Boris Grigoriev

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Self-portrait Boris Grigoriev - self-portrait2.jpg
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Boris Grigoriev (Russian : Бори́с Дми́триевич Григо́рьев; 11 July 1886 7 February 1939) [1] was a Russian painter, graphic artist, and author.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Painting Practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. The final work is also called a painting.

Graphic design the visual design of content in different media

Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography, and illustration. The field is considered a subset of visual communication and communication design, but sometimes the term "graphic design" is used synonymously. Graphic designers create and combine symbols, images and text to form visual representations of ideas and messages. They use typography, visual arts, and page layout techniques to create visual compositions. Common uses of graphic design include corporate design, editorial design, wayfinding or environmental design, advertising, web design, communication design, product packaging, and signage.

Contents

Biography

Grigoriev was born in Rybinsk and studied at the Stroganov Art School from 1903 to 1907 with Dmitry Shcherbinovsky. [2] [3] Grigoriev went on to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg under Alexander Kiselyov, Dmitry Kardovsky and Abram Arkhipov from 1907 to 1912. He began exhibiting his work in 1909 as a member of the Union of Impressionists group, [3] and became a member of the World of Art movement in 1913. [2] At that time he also wrote a novel, Young Rays. [4]

Rybinsk City in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Rybinsk is the second largest city of Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, which lies at the confluence of the Volga and Sheksna Rivers. Population: 200,771 (2010 Census); 222,653 (2002 Census); 251,442 (1989 Census).

Dmitry Shcherbinovsky Russian painter (1867-1926)

Dmitry Anfimovich Shcherbinovsky was a Russian Impressionist painter and art teacher; associated with the Peredvizhniki.

Imperial Academy of Arts art school in Russia

The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by the founder of the Imperial Moscow University Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts. Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned a new building, completed 25 years later in 1789 by the Neva River. The academy promoted the neoclassical style and technique, and sent its promising students to European capitals for further study. Training at the academy was virtually required for artists to make successful careers.

After his return to Saint Petersburg in 1913 [5] he became part of the Bohemian scene in St. Petersburg and was close to many artists and writers of the time, such as Sergey Sudeykin, Velimir Khlebnikov and the poet Anna Akhmatova, often painting their portraits.[ citation needed ]

Bohemianism lifestyle

Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people and with few permanent ties. It involves musical, artistic, literary or spiritual pursuits. In this context, Bohemians may or may not be wanderers, adventurers, or vagabonds.

Serge Sudeikin Russian artist

Sergey Yurievich Sudeikin, also known as Serge Soudeikine, was a Russian artist and set-designer associated with the Ballets Russes and the Metropolitan Opera.

Velimir Khlebnikov Russian writer

Viktor Vladimirovich Khlebnikov, better known by the pen name Velimir Khlebnikov, was a Russian poet and playwright, a central part of the Russian Futurist movement, but his work and influence stretch far beyond it.

Grigoriev was also interested in the Russian countryside, its peasants and village life. From 1916 to 1918 he created a series of paintings and graphic works, Russia (Raseja, Russian : Расея), depicting the poverty and strength of rural Russia. [2] [3] The album started with Grigoriev's poem To her stepsons. [4] The album won a praise from influential art-critic Alexandre Benois. According to Benois, Grigoriev had shown the very essence of Russia in the period before the revolutionary upheaval. [5] The leaderless workshop he organised in September 1919 led to the creation of the Society of Young Artists. [6]

Peasant member of a traditional class of farmers

A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer without land ownership, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees, or services to a landlord. In Europe, peasants were divided into three classes according to their personal status: slave, serf, and free tenant. Peasants either hold title to land in fee simple, or hold land by any of several forms of land tenure, among them socage, quit-rent, leasehold, and copyhold.

Alexandre Benois Russian artist

Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois was a Russian artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva, an art movement and magazine. As a designer for the Ballets Russes under Sergei Diaghilev, Benois exerted what is considered a seminal influence on the modern ballet and stage design.

Society of Young Artists Artist group in Russia

The Society of Young Artists (OBMOKhU) was a collective of artists in revolutionary Russia. They experimented with spatial constructions and the properties of industrial materials. The group existed 1919-22.

However in 1919, Grigoriev travelled and lived abroad in many countries including Finland, Germany, France, [2] the United States, Central and South Americas. [5] Grigoriev lived for a time in Paris, where he attended the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. [2] In Paris he was strongly influenced by Paul Cézanne. [5] It was either at this time, or while he lived in New York - there are conflicting reports - that he had an affair with the young painter Martha Visser't Hooft, then Martha Hamlin. [7] [8]

Académie de la Grande Chaumière art school in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, France

The Académie de la Grande Chaumière is an art school in the Montparnasse district of Paris, France.

Paul Cézanne 19th-century French painter

Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects.

Martha Visser't Hooft was an American painter and teacher. She was known for her modernist paintings, as well as contributions to artists societies in Buffalo, NY.

In 1934 he published his poem Russia (Расея) in the American Russian-language newspaper Novoye Russkoye Slovo. The poem was a poetic reflection of his famous Russia series of paintings. He also wrote a poem, America, which was not published until 2003. [4]

Grigoriev died in Cagnes-sur-Mer in 1939. [2]

Some works

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References

  1. Bowlt, John E.; Misler, Nicoletta (1993). Twentieth-century Russian and East European painting. 314: Zwemmer. ISBN   9780302006191.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Biography at artnet
  3. 1 2 3 Grigoriev in Staratel Linrary ‹See Tfd› (in Russian)
  4. 1 2 3 "America" by Boris Grigoriev publication by A Klevitsky «Новый Журнал» 2003, №231 ‹See Tfd› (in Russian)
  5. 1 2 3 4 Grigoriev on site World of Marina Tsvetaeva ‹See Tfd› (in Russian)
  6. "OBMOKhU - Monoskop". monoskop.org. Mnoskop. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  7. Brownrout, Dean (July 2007). "Homecomings The life-changing legacy of Martha Visser't Hooft". www.buffalospree.com. Buffalo Spree Magazine. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  8. "Martha Hamlin Visser't Hooft" (PDF). Bio Visser't Hooft. Peyton Wright. Retrieved 23 June 2018.