Bothaville

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Bothaville
Bothaville DR Church.JPG
Bothaville Church
South Africa Free State location map.svg
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Bothaville
South Africa adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bothaville
Coordinates: 27°23′S26°37′E / 27.383°S 26.617°E / -27.383; 26.617 Coordinates: 27°23′S26°37′E / 27.383°S 26.617°E / -27.383; 26.617
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Lejweleputswa
Municipality Nala
Established1889 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total43.0 km2 (16.6 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [2]
  Total46,030
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   Black African 93.8%
   Coloured 0.6%
   Indian/Asian 0.2%
   White 5.1%
  Other0.3%
First languages (2011)
[2]
   Sotho 72.9%
   Xhosa 9.1%
   Afrikaans 6.5%
   Tswana 3.9%
  Other7.7%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
9660
PO box
9660
Area code 056

Bothaville is a maize farming town situated near the Vaal River in the Lejweleputswa DM of the Free State province, South Africa. It is situated 60 km east of the Vaal, on the bank of its Vals River tributary. Bothaville and the adjacent Kgotsong township have a total of approximately 46,000 residents. [2]

Vaal River river in South Africa

The Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa. The river has its source near Breyten in Mpumalanga province, east of Johannesburg and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Ermelo and only about 240 kilometres (150 mi) from the Indian Ocean. It then flows westwards to its conjunction with the Orange River southwest of Kimberley in the Northern Cape. It is 1,120 kilometres (700 mi) long, and forms the border between Mpumalanga, Gauteng and North West Province on its north bank, and the Free State on its south.

Lejweleputswa District Municipality District municipality in Free State, South Africa

Lejweleputswa is one of the 5 districts of Free State province of South Africa. The seat of Lejweleputswa is Welkom. The majority of its 657 019 people speak Sotho. The district code is DC18.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Contents

History

A 'church town', Botharnia, was established in 1891 on a portion of Gladdedrift farm, by Voortrekker JP van Wyk who left Pretoria after religious persecution. The town was renamed Bothaville in 1893, after Theunis Louis Botha, the original owner of the farm. [3]

Pretoria National administrative capital of South Africa, located in Gauteng province

Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng province in South Africa. It straddles the Apies River and has spread eastwards into the foothills of the Magaliesberg mountains. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the seat of the administrative branch of government, and of foreign embassies to South Africa. Pretoria has a reputation for being an academic city with three universities, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Human Sciences Research Council. The city also hosts the National Research Foundation and the South African Bureau of Standards making the city a hub for research. Pretoria is the central part of the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality which was formed by the amalgamation of several former local authorities including Centurion and Soshanguve. There have been proposals to change the name of Pretoria itself to Tshwane, and the proposed name change has caused some public controversy.

The Battle of Doornkraal took place some distance south of town on 6 November 1900. Doornkraal Monument is a granite memorial built in honour of Boers who died here in the surprise attack by British soldiers. Some of the Boer soldiers were buried in a communal grave.

The Battle of Bothaville (Doornkraal) on 6 November 1900 was a rare defeat of Christiaan de Wet's Boer commando at the hands of a force of British Mounted Infantry (MI).

The town received municipal status in 1914. It was recently amalgamated into the Nala Local Municipality, along with Wesselsbron and a part of the Vetvaal rural council. [4]

Nala Local Municipality Local municipality in Free State, South Africa

Nala Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa. The name is Sesotho for "affluence or plenty". It is derived from the maize belt and economic prosperity of the area.

Wesselsbron Place in Free State, South Africa

Wesselsbron is a small maize farming town 75 kilometres south of Bothaville in Free State province of South Africa.

Wall of Remembrance

In NAMPO Park lies the Wall of Remembrance, a monument erected in 2007, in remembrance of all the commercial farmers and farm-workers who have died in farm-murders in South Africa since May 1961. [5] The memorial consists of nine pillars, representing each province, and a statue of a farmer holding a Bible. [5]

Agriculture

Bothaville lies in the centre of the maize triangle, thus surrounded by vast maizelands, some irrigated from the Vals and Vaal Rivers. Other agricultural activities are sheep, sunflower, wheat and peanuts.

Vals River river in South Africa

The Vals River is a tributary of the Vaal River in the Free State, South Africa. It is a strong seasonal river.

Sheep Domesticated ruminant bred for meat, wool and milk

Domestic sheep are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock. Like most ruminants, sheep are members of the order Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates. Although the name sheep applies to many species in the genus Ovis, in everyday usage it almost always refers to Ovis aries. Numbering a little over one billion, domestic sheep are also the most numerous species of sheep. An adult female sheep is referred to as a ewe, an intact male as a ram or occasionally a tup, a castrated male as a wether, and a younger sheep as a lamb.

Wheat Cereal grain

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat.

NAMPO Harvest Day

The NAMPO agricultural trade show, known as "Nampo Harvest Day" or "Nampo Oesdag", has been held annually at Bothaville since 1974. Described as one of the largest in the world, it attracted some 70,000 visitors in recent years. [6] It is held in the middle week of May at Nampo Park just north of town. The show, organised by Grain South Africa (GSA), features a large variety of agricultural machinery and livestock. [7]

Notes

  1. "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Sum of the Main Places Bothaville and Kgotsong from Census 2011.
  3. Raper, P.E. (2004), South African Place Names, Jonathan Ball, Jhb & Cape Town, p. 36, ISBN   1-86842-190-2
  4. Nala, Nala Municipality , retrieved 2009-01-15[ permanent dead link ]
  5. 1 2 http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/remembering-the-farmers-who-died-trying-to-feed-sa-20170519
  6. Grain South Africa, NAMPO Harvest Day Fact Sheet , retrieved 2012-05-20
  7. Grain South Africa, NAMPO Harvest Day , retrieved 2012-05-20

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