Boston Blackie

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Boston Blackie
Boston-Blackie-American-Magazine-1914.jpg
"Unhurried and without excitement, but quickly,
Boston Blackie forced drawer after drawer"—
N. C. Wyeth illustrated "The Price of Principle" (1914) for The American Magazine
First appearance"The Price of Principle" (1914)
Created byJack Boyle
In-universe information
GenderMale
OccupationJewel thief, safecracker, detective

Boston Blackie is a fictional character created by author Jack Boyle (1881–1928). Blackie, a jewel thief and safecracker in Boyle's stories, became a detective in adaptations for films, radio and television—an "enemy to those who make him an enemy, friend to those who have no friend."

Contents

Actor Chester Morris played the character in 14 Columbia Pictures films (1941–1949) and in a 1944 NBC radio series.

Literature

Writer Jack Boyle grew up in Chicago, Illinois. While working as a newspaper reporter in San Francisco, he became an opium addict, was drawn into crime, and was jailed for writing bad checks. Later convicted of robbery, Boyle was serving a term in San Quentin when he created the character of Boston Blackie. [1] :149 The first four stories appeared in The American Magazine in 1914, with Boyle writing under the pen name "No. 6066". From 1917 to 1919, Boston Blackie stories appeared in The Red Book magazine, and from 1918 they were adapted for motion pictures.

When Boston Blackie began to find success on the screen, Boyle edited the Red Book magazine stories into a book, Boston Blackie (1919). He revised and rearranged the order of the stories to create a cohesive narrative—a common practice at the time known in publishing as a fixup. This was the only appearance of Boston Blackie in book form, but his adventures continued to appear in periodicals. [1] :149–150 [2]

Short stories

First edition of the short story collection Boston Blackie (1919) Boston-Blackie-1919-FE.jpg
First edition of the short story collection Boston Blackie (1919)
YearTitlePublisherPublication dateNotes
1914"The Price of Principle" The American Magazine July 1914As No. 6066 [3]
1914"The Story About Dad Morgan"The American MagazineAugust 1914As No. 6066 [4]
1914"Death Cell Visions"The American MagazineSeptember 1914As No. 6066 [5]
1914"A Thief's Daughter"The American MagazineOctober 1914As No. 6066 [6]
1917"Boston Blackie's Mary" The Red Book Magazine November 1917 [7]
1917"The Woman Called Rita"The Red Book MagazineDecember 1917 [7]
1918"Fred the Count"The Red Book MagazineJanuary 1918 [7]
1918"Miss Doris, Safe-Cracker"The Red Book MagazineMay 1918 [7]
1918"Boston Blackie's Little Pal"The Red Book MagazineJune 1918 [7]
1918"Alibi Ann"The Red Book MagazineJuly 1918 [7]
1918"Miss Doris's 'Raffles'" The Strand Magazine August 1918 [7] [8]
1918"The Poppy Girl's Husband"The Red Book MagazineOctober 1918 [7]
1918"A Problem in Grand Larceny"The Red Book MagazineDecember 1918 [7]
1919"An Answer in Grand Larceny"The Red Book MagazineJanuary 1919 [7]
1919"The Third Degree"The Strand MagazineApril 1919 [7] [9]
1919"The Daughter of Mother McGinn" Cosmopolitan June 1919 [10]
1919"Alias Prince Charming"CosmopolitanJuly 1919 [11]
1919"Black Dan"CosmopolitanOctober 1919 [12]
1919"The Water-Cross"CosmopolitanNovember 1919 [13] [14]
1920"Grandad's Girl"CosmopolitanMarch 1920 [15]
1920"The Face in the Fog"CosmopolitanMay 1920 [16] [17]
1920"The Painted Child"CosmopolitanOctober 1920 [7] [18]
1920"Boomerang Bill"CosmopolitanDecember 1920 [7] [19]

Films

Rhea Mitchell (Mary) and Bert Lytell (Boston Blackie) in Boston Blackie's Little Pal (1918), a lost film Boston Blackie's Little Pal (1918) - 2.jpg
Rhea Mitchell (Mary) and Bert Lytell (Boston Blackie) in Boston Blackie's Little Pal (1918), a lost film

The earliest Boston Blackie film adaptations were silent, dating from 1918 to 1927. Columbia Pictures revived the property in 1941 with Meet Boston Blackie , a fast, 58-minute B movie starring Chester Morris. Although the running time was brief, Columbia gave the picture good production values and an imaginative director, Robert Florey. The film was successful, and a series followed.

In the Columbia features, Boston Blackie is a reformed jewel thief who is always suspected when a daring crime is committed. In order to clear himself, he investigates personally and brings the actual culprit to justice, sometimes using disguises. An undercurrent of comedy runs throughout the action/detective series.

In one of these films, After Midnight with Boston Blackie , the character's real name was revealed to be Horatio Black.

Morris gave the Blackie character his own personal charm: he could be light and flippant or stern and dangerous, as the situation demanded. His sidekick, the Runt, was always on hand to help his old friend. George E. Stone played Runt in all but the first and last films. Charles Wagenheim and Sid Tomack, respectively, substituted for Stone when he was not available.

Blackie's friendly adversaries were Inspector Farraday [lower-alpha 1] of the police (played in all the films and the radio series by Richard Lane) and his assistant, Sergeant Matthews. Matthews was originally played as a hapless victim of circumstance by Walter Sande; he was replaced by Lyle Latell, who played it dumber, and then by comedian Frank Sully, who played it even dumber.

Blackie and Runt were often assisted in their endeavors by their friends: the cheerful but easily flustered millionaire Arthur Manleder (almost always played by Lloyd Corrigan; Harry Hayden and Harrison Greene each played the role once), and the streetwise pawnbroker Jumbo Madigan (played by Cy Kendall or Joseph Crehan). A variety of actresses including Rochelle Hudson, Harriet Hilliard, Adele Mara and Ann Savage took turns playing various gal Friday characters.

The films are highly typical of Columbia's B movies of the 1940s, with an assortment of veteran character actors (including Clarence Muse, Marvin Miller, George Lloyd, Byron Foulger), new faces on the way up (Larry Parks, Dorothy Malone, Nina Foch, Forrest Tucker, Lloyd Bridges) and stock-company players familiar from Columbia's features, serials, and short subjects (Kenneth MacDonald, George McKay, Eddie Laughton, John Tyrrell). The series was also a useful training ground for promising directors, including Edward Dmytryk, Oscar Boetticher, William Castle, and finally Seymour Friedman, who went on to work prolifically in Columbia's television department. The Boston Blackie series ran until 1949.

Filmography

Boston Blackie's Little Pal (1918) 1.jpg
Joey Jacobs and Bert Lytell in Boston Blackie's Little Pal (1918)
The Face in the Fog (1922) film poster.jpg
Poster for The Face in the Fog (1922), starring Lionel Barrymore
Boston-Blackie-1923-Poster.jpg
Poster for Boston Blackie (1923), starring William Russell
YearTitleActorNotes
1918 Boston Blackie's Little Pal Bert Lytell Adapted from "Boston Blackie's Little Pal" [22]
1919 The Poppy Girl's Husband Walter Long [23]
1919The Silk Lined Burglar Sam De Grasse Adapted from "Miss Doris, Safe-Cracker" [24]
1919 Blackie's Redemption Bert LytellAdapted from "Boston Blackie's Mary" and "Fred the Count" [25]
1922 Boomerang Bill Lionel Barrymore Adapted from "Boomerang Bill" [26]
1922 Missing Millions David Powell Adapted from "A Problem in Grand Larceny" and "An Answer in Grand Larceny" [27]
1922 The Face in the Fog Lionel Barrymore [16]
1923 Boston Blackie William Russell Adapted from "The Water-Cross" [13]
1923 Crooked Alley Thomas CarriganAdapted from Boyle's original story, "The Daughter of Crooked Alley" [28] [29]
1924 Through the Dark Forrest Stanley Adapted from "The Daughter of Mother McGinn" [30]
1927 The Return of Boston Blackie Raymond Glenn [31]
1941 Meet Boston Blackie Chester Morris [21]
1941 Confessions of Boston Blackie Chester Morris [32]
1942 Alias Boston Blackie Chester Morris [33]
1942 Boston Blackie Goes Hollywood Chester Morris [34]
1943 After Midnight with Boston Blackie Chester Morris [35]
1943 The Chance of a Lifetime Chester Morris [36]
1944 One Mysterious Night Chester Morris [37]
1945 Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion Chester Morris [38]
1945 Boston Blackie's Rendezvous Chester Morris [39]
1946 A Close Call for Boston Blackie Chester Morris [40]
1946 The Phantom Thief Chester Morris [41]
1946 Boston Blackie and the Law Chester Morris [42]
1948 Trapped by Boston Blackie Chester Morris [43]
1949 Boston Blackie's Chinese Venture Chester Morris [44]

Radio

Boston Blackie—enemy to those who make him an enemy, friend to those who have no friend.

Boston Blackie radio series [45]

Concurrent with the Columbia Pictures films, a Boston Blackie radio series—also starring Chester Morris—aired on NBC June 23 – September 15, 1944, as a summer replacement for Amos 'n' Andy . Lesley Woods played Blackie's girlfriend Mary Wesley; Richard Lane played Inspector Farraday. Harlow Wilcox was the announcer for the 30-minute program. [45] [46] [47]

A new incarnation of the Boston Blackie radio series aired April 11, 1945 – October 25, 1950, starring Richard Kollmar. Maurice Tarplin played Inspector Farraday; Jan Miner was Mary. More than 200 half-hour episodes were transcribed and syndicated by Frederick Ziv to Mutual and other network outlets. [45] [46] [47]

Television

Kent Taylor (Boston Blackie), Lois Collier (Mary Wesley) and Frank Orth (Inspector Farraday) pose with Whitie in TV's Boston Blackie (1951-53) Promotional photograph of cast of 1950's television show "Boston Blackie.".jpg
Kent Taylor (Boston Blackie), Lois Collier (Mary Wesley) and Frank Orth (Inspector Farraday) pose with Whitie in TV's Boston Blackie (1951–53)

Kent Taylor starred in the Ziv-produced half-hour TV series The Adventures of Boston Blackie. Syndicated in September 1951, it ran for 58 episodes, lasting until 1953,[ citation needed ] continuing in repeats over the following decade. Lois Collier appeared as Mary Wesley and Frank Orth was Inspector Farraday. [48] The series was set in Los Angeles; Mary and Blackie had a dog named Whitie, and comedy sometimes took precedence over crime. [49]

Television historian Tim Brooks in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present described Boston Blackie as "a memorable B-grade television series … The term 'B' is used in all the best senses: a certain vitality and sense of humor substituted more than adequately for the normal criteria of expensive production and famous stars." [49]

Graphic novels

Scripter Stefan Petrucha and artist Kirk Van Wormer created the graphic novel Boston Blackie (Moonstone Books, 2002) with a cover by Tim Seelig. A jewel heist at a costume ball goes horribly wrong, and the five-year-old son of the wealthy Greene family disappears and is presumed dead; the body is never found. The main suspect is Boston Blackie, who is still haunted seven years later by what happened that night. Drawn back into the case, he finds that the truth of what happened that night is awash in a watery grave. A sequel to the graphic novel was published years later. [50]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chester Morris</span> American actor (1901-1970)

John Chester Brooks Morris was an American stage, film, television, and radio actor. He had some prestigious film roles early in his career, and received an Academy Award nomination for Alibi (1929). Chester Morris is remembered for portraying Boston Blackie, a criminal-turned-detective, in the Boston Blackie film series of the 1940s.

<i>The Chance of a Lifetime</i> (1943 film) 1943 film by William Castle

The Chance of a Lifetime is a 1943 crime drama starring Chester Morris, Erik Rolf and Jeanne Bates. It is one of 14 films made by Columbia Pictures involving detective Boston Blackie, a criminal-turned-crime solver. This was the sixth in the series and one of three that did not have his name in the title. The film is also William Castle's directorial debut. As with many of the films of the period, this was a flag waver to support America's efforts during World War II.

Dick Lane (announcer) American actor and television announcer (1899–1982)

Richard Lane was an American actor and television announcer/presenter. In movies, he played assured, fast-talking slickers: usually press agents, policemen and detectives, sometimes swindlers and frauds. He is perhaps best known to movie fans as "Inspector Farraday" in the Boston Blackie mystery-comedies. Lane also played Faraday in the first radio version of Boston Blackie, which ran on NBC from June 23, 1944 to September 15, 1944. Lane was an early arrival on television, first as a news reporter and then as a sports announcer, broadcasting wrestling and roller derby shows on KTLA-TV, mainly from the Grand Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles.

<i>Confessions of Boston Blackie</i> 1941 film

Confessions of Boston Blackie is a 1941 American crime film directed by Edward Dmytryk and starring Chester Morris and Harriet Hilliard. A woman consigns a family heirloom to a pair of unscrupulous art dealers in order to raise money to help her sick brother. This film is the second in the series of 14 Columbia Pictures Boston Blackie films, all starring Morris as the reformed crook. It was preceded by Meet Boston Blackie (1941) and followed by Alias Boston Blackie (1942).

Boston Blackie Goes Hollywood is a 1942 American crime film, fourth of the fourteen Boston Blackie films of the 1940s Columbia's series of B pictures based on Jack Boyle's pulp-fiction character.

<i>Alias Boston Blackie</i> 1942 film

Alias Boston Blackie (1942) is the third in a series of Columbia Pictures "B" movies starring Chester Morris as Boston Blackie. It was preceded by Meet Boston Blackie, Confessions of Boston Blackie and followed by Boston Blackie Goes Hollywood. Once again, Blackie is suspected of committing a crime, in this instance of helping a prisoner escape.

<i>After Midnight with Boston Blackie</i> 1943 film by Lew Landers

After Midnight with Boston Blackie is a 1943 crime film directed by Lew Landers. It is the fifth of a series of 14 Columbia Pictures films starring Chester Morris as Boston Blackie. When a recently paroled friend of Boston Blackie is killed, he finds himself once again the prime suspect of Police Inspector Farraday.

One Mysterious Night is a 1944 crime film, the seventh in a Columbia Pictures series of fourteen starring Chester Morris as reformed crook Boston Blackie. It was preceded by The Chance of a Lifetime and followed by Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion. Blackie is called upon to recover a stolen diamond.

<i>Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion</i> 1945 film by Arthur Dreifuss

Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion is the eighth of 14 Columbia Pictures B movies starring Chester Morris as reformed thief Boston Blackie.

<i>Boomerang Bill</i> 1922 film

Boomerang Bill is an extant 1922 American silent crime melodrama film produced by Cosmopolitan Productions and distributed through Paramount Pictures. Adapted from a Boston Blackie short story by Jack Boyle, it was directed by Tom Terriss and stars veteran actor Lionel Barrymore. It is preserved incomplete at the Library of Congress and George Eastman House.

<i>Boston Blackie and the Law</i> 1946 film by D. Ross Lederman

Boston Blackie and the Law is the twelfth of fourteen Columbia Pictures films starring Chester Morris as reformed crook Boston Blackie.

<i>A Close Call for Boston Blackie</i> 1946 film by Lew Landers

A Close Call for Boston Blackie (1946) is the tenth of fourteen Columbia Pictures crime films directed by Lew Landers starring Chester Morris as Boston Blackie.

<i>Through the Dark</i> (1924 film) 1924 film

Through the Dark is a 1924 American silent mystery crime drama film directed by George W. Hill, and starring Colleen Moore and Forrest Stanley as the popular jewel thief and sometimes detective character Boston Blackie. The film's scenario, written by Frances Marion, is based on the short story "The Daughter of Mother McGinn" by Jack Boyle, which appeared in serial form in Cosmopolitan. The film was produced by William Randolph Hearst's Cosmopolitan Productions and distributed through Goldwyn Pictures.

The Phantom Thief is a 1946 American crime film directed by D. Ross Lederman. The film follows detective Boston Blackie as he tries to track down a blackmailer-murderer. As the investigation goes on, a supernatural element becomes clear.

<i>The Poppy Girls Husband</i> 1919 film by William S. Hart

The Poppy Girl's Husband is a 1919 American silent drama film directed by William S. Hart and Lambert Hillyer and written by Jules Boyle and C. Gardner Sullivan. The film stars William S. Hart, Juanita Hansen, Walter Long, Fred Starr, David Kirby and Georgie Stone. The film was released on March 16, 1919, by Paramount Pictures. A copy of the film is held in the Museum of Modern Art film archive.

<i>Missing Millions</i> 1922 film

Missing Millions is a 1922 American silent drama film directed by Joseph Henabery and written by Jack Boyle and Albert S. Le Vino. The Boston Blackie film stars Alice Brady, David Powell, Frank Losee, Riley Hatch, John B. Cooke, William B. Mack, and George LeGuere. The film was released on September 17, 1922, by Paramount Pictures.

<i>Boston Blackies Chinese Venture</i> 1949 film directed by Seymour Friedman

Boston Blackie's Chinese Venture is a 1949 mystery film directed by Seymour Friedman, starring Chester Morris. This was the last of Columbia's 14 Boston Blackie pictures (1941–49). Richard Lane, as long-suffering Inspector Farraday, was the only other character who appeared in all of the Boston Blackie films. George E. Stone, playing Blackie's sidekick The Runt, missed the first and the last films in the series due to illness. In Chinese Venture Stone was replaced by Sid Tomack as "Shorty."

<i>Boston Blackies Rendezvous</i> 1945 film directed by Arthur Dreifuss

Boston Blackie's Rendezvous is a 1945 American crime film directed by Arthur Dreifuss. The working title of this film was Surprise in the Night.

Trapped by Boston Blackie is a 1948 American crime drama directed by Seymour Friedman. It is the thirteenth of fourteen Columbia Pictures films starring Chester Morris as reformed crook Boston Blackie, and the final film with George E. Stone as "The Runt".

<i>Blackies Redemption</i> 1919 American silent drama film, directed by John Ince

Blackie's Redemption, also known by its working title Powers That Pray, is a 1919 American silent drama film directed by John Ince. It stars Bert Lytell, Alice Lake, and Henry Kolker, and was released on April 14, 1919.

References

Informational notes

  1. The surname of Boston Blackie's police adversary was spelled Faraday in only the first film, Meet Boston Blackie . In all subsequent films it was spelled Farraday. [21]

Citations

  1. 1 2 Backer, Ron (2010). Mystery Movie Series of 1940s Hollywood. Jefferson, North Carolina, and London: McFarland & Company. ISBN   978-0-7864-4864-7.
  2. Boyle, Jack (1919). Boston Blackie. New York: A. L. Burt. OCLC   11311055.
  3. Boyle, Jack (July 1914). "The Price of Principle". The American Magazine . Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  4. Boyle, Jack (August 1914). "The Story About Dad Morgan". The American Magazine. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  5. Boyle, Jack (September 1914). "Death Cell Visions". The American Magazine. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  6. Boyle, Jack (October 1914). "A Thief's Daughter". The American Magazine. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Contento, William G. "Boyle, Jack (1881–1928)". The FictionMags Index. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  8. Boyle, Jack (August 1918). "Miss Doris's "Raffles"". The Strand Magazine . Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  9. Boyle, Jack (April 1919). "The Third Degree". The Strand Magazine. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  10. Boyle, Jack (June 1919). "The Daughter of Mother McGinn". Cosmopolitan . Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  11. Boyle, Jack (July 1919). "Alias Prince Charming". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  12. Boyle, Jack (October 1919). "Black Dan". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  13. 1 2 "Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  14. Boyle, Jack (November 1919). "The Water-Cross". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  15. Boyle, Jack (March 1920). "Grandad's Girl". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  16. 1 2 "The Face in the Fog". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  17. Boyle, Jack (May 1920). "The Face in the Fog". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  18. Boyle, Jack (October 1920). "The Painted Child". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  19. Boyle, Jack (December 1920). "Boomerang Bill". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  20. "Boston Blackie's Little Pal". Progressive Silent Film List. Silent Era. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  21. 1 2 "Meet Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  22. "Boston Blackie's Little Pal". AFI Catalog of Feature Films . American Film Institute . Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  23. "The Poppy Girl's Husband". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  24. "The Silk Lined Burglar". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  25. "Blackie's Redemption". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  26. "Boomerang Bill". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  27. "Missing Millions". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  28. "Crooked Alley". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  29. "What Girardeau Theatres Offer". Southeast Missourian . December 29, 1923. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  30. "Through the Dark". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  31. "The Return of Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  32. "Confessions of Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  33. "Alias Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  34. "Boston Blackie Goes Hollywood". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  35. "After Midnight with Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  36. "The Chance of a Lifetime". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  37. "One Mysterious Night". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  38. "Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  39. "Boston Blackie's Rendezvous". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  40. "A Close Call for Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  41. "The Phantom Thief". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  42. "Boston Blackie and the Law". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  43. "Trapped by Boston Blackie". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  44. "Boston Blackie's Chinese Venture". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  45. 1 2 3 Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio (Revised ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p.  110. ISBN   978-0-19-507678-3 . Retrieved 2019-08-08. Boston Blackie, Detective Drama.
  46. 1 2 "Boston Blackie". RadioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  47. 1 2 "Boston Blackie". Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  48. Dinan, John (Spring 2015). "Boston Illegal". Nostalgia Digest. Vol. 41, no. 2. pp. 50–52.
  49. 1 2 Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present (9 ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. p. 169. ISBN   978-0-345-49773-4 . Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  50. Petrucha, Stefan; Van Wormer, Kirk (2002). Boston Blackie. Calumet City: Moonstone. ISBN   978-0972166805.
  51. "Boston Blackie's Restaurant".
  52. "Boston Blackie". Anti-.

Bibliography

Radio shows