall.
Spring Exhibition of Leningrad artists of 1965 opened in the Exhibition Halls of the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists and became one of the largest Art Exhibitions of the year in the USSR.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boris Grigoriev .|