Botetourt County, Virginia

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Botetourt County
Fincastle, Virginia (14197862266) (2).jpg
Botetourt County Courthouse
Map of Virginia highlighting Botetourt County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Virginia in United States.svg
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°33′N79°48′W / 37.55°N 79.8°W / 37.55; -79.8
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Virginia.svg  Virginia
Named for Lord Botetourt
Seat Fincastle
Largest place Cloverdale
  Total546 sq mi (1,410 km2)
  Land541 sq mi (1,400 km2)
  Water4.7 sq mi (12 km2)  0.9%
  Density61/sq mi (23/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Botetourt County ( /ˈbɒtətɒt/ BOT-ə-tot) is a United States county that lies in the Roanoke Region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Located in the mountainous portion of the state, the county is bordered by two major ranges, the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

Virginia State in the United States

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.


Botetourt County was created in 1770 from part of Augusta County, and was named for Norborne Berkeley, known as Lord Botetourt. Like Augusta County, Botetourt County originally comprised a vast area; part of its land was later removed to form the entire state of Kentucky.

Augusta County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

Augusta County is a county located in the Shenandoah Valley on the western edge of the U.S. commonwealth of Virginia. It is the second-largest county in Virginia by total area, and it completely surrounds the independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro. The county seat of Augusta is Staunton, although most of the administrative services have offices in neighboring Verona.

Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt British politician and courtier

Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt, was a British courtier, member of parliament, and royal governor of the colony of Virginia from 1768 until his death in 1770.

Kentucky U.S. state

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it,, Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth. Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky split from it and became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.

Botetourt County is part of the Roanoke Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the county seat is the town of Fincastle. [1] As of the 2010 census, the county population was 33,148. The area has seen growth in recent decades, with the population increasing more than thirty percent since the 1990 census. [2]

Roanoke, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Roanoke is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. At the 2010 census, the population was 97,032. It is located in the Roanoke Valley of the Roanoke Region of Virginia.

Roanoke metropolitan area human settlement in United States of America

The Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in Virginia as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The Roanoke MSA is sometimes referred to as the Roanoke Valley, even though the Roanoke MSA occupies a larger area than the Roanoke Valley. It is geographically similar to the area known as the Roanoke Region of Virginia, but while the latter includes Alleghany County, the former does not. As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,309.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.


Botetourt County, Virginia, from 1895 state map Botetourt County Virginia 1895.jpg
Botetourt County, Virginia, from 1895 state map

First proposed in the House of Burgesses in 1767, Botetourt County was created in 1770 from Augusta County. [3] The county is named for Norborne Berkeley, Baron de Botetourt, more commonly known as Lord Botetourt (1718–1770), who was a popular governor of the Virginia Colony from 1768 to 1770, when he died suddenly while in office. [4]

House of Burgesses The Representative Body of the Colony of Virginia

The House of Burgesses was the elected representative element of the Virginia General Assembly, the legislative body of the Colony of Virginia. With the creation of the House of Burgesses in 1642, the General Assembly, which had been established in 1619, became a bicameral institution.

In the 1770s, when Virginia claimed most of the Northwest Territory which would later form all or part of six states, the land was initially divided between Botetourt and Augusta Counties. The territory that would eventually become the state of Kentucky was quickly removed from Botetourt, however, and became Fincastle County in 1772 and then Kentucky County in 1776. [3]

Northwest Territory United States territory (1787-1803)

The Northwest Territory in the United States was formed after the American Revolutionary War, and was known formally as the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio. It was the initial post-colonial Territory of the United States and encompassed most of pre-war British colonial territory west of the Appalachian mountains north of the Ohio River. It included all the land west of Pennsylvania, northwest of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River below the Great Lakes. It spanned all or large parts of six eventual U.S. States. It was created as a Territory by the Northwest Ordinance July 13, 1787, reduced to Ohio, eastern Michigan and a sliver of southeastern Indiana with the formation of Indiana Territory July 4, 1800, and ceased to exist March 1, 1803, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Ohio, and the remainder attached to Indiana Territory.

Fincastle County, Virginia, was created in 1772 from Botetourt County, the boundaries of which extended all the way to the Mississippi River. Fincastle County was abolished in 1776, and divided into three new counties—Montgomery County, Washington County, and Kentucky County —by action of the Virginia General Assembly.

Kentucky County, Virginia

Kentucky County was formed by the Commonwealth of Virginia from the western portion of Fincastle County effective December 31, 1776. During the three and one-half years of Kentucky County's existence, its seat of government was Harrodstown.

Botetourt County is a part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the southern parts of the county have become increasingly suburban in recent decades. Much of the area's former farmland and orchards have been developed into residential subdivisions and businesses.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 541 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.9%) is water. [5] The Blue Ridge Mountains run along the eastern part of the county, while the Appalachian Mountains run along the western portion. The two mountain ranges come close together, separated by the town of Buchanan and the James River.

The James River originates in Botetourt County, near the village of Iron Gate, just south of the Alleghany County border and near the merger of the Cowpasture River and the Jackson River. The James River runs south until Eagle Rock, where it turns east and meanders through the county, passing Springwood and James River High School until entering Buchanan. In Buchanan, the river turns northward and flows into Rockbridge County towards Glasgow.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways


Historical population
1790 10,524
1800 10,427−0.9%
1810 13,30127.6%
1820 13,5892.2%
1830 16,35420.3%
1840 11,679−28.6%
1850 14,90827.6%
1860 11,516−22.8%
1870 11,329−1.6%
1880 14,80930.7%
1890 14,8540.3%
1900 17,16115.5%
1910 17,7273.3%
1920 16,557−6.6%
1930 15,457−6.6%
1940 16,4476.4%
1950 15,766−4.1%
1960 16,7156.0%
1970 18,1938.8%
1980 23,27027.9%
1990 24,9927.4%
2000 30,49622.0%
2010 33,1488.7%
Est. 201833,277 [6] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2015 [2]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 30,496 people, 11,700 households, and 9,114 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 12,571 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.52% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,700 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.80% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.10% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 28.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,731, and the median income for a family was $55,125. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $25,537 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,218. About 3.60% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.40% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.


Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Botetourt County is represented by Republican Stephen D. "Steve" Newman in the Virginia Senate, Republicans Chris T. Head and Terry L. Austin in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Ben Cline in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Botetourt County Public Schools operates public schools serving the county, with students attending one of two high schools:


The Republican candidate for president has won the support of Botetourt County in 11 of the last 13 races. The county also voted Republican for governor in 2005, 2009, 2013 and 2017. It voted in 2008 for Mark Warner.[ citation needed ]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 71.4%13,37524.0% 4,4944.7% 870
2012 68.4%12,47929.9% 5,4521.7% 310
2008 65.9%11,47132.7% 5,6931.4% 242
2004 68.8%10,86530.4% 4,8010.8% 131
2000 64.1%8,86733.4% 4,6272.5% 346
1996 51.7%6,40437.0% 4,57611.3% 1,400
1992 48.4%5,90435.6% 4,34916.0% 1,956
1988 59.3%5,68739.2% 3,7631.5% 141
1984 64.2%5,95934.9% 3,2430.9% 87
1980 51.2%4,40843.0% 3,6985.8% 496
1976 44.1% 3,34353.1%4,0212.8% 209
1972 69.4%3,80627.7% 1,5192.9% 156
1968 50.5%2,59824.8% 1,27224.7% 1,270
1964 46.9% 2,09853.1%2,3770.0% 1
1960 56.8%2,15942.6% 1,6210.6% 22
1956 60.7%2,28036.6% 1,3772.7% 101
1952 61.5%2,02138.5% 1,2640.0% 1
1948 51.8%1,36339.0% 1,0269.2% 242
1944 49.7% 1,27249.8%1,2750.6% 15
1940 44.8% 1,08554.9%1,3290.3% 8
1936 46.3% 1,34353.2%1,5440.5% 14
1932 39.5% 1,20959.1%1,8081.3% 41
1928 56.8%1,57543.2% 1,200
1924 45.9% 1,26451.8%1,4272.3% 63
1920 48.2% 1,24051.7%1,3310.1% 3
1916 45.8% 77553.2%9001.0% 16
1912 32.2% 51755.3%88912.6% 202

Fire & emergency medical services

Botetourt County Fire & EMS uses a combination of career staff and volunteers to provide fire protection, emergency medical services, fire safety education, swiftwater rescue, and other emergency services to the county. The department operates out of seven stations with a range of fire apparatus and ambulances to provide these services. [13] [14]



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Montgomery County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

Montgomery County is a county located in the Valley and Ridge area of the U.S. state of Virginia. As population in the area increased, Montgomery County was formed in 1777 from Fincastle County, which in turn had been taken from Botetourt County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,392. Its county seat is Christiansburg.

Roanoke County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

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Franklin County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

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Floyd County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

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Craig County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

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Bedford County, Virginia U.S. county in Virginia

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Buchanan, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Buchanan is a town in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States. The population was 1,178 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area. It was the western terminus of the James River and Kanawha Canal when construction on the canal ended.

Daleville, Virginia CDP in Virginia, United States

Daleville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,557 as of the 2010 census, an increase of over 75% from the 2000 census, when the population was 1,454. It is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area. One of the county's two high schools, Lord Botetourt, is located in Daleville.

Fincastle, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Fincastle is a town in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States. The population was 353 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Botetourt County.

Troutville, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Troutville is a town in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States. The population was 431 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Boones Mill, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Boones Mill is a town in Franklin County, Virginia, United States. The population was 239 at the 2010 census, down from 285 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Virginias 6th congressional district

Virginia’s sixth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It covers much of the west-central portion of the state, including Roanoke, Lynchburg and most of the Shenandoah Valley. The current representative is Ben Cline (R), who has held the seat since the 2019 retirement of incumbent Republican Bob Goodlatte.

Israel Christian (c.1720—1784) was an 18th-century American pioneer, militia officer, politician and businessman. One of the earliest landowners in Kentucky, he founded the town of Fincastle, Virginia. He was also a representative of Augusta County in the House of Burgesses from 1759 to 1761.

Springwood, Virginia Unincorporated community in Virginia, United States

Springwood is an unincorporated community in Botetourt County, Virginia, United States. Located in the northern part of the Roanoke Valley and at the southern tip of the Shenandoah Valley, Springwood is part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Area and sits along the banks of the James River.

Botetourt County Public Schools is the school district serving Botetourt County, Virginia.

The Roanoke Region is the area of the Commonwealth of Virginia surrounding the city of Roanoke. Its usage may refer to the metropolitan statistical area or the Roanoke Valley, but it sometimes includes areas in the Allegheny Mountains and New River Valley which includes Alleghany county, Montgomery county, Covington, Clifton Forge, Iron Gate, Blacksburg, Christiansburg, and Radford. Rarely, it may include Bedford County and Floyd County.

The Fincastle Turnpike, also known as the "Fincastle and Blue Ridge Turnpike Company", was approved in 1834 by the Virginia General Assembly to maintain a toll turnpike that followed part of the Wilderness Road from Fincastle, Virginia, to the Cumberland Gap. The Fincastle Turnpike also connected Narrows, Virginia and Tazewell, Virginia along the way to the Cumberland Gap, following roughly what is today parts of Virginia State Route 42 and Virginia State Route 61.

Pleasant Richardson was a noted resident of Fincastle in Botetourt County, Virginia, where he was a former slave, a property owner, and Civil War veteran.


  1. Roanoke Region of Virginia
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  3. 1 2 McClane, Debra Alderson (2007). Botetourt County. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN   9780738543758.
  4. Salmon, Emily J.; Campbell, Jr, Edward D.C. (1994). The hornbook of Virginia history : a ready-reference guide to the Old Dominion's people, places, and past (4th ed.). Richmond: Library of Virginia. p. 161. ISBN   0884901777.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  13. "Fire Stations". Botetourt County Fire and EMS. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  14. "Fincastle Fire and Rescue Merger". WSLS 10 . Retrieved 1 October 2016.

Coordinates: 37°33′N79°48′W / 37.55°N 79.80°W / 37.55; -79.80