Boryspil

Last updated
Boryspil

Бориспіль
City
Borispil aerea.jpg
Aerial view of Boryspil
UKR Borispil' flag.jpg
Flag
Coat of Arms Boryspil.png
Coat of arms
Kiev oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Boryspil
Boryspil within Ukraine
Ukraine adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Boryspil
Boryspil (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°21′N30°57′E / 50.350°N 30.950°E / 50.350; 30.950 Coordinates: 50°21′N30°57′E / 50.350°N 30.950°E / 50.350; 30.950
CountryFlag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
OblastFlag of Kyiv Oblast.svg  Kyiv Oblast
First mentioned1015
Area
  Total37.01 km2 (14.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
  Total63,169
Area code(s) +380 4595
Website http://www.boryspil.osp-ua.info/

Boryspil (Ukrainian : Бориспіль, translit. Boryspil’, Russian : Борисполь; also referred to as Borispol) is a city of regional significance located in the Kyiv Oblast (region) in northern (central) Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of regional significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Boryspil Raion (district), though it administratively does not belong to the raion. Its population was estimated as 63,169 (2020 est.) [1]

Contents

Name

Official sources state that the city derives its name from Prince Boris, of Boris and Gleb, two sons of Vladimir the Great, who were both murdered during the internecine wars of 1015–1019. [2] According to Petro Tronko in his History of cities and villages in Ukrainian SSR, the locality where Boryspil is located was named as "Borysove pole" (Borys's field) when in 1015 a son of Vladimir the Great Borys returning from another raid against Pechenegs died from hands of hired assassins. [3] Others[ who? ] state that the name of the city is of the Greek origin; it consists of two parts Borys from Borysthenes (the Greek name for Dnieper) and Pil from Polis (the Ukrainized version of the Greek word). The city also has a sister city, Hopkins, Minnesota, US. [4]

History

The settlement is first mentioned in 1015 in connection with the internecine wars of 1015–1019, [5] and later, in the 12th century, as part of the Kyivan Rus (Ruthenia). Sometime after the Mongol invasion, most of the Ruthenian territory belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The site of the settlement belonged to the King's translator Soltan Albiyevich who in 1508 sold it to the Kyiv Saint Nicholas Hermitage. It is believed that it was then when the settlement received its modern name.

After the Union of Lublin, the southern regions of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were passed over to the Polish Crown and in 1590 on decision of the Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the settlement was given to Wojtech Czonowicki, a senior of the Registered Cossacks, who later participated in the Kosiński uprising. In 1596 the Polish King Sigismund III Vasa transformed the town into a royal estate and there was formed the Boryspol starostwo. Later the same year it was granted the Magdeburg rights (or possibly Lübeck law) and in the town was built a ratusz. The Boryspil town's coat of arms contained an image of Saint Stanislav (see Stanislaus of Szczepanów). With extinguishing the Nalyvaiko Uprising, the Boryspil starostwo was passed to Stanisław Żółkiewski and stayed as the Żółkiewski's family estate until the 1648 Khmelnytsky Uprising.

On 14 January 1752 the Hetman of Little Russia Kyrylo Rozumovsky has given the town in eternal possession to his brother-in-law Kyiv Colonel Yukhym Darahan.

On 2 June 1920 at the Battle of Boryspil Polish-Ukrainian Army defeated the Red Army.

Later in 1920 in the town was established the Soviet regime. There were created four collective farms (kolhoz): "Shevchenko Memorial", "Kirov Memorial", "Sickle and Mallet", "Victory".

The town suffered greatly during the Soviet organized Holodomor when between 1 January 1933 to 1 January 1934 only by official data perished 5,739 among which 266 were infants (less than a year old).

During World War II, Boryspil was occupied by the German Army from September 23, 1941 to September 23, 1943. Fierce battles were fought around the city during its capture and liberation. During the Nazi occupation, the airfield of the modern Boryspil International Airport was used as a camp for prisoners of war.

In 1956 Boryspil was officially granted the city status. Currently the city is home to the country's main and biggest airport, Boryspil International Airport (international code KBP) and some minor industry.

Climate

Climate data for Boryspil (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−1.2
(29.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.4
(41.7)
14.2
(57.6)
21.2
(70.2)
23.9
(75.0)
26.0
(78.8)
25.4
(77.7)
19.4
(66.9)
12.3
(54.1)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
12.5
(54.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.9
(25.0)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.4
(34.5)
9.0
(48.2)
15.4
(59.7)
18.5
(65.3)
20.4
(68.7)
19.4
(66.9)
14.0
(57.2)
8.0
(46.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
8.2
(46.8)
Average low °C (°F)−6.4
(20.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.5
(40.1)
10.0
(50.0)
13.5
(56.3)
15.2
(59.4)
14.1
(57.4)
9.5
(49.1)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
4.3
(39.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)28.6
(1.13)
30.5
(1.20)
31.2
(1.23)
42.2
(1.66)
54.9
(2.16)
74.8
(2.94)
70.1
(2.76)
55.0
(2.17)
58.2
(2.29)
35.4
(1.39)
41.4
(1.63)
37.5
(1.48)
559.8
(22.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)7.27.17.37.17.99.18.56.67.26.37.77.889.8
Average relative humidity (%)82.780.375.366.463.269.470.269.174.378.284.685.074.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.374.1135.4184.7277.1276.8290.9271.2177.8126.250.343.81,960.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization [6]

Infrastructure

Aerosvit Airlines had its head office on the grounds of Boryspil International Airport.

Around the city detours the main European route Tabliczka E40.svg E 40 , particularly the Kyiv Kharkiv highway (part of the national M-road-03-Ukraine.svg M 03 route). Along M-road-03-Ukraine.svg M 03 between Kyiv and Boryspil International Airport stretches a modernized motorway.

In the city also starts another national highway N-road-08-Ukraine.svg H 08 which connects Boryspil with Zaporizhia.

Sports

It also hosts Ukrainian Premier League team Arsenal Kyiv at the Kolos Stadium.

Press

Notable people

People born in Boryspil

See also

Related Research Articles

Chernobyl Ghost city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Chernobyl, also known as Chornobyl, is a partially abandoned city in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, situated in the Vyshhorod Raion of northern Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. Chernobyl is about 90 kilometres (60 mi) north of Kyiv, and 160 kilometres (100 mi) southwest of the Belarusian city of Gomel. Before its evacuation, the city had about 14,000 residents, while around 1,000 people live in the city today.

Kaniv Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Kaniv is a city located in Cherkasy Raion, Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The city rests on the Dnieper River, and is also one of the main inland river ports on the Dnieper. It hosts the administration of Kaniv urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 23,597

Kalush, Ukraine Urban locality in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine

Kalush is a city set in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It serves as the administrative centre of Kalush Raion (district). Kalush hosts the administration of Kalush urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 66,140 .

Fastiv city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Fastiv is a city in the Kyiv Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. On older maps it is depicted as Chvastiv. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of the Fastiv Raion (district), to which it does not administratively belong. Its population is approximately 45,393 .

Administrative divisions of Ukraine Political divisions of Ukraine

Ukraine has several levels of administrative subdivisions. The first level of subdivision consists of 27 regions:

Rivne City and administrative center of Rivne Oblast, Ukraine

Rivne is a historic city in western Ukraine. Known prior to June 1991 as Rovno, the city is the administrative centre of Rivne Oblast (province), as well as the surrounding Rivne Raion (district) within the oblast. Administratively, Rivne is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 246,003

Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi Town in central Ukraine

Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi is a small city located in Cherkasy Raion of Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The city rests on the banks of the Ros River. Population: 17,589

Sviatoshyn Neighborhood of Kyiv

Sviatoshyn is a historical neighborhood and a suburb of Ukraine's capital Kyiv that is located on the western edge of the city area, in an eponymous municipality.

History of Kiev History of the capital city of Ukraine

The history of Kyiv, the largest city and the capital of Ukraine officially celebrates founding year as 482, but history is documented as going back at least 2,000 years and archaeological site with the oldest settlement in the area dating back to 25,000 years BC.

Smila Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Smila is a city located on Dnieper Upland near the Tyasmyn River, in Cherkasy Raion, Cherkasy Oblast of Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Smila urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 66,972

Radomyshl City in Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine

Radomyshl is a historic city in Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Radomyshl Raion (district), and is located on the left bank of Teteriv River, a right tributary of Dnieper River. Its population is approximately 14,109 . It is located within the historic region of Right-bank Ukraine.

Bakhmach Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Bakhmach is a city located in Nizhyn Raion of Chernihiv Oblast (province), in northern Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Bakhmach urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. It has a population of 17,410.

Sharhorod City in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine

Sharhorod, also known as Shargorod, is a town in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Sharhorod Raion, one of 33 regions of Vinnytsia Oblast. Population: 7,035

Borzna Urban locality in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

Borzna, also referred to as Borsna, is a historic town in northern Ukraine, in Nizhyn Raion of Chernihiv Oblast. It hosts the administration of Borzna urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 9,775.

Litky Village in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Lítky, in ancient times Litkovychi is a Ukrainian village located on the Desna River in the Brovary Raion (district) of Kyiv Oblast (province), 29 km (18 mi) to north east from the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv.

Novohrad-Volynskyi City in Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine

Novohrad-Volynskyi is a city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Originally known as Zvyahel, the city was renamed in 1795 after annexation of territories of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire soon after the third Partition of Poland.

Ivanhorod Village in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Ivanhorod or Ivangorod is a village located in Uman Raion of Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, some 151 kilometres (94 mi) from Kyiv. It belongs to Khrystynivka urban hromada with the administration in the town of Khrystynivka, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.

Petro Tronko

Petro Tronko was a Ukrainian academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and veteran of World War II.

Kulchytsi village in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Kulchytsi is a village (selo), which is located in Sambir Raion, Lviv Oblast, of Western Ukraine.

Obolon, Kyiv Neighborhood of Kyiv

Obolon is a historical locality which includes a residential area (masyv), along with an industrial park within the Ukraine's capital Kyiv that is located on its northern side, in an eponymous city district - the Obolonskyi District.

References

  1. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. "Бориспіль - сайт міста :: Історія міста Бориспіль". Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
  3. Petro Tronko. Бориспіль . History of cities and villages in Ukrainian SSR.
  4. "City of Hopkins, Minnesota: Sister City: Boryspil, Ukraine". Hopkinsmn.com. 2011-09-27. Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  5. "Бориспіль - сайт міста :: Історія міста Бориспіль". Archived from the original on 2019-12-08. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
  6. "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.